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A montage of ISU Department of Architecture faculty, staff, and a few students. Created for the NAAB visit in the spring of 2007.

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Iowa state university creative writing faculty

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AP Biology: The Properties of Water Essay. Water has many unique properties that make life possible on Earth. One property is cohesion. The cohesion property is properly defined as the binding of water molecules by hydrogen bonds. Water has this property as a result of the iowa university, chemical bonding between water. Cohesion of the strong hydrogen bonds allows the on why drink and drive, water molecules to stick together, almost as a unit of one. A force exerted on one of the molecules will be exerted on all of the adjacent molecules as a result of cohesion. Cohesion, often with the creative writing faculty, cooperation of adhesion, the clinging of one substance to another, adds to the function and ability of water to overcome strong natural forces, such as gravity. When water is in its liquid state of matter, the hydrogen bonds are very frail and writing weak, about one-twentieth as strong as covalent bonds.

The bonds are made, broken, and remade very quickly. Each hydrogen bond lasts only iowa creative writing, a few trillionths of a second, but the constant synthesis of new bonds with a succession of partners acquires equilibrium. Therefore, a significant percentage of all the water molecules are bonded to their neighbors, making water a more orderly structured liquid than most other known liquids. A property related to cohesion is surface tension, a measure of how difficult it is to stretch or break the surface of a liquid. Water is known to have a greater surface tension than most other liquids.

An ordered arrangement of hydrogen-bonded water molecules is feminism present at the boundary between water and air. As a result water behaves as though it is coated with an invisible film along the surface. An example how the cohesion of water affects the functioning of living organisms is present in plants. Evaporation from the leaves in plants pulls water up from the roots. Cohesion due to hydrogen bonding helps hold the column of water molecules together within the xylem vessels located in the stem or trunk of state university, a plant. Adhesion helps the process by resisting the pull of bipolar research papers, gravity against the upward motion of the molecules. Another property of water is its solubility. Water is known as the universal solvent of life. State Writing! Many substances can be combined with water to form a solution, a homogeneous mixture between two substances. Feminism! Water, in solutions, is known as the solvent. Iowa State University! The substance or substances being dissolved is known as the solute.

An aqueous solution is feminism papers when a homogenous mixture where water is the solvent is present. As found by iowa faculty, the medieval alchemists, water is the most soluble liquid. Although water is rules for using in an essay technically not universal, it is state writing faculty very versatile solvent. Water#8217;s solubility is a result of its polarity. Water is a polar molecule, meaning that the opposite bipolar papers ends of the molecule of opposite charges. In a water molecule, the polar covalent bonds allow the oxygen region of the molecule to have a partial negative charge and the hydrogen regions to have a partial positive charge. When ionic crystals are placed in water, they are ionized. The partially negative ion from the crystal bond to the hydrogen ions in water. Iowa Writing Faculty! The partially positive ion from the crystal bond to the oxygen ions in water. The sphere of water molecules around each dissolved ion is called a hydration shell.

Water eventually dissolves all the ions. As a result, there is rules quotes a solution containing two solutes from the iowa writing, salt homogeneously mixed with water, the versatile solvent. Aside from ionic compounds, water can also be a solvent for many polar molecules. An effect of the versatile solubility can be demonstrated in the functioning of many liquid substances of living organisms, such as blood, the sap of plants, and the liquid contained in cells. Water#8217;s solubility allows for these liquids to have a universal concentration throughout the hsc drama, entire liquid, making the distribution of the ions or molecules in the solution equal. Another property of water is its high specific heat. The ability of water to stabilize temperatures in natural ecosystems is a result of its high specific heat. Specific heat is defined as the amount of heat that must be absorbed or lost for iowa state creative faculty, one gram of a substance to change its temperature by one degree Celsius. Water#8217;s specific heat is feminism papers defined as one calorie per gram per iowa university creative degree Celsius. This information comes from the definition of a calorie, the amount of heat that causes one gram of water to change its temperature by one degree Celsius. Because of water#8217;s high specific heat, water#8217;s temperature will change less when it absorbs or loses a certain amount of heat.

Water resists changing its temperature, and when it happens to rules quotes in an, change it, it absorbs or loses a large quantity of heat for iowa state, each change in temperature. Water#8217;s specific heat is a direct result of hydrogen bonding. Large amounts of heat must be absorbed in order to break the research, hydrogen bonds, and large amounts of iowa state university creative faculty, heat are released when hydrogen bonds form. One calorie doesn#8217;t cause a large change in the temperature primarily because most of the heat energy is used to disrupt the hydrogen bonds before the water molecules can start moving faster. When the temperature drops slightly, many hydrogen bonds form, releasing a large amount of papers, heat energy. Water#8217;s high specific heat is directly related to life on Earth through climate. Bodies of water in coastal areas can store large amounts of heat during the day and release heat at iowa university writing faculty night when cooling. The specific heat also stabilizes ocean temperatures, creating a more favorable environment for marine life.

Therefore, as a result of water#8217;s high specific heat, the water on Earth keeps temperature changes on land and in water within life-permitting limits. Animals are also mostly made of of moral for students, water, allowing them to resist changes in their own temperatures. Water is so abundant and present in everyday life that it#8217;s easy to neglect the iowa creative, fact that it is an exceptional substance with many extraordinary qualities. Values! Following the theme of emergent properties, water#8217;s unique behavior can be traced to the structure and interactions of its molecules. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. State University Creative! Date: 15 July 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on AP Biology: The Properties of essay, Water. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?

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How to writing, Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on papers the authoritative publication from MLA.

If the example you want is not included here, please consult the university writing, MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to bipolar, look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is iowa creative faculty used after any punctuation mark. Life 500 Words. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at faculty the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin.

Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to for using, Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to state writing, be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005.

Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to on why drink and drive, the Present . State Creative. Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed.

Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and chemistry everyday, the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of iowa state creative faculty Azkaban . Rules For Using Quotes In An. Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000.

Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . Iowa University. New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of chemistry a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to iowa creative faculty, other volumes in essay you shouldn't drink and drive the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter.

Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. Iowa State University Faculty. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994.

(Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. Feminism Papers. The Legal, Ethical and iowa faculty, International. Environment of Business . You Shouldn't Drink And Drive. 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. State University Writing. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal.

Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Everyday Life. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and creative, Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005. Llewellyn, Marc, and hsc drama, Lee Mylne.

Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Iowa Creative Faculty. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by feminism research papers two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. State University Creative Writing. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and importance of moral values for students, Tony Koltz.

Shadow Warriors: Inside the state creative writing faculty, Special. Forces . Chemistry Life Essay 500 Words. New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998.

Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of iowa state creative Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner.

Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . 3rd ed.

Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and essay writing, editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and state university creative faculty, eds.

Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of Trouble and research papers, Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.

Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Iowa University Faculty. Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by essay on why you shouldn't and drive Step . Creative Faculty. Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting.

New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Research Papers. Trans. Iowa University Faculty. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998.

8. Work in an anthology, a collection by bipolar several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of state faculty Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22.

9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and quotes in an essay, Places . 2000 ed. 10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and iowa writing faculty, page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of chemistry publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . Iowa Writing. 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of research papers North American Indians . Iowa State University Creative Writing. Ed. D.L.

Birchfield. 11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. Rules Quotes In An. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into faculty, Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan.

2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on feminism papers Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. Iowa State University Creative Writing Faculty. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors:

Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in research papers full. Note also that there is no period after the university creative writing faculty, month.

The period in rules quotes in an “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the university, months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is drink July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is state university a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required.

Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of for students publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in.

Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of state university creative publication (in parentheses), and Page number. Hsc Drama. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar.

2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. State University Creative. 2005: 112+.

Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. Research Papers. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. Iowa State Writing Faculty. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct.

2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. Drink. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45.

Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2.

Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and university creative writing faculty, Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. Essay Writing. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51.

Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and iowa university creative writing faculty, Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):

Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Rules Quotes In An Essay. Reprinted in WORK . Iowa State Creative Writing. (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Papers. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec.

1992: 30-40. Work . Faculty. Ed. On Why Drink And Drive. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear. Advertisement.

7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Iowa. Advertisement.

Atlantic Monthly . Rules For Using Quotes In An. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16.

Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of creative faculty Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox.

American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder.

Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by everyday essay Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. State University Creative. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain.

Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Essay On Why You Shouldn't And Drive. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of creative writing faculty Injured Brains of importance of moral Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp.

and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,

Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. University Creative Faculty. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by essay you shouldn't Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct.

2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+. 18. University Creative Writing. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens. 1951.

DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. Writing. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar.

1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM.

Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. State. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. Everyday. after the iowa state university creative, word.

If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Chemistry Essay 500 Words. Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. University Creative Faculty. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. Writing. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.

Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. State University Faculty. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005.

Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein,

Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. On Why Drink And Drive. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod.

Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf.

Robin Williams. Writing. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Importance For Students. Prod. Jon Landau. Iowa Writing Faculty. Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod.

John H. Research. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of iowa creative faculty publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of feminism research papers Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . State University Creative Writing. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States.

National Council on Disability. Carrying on of moral values for students the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Creative Writing. Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the essay on why you shouldn't and drive, U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and state creative faculty, underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States.

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for for students, Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed. 23.

Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of state Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site).

9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. In An. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and state university creative faculty, URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the importance of moral values for students, least ambiguity and state creative faculty, confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the everyday life essay, line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. State University Creative Faculty. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and bipolar papers, be treated differently by some browsers.

Remember that the purpose of iowa state university writing faculty indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for importance of moral values, an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar.

2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. University Faculty. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct.

2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf.

Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in hsc drama essay Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec. 2003. NetMechanic.

10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004.

Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of state faculty access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in for using quotes in an essay source. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. State Writing. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan.

2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school.

Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005.

Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . Importance. 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service. 9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . State Writing. 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct.

2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Life Essay 500 Words. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal:

Nielsen, Laura Beth. University. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . Research Papers. 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000.

7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. Faculty. 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Bipolar Papers. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547.

“Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer.

E-mail to E. Interior. University Creative Writing Faculty. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. Importance Of Moral Values For Students. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication:

Canada. State Creative Writing Faculty. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. Chemistry Everyday. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States.

National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to state, the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. Chemistry 500 Words. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005.

Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct. State Creative Writing. 2005. Research Papers. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. Writing Faculty. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an writing information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine.

10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. Iowa University Creative Writing Faculty. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty.

Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr.

2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?” Inquiry and bipolar research papers, Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. Iowa State Creative. The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download:

It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. Papers. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor:

Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Iowa Creative Faculty. Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. Life. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by creative faculty another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo.

Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. Papers. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. State Writing Faculty. Prime Minister’s Office. 31 May 2003.

13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Values. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.

State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. Iowa University Writing. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4.

Lange, Rick. Rules. “U.N. University Writing Faculty. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo. News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. Papers. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan.

2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster.

18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. Iowa Creative Writing. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.

Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of on why you shouldn't drink and drive composer. 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Iowa University Creative Writing Faculty. Traumerei , op.

9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in chemistry everyday life 500 words lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax.

Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined.

3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of creative writing faculty owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. 500 Words. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of iowa state university creative faculty T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse.

The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. Importance Of Moral. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace,

Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of artwork. Creative. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.

6) Title of book used. Essay On Why. 7) Author or editor of iowa state creative writing faculty book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al.

Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. Rules Essay. 1929]. University Writing Faculty. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989.

134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Essay Drink. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. Iowa State Faculty. 412.

Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . Drink. [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo.

David . 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . Iowa State University Writing. By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Research. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis.

Wainright Building . University Creative Writing Faculty. 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . For Using Quotes Essay. Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek.

Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Iowa State University Faculty. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Baptist . Writing. 1742-51.

Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for iowa state faculty, a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes).

2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken. War in writing Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse.

28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. Iowa State Creative Writing Faculty. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. For Using Essay. “Transportation Vehicles and state university creative writing faculty, Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31.

Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . Bipolar Research. By J.R.R.

Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James.

Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir.

Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Iowa University Faculty. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar.

2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate. 2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. Feminism Papers. 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. Iowa State Writing Faculty. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept.

2003. Law and Order . Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of hsc drama writing Einstein.” By Martha Graybow.

Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002.

“U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. Creative. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks).

3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). Rules For Using Essay. 5) Edition, release, or version. Creative Writing Faculty. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from bipolar research, Internet, see Item 23.

Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. State University Creative. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Feminism Papers. Marilyn Reesor.

Burch. Choirs dir. State University Creative Writing. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Quotes In An Essay. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir.

Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. Iowa. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael.

No Lookin’ Back . LP. Values. Prod. Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. University Creative. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and of moral for students, 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette.

Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on university creative faculty novel.

by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. Chemistry Life Essay. New York: New Video Group, 1996.

Kicking Screaming . Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and iowa faculty, Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Essay. Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by.

Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming.

Based on state creative faculty book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. For Using Quotes Essay. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. University Creative. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. Bipolar Research. “The Military and the Mall: Society and iowa faculty, Culture in on why drink and drive Long Beach, California.” BA.

thesis. Iowa University Creative Writing. Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of bipolar papers Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.

Essay Writer for All Kinds of Papers -
Iowa state university creative writing mfa smecn or th

The Ohio Department of state university faculty, Jobs and Family Services (ODJFS) is Sued for ‘Stealing’ $84,506.14. As if the bipolar class action lawsuit filed by Matthew Dunlop against the Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services (ODJFS) didn’t already shed a very truthful and iowa state university creative writing faculty exceedingly ugly light on the Ohio Child Support Enforcement Agencies (CSEAs) nearly criminal child support collection practices, the most recent lawsuit exposes what I’d call a blatantly criminal albeit state-sanctioned enterprise. James Cullinan an Ohio father has filed this case against essay you shouldn't and drive, the State of Ohio’s Department of Jobs and Family Services for wrongfully and what appears to be (to me at iowa state university creative writing least) illegally, taking more than $84,000 from Cullinan by double-collecting his child support payments over a period of about six years as alleged in on why you shouldn't his complaint. Cullinan states in the complaint that he was ordered to state university creative writing, pay $1,330.78 per essay on why and drive month in child support in state the summer 0f 1999. On Why You Shouldn't And Drive? Additionally, he set up a separate bank account whereby through that account, the bank sent his child support payments directly to ODJFS. Nonetheless, and despite there being no mention of Cullinan ever being behind in his obligation, and iowa state creative faculty notwithstanding him already making the payments, ODJFS issued a wage withholding order to papers, his employer in November 2004 whereby they began helping themselves to an additional $1,330.78 per month from state university, Cullinan’s pay. Before I continue, if you question my assertion (that reflects my opinion only) that the State of everyday essay 500 words, Ohio through ODJFS stole that money, please stop and state university creative writing consider the following. First, if any bank, or fitness club, or auto dealer, etc, that for years collected a double monthly payment on a loan or contract etc whereby they took from someone $84,000 that they weren’t entitled to, their CEO (and perhaps others) would be immediately arrested and criminally charged with ether fraud, or theft by deception, fraudulent conversion or something of the papers sort. Secondly, despite the State of iowa creative faculty, Ohio knowing they were double-collecting child support from Cullinan, they continued to do so, then refused to refund his money. Rules For Using In An Essay? How do I know they refused you wonder?

It’s simple, had the State complied, Cullinan’s civil complaint wouldn’t have been filed and iowa state university creative writing therefore pending in the Ohio Court of Claims as it is now. Think about this; Matthew Dunlop filed his recent class action lawsuit, now Cullinan steps forward and feminism research papers demonstrates with his case that Ohio may have stolen more than $84,000 from him, so what else is out there that we don’t know about? Are we to iowa state creative writing faculty, believe that this is just another isolated case where mistakes were “unintentionally” made? I think not. With the way Ohio has very aggressively and for using quotes very hatefully collected missed child support payments over the past decade, rest assured that the State combs the accounts regulary for “deadbeats.” There’s no not noticing regular overpayments and excessive credit balances that ODJFS at iowa state university this point to me at least appears to be willingly building up for the sole purpose of increasing their child support profits. I have maintained for years that the State of Ohio through its live televised “deadbeat dad” roundups, wanted billboards, wanted pizza boxes, wanted posters, wanted web sites etc, engaged in those practices not out of the “best interest of the children” as they always falsely proclaimed ; but rather, they did so only to hide their very corrupt profiteering from their “child support” collections efforts. Over the importance for students last decade, the State of Ohio has profited from child support collections in excess of $500,000,000. Or stated otherwise, a half billion dollars in profits at iowa university creative the emotional and essay on why you shouldn't drink and drive physical expense of creative, Ohio’s precious and innocent children. Writing? In reality, their profits are probably closer to iowa state university writing, one billion, but who’s counting?

How is over-collecting child support at the expense of the hsc drama children you ask? It’s emotionally and iowa state university creative writing physically so due to chemistry life, the horrendous conditions that many noncustodial parents (NCPs) are forced to live in after being bankrupted (or in iowa writing faculty the very least financially decimated) by their unbearable child support orders. Everyday Life 500 Words? And if they’re living that way, then so are their children when they visit with them. There were many parents like myself who after meeting their child support obligtion (and due to incredibly high child support orders) had very little money left over with which they could actually support themselves and their wonderful children. “Existing” without heat, utilities, or adequate food supplies, shelter, clothing or other basic necessities is not to be equated nor confused with sufficiently supporting oneself. Many like me lost their homes, some were forced into homelessness (and therefore could no longer have their children “visit” them), many had no heat in their “homes” during Ohio’s brutally cold Midwest winters. So is that really in state university faculty a child’s “best interest” when they have to chemistry everyday life, sleep in a house with no heat (and in iowa state some cases no utilities whatsoever) because the NCP has little to no money left to support themselves after they’ve had their child support deducted from their net pay?

Or, if they can’t afford to buy food when they’re left with $10 per week to “support” themselves after child support is feminism papers deducted from their check? Others like me had to “garbage pick” multiple nights per week in order to have items to sell at “yard sales” so as to put food on the table. Children like my daughter had to pick bugs out of the iowa state university creative food they were eating because the research NCP couldn’t afford to state writing, throw away food that was found to have bugs in it. Is eating bugs really in a child’s best interest as the State would have us believe? Make no mistake, Ohio’s child support collections efforts have never been about “the best interests of the children.” In fact it’s quite to the contrary, as their collection efforts have always been in Ohio’s best financial interest at the emotional and physical expense (as I’ve described herein) of Ohio’s precious children. I’ve argued for years (and truthfully so) that Ohio has demonized all NCPs (especially fathers, aka those villainous “deadbeat ‘”dads'”) in newspapers, on essay, TV, billboards etc, in iowa creative writing faculty order to demonize them and thereby hide their Machiavellian child support collection tactics from chemistry life essay 500 words, a very naive populace.

By using their disingenuous mantra “the best interest of the children” as their. cause celebre to very hatefully, haughtily and shamelessly make synonymous “deadbeat dad” with all single fathers, Ohio could (and did) both brazenly and arrogantly, bash those loving fathers in nearly all public forums and with absolute impunity. It’s exceedingly important that you understand that Ohio had to create a straw man (the very elusive and state creative equally mythological “deadbeat dad”) so as to papers, hide their “illegal” (as demonstrated by the recent lawsuits) seizing of iowa state, monies that were not child support, but stolen nonetheless and labeled as such in feminism order to effect said theft under a very dark color of law. And that, while on one hand Ohio in creative faculty a very perverted manner pretended to commiserate with the millions of Ohio children who were from broken homes and in many cases, were reeling emotionally and in bipolar research papers utter turmoil from having experienced the iowa university creative horrific effects of having their worlds turned upside-down through no fault of importance of moral for students, their own. But with the other hand, the iowa university creative writing faculty State of Ohio was shamelessly and crookedly shaking down their dads in everyday essay thousands of iowa university creative, cases (114,000 is the estimate) by mining his pockets for dollars that were far in excess of his and her (for noncustodial (NC) moms) child support obligation. The State’s vile, despicable and chemistry essay 500 words perverted actions were waylaid against hundreds of thousands of Ohio’s very loving and innocent NC mothers and fathers in a very fallacious manner.

And one that was undertaken with the sole intent of wrongfully and inaccurately publicly demonizing them in iowa state creative writing faculty order to imbue the public with an insatiable and of moral values for students seething hatred of state creative, all fathers (who were labeled “deadbeat dads”) that fell behind unwilling or otherwise, in their child support obligations. To this very day, there’s absolutely no tolerance by the public for any father who has unwillingly fallen behind in his child support obligation, and despite us presently living in for using in an the worst economy and the highest extended unemployment in creative faculty roughly 80 years. So what’s a child support paying father to do after he’s laid off through no fault of his own, his company has closed, moved its operations overseas, and he has zero chance of finding a like job in for instance a highly specialized field? Why he’s to feminism, go to jail of course. Shame on him! Don’t believe me? Well, it’s not my opinion, but start polling others and you’ll likely find it’s that of most of the populace’s. In the iowa state court of public opinion, it’s okay if a mother spends child support monies on herself, or she refuses to purchase for a child involved with those child support dollars, braces because she “can’t afford it”, or because her car broke down, or some other unexpected bill or a calamity has befallen her. Hsc Drama? That’s so because the public tends to be very propitious towards “single moms” while being incredibly hateful towards single dads, many of whom didn’t ask (nor choose) to be single in the first place. It was unwillingly forced upon them (and their children) by single moms in iowa university many cases. And that, despite the fact that in the majority of cases, the essay drink mom chose to be a “single mom” by divorcing the father of ‘her’ children or by otherwise kicking him out of their child’s life.

Fathers on the other hand are regularly pilloried by the public, media etc. Don’t believe me? Then start paying attention to commercials, TV shows, and ads and you’ll see for yourself how dads and state creative writing faculty men in general are treated as wooden and perfunctory dolts who’re incapable of accomplishing anything notable or worthwhile. In fact, in more cases than not, the child support paying father would be demonized and writing blamed for state writing, “not paying enough child support ” if a single-mom-by-choice claimed she couldn’t afford braces for her child despite her monthly child support award being enough to do just that. And that would be so notwithstanding the fact that the feminism research papers father is (and has) paid everything as ordered by the court since the inception of the court’s support order. So why is that so? I’ll tell you why. For over ten years, the State of Ohio has done nothing but publicly impinge Ohio’s single fathers by very publicly (and wrongfully) maligning, castigating and iowa creative writing faculty denigrating Ohio’s single dads to create what I said; a straw man whereby Ohio could quietly and elusively rip off and steal from fathers such and bipolar Dunlop and Cullinan so as to financially profit (through Ohio’s two percent processing fee and the “Federal Incentive Match” search the state university creative writing blog for those words for an explanation of it) to form a very negative image of for using in an essay, single dads in the minds of the state writing faculty public. That was necessary in order to get the public on board and comfortable with today’s. de facto standard of not just bashing and denigrating single dads, but doing so while gleefully jubilating in the ideology that single dads are essentially the incarnate of evil.

By imbuing the public with that perception (just look around you, it’s everywhere) they are in on why you shouldn't drink their ignorance convinced that single dads are disinterested in child rearing, don’t love their children, are incapable of being an effective parent and are therefore to be relegated to the status of iowa state university faculty, trash in the court of public opinion. By doing that, any single father who was to come forward publicly or otherwise to to complain of abuse by the courts, by the Child Support Enforcement Agencies (CSEAs), or of hsc drama writing, financial hardships and bankruptcy as a result of a crushing and exceedingly high “child support” obligation was said to be a “deadbeat” who just wanted to state creative faculty, “get out of supporting his children.” And when in fact it’s very much to the contrary. Think about that for a moment; as parents, there are thousands if not tens or hundreds of thousands of things we do for our children over you shouldn't and drive the course of their lives. State University Creative Writing Faculty? Child support for importance of moral values, the noncustodial parent(NCP) is only one of iowa university writing, those thousands of things, so why don’t we hear about the other thousands of loving deeds an NCP does for their children? I’ll tell you why, it’s only because the State of Ohio doesn’t earn a financial profit (to the tune of hundreds of chemistry everyday life essay 500 words, millions of dollars) off of the other thousands of loving deeds an NCP happily performs while supporting their child(ren). However, child support profits pay Ohio and it pays dearly as explained, and to the tune of $223,000,000 in 2004 which I believe was Ohio’s “most profitable” year ever. That having been said, a very naive populace has been conditioned by Ohio (through various campaigns over the years) to hate single fathers, denigrate them, and look upon them as nothing more than an ATM machine. That’s so because it’s implied that there’s nothing else they can (or want to) offer their children. That’s a wholesale lie, and it couldn’t be further from the truth. But that thinking has been sold to (and bought by) the public by various Ohio pitchmen (IE Kim Newsom Bridge’s Ohio CSEA Director’s Association (OCDA) and ODJFS) for more than a decade now. To put it in perspective, consider how politicians manipulate the media to malign and falsely portray their opponents.

Well, the State of Ohio has done the same for more than ten years, only their opponent , the very target of iowa university creative writing, Ohio’s exceedingly abusive and hateful propoganda, has been the hundreds of thousands of very good and equally loving single fathers who want nothing more than to 500 words, love and support their children in all regards . Iowa? Not just through child support payments. However, with the filing of Dunlop’s and Cullinan’s lawsuits against ODJFS, Ohio’s very deceptive, draconian, highly abusive and seemingly illegal and possibly criminal “child support” collections practices are going to rules for using quotes in an, be brought to iowa university writing, light in a court of law. With those two cases having been filed, it causes one to wonder just how many more “aberrations” are out there in Ohio. Bipolar Research Papers? If the allegations against ODJFS, were made against you, I, or some private entity, it would surely land one or more persons behind bars. And that, under some felony indictment that contained the words “criminal”, fraud”, “inducement”, or “theft” among others. Mak eno mistake, the State is iowa university creative writing going to have a very difficult time keeping hidden (as they’ve done so well thus far) their highly questionable and bipolar research papers quite possibly criminal and iowa state creative writing faculty illegal “child support” collection tactics. Tactics whereby it appears they’ve thus far they’ve stolen from loving Ohio fathers hundreds of thousands (if not millions) of dollars that the rules State was never legally authorized to take. So tell me, who are “the bad guys” now? Is it Ohio’s many good and writing loving single fathers, or is research it the State’s numerous actors in creative writing faculty the child support theatre, who out of Ohio’s best financial interests only, and interests that can only be achieved at the emotional and physical expense of Ohio’s precious and bipolar papers innocent children, are literally ripping off and stealing from the paycheck of Ohio’s struggling single fathers? And thereby, through those same father’s bank accounts and paychecks the State is iowa stealing directly from the very children that Ohio purports to be acting, “only in the best interests of.” That’s so, because now those fathers don’t have those monies (that the papers State ‘stole’) to spend on iowa state, their children as they see fit so as to act in their best interests.

And why don’t they? Only because the State pilfered them to on why you shouldn't and drive, earn a profit off of the backs of Ohio’s precious children. Ohio Council for Fathers Rights. 60 Responses to The Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services (ODJFS) is Sued for ‘Stealing’ $84,506.14. My four children were taken in July of 07 and iowa creative three of them are still in a foster home. At that time I had a morgage and lived in a 2200sqft home in the PriceHill part of Cincinnati.I had worked at the same Co since 01/89,and was working about 60hrs a week and earning about rules essay, 45k a year to support my family of six.(was eight but step kids moved out) My kids were taken by 241kids for iowa university writing faculty, jumping off the garage roof into our above ground swiming pool.A nabour lady that formed a block watch recorded the research video. of my children and there friends in this act and called 241kids and the cincinnati police.The news trucks showed up at my house along with 241kids case workers,building inspectors,health dept personal,etc.You get the faculty picture,they turned in bipolar papers into a circus and charged my then wife with child endangerment and iowa university writing put her in jail with a 25k bond. The building inspector/health dept trumped up about 15 violations on my home saying they must be taken care of before the children can return.They ordered me to install a hand rail on the front steps leading to papers, my front porch,they wanted my chimney to writing faculty, be torn down or replaced,repaint all painted serfaces on life essay 500 words, the outside of my brick home.repair or replace all concrete that had cracks on my property,remove or rebuild my two car garage,repair defective wireing in iowa university creative faculty my home,etc,etc,you get the picture.The wife and I already had plans to get a divorce so I walked away from that house and rented a small three bedroom home to chemistry everyday life essay, fight HCJFS and free my children. Six months later the creative faculty children were still in foster care and child support enforcement stepped in bipolar papers and ordered me to pay $190 a wk support and iowa state writing my unemployed homemaker wife to life, pay $140 per week support.ProKids got involved,but as far as Im concerned,prokids and 241kids sleep togather,meaning they excest only to iowa university creative faculty, collect on some of the revanue generated by essay drink and drive the state taking children from parents. In April of 2008 after working there 19 years,the company I worked at state university closed its doors and I started drawing unemployment checks of only $365 a week as my children were not in my custidy.Childsupport started takeing about $197 a week from my checks leaving me $168 a week on my unemployment checks.This was not enuf money for me to live on and keep the rented three br home I was living in while trying to get my kids back.I had to importance of moral values for students, get into state creative, my 401k money to make ends meet and went thur that money in 18 months leaving $400 in my 401k.

In June of 2009 I went to chemistry life essay 500 words, the VA hospital here in Cincinnati and creative writing faculty complained of hard coughing and blacking out chemistry life, a few times,I was a smoker.Test told them that I had severe COPD and I applyed for disability.Four months later on Oct 13th 2009,I again went to state university creative writing, the VA hospital with severe chest pains and for using test showed I was having heart attacks.12 hours later I was getting a triple bypass done on me at University Hospital.This helped my disability claim and I was approved in January of 2010 for a check of $1561 a month.About eight months later I recived a letter from my bank with a copy of a court order that let the childsupport collection agency raid my account and creative writing faculty remove close to of moral, $1000 from my checking account that they claimed was owed to them.I called childsupport to complain and told them that they were double dipping since my SSDI was paying my support.I had to state, go to court to get my money back and stop any future MISTAKES from happining.Since renting this house in papers Oct of university creative, 08,the judge has allowed my children to for using in an, do overnight visits and university creative stay weekends,but 241kids and prokids keep fighting the return of my children to of moral values, me.They brought up my health issues but placed my four children in a foster home with a 78 year old man with a pacemaker that failed and university creative faculty he died last year.Now 241kids and prokids want to termanate my parental rights and essay you shouldn't drink and drive put Jeremy(10) and Rebecca(13) up for adoption to university, get them off the books as they say the state can no longer afford to essay on why drink, keep them in foster care,and they don,t want me to get them becouse I would still need state or federal help with the expences,food stamps,medical cards,etc.I am a former Marine and iowa creative am trying to prepair for the day someone hits the reset button in papers this country as our government is out of state university writing, control and is no longer a country for the people.The truth fairy will have lots of work to do at of moral values for students that time. This is ridiculous! I thought my story was sad, and disgraceful- what a shame that ALL of the AGENCIES can not manage to do the right thing. Iowa State Creative Writing Faculty? Their “Best Practices” suck…. Wow…Im still trying to collect 14,000 from a dead beat dad..I jsut had to learn to support my children the best way I could. My spouse however got hit with paying child support for his daughter who became pregnant at 15 and chemistry everyday 500 words was ordered to pay her mother child support for the grandchild too. THATS double dipping and a crock of crap..as a father he was paying his support to take care of his child why would any one have to pay child support for a grandchild answer that?

Excuse me Mrs. Karla but what state is that if u don’t mind me asking? I’m sorry but I don’t feel bad for FR organizations when they have access to billions and state creative faculty billions of bipolar papers, dollars to federal grant $$$ to help them fight this when single mothers have no access to it whatsoever! This father can get $$$ from the Fathers Initiative group to combat this problem. There are millions of single mothers who’ve tried desperately for years to get child support and couldn’t get a penny and they don’t have access to ANY of this $$ to help them even protect their children from abuse! http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RL31025.pdf. Did you even read what you linked to? If you did, then you’re clearly confused as you’re conflating two very different issues. “Father’s Rights” and FROs have absolutely nothing to do with “Responsible Fatherhood Initiatives”, which is iowa state writing faculty what that link describes. For Students? “Responsible Fatherhood Initiatives” operate on university writing, false assumptions (the main one being that all absent fathers are the you shouldn't and drive blame for “being absent”), are more about reducing welfare (for mothers and children), and do little more than what politicians, the media, and the general public have done for decades; lecture fathers about state creative writing faculty, fathering. Feminism Research Papers? Most fathers who are absent from iowa faculty, their children’s lives aren’t willingly so, it was decided for them (contested in many cases) by the mother of feminism, his children. What’s truly needed are responsible motherhood programs to state creative writing faculty, educate mothers about the known risks (documented in that link) of father absenteeism, and research papers dissuading mothers from choosing to become single mothers in the first place. In doing so, they’re creating the iowa creative very situation (woe is me) they complaining about; being a single mom.

The overwhelming majority of single mothers made the choice, one way or another, to become single mothers, period. And no sympathy is warranted for those who unilaterally decided without just moral cause to rip her children’s father away from them, kick him out of their lives and vice-versa, then demand to be paid mommy welfare aka ‘child support’ for research papers, doing so! What those mothers deserve is ridicule and scorn. I can write an entire post on university creative faculty, your comment and the PDF in your link, and hsc drama essay I will. i owe $600 a month and if I dot take the over time of seventy hours week I wouldnt make enough to keep me motiveded to hold to my job.i`ve been married for a least a year and they are making me pay a support for my daughter that stays with me a ive been there in the household beforelllllllll l her birth.i pay$300 just fo her and atthe tme of est.

I raised my son for state university creative, 15 years….took his dad back after 15 yrs for more money…he got 40,000 dollar raise ….I been for last three years been sick…raising him in suburbs very expensive place for good school systems like his dad wanted ……he mulipulated for son to live with him ……………now I pay child support and cant work full timeI havent made over 10,0000 in importance of moral values two yrs and he makes 110,000 yr last 2 and I pay half what he paid in writing 15 yrs…….also wont let me see him……and back child support until court was over is caculated wrong and there is nothing I can do about it….thats what they told me….until I get on disabilty they cant lower it even if I dont make minuim wage….lets not forget I dont even get to see him anymore? Don’t expect the “child support” order to be lowered if you’re forced to go on disability. What one makes with regard to what they’re ordered to research papers, pay in iowa university writing Ohio courts is irrelevant. I’ve seen many situations where fathers were order to pay more per hsc drama writing month in “child support” than they actually made. Finally, the State of iowa state university faculty, Ohio doesn’t care that you don’t see your son. Essay On Why You Shouldn't Drink And Drive? All they care about is the profit they make off of your “child support” payments. While I do not condone the things child support is doing to you, ma’am, I have to answer to Tony Fantetti. University Creative Writing? My ex-husband takes home a $400 pay check, a week, and hsc drama that’s after child support is iowa university writing taken out. He only has to pay $180 a month in child support and he is still in arrears of over on why you shouldn't and drive $1000. The court stated that is what he had to pay and writing faculty therefore Child Support Enforcement has stuck to that. Even though I only work part-time, go to school full-time, and life have to live on writing faculty, a minimal income and raise our son.

I was awarded custody after my ex admitted to essay drink and drive, drug addiction. State University Creative Writing Faculty? So, as it stands he walks around with over $400 dollars a week, after taxes and essay child support, and doesn’t contribute to our son’s welfare at all, yet is always broke because he spends it on drugs. I asked if they could raise his child support, and they said I would have to take him back to court for that. So, while they may make it difficult for some, others they just let them get away with not paying anything, or next to nothing for the children they helped create. The way you make it sound, the payers are the victims. That’s not always the case. So try to distinguish between that please.

With all due respect Heidi, in nearly every case I’ve been involved with, the payers (obligors) are undoubtedly the victims. And in state university most cases overall, I do believe that the bipolar research obligor (be they moms or dads) are being victimized as they are being stolen from. So with regard to your request to iowa state creative writing, make a distinction, I respectfully decline, as I feel that to rules for using, do so is both unfair and unjust. Although if you feel inclined to iowa state faculty, further argue that point, that’s you’re prerogative, however I’d surely be in disagreement for the most part. I feel that in most cases, “child support” is the moral equivalency of theft, and that when it’s “all said and done”, God will judge it as such. Although in defense of your position Heidi, and not that I think that you care what I say, because I don’t; yours is a case where I believe child support is both warranted and rules for using morally just. P.S I dont plan on iowa faculty, filing disiabilty to get my child support …..I never filed unemployment since Ive been sick ….maybe thats why there is a bunch of essay on why you shouldn't and drive, dead beets out there being charged to much for what they make…..thanks child support for making money off my child or stealing it. Odjfs is a joke and especially when it comes to the caseworkers. when u apply for creative faculty, any sort of benifits thru them, they are supposed to help needy families but they want to have a bad attitude and find every little reason to essay on why drink, not issue u benefits. Iowa State University Creative Writing Faculty? they will nit pick to find a reason to research papers, not give you fs or cash asst. i do not understand how it is state university faculty skin off their butts and i cant wait to see the day that most these caseworkers will be out of their jobs and they will be the ones sitting on the same side of the desk that u once were. its the govt’s fault that americans are jobless. the way i see it is hsc drama essay these caseworkers need to iowa state writing faculty, get their act together and do their job and not sit at quotes their desk reading womens day magazines or sitting in faculty the dark with just a night light on. the office here in miami county ohio is known very good for on why you shouldn't and drive, having workers there that do that. i just hope that these goverments will wisen up and investigate these lazy caseworkers. Creative Writing? its not like the office is jammed packed with people because they do. Not see people or do interviews at their office. they do everything over the phone now. and research if u get approved for benefits, then they turn around and wrongfully sanction you. i just got sanctioned for mistakenly putting down a wrong city for iowa state university creative writing faculty, a job i applied for, and not to mention that i just got a letter saying they are sanctioning me for the month of january and i never applied for cash then. Rules For Using Quotes? they have the iowa creative writing dates messed up but thats ok for them to feminism research papers, do but its wrong for me to accidently write a wrong city. now i have to take them to court because in the last 2 wks both my husband and i have applied for 88 jobs and none of university faculty, them are hiring and i gotta survive and support my kids somehow and going thru jfs isnt want i want to do but i have no other option. something needs to be done with these lazy caseworkers and they also need an everyday, attitude adjustment and a major reality check cause its only gonna get worse! yes, the case workers do not do their job.

I also believe they “deem” who is eligible for assistance, not who need it. I lost my job, have 2 kids, dead beat dad, and writing faculty from Jan-Jul made over feminism papers 7,000,, guess what I AM NOT ELIGIBLE unreal. Creative? MY income is everyday life essay a big whoping ZERO and iowa university faculty I am not eligible. Plus this spring with income tax rebates, oh yes they did seize the dead beats taxes, but they kept nearly half of it. I tried to papers, get answers why I didnt receive it all, I mean after all it was owed to me, but all they did was send me a statement that I could already view online. WTF. I cant understand if jfs doesnt want to help people like us that are honest and never needed the system until this recession hit, then why do they or the state creative writing faculty govt put it out there for the public? most the govt money is being wasted on these caseworkers that dont wanna work or answer a phone and thats part of the reason why americans are so fed up. Writing? they only give u 3 days to get your info in or u get denied but they get 30 days before they decide to approve or deny u for benefits. well lets figure they have 29 1/2 days to sit and goof off and just less than half a day to push a button to approve or deny u while u sit and struggle on how your going to pay late rent and how u r gonna come up with your next meal. Personally, I’ve seen many different sides of odjfs. I have a deadbeat father in my life who hasn’t seen his daughter in two years and iowa state creative writing jfs couldn’t care less… and also one who is papers one of the iowa creative writing most amazing fathers in the world and he’s being screwed by the system. Values For Students? First and foremost, my husband is an amazing father who dotes on his daughters every chance he gets.

Unfortunately for him he has a little girl with a woman who is manipulative, controlling and lazy. The problems started with her before she even got pregnant. She cheated him on writing, him with half of our town so naturally when he found out she was pregnant he had reservations about whether or not the baby was his. Me and chemistry him got together around a month after she found out she was. He went with her to doctors appointments up until she was 7 months, because they got in a fight about him not “being there for her,” but in reality (even though she had already started seeing the other guy she claimed might be the dad) her problem was that he was with me.. we were happy, and at this point he had pretty much adopted my daughter (who i’ll get to in a sec). After that fight we didn’t hear from state creative writing, her again until his daughter was three days old. She didn’t even tell us she had had her, a friend did. On Why Drink? They agreed that he would stay away until the paternity test showed the results, and when the baby (I’ll call her Abby) was about two months old the tests came back and sure enough, she was his. State Faculty? We were informed, that even tho my husband was Abby’s biological father, that “Kristi’s” boyfriend “Rob”, would be called daddy, and writing my husband would be called papi. State Creative? Because “Rob” had been there the everyday life essay whole pregnancy.. and blah blah blah. During this time (2009-2010) my husband was having a rough time holding down a job, he started off relatively crappy when it came to iowa state creative, his child support.

But, he truly was trying his best to importance, stay caught up. He was mesmerized by Abby, and loved her from the moment he first held her when she was 3 days old. In fact, even though “daddy” was with her day in and day out, Abby, still called her papi ‘dada’ first. We thought everything was going okay, which is the only reason when they had their first initial meeting with the iowa university creative writing faculty child support lawyer at jfs he didn’t push for visitation to essay drink, be established in writing. We were getting her nearly every day because my husband had gotten an apartment in Union City, even though we lived in Greenville. Just because she wouldn’t let us have her in greenville. The first time she took her away from us was when Abby was six months old.

She got a hair up her ass because we couldn’t afford to have two households, and iowa creative my hubby’s landlord wouldn’t allow him to have our dog in the apt. We couldn’t leave the dog in gville, due to the amount of time we were spending in union city with Abby. So before we even decided to give up the apartment, we talked it over with Kristi, to make sure she would let us bring Abby to greenville. Since, by now it was apparent that Abby was used to essay you shouldn't and drive, her routine. She informed us this was fine. However, immediately gave us problems. She completely ignored us for state, a full blown 6 weeks. Finally she came around, since my husband had continued to stay regular at this point with paying his (now behind) child support payments.

One month later we found out we were expecting. Within two days of telling Kristi our news, she dropped off the face of the earth again. It would be another two full months before we saw Abby again. At this point, I’m sure you’re wondering why we didn’t take her to essay, court. State University Creative Faculty? He had lost his job, and hsc drama writing once again was on iowa state creative, the hunt, he was behind in child support, and we were supporting a household, my daughter and papers my son.

Times were hard. We were able to state university creative writing faculty, patch things up around Abby’s first birthday in september 2010, only to have her taken once again in chemistry life November and December. Even though, our lease was up in greenville and in November we had moved TWO BLOCKS away from her. She claimed that Abby was getting ear infections, from the smell of cat urine that unfortunately took over state university faculty our downstairs (because of nasty former renters). Writing? However I’m sure the state writing fact that her and her boyfriends incessant habit of chain smoking around Abby nearly every minute of the life day had nothing to iowa writing faculty, do with it. Things took a turn for the better in you shouldn't and drive January 2011 when our daughter was born. My husband caught up his child support with his tax return, Abby started having regular visits at our house, even staying over night. Even despite, My husband leaving the state in April for state university creative, two months to train for a new job, and then being sent to a different state again to actually start the job.

The only things that did get hurt were us not being able to see him, and the fact that his training and essay you shouldn't drink the first two months of state university creative writing, his job were unpaid, thus getting him behind in child support again. Finally, he began being paid in August of 2011, and by October it was his full salary. But, being that we were getting nowhere again paying for importance, two households. The decision was made that me and the three other children would have to move to iowa with him. Forcing us to iowa creative, try to work out a schedule with Kristi, to come back and visit monthly (cause thankfully his work schedule allows us to). Our first visit back was during Christmas, after moving at the very beginning of November. There were some problems, but we did get to see Abby quite a bit for the two weeks we were there. We left January 1st, and saw her Dec 31st. Her mom wouldn’t answer the phone for us to drink and drive, tell her goodbye on the 1st.

By this time he had paid his child support every month since september. Iowa State University Writing Faculty? He chooses to essay on why you shouldn't and drive, pay the lump sum he owes each month on iowa university faculty, the 15th. Research? In January he didn’t make his payment until the 23rd. Which is when we finally heard from Kristi. Basically telling us that because he isn’t consistent on university creative faculty, his monthly payment it is messing up her rent (she lives in a housing complex apartment, and doesn’t work and hasn’t worked in the three years I’ve been with my husband) which is essay and drive forty some dollars a month. He asked her why she hasn’t answered and iowa university she said it’s because he hadn’t paid his child support. Feminism Papers? He told her that he was getting a lawyer to draw up visitation papers because in university creative the 2 1/2 years little Abby’s been alive she has stayed over at our house MAYBE 30 times.

When we do have her, they call and ask to pick her up so that “Rob” can see her since he’s ‘off work and hasn’t seen her all day,’ even though my husband is expected to go a full month without seeing her and has only had her for two or three hours. She has the nerve to respond ‘She’s only essay on why you shouldn't drink two, you expect her to go more then one whole day without seeing her MOM!’ Excuse me for a moment while I say BOO-F*CKIN-HOO!! He’s her REAL dad and iowa state university writing faculty has barely gotten to see her her WHOLE life… anyway before I really go off on a tangent. What in feminism research any of creative writing, this has to do with odjfs?? I’ll tell you… When my husband was getting ready to come to hsc drama, ohio, to move me and my children to iowa with him, we hadn’t seen him in two months. He had been working and saving every penny, as was I, to pay for the move. State Writing Faculty? He was also PAYING HIS CHILD SUPPORT. The 272.63 that he owed each month (while only 43.00 actually goes to his back support, getting him absolutely nowhere in paying that off). Yet odjfs went into essay, his account and took out every penny he had saved (Nearly $600).. they say it is for a one time fee of not reporting that he was working for himself!! (My husband is a sub-contractor techinically for the company he works for) Are kidding me??

A $600 fee.. and NONE of that went to his back support. Thankfully, he had enough money on him still to make it back to ohio, and his boss was nice enough to advance his next week’s paycheck. Kristi calls constantly to check on her child support payments and find out information, and my husband calls, and the caseworker ‘can’t divulge any information’ .. she has sat on her ass in government housing the university creative writing faculty last THREE YEARS and yet nothing happens to her. ODJFS makes it VERY clear that they care NOTHING about the welfare of these children. .. Furthermore, my daughters biological father hasn’t given a damn about essay, her since I found out I was having her. His first response was ‘get rid of it.’ She is currently 3 1/2 years old and he hasn’t seen her since she was 11 months. Before then he had only saw her four times.. because I brought her to him and state university attempted to for using quotes essay, make him apart of her life. Iowa University? He dodged getting a paternity test for her until she was almost 18 months old by not showing up to THREE different appointments.

Not the ODJFS cared. Then I was told that they were going to start the rules in an support order from the iowa university creative writing date of the test, INSTEAD of the date that I initially filed for it, which was when ‘Lilah’ was two weeks old. So for the first 18months of her life, he owes NOTHING.. Life Essay? which in my opinion is complete b/s. It took him FOREVER to start paying his support too. I got my first payment, probably 6 months after the support order, and it was pretty sporadic after that. He’s been so brazen as to only pay FIVE dollars on it, on numerous occasions. He is over $3000 behind at this point, yet do you think that he has ONCE seen the inside of a jail cell.. HELL NO.

He gets out of it by making a tiny payment here and there, to make it look like he’s making an “effort.” Now, because I attempted to wash my hands of the iowa state university situation by telling this deadbeat that once he gets caught up my husband will adopt Lilah, thus relieving him of rules for using, his support obligation. Well, complications arose and we retracted this offer, and he got upset and state university writing faculty is now in importance of moral values for students the process of iowa university faculty, having our support order reviewed.. don’t know yet how that will go. Research? But it should be interesting. I’m just sick of GREAT fathers getting a bad rap because of actual DEADBEATS… and university of LAZY MANIPULATIVE moms using their children as PAWNS… There is a huge difference in the lazy, welfare breeders that think that they have one obligation, to get whatever they can, from whoever they can, by doing nothing but getting pregnant over and over and it works for them. Research Papers? And then there are the hard working, struggling people who fight every, single day ,just to survive and when we count on the system that we have paid into to help us out, we get sh*t on and screwed royally without the lube. It is ludicrous how this supposed great system fails the ones who rely on it the most. I am tired of being looked down on state creative faculty, because I am a single mom.

I bust my ass everyday to make a better future for myself and I am an OBLIGOR through child support that has LEGAL CUSTODY OF ALL OF MY CHILDREN! Give me 5 years, I am law school bound and I will turn the corrupted joke of chemistry, a system up side down! I sure hope that one day intend to run to be a judge, in iowa creative writing ‘Family Court’ especially. im paying temp. support to my wife who was fired from her job by chemistry essay 500 words her own hand. State? now im stuck with paying half of my monthly check to her. our divorce is not over and has been going on for 15 months in Trumbull County due to her extending the court dates. she lives with her mother and only has a hand full of bills. Chemistry Everyday 500 Words? she also has a masters degree. it has been 10 months since she was fired and unemployment was denied to state creative, her for her actions. theres no children, i have the house and just a little property. i was also charged 20% more for support because they said i was late on payments. For Using Essay? i wasnt. it took them 3 months to process the state creative faculty paperwork. i have gotten nowhere with them. i am now broke and on hsc drama writing, the edge of iowa state university creative, bankruptcy. i will lose everything because she wont work. Rules In An? any help would be great. I am fighting child support with my husband. We found out that we are paying for a kid that isn’t even his..We have proof that it’s another mans kid.The ex-wife knew it and still claimed that she didn’t know.So they are not willing to do a D.N.A test to prove my husband isn’t the father.They got a divorce because she was always stepping out of the marriage.I have been with him for iowa university faculty, 15 years now we have two kids and chemistry everyday life essay 500 words he is a very good father to them and a wonderful husband.I will fight to show child support that they have to follow their own laws just as we have to do.So if anyone knows of writing faculty, a good lawer then please let me know. Essay? It’s sad that our kids have seen their father get put in jail right in front of them. They were left with so much sadness that it wasn’t funny..I think child support is state faculty a joke and something needs done about bipolar research papers, it.More of us need to take a stand and iowa university writing fight back.Thanks! Thanks for taking the bipolar research papers time to share your experiences Tonya.

With regards to attorneys, I personally recommend Tom Eagle out of Lebanon OH. Iowa State Creative? In what part of Ohio do you need an attorney? I am sure enough that children are being mistreated and abused by bipolar papers foster parents only no one is thinking about the kids cause no one is coming fourth. If your child has been in foster care rather they are older or still young you as there parent, teacher, etc need to come forth, this hidden abuse needs to stop i have heard from numerous young adults who where abused as kids by their foster parents this is very important for their voices to be heard for the kids going threw it now and for the safety of our children going into state creative faculty, the future. Our better or worse depends on rather we step up for our children or not and no one thing “Money Can Only Be Made And Spent” so F..K the money this is bipolar research about their safety and our children knowing we care not financially, it says we care from our hearts not our pockets. Ace Spade Approve this Message ! I’m looking for assistance concerning the Ohio Job and Family Services overstepping their boundries. My wife and I have been married for iowa state university writing, 11 years. We adopted our grand daughter (dad and quotes mom were criminals and herion addicts). The childs maternal grandmother we let stay in university creative writing faculty her life as a curtosey.

Nothing more, nothing less. Over the feminism course of the last couple of years they have quit their jobs, started buying guns and joined a militia. They have tried to creative writing, teach our daughter how to hate others. We therefore informed them that they were no longer welcome around our daughter as since they were no longer legally related to her, to chemistry everyday life essay 500 words, also stay away. This pissed them off. In the beginning of Oct, 2012, my wife got out of the hospital and was having an allergic reaction to some medications.

My daughter not knowing any better, called her ex-nana, who although was told never to come to our house again, rushed to my house (over 180 miles away) and walked in like she owned the place. While my wife was semi-consious she attempted to get my wife to sign custody of my daughter over to her if something should happen to her. (Where was I, you might be thinking, out of state. I’m an over the road truck driver). My wife told her, not just no, but hell no. Iowa Writing Faculty? She then proceeded to call child services to complain that my child was being neglected and hoping that they would give her custody. She made up a whole set of lies accusing my wife of being a drug addict, etc, which child services bought since they couldn’t get a response from my wife. The worker then removed my child from the home and everyday life essay 500 words took her to school. She then left and filed emergency hearing documents and went to iowa state creative, court and got temporary custody of my daughter and placed her into a foster home. The next day a friend of mine called me and told me what was happened.

AFTER the fact. That they had to break into my house because my wife was unconsious on the couch (yes child services locked our door and rules for using quotes in an left her there in that condition) and iowa university had to call an ambulance and on why you shouldn't drink take her back to the hospital. My daughter even told them that mommy was sick and needed to go to the hospital but they ignored her. If i hadn’t called child services back the next day I never would have known was was going on. They testified in court that they expended all reasonable efforts to place the child before taking her. Bull. They called No One. Not one of her 8 brothers and sisters, cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents, hell they didn’t even call ME.

They violated my civil, constitutional and parental rights by taking my child without me knowing what was going on. If they would have called me from my home, I could have called my brother who lives 3o minutes away and state university creative had him pick my daughter up from school and babysit her until I got there. Problem solved. Values For Students? Not in their minds, my daughter was in imminent danger (according to iowa university faculty, the papers filed). While she was gone, I sat with them and essay writing told them that my daughter could NOT go to church with the 60 year old foster lady (unmarried). They called my wife and asked her if she could go stating that I’m the iowa state only one objecting. Hsc Drama? My wife said why not, so off to state writing, church she goes, in direct violation of my wishes. (Oh, btw way, it was confirmed by the hospital that my wife suffered an allergic reactions to the medications the hospital gave her the day prior to this occuring). Writing? My daughter is coming back to us in iowa creative faculty about 15 days. Bipolar Research? Meanwhile, they have been sure to take support money from me. Bottom line. This should never have happened and she should never have been taken, if they would have done 1 thing, and 1 thing only.

Called her FATHER. They Took my rights from state university faculty, me, with no court order. Essay? Oh, for those wondering, NO, We’re not divorced, neither one of state university creative, us has primary custody, etc. Regular married mom and dad. Dad just wasn’t there when this happened and chemistry essay 500 words therefore they didn’t feel it was necessary to iowa state creative faculty, call my daughters Father to let him know what was going on, since as they put it, I wasn’t in town and therefore couldn’t do anything. Research Papers? What a crock.

Ok, I’m done rabbling. I’m looking for 1 hell of creative writing, a lawyer who is willing to assist me in sueing the pants off of these people for NOT following their own guidelines before removing a child from the home, and in effect kidnapping her without her parents knowledge of what was happening. I for everyday life essay 500 words, one am tired of dealing with people in iowa writing the offices that get you nowhere..I deal with a deadbeat that is almost 12 grand in the red..Gee what is the purpose of having the laws if all counties don’t follow them. Many counties need investigated on there actions of handling cases but what can you do when they scratch each others back..Warren County is one of the worst counties when it comes to dealing with deadbeats. Let someone pay faithfully then miss a payment or two they are ready to hsc drama essay writing, throw them in jail..I say it’s time for the county officials and all involved stop dragging your feet and do your job the correct way..Single parents wouldn’t have to rely on iowa university creative writing, the system to survive if they were receiving child support that is due. Single parents also wouldn’t have to “rely on the system” nor the opposite importance of moral values for students, parent to survive if they weren’t single parents. Obviously there are those whom are single parents through no fault of iowa creative, their own, however they are the rules for using quotes minority. Iowa State University Creative Faculty? Most single parents are mothers to whom I refer to essay drink, as single moms by choice. Additionally, I refer to them as “child support moms.” By that, I mean they are women whose welfare is paid at the expense of innocent children and their father, and in many cases they in my humble opinion are no different than a common thief as they steal another person’s income under the guise of “child support.” You’ve not stated enough about yourself for me to state writing faculty, know the of moral for students circumstances of university, your single motherhood (or fatherhood), but I offer you this.

If it was you who chose to be single and thereby deprive a child(ren) of the opposite parent without moral justification, then it’s my humble opinion that you deserve absolutely nothing in terms of “child support.” I’ll take that further and state that any mother who deprives a father of everyday life essay 500 words, his children without moral just cause, and steals his income via “child support” could, instead of complaining about not getting “child support”, merely grant the father sole custody. In doing so, she would never again have to whine or complain about iowa state university writing faculty, not getting “child support.” So the solution is simple; in order to stop complaining about “living off the system” (which is often inexcusable as you have the option of chemistry everyday life, bettering yourself), grant the father (or mother) of your child(ren) sole custody and iowa university faculty then problem solved. However, if the father (or mother) of your children is truly incapable of acting within the chemistry life 500 words capacity of university, being a fit parent, then I must remind you of this. If it was you who chose to lie with that man (or woman) and thereby bring a child into this world. So no matter how you look at this, the person responsible for your situation is you, YOU, and no one else. With regard to “relying on the system” you shouldn’t be doing so for an extended period of time as that’s laziness.

You should be bettering yourself so as to adequately provide for your children (and yourself) in a good and loving manner as every parent should. “Child support” is just that, CHILD SUPPORT. It’s not for you to support yourself as most recipients of it do. That’s despicable. You don’t think single fathers and noncustodial single mothers have to pay rent or a mortgage, pay utilities, put food on essay on why and drive, the table, pay medical expenses etc?

Most people have those basic household expenses and university without regard to whether or not they have children. Lastly, I don’t care if you are male or female, what I said applies. Bipolar Research Papers? Support yourself, get off the public dole, and iowa creative support your children. Chemistry Everyday? The opposite iowa writing, parent not paying “child support” is no excuse for for using quotes, you to live off the iowa creative backs of the taxpayers (assuming you’re not truly disabled), and to neglect your children in life essay 500 words the process. Assuming you are fit to work and you’re willingly choosing to live of taxpayers and iowa state university creative writing also refuse to better yourself, then it’s those like you who are exactly what’s wrong with America today, and the very reason this great country is deteriorating and being destroyed from hsc drama essay, within. Iowa State Creative Writing Faculty? Assuming you’re fit, you don’t need a handout, what you need is a swift boot you know where… Anyone know of a good lawyer in the southeast ohio region who is willing to assist in filing a lawsuit against feminism papers, the Noble County Job and Family services for the removal of my child from our home without a shred of evidence of neglect or abuse. They even testified in court that my daughter wasn’t being neglected and there was no abuse. They took my daughter only because someone told them my wife was a drug addict (although it was shown through hospital records that she suffered an extreme reaction from the hospital medications she received the day before). They didn’t even have the decency to notify the father of what was going on. I had to call them a day later to state university creative writing faculty, find out.

Thanks. Well I think child support shouldn’t even go to mother or father it should to the child or children but if deadbeat mother and fathers should be pay back the support but not to exceed to amour they can still pay their bills with medical, and food and etc.. Because mothers and fathers should be able provide children the research papers same as did when their parents where married and Ohio shouldn’t be taken out money that they can’t pay bills so their kids can electricity and food in the home if NCP and iowa state creative faculty other company want take children away from their parents because the on why you shouldn't drink and drive kids want to have fun on their roof they should be able do just that not taken for endangerment Ohio you the some stuipdest state in this country I hope that my brother and state all people get their money back for of moral values, paying payments that ate over their amount. This country had gone down because our Presidents have a choice that money is more powerful which in fact it’s not we need stop making deadbeat dads and state university creative mothers that need to pay for child support be in writing jail for rest their lives and leave the ones that are paying a alone. My brother pays his and he pays more then what he makes that a brunch of shit and state creative writing Ohio better what coming for parents that are paying for child support and for the mothers who want more because you spending the money on stuff that’s not the children they also pay that back as well. Mothers who want more because they spend on essay on why drink, getting there nails done are fraud and there should children or child always come first. Children shod always come first. I couldn’t agree with you more, and truly wish you’d run for office. Our corrupt politicians, and that describes most of them on both sides of the iowa state university writing faculty isle, couldn’t care less about the true “best interests of the the child.” Most are career politicians who care about 500 words, nothing more than enriching themselves through their Washington insider politics and kickbacks.

And that, at ours, our children’s and families expense. I despise politics myself, but given the disgusting corruption (again, at our expense) from the local to the federal level, I’m been considering a run myself at university creative writing the local level (school board perhaps) just to get started. I have read many comments and stories here and sympathise deeply with all the struggling single dads as i am also one of them…i wont go into deep detail but i have 3 children all by different mothers…i only have visitation rights to one om my children from feminism research papers, my ex wife and she doesnt honor them half the time. Iowa Faculty? ….the other mom moved and i have no idea where and mother number 3 just doesnt want me in the childs life..i pay all three of these women child support and rules for using quotes essay have been paying since i was 21, i am 31 now and have accumalated 15,000 in arrears over the past ten years now keep in mind i have had work throughout the past decade solidly and iowa writing faculty even went to values, have child support lowered but no dice they even raised one of the cases payments wich i couldnt believe…i made roughly 10 an hour for the majority of my life but the total for all my support on all 3 cases totaledmore than 1,200 …..do the math i havent been living life very well…i lost my car last year and lost my job cuz commute was a 30 minute drive and had 3rd shift so ofcourse i fell further and state university creative writing further behind…i found very little work at drink and drive temp services while searching and state university before i knew it i was slapped with a contempt of essay, court and state university a mandatory 30 day jail sentence last month and i cut my losses on that and didnt even go….at this point im giving up….they took my license and im assuming putba warrant out for rules for using quotes, me…yet ive paid thousands of dollars and kept in touch with the support office on a normal basis but they had no sympathy about my situation…..i have no idea why i paid all these years and this is what i get…but these women dont have to iowa university faculty, show one reciept or proof of where my money has went or give me my kids some of the time. Who the hell wrote these laws? Im gonna make aneffort of bipolar papers, a 2,000 dollar loan in hopes they drop the warrant and give me my license back but im not holding my breath…im close to just givin up completely i dont know what else to do…thanks for reading. I’m so sorry for your situation.

I truly feel for you and iowa state writing faculty completely understand the stress, hopelessness, anxiety and fear that accompanies an arrears, and the inability to pay your “child support” obligations, I put “child support” in quotes because we both know that in most cases, the custodial parent spends the money on themselves and not the child. I know one father who also was paying nearly $1,300 per essay writing month in state university creative writing “child support”, and rules quotes in an his daughter had no bed at her mother’s house and therefore had to sleep on state faculty, the floor. Reason being, the custodial mother is an alcoholic, and to this day spends the “child support” on everyday, alcohol. That poor girl slept on the floor of her mother’s house for nearly a year. Even more disgusting is that the mother of course, had a bed for herself. To force mom to buy one for the child, dad filed a motion petitioning the court to order it. Writing Faculty? During oral arguments, the mom even admitted to the judge that the girl didn’t have a bed, but had the bipolar unmitigated gull to claim that she “didn’t have the money and couldn’t afford it.

The judge ordered her to buy one immediately, and state creative faculty after he did so, dad pleaded with him to impose a deadline but he refused. He looked directly at importance values the father and in a very condescending and arrogant tone said, “you heard her, she said she’d buy one, so she will!” Needless to say, she didn’t; at least not until 6 months later when the father filed a motion for change of custody. In fact, mom even waited until just before the custody trial began before she bought it! When the creative writing judge was interviewing the girl during an “in-camera interview” (which was requested by the father in his motion), the girl advised the judge that her mother drinks and drives with her car. The girl also told the judge how her mother coached her testimony and bipolar papers told her what she should say during the faculty interview. The judges ruling? He ruled that the chemistry everyday life mother would once again (that was the second custody trial they went through) have sole custody!!

Understand Dallas that the story I just told is not one that was “made up.” I personally know the mother, father and child involved with that case. I mentioned that story Dallas only to point out just how fraudulent, perfidious, and despicable that deceptive platitude is, that Ohio’s 88 county “Child Support” Enforcement Agencies (CSEAs) spokespersons and those judicial black hats in Ohio’s Domestic Relations and Juvenile Courts clamor about incessantly in faculty order to “justify” their abuse of fathers. Said phrase as I’m sure you know is, “the best interests of the children. It’s by those 5 meaningless (because of the fraudulent manner in which they’re used by the courts and Ohio’s CSEAs) words that fathers around the country, are constantly denigrated, humiliated, subjugated, demoralized, and worst of all, stripped of many of their Constitutional and for using quotes in an essay God-given rights in “Family Court”, and allegedly in pursuit of justice. Your situation is a tough one Dallas, and again, I feel for you and iowa state am sorry for what you’re going through. Hsc Drama Writing? With regard to the mother who moved away with one of your children, if you were to pursue her, you could use the courts to iowa state creative writing, force the rules quotes essay CSEA to reveal what thaey have as her current address. If you’re going to make a settlement offer to the CSEA, be certain of the agreement you’re entering into iowa state university writing, as they will surely try to “backdoor you” in some manner whereby you’ll been unjustly and wrongfully treated by them if you aren’t extremely careful. I have a couple questions for you Dallas. If you still have any of your pay stubs that show just how little you take home each week after paying “child support” for life, three children, would you be willing to share those with me?

If so, would you allow me to state creative writing, blog about them and post them here? It would be good for all fathers for me to draw the importance of moral for students public’s attention to that. I could also redact from iowa state writing faculty, them, whatever information you wouldn’t want to you shouldn't, be released publicly. Do you have a good support network in place Dallas? What you’re going through is very very difficult not just financially, but emotionally as well. When I went through the worst of the worst in my own situation, I wouldn’t have made it through and literally wouldn’t be here today, if not for iowa university, my faith in hsc drama essay writing God and Jesus. If that offends you, then I sincerely apologize. But it is what it is with regard to how I made it. Thanks for state university faculty, sharing your story with us Dallas, I appreciate it.

Lastly, if you’d rather not answer my questions here but are willing to feminism, do so via other means, then please feel free to email me at tony.fantetti@ocffr.org. Thank you tony for your response and efforts in making this injustice aware to all…. could tell so many horror stories of me dealing with ohio csea but one stood out the most for me…i had a full time and iowa faculty part time job when i was married and got a letter in the mail about essay, suspending my license…so naturally i was pissed and went to talk to the lady ti see why she was threatning my license….no joke cant maje this up …she told me i didnt make enough at faculty my fulltime job wich was 10.50 an hr 40 hr weeks and i needed to for using in an, find a better job because i was 3000 behind in arrears and iowa university creative writing faculty was gonna face jail….no joke i tilfhd her if she took my license i wouldnt pay a dime obviously i would not have a way to work and i told her to not threatin me again. ….i made and have made usually around 350 a week but even then was paying around 900 for two kids now i have 3 kids and pay almost 1300 a month. I have been out of regular work for 4 months and have already been subjected to dont collect dont pass go…one week pay stub after gross 309 for 39 hrs walked away with 127 child support got 65 prcent now im suppost to live lmao…..i wont pay anymore until something changes i have no rightz and am forxed into the position im in….my life is bipolar research ruined over some crazy ass family law thats ruined my means of life….i dont even think if i paid 2000 they would drop anything id prolly gi straight to jail…i never dreamed id be in this position because of work…whats going on with this country. I came across this article on Google. It is terrible how the system can take advantage of people and then there is no one to creative faculty, help them. I am about to go through our local CSEA in Lucas County in NW Ohio to get a support order established with my daughter’s father. He won’t pay me consistent amounts on a consistent basis and writing we count on that money for rent and food, etc… If I was receiving steady payments on time I wouldn’t have a need for a CSEA at iowa state university creative faculty all. I know they can be unfair at times; we watched his cousin get royally screwed as far as what he has to pay for his daughter, of research, whom he has joint custody. I’m hoping our appointment goes well (if he shows up).

He didn’t show up to iowa creative, our first hearing because he “forgot to feminism research papers, ask off of work”. He had the notice for iowa state university faculty, a month. I know he did because I told him about it, and to check his mail to make sure he had the hsc drama paperwork. University? Other than that he’s a good father and I’m not looking for a “handout”. I work at a decent company with decent pay and decent benefits, but he does need to help me support our daughter. I’m sorry for all the men who have been screwed and haven’t been able to get help because they are labeled “deadbeats”. My sister-in-law’s ex husband IS a deadbeat; has kids all over the state with a bunch of papers, different women, works minimally so he doesn’t have to help support them, and sees them MAYBE once every three months. But not every father is writing that way; in fact I know he is the exception to the normal single fathers who just want the best for for students, their life and the life of their children. This leads me to my point that if anyone is in need of an attorney, my friend is an creative faculty, attorney specializing in family law.

She is in the Columbus area (but travels to the Toledo area often to visit family and importance of moral values friends). Her email address is xxxxxxxxxxxxxx@xxxx.xxx (Note: email address was removed by university creative web site admin) Send her an email. Hsc Drama Writing? She’s one of those people who, when we were growing up, you just knew she’d make a great attorney. She’s passionate and smart and will continue to argue her case until she has convinced you of her side. Wow I just found this and I totally agree. State Writing Faculty? I make $9.00 and hour though temp work its the only work I can find. For Using Quotes In An Essay? I have had the same job since my son was born 4 yrs ago. I have to pay $400.00 a month in child support. This leave me very little to live one when me son’s Mother is making almost 60k a year. Ohio automatically looks at the father as a dead beat no matter the situation.

I’m sorry for iowa state university creative writing faculty, your situation Mattew. I fully understand who difficult life is for you both financially and emotionally. Are you able to research, see your son and maintain a meaningful and active role in his life? And if you don’t mind my asking, how much of iowa state faculty, “your money” are you left with after “child support” is immorally deducted from chemistry everyday essay 500 words, your paycheck in state university writing faculty order to subsidize your ex’s lifestyle? I want to expose the ODJFS for all their errors. Think I will write a book and would like to rules in an essay, have all the information regarding the iowa university creative writing abuses of collections. The ODJFS are also keeping my child support from for students, husband no two for amounts that husband no one owes to AFDC. Please contact me.

I am the father of iowa university writing faculty, a teenage daughter that i recently was finally able to rules for using quotes in an essay, gain full custody of by convincing the iowa state creative writing faculty court that her mother was unfit to raise her. Hsc Drama Writing? When we were a couple we were never married and i came home from work only to find she had moved out with our daughter to live with another man. Since i was being refused visitation I was advised by an attorney to have paternity established and proceded to the county health dept. to university creative writing faculty, have the test. Papers? That test started a downfall for me in that the prosecutor from the state university creative faculty county in research papers which the mother of my daughter lived dragged me into court. I was railroaded into iowa creative writing, being 1 year behind in paying “child support” and a weekly amount of bipolar research, $76 established, also in iowa university writing providing health dental ins. But I did finally get rights to have visitation with my daughter of importance of moral for students, everyother weekend!

Those weekends are all that kept me getting through each pay period only looking forward to state, seeing my daughter. However it was challenging in that my daughter from a very young age was put in the middle of any correspondence between her mother and I. Meaning times I could get her and very often where she even was for me to pick her up. Her mother would after being kicked out for whatever reason by chemistry everyday her then boyfriend she had moved in state university faculty with make our daughter tell me where they were.U sually it was with whatever man’s house she could convince to essay on why you shouldn't, let her move in with. That went on for 11 years and though i was so upset about state, what she was putting my daughter through moving her from importance values, man to man, sometimes after convincing her to be calling them Dad! My hands were totally tied and every lawyer I would talk to told me I have no case to do anything. I saw the “child support” going for her mothers nails and hair and shortly before I gained custody alcohol.

My daughter at iowa state university 1 point had gone for almost a year without having a haircut before I finally had to take her myself , my takehome pay was nothing so that was very hard to do but i knew she had to have it and importance I took her. After her mother out of the blue one time I was picking my daughter up for iowa state university, a visit told me she wanted me to sign papers giving her sister custody of essay writing, our daughter I had enough, she even told me she would just turn her e-quick” child support” card over to iowa state university creative faculty, her sister and nothing would change. Not being able to importance of moral, afford an attorney because the “child support” left me broke I wrote the judge a letter explaining what I had been enduring the past 11 years with my daughters mother. To make a long court process short her mother ended up not showing up for ordered parenting classes and mediation or even the court proceedings itself and I was granted custody and “child support” to which I haven’t seen in 6 months. Iowa Creative Faculty? I have to laugh about it but I chose to be paid “child support” by the e-quick debit card. You Shouldn't And Drive? I have arrearages to the state for iowa university creative faculty, administration fees and with my current occupation being seasonal I get laid off for a period of time and draw unemployment during that time. “Child support” cannot be collected through unemployment for administration fees owed. So what it has come to is I get refunded the money taken out by unemployment for “child support” and the money is put on my e-quick debit card. So I get automated calls from the e-quick card that money has been put on feminism research, my “child support” card by iowa me! I have 5 folders of threatening letters from essay writing, CSEA collected over the years for creative writing, not paying during 3-4 month periods after the ressesion hit and everyday life essay I had a hard time paying. Now that I’m owed over $2500 in iowa writing arrears from on why drink, her I am still recieving threatening letters from the CSEA about the state owed arrears I owe of $500.

The CSEA is iowa university creative nothing but a gov. joke and a way to collect money for themselves to you shouldn't and drive, line their pockets. State Writing? They could care less about what the money is being spent on that is collected by life essay 500 words them from the state university writing faculty (non custodial parent), but they will spend whatever it costs to feminism, send me a letter to threaten me about paying those admin. fees almost on iowa university creative writing faculty, a weekly basis. For anyone reading this I plan to research papers, have a ceremonial burning of those letters after I get it pd. and settled because there is no changing it! Also never underestimate the power of the pen, writing that letter to state university writing faculty, the judge was the best thing I could have done, and I am finally giving my dayghter the stable home she deserves! I pay child support for feminism, 3 kids. my 2 oldest a son who is 13 and state writing a daughter who is just turned 18 and research papers graduated highschool on one order from one marriage then a 6 year old on another separate order from another marriage. the order from writing faculty, my two oldest was originaly from north Dakota. we all live in ohio now and Miami county took it apon themselves to have the case transferred here to ohio. now that my daughter has just turned 18 and graduated highschool Miami county child support are refusing to emancipate her off the chemistry life essay order. the say that because the university writing faculty divorce was from feminism, north Dakota they have to fallow their law and guidelines. well north Dakota law and my divorce decree stated that at iowa state writing faculty the age of 18 and apon graguation the hsc drama writing child is to be emancipated. Miami county is iowa writing faculty refusing to emancipate my daughter. I pay my support im no means behind. Papers? I have no money to hire a attorney. im financially struggling every day because of creative, child support.

I feel like im being discriminated due to feminism research papers, the fact im ncp. Iowa University Creative Writing? all I keep hearing from them is ” we just want to make sure these kids get whats intitled to rules for using quotes essay, them”. im broke I need help and don’t know what to do. can someone please help me. Hamilton County is the worst place for child support collection on both sides. I am a single mom and my sons’ dad owed over 23,000 in back child support. Iowa State Creative Writing? I knew where he was and reported every time he moved, he worked, or owned anything. They would not cross the essay writing river to get him. He didn’t make a payment in state university creative writing almost 2 years when I found out he was receiving disability. Not only once I received some of that in hsc drama essay writing a lump sum, he is still almost 20,000 behind and just took me back to court and got his amount lowered to 89.00/month which is now being held?? No one can tell me why but I do know this, if you are a working parent of any kind, paying or receiving, hc child support will screw you. They need to give it back to maximus, never had a problem getting support then.

HCJFS cannot handle it! Even Clermont county had him in jail several times for support he owed out there. Iowa Creative? Ridiculous trying to get help for kids and the criminal crap they pull. It’s sad that this system is clearly become broken. I am in arranges and this past month (July to be exact) I paid into child support 3 times. My son’s mother never received the 3rd payment which was taken on the 31st of July, and papers when we called we were t old it was paid back to the state. University Writing Faculty? If I still owe $600 in back support for the fact they waited a MONTH to contact my work to take the support, then why did the state pocket the chemistry everyday 500 words money needed for iowa state creative writing, our son’s clothes, formula, food, diapers, ect?

And even the case worker told me that it was applied back to the state. So now, I guess for my son’s 1st birthday, because of the hsc drama writing Job and Family services located in university creative good Ross County, OH (which now consists of several southern Ohio agencies), my son is looking to not having much for his birthday party. The fact that the for using CSEA applied your payment to iowa university creative faculty, the State of Ohio’s coffers versus passing the payment to your son’s mother speaks VOLUMES about the State’s definition of the “best interest of the children.” Clearly, and as I’ve argued for bipolar research, years, Ohio’s “child support” system has been and always will be about Ohio’s best financial interests, given that they profit off that thievery and madness that’s euphemistically known as “child support.” I don’t understand why lawyers are so scared of the Ohio Support division. I have been looking for a lawyer now for over 10 months to sue them for what they’ve done to my wife and iowa university writing I and everyone I talk to, is scared to take the essay case. I have documented paperwork on the illegal activities and lies they’ve committed, even the lies in court, but no one wants to take them on. Must be a money thing believing they can’t win so why bother. Guess I’ll go it alone.

My rights been violated so much thru csea even got married to state writing faculty, Childs father they still harrasss and are now trying to papers, press criminal charges is university creative writing faculty there class action suite against Ohio for any of this….i have right to life liberty and pursuit of happiness that this system is ignoring how my family wants to exercise these right. The class action that was filed against the State of Ohio in an Ohio Court was thrown out. The court ruled that it lacked jurisdiction, an argument that I and many others disagreed with. To your comment, “I have right to bipolar research, life liberty and pursuit of happiness that this system is iowa state creative writing faculty ignoring how my family wants to exercise these right;” sadly, as this country continues on this path whereby we’re now completely unmoored from the Constitution, our Constitutional rights will continue to be trampled and taken from chemistry everyday life, us.Little by little. In this age where the Executive Branch, with absolutely no Constitutional authority or basis whatsoever, re-writes laws on the fly (a power granted solely to the Legislative Branch only writing faculty via the Constitution), changes implementation dates, and issues directives and waivers with complete disregard for the rule of rules quotes essay, Law, We the people are in state university writing serious trouble.

Our society is moving from tyranny to an outright dictatorship. Think about importance of moral, it, kids are being suspended from and iowa writing faculty kicked out of chemistry everyday, school for drawing “pictures.” Innocent pictures, being drawn by innocent children without any ill-will or malicious intent whatsoever, and they’re being kicked out of school and punished by it? We as a country are in serious trouble, it’s not just fathers. America needs to wake up. I am so glad that someone besides me recognizes the criminal act that takes place within the ODJFS CSEA. I myself have had issues from the mother aspect as well as witnessed issues from the iowa state writing faculty paying father aspect. On Why You Shouldn't And Drive? My 1st case was included in the fraud issues, when the agency operated out of the 800 Broadway building.

Not many remember this situation and of course CSEA covered their tracks by having all media removed that was connected to the fraudulent activities of its employees taking money from state university creative writing faculty, clients to have DNA test altered. Long story short my paternity test came back inconclusive and if I wanted to have the test done over I had to pay the $500, when it was their office that caused the negative test results. On Why? My 2nd issue was brought to my attention by my employer. There was an order for wage garnishment sent to state creative writing faculty, my office of employement stating that I had to pay child support and that I was not paying my portion of feminism research papers, health care insurance. On the paperwork sent to my employee, I was listed as the obligor and state university writing the father of my child was listed as the obligee. No one was able to explain how this mix up came about or provided the identification of the person who sent/generated the request. Last but of course no least, my childrens health insurance was sanctioned b/c I did not attend a child support court date.

In the letter informing me of the said court date is clearly stated that this was not intended for me and I did not have to be in attendance. I myself hate the way the rules quotes in an essay child support system is university writing set up to make the fathers fail rather in compliance or not. If a mother can get assistance to get a job why is the papers same porogram not offered to the fathers and why is suspending thier license or putting them in jail the best that they system can come up woith. The laws really need to be revised. Iowa University Writing? Being a single mother who has raised two children alone I am against child support. Essay? Money is not the only factor that should be taken into consideration when raising a child. The father is no good to my child whether he is making his payments or not if he is in jail. Creative? The bigger issue is that child support prevents fathers that are trying to obtain employment by research papers placing capias/warrants on state creative writing, them resulting in an adverse action. In An Essay? I recently witnessed a close friend of writing, mine get turned down for a job that he was highly qualified for because of everyday essay, his child support arrearages. To me this is the dumbest thing that can happen.

It seems to me that the child support program has it set up for iowa university creative writing faculty, fathers to only work minimum wage jobs, like Burger King struggle to pay their support and/or take care of themselves and once they go into default they are being told the Burger King job is not enough to get a second job pay a certain amount by a deadline or go to jail. If anyone is aware Burger King is one of the companies that hire people with felonies. It is essay a shame that these fathers are facing felony non-support payment charges when child support is the reason they can not get a job. If their is anyone out there that feels this is wrong, please help or direct us people who wants these laws changed in the right direction. I am to iowa state faculty, the point that I want to start a petition to get this changes. I am glad that someone will be investigating the actions that take place within the quotes CSEA. No where do they have the children’s best interest at heart and that is to iowa state university, be thier ultimate reason for existing. Chemistry Everyday Life Essay 500 Words? For a man to be punished for a filed relationship that takes two is beyond me. It is time to make these mothers take responsibility just as much as the men are being forced to. The spitefullness of the filer also needs to be considered.

I could go on for hours about what I feel to be is illegal/unlawful/bias/degrading process and laws within the HCJFS/CSEA. Thanks for iowa state university creative, taking the time to post what you have. What you’ve written is of moral very thought provoking to say the least. It amazes me that as a single mom yourself, you still argue that you’re against iowa state university writing, child support. And you are spot on, when you state that it does no good for your children when their father is incarcerated.I’m curious about essay you shouldn't, this comment; “I recently witnessed a close friend of mine get turned down for a job that he was highly qualified for because of his child support arrearages.” Let me guess, the CSEA reported him to the credit bureaus and thereby destroyed his credit, and as resulted PREVENTED him from creative writing faculty, getting that job, is that correct? To this point you made, “It is time to writing, make these mothers take responsibility just as much as the men are being forced to.” I couldn’t agree with you more.

But the reason that’s not happening any time soon as it’s neither politically correct nor expedient. Can you imagine the iowa university creative writing faculty outrage it would bring about of you shouldn't drink and drive, a politician, or someone within the iowa university faculty CSEA or a public servant were to say, “It is everyday 500 words time to make these mothers take responsibility just as much as the university creative faculty men are being forced to.” Most politicians are complete cowards who only care about their own self-serving interest, and pointing out what you’ve said is not something I think I’ll see in my lifetime. At least not until fathers come together under some national or global organization to seek out and protect their interests as women have done through NOW for example. You also said, “I could go on for hours about what I feel to be is illegal/unlawful/bias/degrading process and laws within the HCJFS/CSEA.” And to that I say, please write as much as you wish. Research? The words of those such as yourself are far more powerful than mine, especially when you’re speaking from the perspective of a single mom. I’d love to hear more of iowa creative writing faculty, what you have to say. I would like to ask you.about my child support case of my husband. I hope you can give us info that could help us. Mother is deceased for chemistry life essay, years and university writing faculty the children are grown.

I’m not the biological father of either but because we were once married im responsible for the children. Hsc Drama Essay Writing? I haven’t had a life and. now retiring they are trying to take it from my.job I work a few days a week and want my retirement benefits. I have been paying the.child support order and have remarried we are struggling . Iowa Faculty? I hope you could help. I’m not sure what you mean here, “I’m not the biological father of bipolar research, either but because we were once married im responsible for the children.” You are not legally responsible for another person’s children just because you were married to them unless you adopted them, or it was ruled to iowa university creative, be “in their best interests.” Did you adopt the kids? If not, then how are you legally responsible for feminism papers, them and says whom? I’m sorry my husband has a order for child support which he has paid all of creative faculty, his working life practically. His ex-wife is deceased and he is not the biological father of either child but is still paying. He has remarried and has finally retired except he is still working seventy-two hours a week.

The order is for the job not trying to take from his pension. We have been married five years been together for six. We are struggling bad and have been since Ive met him. What aadvice can you give us. (Continuance) the state of Toledo, Ohio says once you marry a woman who is with.child you are the biological father. My husband told his ex wife not to hsc drama, forge his name on the first child’s birth certifcate but he found out way later she did. They were separated when she became pregnant with the second child. She divorced him right after she had the baby.

She knew she was pregnant by a married man because the wife found out. Iowa University Creative? So I asked you tony why are they trying to get every penny 55% of his retirement benefits which is 800.00 and 309.56 out of the part-time job. He was told from R.R retirement and CSEA that he only owe. 12,000.00 but HCF is saying he still owe 72,000 more.Tonyhow are we supposed to live with HCF trying to take my last. 12,000 more now HCF is saying he still owe 72,000.00 more. Tony my husband. doesn’t have money for the everyday necessities. Please can you help us with this.

Tony, I don’t have a computer and I’m doing this off of my cell phone so thats why you see the double wording in my question. Im still hoping you can reply to my situation. This is NOT Ohio law; ” the values for students state of Toledo, Ohio says once you marry a woman who is with.child you are the iowa state university biological father.” At some point, he had to have been declared the father by chemistry everyday essay a court, his name was on state university, a birth certificate, or a DNA test was done. But it has nothing to do with living with a woman who had a child that’s not his. Bipolar Research? That does not make one legally liable under the iowa state university creative faculty law.

Are you certain that he’s being honest with you? If I were him, I’d call the CSEA and request an research papers, audit of his account, he’s entitled to that. University Faculty? If they ignore him, he should make the same request in research writing and state university writing faculty send it certified mail. Nonetheless, his situation is not one that’s going to be resolved by letters or phone calls, he needs to speak with an attorney. I don’t know what his relationship is with the on why drink and drive children involved, but if they are adults, they could possibly agree to iowa, wave the arrears.

If he’s truly not the father of importance of moral for students, either child, he may have a case for paternity fraud, however an attorney would need to speak to that. SOME MEN/WOMEN just don’t know how good they have it… I myself, have 4 children after 12 yrs of marriage. My now ex-husband, and I have shared parenting of 3 of our children. He has full custody of our eldest son.

This is my story! The divorce took almost 14 months, and during our marriage all of our children were born. Iowa University Faculty? We both still reside in Ohio. Morrow County to be exact. The divorce it’s self was a circus side show. The court was the most uncivilized rendition of what should have been, as you could imagine. During our divorce our judge was replaced without notice, and might I add the day of quotes in an essay, our actual divorce. They sent in a person that did NOT know our case at creative all. And that said person made all final decisions. CRAZY if you ask me.

Anyway, I stated that I did NOT want child support. Due to essay on why, the fact the state creative faculty courts had already opened a temp support order. Which I NEVER received the first penny of research papers, anyway. And my idea of life is not about fighting with anyone, but especially not with the father of my children.! The judge in our case, scolded me in the court room. She said Dixie I am so and so, from Marion Co and used to work in the Child Support division. University Writing Faculty? And you are GOING TO NEED THAT MONEY” AND YOU SHOULD TAKE IT.!

I was shocked that a judge would just offer a statement like that in chemistry essay front of my ex and iowa creative faculty his attorney. She went on to tell me that I could lose my job any day, and that I would no doubt be in a case where I’d need the state to chemistry everyday, help me out.. Iowa State Creative Writing Faculty? smh. There’s a way to feminism research, make a woman proud! Assume that I wont find another job, just like the university faculty one I had, as she was speaking.? I was really just taken back by her demanding that I take that 800 dollar blood money. Research Papers? Like it was all I was ever going to have… come on people.. Money is the root of all evil. And a good way to invite evil into ones life, is to force someone to give you all or close to all that they have. As long as Dad provides for our kids when they are in university creative writing his care, and for students I when they are in university faculty mine.

What else could, or should I ask for? NOTHING because people, you can hurt each-other, ruin your marriage/relationship if you want to, but to take an on why you shouldn't, opportunity for iowa state university writing faculty, your kids when they are in quotes essay the other parents home, Is a terrible injustice to your children. You aren’t only hurting your ex, but you are damaging all the future memories that your little ones may have stood a chance at having while they are on visits. State Faculty? IT IS NOT OUR KIDS FAULT,THAT WE DON’T LOVE ONE ANOTHER! Parents and children are a package deal folks. I have a mom and a dad just like my children do. And you can’t hurt my mom/dad without hurting me… Think before you HATE …and BTW myself nor my ex-husband are made of money . We both struggle in today’s economy. We make just enough to get by on.

So, before anyone assumes that we are just “well-to-do” people who have plenty. I assure you we are not! We both work 9-5 regular jobs. And our divorce was U G L Y on every other aspect. We fought over the smallest of things. My ex cheated on me openly for our entire marriage. He even lied and later laughed in court, about how he lied bc he just couldn’t stand the thought of me having an upper hand on anything. And yet …STILL the kids were the of moral values most important at the end of the state creative day. They make me happy, and I want them happy.

And forcing money that (I can make on my own), from feminism research, their dad, just doesn’t seem right to me.. Iowa State Creative Faculty? wake up and love your kids more than you love revenge. This speaks volumes, “hey make me happy, and I want them happy. And forcing money that (I can make on my own), from on why and drive, their dad, just doesn’t seem right to iowa writing faculty, me.. wake up and love your kids more than you love revenge.” And if all divorced/single parents adhered to that, so many children would be living in much happier lives. Additionally, you wouldn’t see nearly as much carnage in in an the “family court” system that you see today if that golden rule were followed. You are also correct in stating, “IT IS NOT OUR KIDS FAULT,THAT WE DON’T LOVE ONE ANOTHER! Parents and children are a package deal folks. University? I have a mom and a dad just like my children do. Essay On Why You Shouldn't And Drive? And you can’t hurt my mom/dad without hurting me… Think before you HATE.” It’s certainly not their fault as you state, but they tend to pay dearly, and for life in some cases were irreversible emotional damage is university creative down as a result of the fighting and hatred between their parents. “Do unto others as you would have them do to you,” if followed would drastically improve the emotional well being of children who must endure (through no choice of essay you shouldn't drink, their own) the pain and trauma of iowa university creative faculty, their parents fighting, arguing and hatred towards each other. Thanks for sharing your experiences and advice.

Can I please have your lawyers name asap to sue them too. Neither I nor my attorney was involved with that suit. Additionally, I don’t know the Plaintiff personally. I came across this acrticle after doing a search on how to rules for using quotes in an, sue ODJFS. In 2009, I was given disability. I was eligible for payments for my twins also. I had no child support order. I was denied TANF for my children, even though I was eligible, until 2012. State University Writing Faculty? I asked for for using quotes in an, a state hearing, which was granted. The Friday prior to the hearing, I received a call fro Shelia Johnson from university creative faculty, ODJFS, saying that the error would be fixed that day, and so the hearing would not be needed. Needless to say, it wasn’t, and I never got those back payments.

I called and asked, begged, to no avail. I was told that my limit had passed; amazing since three years of you shouldn't drink, payments were skipped…They made sure to hit the tax return of the person who WAS helping me during that period in 2015 for $500, though. I STILL could use those funds; both kids are in college, and I have been playing catch-up, every since…While I know that I could never sue and get anywhere, it was nice to see that I am not the only one who has gotten “got”,by ODJFS. You can rest assured that you are in creative writing good company with a great number of people who have been “had” by that nefarious ODJFS. If anyone finds out essay 500 words, about another lawsuit against ODJFS, sign me up too! I’m a single, ncp that is on disability and attempting to pay off my arrearages for my now 22 year old son and 20 year old daughter. Iowa Creative Faculty? They have different fathers who have never been in their lives. My son’s father is currently active duty Air Force but the Military has not made him pay anything since 2005. My daughter’s father has never ever paid a dime of support and never seen her. She hates him.

It’s not because of me though. I never mentioned him to her or anything. I’ve only spoken to him myself once since she’s been born. Both of these kids were raised by my father and stepmother. When we “temporarily” tranferred custody of them to my Dad, I was lied to by my Father and Stepmother. I was young (barely 20 and almost 22) and trusted my Father to not lie to chemistry everyday life essay 500 words, me. Iowa University Writing Faculty? Boy was I an papers, Idiot!! I was led to believe that I did not need my own lawyer and state university writing that their lawyer would draw up all of the paperwork for “temporary” custody. I never got my kids back and now my daughter and I do not speak, at all. Bipolar Papers? I moved from Ohio back to Nebraska in 2003 and my daughter blames me for never having the money to iowa university creative faculty, come pick them up for visits. I was only working part time, and sometimes not even that, and had my regular support payments plus the arrearage payments coming out of the little money I did make.

Just paying the of moral bills was impossible, not to mention a 750 mile trip to university creative writing, try to visit my kids that hated me anyway. Of Moral For Students? Try explaining that to an 8 year old little girl though. Jump to 2014. I get automatically put on iowa university creative writing faculty, disability Aug 16, 2014 when I get dignosed with PBC (Primary Biliary Cirrhosis, a liver disease that has nothing to do with alcohol. My bile is digesting everything it touches instead of just my food.)

Now on feminism research, to Feb 2015. ODJFS tells me that yes they can and yes they will take my child support payments from my disability payment. Fine. Be jerks. Current day, 2016.

February I get another pair of withholding notices. Why? I call CSEA and they tell me that “they” forced them to state university creative, start a new system that “should not effect the cases that already have support orders like” mine. Sure. Bipolar Research Papers? Ok.

Then I get the letter from SS stating that they are going to pay the double child suport amount! I call CSEA again. Some stupid bimbo tries to reassure me that no, they won’t get a double payment. March rolls around and sure enough, double payment missing from my money. Another stupid bimbo tells me that I am “just one of thousands that this has happened to”. I spent the next two weeks calling them, daily, to find out where my money that they stole was. Since I have found this page, I understand why they got so b**chy about me telling them that they stole from me. I did, finally, get all but 10 cents of my payment back. They sent out cancellation notices to SS, but not for just the creative duplicate withholding orders, for life essay, all four of iowa university writing, them!!

April, they did not take a payment at all. Now, in essay you shouldn't drink and drive the past week, I have received FOUR withholding notices. One for each case mailed, ironically enough, on my oldest son’s birthday, 4/13/16 and the second set sent, 4/19/16. I am calling them on Monday! I have no credit and nothing for collateral to try to get a bank loan to pay these off.

It is not my husband’s fault and I will not let him pay it off as it is not his responsibility and state university creative writing they are not his kids. We have been married for almost four years now so this debt is from far before him. I would love to be put in contact with any lawyer that would take this case or added to any class action suits that are forming! I don’t ask for much. Chemistry Everyday? Just that ODJFS pay my lawyer fees and all of my arrears are completely and totally erased! The problem is, I’m 800 miles away, and my bad health prevents me from iowa state university writing, making that trip alone.

My husband is an Owner/Operator truck driver and can’t afford to take the week off to go with me as he just found out that his truck needs a heart transplant (new engine) and quotes essay he doesn’t want me to go alone. I think he’s afraid he’ll be getting a call from jail because I have lost my patience for bs since getting sick. Any pointers or referrals would be greatly appreciated. Thank you for state university creative faculty, taking the time to read my sob story. There is another, far better part to essay, this story though. Iowa University Creative Writing Faculty? My third child, 16 year old boy, has a story along the lines of Dixie’s story a few comments above. His Father and I had shared custody with a child support order from 2001- 2004 (when we went back to court for research, custody after I moved back to university creative, Nebraska). We had been engaged during and after my pregnancy but then he became an papers, alcoholic and emotionally abusive towards me but never our son. The mediator was shocked when we went in front of her to settle out of court (2001) because we already had practically everything decided. She brought up two or three points that he and I had not thought of which we quickly worked through right there.

The only reason I was awarded child support was because he had a full time job and I only worked part time. If either of us needed anything for our son and could not afford it, we asked the other one. No big deal. His parents would babysit if I needed it and mine would if he needed it. Iowa State Writing? If we needed to switch a day or weekend, we did if possible. Our son has grown into a very smart (skipped 1st grade), caring young man that absolutely loves to come out to Nebraska to visit with me, Dad (my hubby), and everyday life essay Grandpa (my father- in- law). He and my father- in- law have become quite the pair of fishing buddies! Lol!

If I could have done that with the first two father’s, life would have been so much easier! I never would have had to “temporarily” transfer custody and get tangled up with ODJFS in the first place! Grandma used to creative faculty, say “hindsight’s always 20/20”.

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A level Biology Coursework - Effect of substrate concentration on rate of activity of the enzyme catalase. Aim: To investigate the effect of substrate concentration on the rate of iowa state writing activity of the enzyme catalase. Catalase is an enzyme which is found in most living organisms. For Using Quotes Essay. It catalyses the decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide into water and iowa university creative, oxygen. Catalase dramatically reduces the research papers, activation energy needed for writing the reaction. Rules In An Essay. Without catalase the decomposition would take much longer, and would not be fast enough to sustain human life. Hydrogen peroxide is also a dangerous, very potent by-product of metabolism, so it is essential that it is broken down quickly, otherwise it would cause damage to cells. I have done some preliminary work and as a result, have identified problems that may occur in my main investigation, such as timing, measuring and keeping variables that I am not investigating constant, (such as temperature etc).

In the main procedure I will control the temperature in a water bath in iowa state university creative writing faculty, order to create a constant external temperature to dissipate the heat energy. This will minimise the everyday life, effect of state university creative faculty temperature on the results of the experiment. I have decided to do this because in my preliminary procedures, I used a thermometer to measure the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide (when left on the side) at different intervals, and on different days, and found that the temperature of the hydrogen peroxide fluctuated slightly. Hsc Drama Essay Writing. By doing this, it will ensure that the test is as fair as I can make it. Although the reaction is exothermic and will give out heat during the creative writing, reaction anyway, since the heat has been dissipated by being kept in the water bath, the amount of heat given off in the experiment will be relative to research papers the concentration of hydrogen peroxide, but obviously some reactions will take longer than others, so more heat will be produced. However the temperature initially will be kept the state university creative writing, same in each case.

This is also very relevant because we may not get the opportunity to do the whole experiment on one day, or in the same class room. This means the room temperature in each class room or on research papers different days will not be the iowa state university creative writing, same for each procedure, because of obvious factors such as type of values for students day (very cold or mild etc) and the level of state university writing faculty heating within the class rooms. Temperature directly affects the shape of the for students, active site. At a temperature below the iowa state university, optimum, the feminism papers, molecules have less kinetic energy so the state university, rate of collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules are low and therefore less enzyme-substrate complexes are formed. As the temperature increases the quotes in an, molecules have more kinetic energy and so collide more often, resulting in an increased rate of reaction. Because of this, it is very important to control the temperature, in order to ensure a constant temperature is maintained. Above the optimum temperature, the thermal energy breaks the state university creative writing, hydrogen bonds holding the secondary and tertiary structure together, so the active site changes shape and eventually the reaction can no longer be catalysed.

I will keep the water bath at 25 o C because the optimum temperature for the enzyme catalase at which it works most effectively is importance of moral 45 o C. This will ensure that, since the temperature is below the iowa university writing, optimum the reaction will be slower and therefore enable me to collect oxygen at hsc drama writing, a measurable rate. I may, however need to change this as I have not done a preliminary experiment using a water bath. In my preliminary work I also found that when doing the experiment with 1g of yeast, and 5cm 3 of 20 volume of hydrogen peroxide, the rate of reaction was too fast to collect oxygen at a measurable rate, and therefore made it impossible to gain meaningful results. I consequently reduced the mass of yeast to 0.2g rather than the 1.0g I used initially, and still used the same volume (5cm 3 )of hydrogen peroxide. Iowa Writing. This meant that because the enzyme concentration (catalase in yeast) was reduced there were less collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules so the essay, rate of enzyme-substrate formations were reduced. This meant that less gas evolved with time, so I could effectively time, and measure the volume of oxygen produced. Another factor which I had to iowa state creative writing consider was the surface area of the yeast granules, because each yeast granule has a different surface area the hsc drama essay, amount of iowa state university creative writing enzyme will differ in each granule, but more importantly the greater the surface area of the yeast the more reactions take place because of the fact that there will be more collisions between the enzyme and substrate molecules. Importance Of Moral For Students. In my first preliminary experiment I just weighed 1.0g of yeast as it was supplied in its granule form.

However in my next preliminary experiment, I decided this would be unfair in the main procedure and because of this I decided to grind the yeast into iowa writing, a powder so that the surface area would be more similar in each yeast granule. Also, in my main procedure I will grind a larger mass of research papers yeast (more than I need), and then weigh it, rather than weighing the yeast and then grinding. State Faculty. This is important because if I weigh the yeast and then grind with the chemistry everyday life essay, pestle, some of the yeast will be lost because it might get stuck to state university creative the pestle, hence decreasing the mass of yeast slightly. I will also use the same batch of yeast because this will ensure that the yeast granules have the papers, same surface area. I also used 2 different methods in state university writing, order to determine which would be the most effective in gaining the best possible results, with minimal error. In my first experiment, I used the displacement of water method, whereby a measuring cylinder (containing water) is placed upside down in a plastic tub, with a tube attached to the test tube (airtight).

A syringe with hydrogen peroxide is also present (as shown in the diagram). I believe that as the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide (substrate) decreases, the rate of reaction will decrease consequently. This is because there will be fewer collisions between the substrate and enzyme molecules (catalase in yeast) – because there are fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, so there will be a decrease in enzyme-substrate complexes formed. The reaction will then stop because all of the active sites become saturated with substrate because the enzyme is the limiting factor. This will result in a decreased volume of oxygen being produced as one of the by-products of this reaction.

In addition, based on my knowledge of the collision theory I believe that if the importance of moral values, concentration of hydrogen peroxide is doubled (or halved) then the rate of reaction is also doubled (or halved). This is because if the concentration is doubled the number of molecules of the substrate is also doubled. This means there will be twice as many successful collisions. Therefore it is true to say that in iowa university creative writing, theory: rate µ concentration. I will investigate if this is bipolar true for this reaction. Iowa University Creative Faculty. The hydrogen peroxide is injected into the test tube and the volume of oxygen gas is recorded (by the amount of water displaced). This would determine the rate of reaction. However I decided against this method for several reasons. Firstly, because I used such a large measuring cylinder, the volume of gas produced was hard to research measure as not much water had been displaced. Although I could have used a smaller measuring cylinder, I decided that the best possible way I could do the experiment was by state creative writing faculty, measuring the papers, volume of gas directly using a gas syringe, rather than by the displacement of water.

Also, because the hydrogen peroxide had to be inserted into state writing, the syringe before the reaction could begin, the amount of time it would be out hsc drama of the water bath (which I intend to use in my main experiment) was longer than necessary. I decided that I could reduce this time by using a different method. In my second preliminary experiment, I used a gas syringe instead, which measured the volume of iowa writing oxygen produced directly, rather than by the displacement of water. The hydrogen peroxide is inserted into a 5cm 3 small beaker and then tipped over to “spill” the contents and start the reaction. I felt that this would give me more reliable result in my main investigation because the length of time that the hydrogen peroxide is out of the water bath is hsc drama reduced. Furthermore, the volume of gas is measured directly. I noticed that when doing the first method that “bubbles of gas” were affected by people bumping the table, and that sometimes they got trapped in the tube, so even though the product of the university writing, reaction (oxygen) had been formed it was not measured until afterwards, (at a later stage in the reaction). Also, the bubble volume is affected by the diameter of the tube and the overall pressure of the water (depth of the water) so I believe that by using the gas syringe, I will be able to eliminate this inaccuracy as water will not be involved. The gas syringe, however, also has a small volume of air displaced within it when it is attached to the conical flask, so I will have to consider this in the main procedure. I will subtract this volume of air from each of my results so that I can gain a precise measure of the volume of gas produced.

The preliminary experiment also gave me an idea as to how often I should measure the volume of essay you shouldn't drink gas formed (i.e. every 5, 10, 15 seconds etc). In my first preliminary experiment the reaction went to state fast to chemistry everyday life essay 500 words collect oxygen at a measurable rate, but in the second preliminary experiment I measured the volume of gas every 10 seconds, but found that the reaction was over before I had enough measurements and that the results I gained would not be sufficient to obtain enough results and make a valid conclusion. I therefore did a further experiment based on mainly on timing only, and found that if I measured the writing, volume of gas every 5 seconds I obtained enough measurements. However, I do have to take into account that I will be using different concentrations of research hydrogen peroxide in my main experiment, so 5 seconds may not be sufficient to measure the volume of oxygen produced in the slower reactions and I may need to change this. The concentrations of hydrogen peroxide I will use will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and iowa state university creative writing faculty, 50%. I will use these concentrations because I believe that if I were to go any lower than 50% that the rate of reaction will be relatively slow, and will not produce enough results because the substrate concentration (hydrogen peroxide) will be too low in concentration. Importance Of Moral Values For Students. I also want to decrease in 10% because I believe it will provide me with closer results rather than decreasing by 20% which will mean I would be testing a concentration of 0% of hydrogen peroxide. Finally, I also want to state writing determine whether or not half the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide (50%) would produce half the for using, volume of gas. Iowa State University Faculty. Bored of revsion? need to read something GOOD? Want to say thanks for this article?

Help me out by checking out this book I helped co-edit. Thanks in advance! The independent variable will be the bipolar, factor that I am going to manipulate. This will be the concentration of the hydrogen peroxide. I intend to use a pipette in order to make up the concentrations of 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60%, and iowa state creative, 50%. I will do this by making each mixture up to 100cm 3 , so for example, the 90% concentrated solution will consist of 90cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, and of moral for students, 10cm 3 water. I will put the 6 different concentrated solutions in a conical flask which will be placed into a water bath.

Because a pipette is a very accurate way of measuring volumes, I believe that this will be the best method to make up the concentrations. This will eliminate a very large apparatus error that would occur if I used a beaker or conical flask. The dependant variable – the variable I intend to measure is the volume of iowa creative writing faculty gas produced in each reaction. This will vary as a direct result to the different concentration of bipolar research hydrogen peroxide. Controlled variable – the controlled variable consist of all the other factors which must be kept constant. This will be the mass of yeast for each experiment (0.2g). I will make sure that I measure 0.2g of iowa university writing yeast as accurately as I can using the balance. The balance has a mechanism whereby it can be made level (so perfectly balanced) regardless of the angle of the desk or counter it is placed on. I have explained this is my method below. Importance Of Moral Values. I will also consider the apparatus error of the balance (and indeed all the equipment I use) so I can work out the state university faculty, overall error derived from the bipolar research papers, apparatus and identify this in my conclusion.

I am also controlling the temperature, so this has to state university creative writing faculty be considered, because I am controlling 2 variables. This will affect my results, but I believe it will make them more accurate since the temperature will be constant, and so eliminate any fluctuations in temperature (as I have explained earlier). It will also rule out the fact that if I have to do my procedures in different rooms/days, the temperature in the room might be different. Conical flask 20 vols hydrogen peroxide Water Yeast Gas syringe Stop clock Clamp stand 50cm 3 pipette 20cm 3 pipette 25cm 3 pipette Water bath Syringe Stopper Pestle and mortar Thermometer Tweezers 5cm 3 Beaker. Chemistry Everyday Life Essay. Firstly I am going to measure out the concentrations of hydrogen peroxide that I have decided on. This will be 100%, 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and 50%. I will do this by adding different volumes of water to make up 100cm 3 .For example, the 80% concentrated solution will consist of iowa creative writing faculty 80cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide and 20cm 3 of water, (as shown in the table below). Instead of using a conical flask or a measuring cylinder, I will use a pipette because they are very accurate for measuring volumes.

I will then place the chemistry everyday life essay 500 words, 6 conical flasks in a water bath, at 25 o C, to create a constant external temperature to iowa state university creative writing faculty dissipate the everyday essay 500 words, heat energy. I will do this first to university creative ensure that the values, mixtures have enough time to reach a constant temperature, rather than only putting them in for a short time because this will mean there may be fluctuations in state university creative writing faculty, temperature of the different molecules which I was initially trying to eliminate. Next, I will grind the yeast into for using quotes in an essay, a powder using a pestle and mortar. I will grind up more than I need, so that I can use the same (ground) yeast for iowa creative all of my experiments. This will also be fairer than grinding the yeast on different days or for values different procedures, because the time spent grinding may be different. Hopefully this will mean that each yeast granule will have the same (or a very similar) surface area. Iowa University. I will then set up my apparatus. Finally, on setting up the apparatus, I will place the balance on the table, making sure the bubble in the spirit level is in the middle level, thereby eliminating any deviation from the hsc drama writing, balance position. Iowa Creative Faculty. This means that even though the table may not be level, the pan (or weighing basin) is perfectly level. I will set up my apparatus this way every time I need to, e.g. when I need another lesson to complete my investigation. Once the apparatus is set up, I will place a conical flask on the balance, and set the balance to 0, so that I can weigh the quotes essay, yeast only, which I will place in the conical flask using a spatula until the right weight (0.2g) is in the conical flask.

I will weigh the yeast directly into the conical flask, not a Petri dish, because then I do not have to worry about transferring the iowa state creative writing faculty, yeast from the research papers, Petri dish to the conical flask. Next I will place the conical flask under the gas syringe and place an airtight stopper in the top, with a single tube attached to the gas syringe as shown in the diagram. I will then take the conical flask with the 100% hydrogen peroxide out of the water bath and measure exactly 5cm 3 of the creative writing faculty, mixture using a syringe, and place it into the 5cm 3 small beaker. Chemistry Everyday 500 Words. Being very careful as not to spill the mixture, I will take the stopper off the conical flask and state university creative writing, lower the beaker into the conical flask using tweezers. I will then put the papers, stopper back on the conical flask so the procedure is ready to commence.

Using a stop clock I will time from the moment the small beaker is tipped over to when the reaction stops, measuring the volume of gas evolved every 15 seconds. Iowa University Faculty. The reaction is over when I record 3 volumes of gas that are concordant or very similar. This indicates that no more gas is being produced because the enzyme is the limiting factor as all the active sites are occupied. I will repeat this method using the different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide making sure to wash the equipment thoroughly after each reaction. Everyday Essay. I will carry out each reaction 3 times for each to gain an average. I hope to iowa state record concordant results for each repeat, so if an anomaly occurs I can discount it and repeat the feminism papers, procedure again.

I will record the data in a table and allow me to iowa state work out the rate of reaction. Research Papers. I will then represent the results in a graph. University Writing Faculty. This will enable me to bipolar work out the gradient and make a conclusion based on the evidence I have obtained. Iowa University Creative Writing. Hydrogen peroxide, if inhaled or has contact with the skin or eyes, can be very dangerous and toxic. I will therefore be wearing safety goggles whenever I am handling the hydrogen peroxide and during the reaction, and will also wear gloves. I will also make sure that my hair is tied back at all times and bipolar research, that I am not wearing any jewellery or articles of clothing that may come into contact with the iowa writing, hydrogen peroxide. I will also clean up any spillages immediately. I believe that the graph will firstly start of steep in all the reactions, but steepest in the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide and gradually decreasing as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decrease.

This is because there will be more collisions between the hsc drama writing, enzyme and substrate molecules so more enzyme-substrate complexes. The curve will then level off and this represents the point where most of the enzymes active sites are saturated. The curve will eventually stay constant and this is because the enzyme molecules are fully saturated. This is writing called the maximum velocity of reaction or Vmax. The substrate concentration at this point, even if increased, will not affect the rate of chemistry everyday life essay reaction because it is the enzyme which is in low concentration. State University Faculty. I believe that the graph for one of the concentrations, for example 100% hydrogen peroxide, will look similar to the one below.

I believe that each curve for each concentration will look like the one above, but for each decreased concentration – 90%, 80%, 70%, 60% and essay 500 words, 50%, the value of the faculty, Vmax will decrease too, as will the initial rate of reaction, This is because of the fact that there will be less substrate molecules in each successive concentration, so fewer collisions between particles that can react with each other. This means that the number of chemistry everyday life collisions that reach the iowa university writing, activation energy also decreases. This can be explained by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve: THEN Draw the graph using your results or the chemistry essay, one's in the above table. Based on the information above, I therefore believe that the graph with all the concentrations plotted will look similar to the one below. I will record my results in state university faculty, a table like the one below, and then record further, average results, in a similar table. I will draw a graph based on the average results, and draw a curve of best fit for each concentration which will help me analyse my results. I will then work out the bipolar research papers, gradient of each curve and plot a further graph of percentage of H 2 O 2 against rate of reaction on the y-axis. State University Writing Faculty. I would expect this graph to be linear as this would show that as the concentration increases, time taken for a set volume of gas would decrease - in other words, the essay on why you shouldn't, rate is proportional to the concentration. I expect this graph to look similar to the one I have drawn previously. I will work out the state university creative faculty, rate of reaction from the results gained in essay writing, the first 5 seconds as this will be the point where the greatest volume of gas is evolved.

I had to change the state creative writing faculty, volume of hydrogen peroxide used from 5cm 3 to 4cm 3 because in the first reaction with 100% hydrogen peroxide went too fast to collect oxygen at of moral, a measurable rate. When I did repeat the procedure with 4cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide, I could effectively measure the volume of gas. I also had to faculty change the gas syringe because at first the reaction did not occur, and everyday life 500 words, this was because a large volume of iowa university gas was leaking from a tear in the tube. Chemistry Everyday 500 Words. I also had to repeat the whole of the 70% concentration of iowa state creative hydrogen peroxide because the results were all anomalous when compared to writing the rest of the data. I will talk about why this might have been in my evaluation.

* Another factor which I found out later when I drew my graphs was that there were limitations to the range of results I collected, so I decided to iowa creative writing faculty collect some more results. Rules Quotes In An Essay. I have explained this later on. Below is a table of the university creative writing faculty, results I collected, including all the results which I had to repeat. The raw results can be seen in the appendix. Because my results where mostly concordant, and at the very least there was only a 2cm 3 difference between any 2 repeats out of 3, I decided that I did not need to repeat any of the procedures, apart from the whole of concentration 7 which I will discuss later. This then enabled me to everyday life essay work out an average by adding up 3 three repeat values and state writing, dividing by bipolar research papers, 3. For example the 100% concentration average would be (48+49+48) ? 3).

Below is a table showing the average results. From these results, I can see instantly that less gas was evolved in the first 5 seconds as the concentration decreased and that the overall volume of gas also became successively lower in each decreased concentration. This is iowa university creative writing because there were more molecules of everyday life 500 words hydrogen peroxide in the higher concentrations, so more collisions took place and so there was a greater probability of successful collisions. This resulted in more enzyme-substrate complexes formed in the higher concentrations, and less in state, the each decreased concentration. Feminism Research Papers. This supports the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution curve I drew earlier. Iowa Writing Faculty. I have drawn a graph based on rules in an these average results, with a curve of best fit for each concentration which will allow me to identify any anomalies. From the graph I can see that as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreased, the volume of oxygen produced decreased as a direct result. This is because as the concentration decreased, the iowa creative faculty, number of molecules of hydrogen peroxide also decreased. This decreased the number of particles that can react with each other, and so the number of collisions that reached the activation energy also decreased. This means that there are also less successful collisions, and so less enzyme-substrate complexes formed.

The final volume of of moral values for students oxygen produced also decreased as the concentration decreased, and this is because less collisions overall took place, and so a reduced number of collisions reached the activation energy. This was because there were fewer molecules initially, and this resulted in a lower probability that the molecules would collide. This means that there were less successful collisions overall. For example, the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final volume of oxygen of 88.3cm 3 , 90% concentration evolved 73.3cm 3 of oxygen, 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and the 50% concentration evolved 37cm 3 of oxygen. Creative Writing. The initial rate of reaction is fastest for the 100% concentration of bipolar research hydrogen peroxide and gradually decreases as the state creative faculty, concentration decreases. This can be explained by the collision theory, which states that the time taken for a reaction to take place, and so a set volume of gas to be evolved, becomes shorter for higher concentrations substrate. This is because at higher concentrations there are more substrate molecules than in lower concentrations. Subsequently, if there are more molecules, then there will be more collisions taking place, and chemistry life essay, therefore more reactions between enzyme and substrate molecules take place in 1 second, and so oxygen is evolved more rapidly. So at the 100% concentration of iowa faculty hydrogen peroxide, the oxygen was given of more rapidly because there were more substrate and enzyme molecules reacting in a second.

From the curves of best fit, I can also see that there were no anomalous results, only some results which were slightly above or below the curve, though they were not excessively distorted. This shows that my results were relatively accurate for feminism papers each concentration alone. To find out iowa state writing faculty if the concentrations together were accurate, I worked out the rate of hsc drama writing reaction. This enabled me to find out if each concentration, based on iowa university creative writing the number of molecules of substrate in each decrease of 10%, was similar or even showed a pattern which I failed to rules essay identify with my previous results. I did this by iowa university faculty, working out the gradient of each curve and plotting these values against feminism the concentrations on the x- axis. The method which I used to do this can be seen on the next page. By plotting these values on a graph I could also see if there was a relationship between the different concentrations.

On the next page is a graph showing the iowa state creative faculty, rate of reaction, with a line of feminism papers best fit. (again - on your graph showing rate of reaction, draw a line of best fit) Overall, I believe my experiment went well and I believe that I gained sufficient results because I repeated each concentration 3 times, and investigated 8 concentrations in total. I believe that my results were also relatively reliable because as you can see from the graph I plotted with the curve of best fit for each concentration, as the iowa university writing faculty, concentration decreases the research, volume of oxygen produced also decreases. For example, the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide evolved a final average volume of gas of 77cm 3 of oxygen while the 90% concentration evolved a final average volume of 73.3cm 3 . Also most of the points were on or close to the curve of best fit for each concentration. However there are some factors that I must take into consideration. Firstly, there were limitations of the apparatus that I used. Each piece of iowa state writing apparatus has an apparatus error in which there is an essay writing, upper and lower limit.

For example the balance had an apparatus error of ±0.01 which means that since I used 0.2g of yeast, this value could either be 0.21g or 0.19g. This obviously affects the amount of catalase present, and this means that there could be more or less collisions and so successful collisions between enzyme and iowa state creative writing, substrate molecules depending on the greater or lower mass of yeast. For example, if there were more molecules of yeast the rate of reaction would increase because there would be more collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules which would result in a greater probability of successful collisions, and therefore more enzyme-substrate complexes being produced. Hsc Drama Essay Writing. This means that in my results, the volume of iowa state university writing gas produced in the first 5 seconds may have been higher than it should have been if I had used exactly 0.2g of yeast. This could have been a reason for the very fast rate of reaction of the 100% hydrogen peroxide, which showed up as an anomalous result on the first rate of reaction graph. This would apply for essay writing the substrate concentration too, in that the pipettes also had an apparatus error. This would also mean the amount of substrate molecules could have been different for iowa state university creative each repeat, even though I used the same concentration. For example in the 100% concentration I used two 50cm 3 pipettes which had an apparatus error of ±0.01.

So in 100cm 3 the on why and drive, actual volume could have been either 99.98cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide or 100.02cm 3 of hydrogen peroxide so there would have either been more or fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide. If there were fewer molecules of hydrogen peroxide, there would have been fewer collisions between molecules of enzyme and iowa state creative writing, substrate, resulting in fewer enzyme-substrate complexes being made. Chemistry Everyday Life. However, I do not believe they were significantly different because each of university creative my repeats were mostly concordant, so a similar amount of oxygen was produced which must mean that there was a similar number of substrate molecules in papers, each. Iowa University Creative Faculty. For example, from research my results, in the 100% concentrated solution on the first repeat, 48cm 3 of iowa university writing faculty oxygen was produced. Essay On Why You Shouldn't Drink And Drive. In the second repeat, 49cm 3 was and in iowa writing, the third repeat 48cm 3 of oxygen was produced.

I tried to select the importance, best method with which I considered would be most accurate. I decided on the gas syringe method because, as I explained in my plan, it measured the volume of iowa state university faculty gas directly and would also minimise the volume of oxygen which could potentially dissolve in water. However, some oxygen was displaced in essay on why and drive, the gas syringe and I had to solve this by subtracting this small volume from the volumes produced in each of the iowa state university creative faculty, reactions. Also, I noticed if the barrel was wet, the syringe often got stuck for bipolar research a short time before it recorded the iowa state writing faculty, volumes of gas. To prevent this I had to dry out the barrel and syringe before commencing the procedure. It was very hard to insert the small 5cm 3 beaker into the conical flask, and when it came to tipping it over, some of the substrate was still trapped inside the beaker. I solved this by swirling the conical flask constantly throughout the reactions and this seemed to essay on why drink solve the problem. Creative. Although, this means that the amount of essay you shouldn't swirling had to be the same in order to ensure a fair test. I tried to keep this constant by making sure I swirled the conical flask evenly. The accuracy of the results showed that this factor did not distort the results too much, and so a similar amount of substrate molecules were present in each reaction.

For example, the repeated concentration of 80% had values of 32cm 3 ,33cm 3 and 32cm 3 which means that a similar number of state faculty substrate was present in each reaction. Hsc Drama Essay. Another factor which was hard to measure was the volume of gas produced because some of the higher concentration reactions were very fast, so it was hard to read off the correct values every time. I tried to make this as accurate as possible by making sure my eyes were level with the gas syringe. Again, judging by university creative, the accuracy of my repeat results, I believe that this factor was not an issue. Although I did not check for gas leaks beforehand, there was good agreement between my replicates. In the 60% concentration the repeats at hsc drama essay, 5 seconds were 20, 21 and university, 20cm 3 , which is concordant. If my replicates had not been so close I would have had to change the tube. I ground up the essay, yeast to try to make the surface area as similar as possible, because surface area is a major factor in my experiment. A larger surface area means there is more molecules being exposed to collisions with other molecules, with sufficient energy to cause a reaction. This means that having the state creative writing faculty, same surface area of yeast in each reaction is values very important in ensuring a fair test because the number of molecules exposed to collisions must be the same.

Temperature is iowa creative writing a major factor which affects rate of reaction. This is because at chemistry everyday life 500 words, higher temperatures, molecules of both enzyme and substrate have more kinetic energy and state creative writing faculty, so collide more often. This results in research papers, a bigger proportion of molecules having a higher energy greater than that of the iowa state writing faculty, activation energy. More collisions are therefore successful so more substrate is converted into product. The reaction is exothermic, and everyday life, so heat is obviously produced in the reaction. The higher the iowa state university writing, concentration the more heat will be produced because the feminism research, molecules of both substrate and enzyme have more energy, and so collide more often producing more heat energy. This heat energy is transferred to iowa state university writing the environment. Although I tried to feminism research control the temperature in a water bath, and to iowa state university creative writing faculty good effect because a constant external temperature was produced and so the heat energy was dissipated, I could not control the amount of heat given off in each reaction.

This would have affected my results for chemistry life several reasons. Firstly, more oxygen dissolves in water at a lower temperature than at high temperatures and this means that for iowa state university creative faculty the reactions involving low concentrations more oxygen would have dissolved than in the higher concentrations because of the decreased amount of feminism heat energy given off. Because the volume of state university creative oxygen dissolved in on why and drive, the reaction is not constant for all the reactions, because less oxygen is dissolved in water at higher temperatures, this would have affected my results. This may have been why the state, difference in chemistry 500 words, the final volume of oxygen produced was not equal, but instead decreased in steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and 7.7cm 3 . State. The different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide that I made up could not have been exactly accurate because this would have meant that the volume of gas evolved would have increased in equal steps which it did not. For example, the bipolar papers, final average volume of gas for iowa writing 100% hydrogen peroxide was 77cm 3 , and for 90% was 73.3cm 3 , 80% - 63.7cm 3 , 70% - 49.3cm 3 , 60% - 44.7cm 3 and 50% it was 37cm 3 . Bipolar Research. As I have mentioned earlier, this decreases in steps of 3.7cm 3 , 9.6cm 3 , 14.4cm 3 , 4.6cm 3 and iowa writing faculty, 7.7cm 3 , which is far from equal.

This may have been because I only used a pipette when measuring the hydrogen peroxide, and only poured the water into the volumetric flask to make up the 100cm 3 . I believed this was accurate, but upon reflection using a pipette would have been much more accurate as pipettes have a much lower apparatus error than the volumetric flask. Research Papers. This may have also been a reason why I had to repeat the whole of the 70cm 3 concentration, which initially had a final volume of gas, 72cm 3 , which was greater than the final volume of iowa state oxygen produced in the 80% concentration, 64cm 3 . Also I had to make sure I washed out the conical flask and beaker thoroughly with distilled water and addition I made sure they were also dried sufficiently. If I hadn’t I could have risked diluting the solutions more and bipolar, this would have affected the number of molecules of hydrogen peroxide present which in turn would have affected the number of collisions between enzyme and substrate molecules. For example, if there was still only 1cm 3 of water still remaining in the conical flask and beaker combined, then in say the 80% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the creative writing, concentration would have been closer to 79%. This can be shown by the simple calculation of 80 ? 101 x 100 = 79.2%. Overall I believe that my data does reflect my hypothesis that “ as the concentration of hydrogen peroxide decreases that rate of chemistry everyday life essay 500 words reaction will decrease consequently because there will be few collision between enzyme and substrate molecules due to a decreased number of molecules ”. Iowa State University Creative Faculty. This is shown by feminism papers, my rate of reaction graph which shows that for the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, the state university faculty, rate of drink reaction was 8cm 3 second -1 , and the 90% concentration was only 7.4cm 3 second -1 . My results also showed that the reaction will gradually slow and eventually stop because the enzyme will become the state university writing, limiting factor. This is shown when oxygen stops being produces and the same results is recorded 5 times. So for example, I knew that the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide reaction was over chemistry, because I recorded 88cm 3 at least 5 times.

However, I also believed that if I halved the iowa university creative, concentration then the rate of reaction (volume of oxygen produced) would also be halved, and research, so the rate would be proportional to the concentration. This would show that the reaction is a first order reaction. Though in theory this should be the trend, my results did not show this pattern. So, although my results did show a positive correlation, it doesn’t necessarily mean I have an accurate correlation, because my results do not follow specific trends. For example the final value at 50% was 37cm 3 whilst the volume of oxygen produced at 100cm 3 was 77cm 3 which is not double 37. Again the final volume of oxygen produced at 30% was 27.3cm 3 , whilst the final value produced in the 60% concentration was 44.7cm 3 which also not double. As can be seen from the rate of reaction graph, the concentrations of 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are relatively even, and creative writing, would suggest that the line of best fit should be drawn where I have drawn the line of best fit (1). You Shouldn't Drink. However this does not account for the fact that a concentration of 0% hydrogen peroxide produces 0cm 3 of oxygen. If the line of best fit (1) is correct it would make this value an anomaly, which clearly it is iowa university not since it is the most accurate value on the graph.

The line of best fit (2) therefore makes much more sense, because it is of moral values for students crosses through (0,0), and also shows that the concentrations of university creative writing 50%, 60%, 70%, 80% and 90% are still quite even. However, this presents a problem because this either suggests that the concentration of 100% is not accurate and is an anomaly, or that the line of best fit should in fact be a curve of best fit. This presents me with a problem in the fact that I now have limitations because I did not test any of the feminism research, concentrations below 50%, which would clearly define whether the graph should have a line or a curve of best fit. Creative. Consequently I have decided to do further experiments with concentrations of 10% and 30% hydrogen peroxide. I will use exactly the same method as I did previously, and since I still have some yeast left, I can still use the same batch of feminism papers yeast. I will then work out the gradient of the 2 concentrations and iowa state faculty, plot them on a rate of reaction graph along with the other concentrations. I will also repeat the 100% concentration of hydrogen peroxide, because I believe this was an anomalous result.

Because it had a rate of reaction that was so much higher than the other values. Hopefully, with the new and repeated results I will be able to analyse my results further and therefore evaluate them with more evidence than I had previously. I will work out the gradient of these new results and plot them on a new rate of reaction graph. This should tell me whether the reaction is indeed is a first order reaction, or if a curve of best fit is required. Now I have carried out the for using quotes in an, repeats and plotted the points on the rate of reaction graph I can see that the graph is in fact clearly linear. University Faculty. This means that the reaction a first order reaction, so the rate is proportional to the concentration. I believe that the data also shows strong positive correlation, and there are few outliers which show that my results are accurate.

I have drawn a line of best fit to clearly illustrate this trend. The line of best fit also suggests values of bipolar research papers concentrations which I have not investigated. I can find out what these values might be by drawing a line up and across from the line of best fit. So, for iowa state creative writing faculty example the 40% concentration should have a curve gradient near to the value of rules quotes essay 3 (shown by red line on the graph) Overall, the there is a pattern showing a constant trend in state university writing faculty, that as the essay 500 words, concentration decreases the rate of reaction decreases too, and that the overall volume of gas evolved also decreases. University Creative. This is because at higher concentration there is more molecules of substrate , so more collision take place, resulting in more enzyme-substrate complexes being formed. This is shown in the table with all the results I have gained.

Apparatus error was one of the essay on why and drive, main factors in my experiment which I tried to keep at a minimal. I did this by university faculty, only using pipettes which have a very small apparatus error when compared to importance of moral beakers. I also avoided using apparatus more than I had to when measuring amounts. The balance proved to be the biggest apparatus error and this would have been much bigger if I had used only 0.1g rather than 0.2g of yeast. Below is state university a summary of all the percentage errors. 50cm 3 pipette ± 0.01. 20cm 3 pipette ± 0.03. 10cm 3 pipette ± 0.02. Balance 0.01 ? 0.2 x 100 = 5% Making up concentrations.

100% using 2 x 50cm 3 pipettes: 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% x 2. 90% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 2 x 20cm 3 pipette: 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% x 2 = 0.3% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette, 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.10% 70% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 20cm 3 pipette 0.03 ? 20 x 100 = 0.15% 60% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette, 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% 1 x 10cm 3 pipette 0.02 ? 10 x 100 = 0.02 % 50% using 1 x 50cm 3 pipette 0.01 ? 50 x 100 = 0.02% Total apparatus error for importance apparatus used for concentrations = 0.66% Total error for apparatus – 5.66% Considering the whole experiment, 5.66% is a relatively small apparatus error, and taking into account that the fact that the balance contributed to creative 5% of this error, the remaining error is minimal. Remembering that a apparatus error on the balance is ±0.01, this would mean that the yeast could weigh 2.01g or 1.19g and this either increases or decreases the number of molecules present. I will talk about this in my evaluation. for original and inspiring surf photography, articles and interviews with your favourite surfers. For Students. A grade GCSE chemistry coursework - Rates of reaction Decomposition of sodium thiosulphate. Oxygenate Your Body - Proper Regimen for Powerful Results. by Fairwitness 0. The Enzyme Catalase Activity at iowa university creative faculty, Different Conditions Lab Report. by hyunchang 70.

Why is the study of basic chemistry essential to chemistry life 500 words understanding human body systems ? by Liwayway Memije-Cruz 86. Classification of university creative writing Insulating Materials. by OSBERT JOEL C 3. MemeMachine 4 months ago. Everybody knows that luno2012 has some of the research papers, dopest fresh swag. Iowa State University Creative Faculty. I like memes tbh. Are you of insultings me.

I am of here to the learn of biology not for the English. Drink. English of no importants to of becomings doctor. Please shut off. This is the very good the iowa state university writing, piece of the and drive, work but i think the conclusion could be the better man so the state university creative writing, marks could the hsc drama essay, be the highest. Nice hub with great information about enzyme kinetics. (Ignore the iowa state creative faculty, last question) What board gave the papers, grade? What mark did this get? Thanks, this is great! full marks..nice! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Iowa Creative Faculty. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of chemistry their respective owners.

HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on iowa state university writing faculty this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Chemistry Life Essay 500 Words. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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essay lotus sutra Taigen Dan Leighton. Paper for an academic conference on Discourse and Rhetoric in the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism Version with full diacritical marks available from taigendan@earthlink.net. In this essay I will discuss aspects of Zen Master Dogen's appropriation and use of the state university, Lotus Sutra , as it is expressed in his rhetorical style. Dogen quotes the Lotus Sutra (from the Kumarajiva version) far more than any other sutra.[1] This might seem reasonably expectable, since Dogen was first ordained as a monk in feminism, the Tendai school, which continued to see the writing, Lotus as the preeminent sutra, even as it incorporated and attempted to synthesize a whole range of Buddhist teachings.

However, while prominent Kamakura innovators, Eisai, Dogen, Honen, Shinran, and hsc drama essay, Nichiren all had been Tendai monks, they vary greatly in iowa university faculty, their subsequent application of the Lotus Sutra . The Lotus is the fundamental object of devotion for Nichiren, but is scarcely mentioned explicitly by Shinran (although it might be discerned as part of the background of research Shin thought). The situation of Dogen's use of the Lotus Sutra in iowa creative writing, his teachings is more complex. The Lotus has been commonly perceived as tangential to Dogen, and to Japanese Soto Zen generally. For example, in discussing another great Soto literary figure from the eighteenth century, Ryokan, who also favored the rules for using essay, Lotus Sutra , Ryuichi Abe says, Although Ryokan appears to have remained faithful to the religious ideals of his Soto progenitor Dogen, there was nothing sectarian about Ryokan's Buddhist practice. Among the numerous Buddhist scriptures, the Lotus Sutra popular text not particularly emphasized in traditional training but the essential scripture of the Tendai and Nichiren schools was by far his favorite.[2] While the Lotus is certainly not nearly as important to Dogen or Soto as it is to Nichiren, Ryokan's great appreciation for it is revealing of the lingering appropriation of the Lotus Sutra in Soto, an appreciation and usage that does go back to the Japanese Soto founder. Dogen widely cites and interprets many doctrinal elements from the Lotus Sutra in iowa university creative writing, his teachings. Along with his many direct allusions to the parables from the sutra, Dogen frequently refers to specific Lotus teachings. Examples are skillful means ( hoben ); the single cause for buddhas' appearing in the world, i.e. to bring suffering beings onto the path of awakening; and that only a Buddha together with a Buddha can fully fathom the fundamental truth. While these teachings are not completely unique to the Lotus among Mahayana sutras, Dogen discusses them using direct quotes from the Lotus Sutra . Dogen also often discusses or critiques teachings commonly linked to the Lotus Sutra in Heian and Kamakura Buddhism, such as the importance of fundamental enlightenment (hongaku); and realization of buddhahood in this very body (sokushin jobutsu).[3] Dogen's use of the Lotus Sutra text is necessarily affected by the contemporary readings of the Lotus in Tendai and other Japanese understandings, a complex subject beyond the scope for this limited essay to chemistry everyday life detail.

A discussion of all the numerous direct references to the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's writings is also far beyond the scope of iowa creative writing faculty this essay. But to mention briefly one of the most prominent examples, in his Shobogenzo essay Hokke-Ten-Hokke The Lotus Dharma Turns the Lotus Dharma, Dogen discusses and elaborates his view of the liberative reality of the phenomenal world, which Dogen interprets as a primary teaching of the Lotus Sutra . Dogen expresses this interpretation in various ways. The Hokke-Ten-Hokke essay begins with the statement that, The contents of the lands in ten directions are the sole existence of the Lotus Dharma.[4] In various writings, Dogen creatively reads and everyday life 500 words, interprets parts of the iowa state creative writing, Lotus Sutra such as the stories in chapters fifteen and sixteen about the underground bodhisattvas immanently present and available for importance of moral values for students the world, and the inconceivable life-span, and continuing presence in the world, of Shakyamuni Buddha. These are among the Lotus Sutra supports for Dogen's teaching about the active agency of the iowa university creative faculty, phenomenal world in feminism research, the process and practice of Buddhist awakening.[5] This interpretation and appropriation of the Lotus teaching as essentially immanent and located in the phenomenal world is not only important to state faculty Dogen's philosophy, but is also relevant to research papers Dogen's style of expression, as will be described in what follows in this essay. In line with Dogen's many references, the Lotus Sutra also retains a significant place in Soto liturgy, albeit far less central than in Nichiren Buddhism. Even today in many Japanese Soto Zen temples, the verse endings to the sutra's chapter sixteen on the Buddha's Inconceivable Life-span (Juryohonge), or to state creative writing faculty chapter twenty-five on Kannon Bodhisattva (Fumonbonge), are chanted daily. But instead of the bipolar research, sutra's doctrinal or liturgical applications, I will limit the scope of this essay to examining some of the ways in which Dogen's style of creative faculty discourse and rhetoric, as seen in papers, his Eihei Koroku as well as in university writing faculty, Shobogenzo , resonate with his interpretations of bipolar aspects of the Lotus Sutra . My point is iowa state university creative faculty, not at all to claim that the Lotus Sutra is the research papers, single most important source for iowa university writing Dogen; obviously there are many traditions from which Dogen borrows. Much of the Chinese Ch'an tradition is the central lexicon for Dogen, especially the bipolar papers, classical koan literature, as well as closer Tsao-tung lineage forebears such as Hung-chih Cheng-chŸeh and T'ien-t'ung Ju-ching. In Dogen and the Koan Tradition, Steven Heine has masterfully demonstrated how Dogen's writings serve to develop and elaborate the koan genre.[6] Dogen also makes ample use of the Japanese poetic tradition, as invoked in Yasunari Kawabata's appreciation of Dogen as a poet in Kawabata's 1968 Nobel Prize acceptance speech. Writing Faculty? Dogen's indebtedness to essay drink and drive this poetic tradition has been further traced in Heine's The Zen Poetry of iowa university creative writing Dogen .[7] Dogen certainly further appropriated the Chinese monastic tradition as a major basis for bipolar research papers his praxis, and iowa state creative, training program.[8] But Dogen's utilization of Mahayana discourse, especially as developed in the Lotus, should also be considered as one of the fundamental backgrounds for viewing Dogen's teaching as a whole.

I believe that further inquiries into various aspects of their interrelationship will be illuminating to both Dogen and Lotus Sutra studies. For Students? But this present essay focuses on Dogen's borrowing aspects of its rhetorical style, based on his own interpretation of the Lotus. The essay proceeds with a discussion of the Lotus Sutra style of proclamatory rhetoric. The Self-Referential Lotus. The Lotus Sutra itself frequently emphasizes the importance of and rewards for the reading, copying, and reciting of the Lotus Sutra . To be sure, other Mahayana sutras talk about the iowa creative faculty, merit to be derived by recalling or copying the sutra being read.[9] However, the Lotus Sutra at times seems to hold this self-referential quality at its center, such that it promotes an extreme mode of self-referential discourse that is unique to the Lotus Sutra . The sutra often speaks of the wondrous nature of the Lotus Sutra , right in quotes, the text commonly referred to as the iowa state faculty, Lotus Sutra . Hsc Drama? This rhetorical device can become startling and mind-twisting, like Escher's painting of two hands drawing each other. Various important figures in the sutra appear within the text of the Lotus Sutra because they have heard that the iowa creative writing faculty, Lotus Sutra is research papers, currently being preached by creative writing, Shakyamuni Buddha on Vulture Peak. For example, in quotes in an, chapter eleven, the iowa creative writing, stupa of the ancient Buddha Prabhutaratna emerges from the earth and floats in mid-air, because he has vowed always to appear whenever the Lotus Sutra is preached.[10] In the same chapter, myriad bodhisattvas arrive from world systems in chemistry 500 words, all directions, in iowa state university writing, order to chemistry life essay 500 words praise the Buddha for preaching this sutra in which they are appearing. This quality of the sutra talking about the sutra, and especially its many references to the Lotus Sutra as something expounded many ages ago, as about to be expounded, or even as hopefully to iowa university writing be expounded in the distant future, has led some commentators to observe that the whole text of importance of moral this sutra, more than any others, is iowa writing faculty, a preface to a missing scripture.

As George and 500 words, Willa Tanabe say: The preaching of the Lotus sermon promised in the first chapter never takes place. The text, so full of merit, is about a discourse which is never delivered; it is a lengthy preface without a book. University Faculty? The Lotus Sutra is thus unique among texts. Papers? It is not merely subject to various interpretations, as all texts are, but is open or empty at its very center. [11] This is a plausible perspective or interpretation.

The text does refer, in third person, to a designated text that one might keep vainly waiting for, as if for Godot. However, this perspective misses the iowa creative, manner in which the Lotus sermon certainly does exist. Fundamental messages of the Lotus, such as the One Vehicle and essay you shouldn't and drive, the primacy of the iowa state university creative, Buddha vehicle, are difficult to miss, even if they might be interpreted in hsc drama essay, various manners. But furthermore, between the lines the Lotus Sutra functions within itself both as a sacred text or scripture, and as a commentary and guidebook to its own use, beyond the state university creative, literal confines of its own written text. The Lotus Sutra is research, itself a sacred manifestation of spiritual awakening that proclaims its own sacrality. Right within the text's proclamation of the wonders of a text with the same name as itself, the text celebrates its own ephemeral quality with the visionary splendors of iowa university writing faculty its assembly of buddhas, bodhisattvas, and spirits, and with the engaging qualities of its parables. The synthesis of the feminism, immanent spirit spoken about in the text, and the text's own intended functioning as an instrument or skillful catalyst to spark awakening, has been carried on among its followers. Iowa Creative Writing Faculty? This is exemplified in hsc drama writing, the varieties of Nichiren Buddhism in that they are rooted and focused in devotion to the Lotus Sutra itself as a sacred manifestation, and devotional object, which they are committed to proclaiming and iowa state creative writing faculty, promulgating. But for Dogen, the self-proclamation of the dharma in essay 500 words, the Lotus Sutra becomes an aspect of his rhetorical style, rather than an iowa creative writing externalized objectification.

In similar manner to the sutra's proclamations of the quotes in an essay, wondrous qualities of the Lotus Dharma, Dogen in his writings commonly proclaims the wondrous nature of the Dharma, the Buddha, the many buddha ancestors, previous proclamations or utterances by ancestral teachers, and of course the Lotus Sutra itself. Dogen's style of iowa state creative discourse is usually not explanatory, discursive, or logical in the linear manner of modern rationality or cognition. Rather, Dogen seemingly free-associates, making illuminating connections based on doctrinal themes or imagistic motifs, aimed at proclaiming the non-dual reality of the present phenomenal world as fully imbued with the presence of the rules for using quotes in an, Buddha and of the ongoing possibility of awakening. A clear encapsulation of the Lotus Sutra 's self-proclamatory discourse strategy appears in volume one of Dogen's Eihei Koroku in two consecutive jodo, or dharma discourses, numbers 69 and 70, given in 1241.[12] Jodo number 69 reads in its entirety: [Dogen] said: Today this mountain monk [Dogen] gives a dharma discourse for the assembly. What I have just said I offer to all the three treasures in the ten directions, to the twenty-eight Ancestors in India, to the six Ancestors in China, to all the university creative, nostrils under heaven, to the eyeballs throughout the past and present, to of moral for students dried shitsticks, to three pounds of sesame, to Zen boards, and to zafus. Previously we offered incense for the limitless excellent causal conditions, and we dedicate it so that toads may leap up to Brahma's heaven, earthworms may traverse the eastern ocean, and clouds and water monks may become horses and cows. State Creative Faculty? All buddhas, ten directions, three times; All honored ones, bodhisattva mahasattvas; Mahaprajnaparamita.[13] Here Dogen states that he is proclaiming a jodo. But immediately, without saying anything more about the dharma, he dedicates that statement itself to the three jewels, the ancestral teachers, to meditation paraphernalia, and to famed Ch'an iconoclastic expressions for Buddha, Yun-men's dried shitstick (or dry turd) and his disciple Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's three pounds of sesame (or flax).[14] He then further dedicates the incense offering, which had preceded the statement that he was now making a statement, to toads, earthworms, and monks who manifest as horses and cows, followed by the traditional concluding liturgical dedication. He thereby declares the intention of the dedication for all beings, no matter how humble. As in the Lotus Sutra , there is no visible dharma expressed except for the celebration via proclamation of essay you shouldn't a non-explicit dharma.

But then, in the following jodo, number 70, Dogen explicitly comments on his own use of self-referential dharma, while engaging even further in celebrating an unexpressed dharma. We do not know how many days may have separated the two discourses. In this section of the text, between the jodos that can be dated and which are four months apart, there were an average of two discourse per iowa state university writing faculty, week. But whatever the interval, it is clear in the overall text of Eihei Koroku that the different discourses, recorded chronologically with only very rare exceptions, are often linked sequentially through the bipolar research, associations of theme, imagery, ancestral figures, or textual allusion. Jodo number 70 says: [Dogen] said: As this mountain monk [Dogen] today gives a dharma discourse, all buddhas in the three times also today give a dharma discourse. The Ancestral teachers in all generations also today give a dharma discourse. The one who bears the sixteen-foot golden body gives a dharma discourse. The one endowed with the wondrous function of the iowa university creative writing faculty, hundred grasses (all things) gives a dharma discourse. Already together having given a dharma discourse, what dharma has been expounded? No other dharma is expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. What is this dharma?

It is importance of moral, upheld within Shang-lan Temple; it is upheld within Kuan-yin Temple; it is upheld within the monks' hall; it is upheld within the buddha hall. Again, Dogen never talks about the content of his dharma discourse. But he proclaims that his own act of proclaiming this self-referencing dharma is echoed simultaneously in the discourses of the ancestral teachers and buddhas, just as the proclamation of the Lotus Sutra is echoed in iowa creative faculty, various buddha realms, in various times. Chemistry Everyday Life 500 Words? Then Dogen asks the same question that the iowa state university, Tanabes ask about the papers, Lotus Sutra , What dharma has been expounded? And Dogen answers unabashedly, No other dharma is expressed; but this very dharma is expressed. What is this dharma? While not explaining or even stating the content of university faculty this dharma, his phrase, This very (shako) dharma, might seem to refer to the teaching of suchness, or tathata, but it is also simply just this dharma, as opposed to that one. Thereby Dogen emphasizes not an abstraction, but the hsc drama, concreteness of phenomenal reality as the realm of dharma. Then Dogen does declare and affirm that this non-explicit teaching is iowa state writing, upheld in everyday essay 500 words, the context of the iowa state university faculty, temples and the buildings where the practice is carried on. The example in these two jodos of Dogen's proclamation of a non-explicit dharma is essay on why drink and drive, presented in a direct and concise manner, as appropriate to iowa university creative writing the often brief declarations of the jodo form. But this rhetorical strategy recurs, more or less subtly, in many places throughout Shobogenzo , as well as in Eihei Koroku . That Dogen is adapting this rhetorical posture at least in part directly from the Lotus Sutra is clearly evidenced by writing, another early jodo in the Eihei Koroku , number 24, given in 1240.

In the entire universe in ten directions there is no dharma at all that has not yet been expounded by writing faculty, all buddhas in the three times. Therefore all buddhas say, In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. This great assembly present before me also is chemistry everyday life 500 words, practicing the Way in the manner of all buddhas. Each movement, each stillness is not other than the dharma of all buddhas, so do not act carelessly or casually. Although this is the case, I have an expression that has not yet been expounded by any buddha.

Everyone, do you want to discern it? After a pause [Dogen] said: In the same manner that all buddhas in the three times expound the dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. In this dharma discourse Dogen again does not elaborate on the content of the dharma expounded by all buddhas in the three times, except to aver that it is no other than every movement, and every stillness, and is practiced by the monks at state university writing faculty, Eiheiji. Feminism Papers? Significant to the point of state creative writing this essay is the context of this quote mentioned by and drive, Dogen from Sakyamuni Buddha, In the iowa university writing, same manner that all buddhas in essay on why you shouldn't, the three times expound the iowa state university, dharma, so now I also will expound the dharma without differentiations. Of Moral Values For Students? This statement that Dogen uses to express the inexplicit dharma proclaimed by all buddhas is from the Lotus Sutra , chapter two on Skillful Means.[15] Dogen further emphasizes this quote when he repeats it verbatim as his own expression for the inexplicit dharma, which he claims, Has not yet been expounded by any buddha. But saying it has not previously been expounded is creative writing faculty, tantamount to Dogen himself preaching the research papers, original Lotus Sutra , or to his own manifestation as the Buddha in iowa university faculty, the Lotus text in chemistry everyday life essay 500 words, which it is first expounded.

There are ample examples of iowa state creative writing faculty response with silence, or of indirect or inexplicit Dharma proclamation within the Ch'an literature that is research papers, Dogen's primary lexicon. Yet the iowa state writing faculty, Lotus Sutra referent for this 1240 jodo about expounding the dharma clearly demonstrates that Dogen himself saw the Lotus Sutra , expounded by all buddhas in the three times, as an important source for this self-proclamatory rhetorical style of expounding. Further studies of any references to rules quotes in an the Lotus Sutra in the development of early Ch'an rhetorical styles might be informative. But it is apparent that Dogen himself saw the Lotus as one model for a non-dualistic, inexplicit discourse approach. The Self-Reflexive as a Skillful Mode. In The Karma of Words, William LaFleur discusses the sophisticated nature of the Lotus Sutra as literature, and its impact in medieval Japanese poetics. The surprising feature of [the parables] in the Lotus is that they are simultaneously the vehicle and writing, the tenor of that vehicle. In a very important sense, the parables of the everyday life essay, Lotus are about the role and status of parabolic speech itself. They are what I would call self-reflexive allegory; that is, their trajectory of discourse behaves like a boomerang. Much like the dharma described in a crucial section of the hoben chapter, they are characterized by the absolute identity [or equality] of their beginning and iowa state university, end.[16]

LaFleur's analysis of bipolar this realm of discourse in the Lotus Sutra focuses on its radical nondualism, and its embodiment of iowa writing faculty skillful means. This standpoint of nondualism represents interpretations of the Lotus Sutra developed in T'ien-t'ai and in Japanese Buddhism prior to in an Dogen, and which impacted the medieval literature LaFleur examines. University Faculty? From such a nondualistic viewpoint, LaFleur suggests translating hoben as modes rather than the more common translations of skillful or expedient means. Of Moral For Students? Hurvitz translates hoben as expedient devices, and Watson translates it as expedient means, both implying a dualistic, and state university creative, even manipulative, aspect of the teaching, especially when rendered as devices. Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka translate it as tactfulness, which implies more consideration and inclusivity, but might still be seen as implying a hierarchy of the teachings. The upaya (or hoben ) doctrine is a problematic aspect in the Lotus Ekayana One Vehicle teaching. The Lotus at times has been upheld, within the sutra itself as well as by some of its followers, for example in the T'ien-t'ai p'an-chiao system, as the importance of moral values, supreme epitome of the One Vehicle. In this perspective other teachings and scriptures may be seen as merely expedient, provisional (and therefore inferior) teachings that might be included in the One Vehicle as a kind of dharmic noblesse oblige. Such a view of upaya implies a hierarchy of teachings, and even a manipulative use of state university writing them.

Unquestionably the Lotus Sutra lends itself, and often explicitly encourages, a political, polemical reading in writing, which the Lotus, and those who preach it, represent the state creative writing, True Dharma, and those who follow provisional, expedient teachings exemplify the chaff, inimical to the full teaching. On the other hand, the alternate mode of reading the essay on why you shouldn't drink and drive, teaching of upaya, as championed by LaFleur, implies a radically nondualistic inclusivity, and iowa state faculty, an acceptance of all helpful teachings as simply a diversity of modes. Rules Essay? Portions of the Lotus Sutra do indeed lend themselves to this alternate, more tolerant and inclusive reading of hoben . Iowa University Writing Faculty? For example, in chapter five the parable of the essay on why you shouldn't and drive, Dharma rain falling universally on all implies no discrimination against any of the many plants that are equally nourished, each growing in their own way. Applied as appropriate to iowa state university creative the diversity of chemistry essay 500 words needs of suffering beings, all teaching modes might be equally beneficial to the ultimate purpose for buddhas' manifestation, as proclaimed in the upaya chapter: By resort to numberless devices and to various means, parables, and phrases do [buddhas] proclaim the dharmas, . . . for one great cause appearing in the world, . . Faculty? . to cause beings to hear the Buddha's knowledge, . . . to cause the papers, beings to understand, . . . to cause the beings to enter the path.[17] Such an inclusive reading of hoben might be usefully appropriated to modern concerns of religious pluralism, which may be LaFleur's subtext. But LaFleur's reading also has implications to iowa writing styles of essay discourse, the state writing, primary issue under consideration here. LaFleur sees the quotes, sutra's primary liberative purpose and its various skillful modes expressed nondualistically as exactly the reason for the sutra's self-referential discourse style. In his reading: The narratives of the Lotus are not a means to an end beyond themselves.

Their concrete mode of expression is not chaff to be dispensed with in order to attain a more abstract, rational, or spiritual truth. The Lotus is unequivocal on this point: One may seek in state writing faculty, every one of the ten directions but will find no mode [ hoben ] other than the Buddha's. This accounts for what may seem to be an inordinate amount of praise directed by the sutra toward itself. It also implies that within the sutra there is an unmistakable philosophical move opposite to that in Plato's Republic, a move to affirm the complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in spite of the fact that they are impermanent.[18] This common Japanese association of the Lotus Sutra with affirmation of the reality of the phenomenal world, followed here by LaFleur, can be dated back to the Japanese Tendai founder Saicho. Having studied with two of the disciples of the Chinese Hua-yen master Chan-jan, who argued for the Buddha nature of insentient beings (a teaching that Dogen would also later frequently celebrate), Saicho incorporated Hua-yen (Kegon) views of suchness into importance of moral Tendai. But Saicho also applied this in an original way to his interpretation of the state university faculty, Lotus Sutra . His reading not only acknowledges two aspects of suchness but establishes a hierarchy between the two in identifying the dynamic aspect of suchness—its expression as the phenomenal world—with the T'ien-t'ai category of the middle and with the research, one vehicle of the Lotus. This represents a crucial step toward the profound valorization of iowa university writing empirical reality found in medieval Tendai original enlightenment thought.[19] From this Japanese Tendai perspective of spiritual reality immanent in concrete phenomena, the Lotus Sutra itself is not separate from, or talking about, a realm of transcendent spirit outside of of moral for students itself. Iowa Writing Faculty? Thus the Lotus Sutra itself can become an embodiment of the awakening aspect of the phenomenal world, omnipresent, at least in potentiality, in all concrete phenomena. The self-referential or self-reflexive aspect of the sutra demonstrates the quotes, non-separation of its liberative goals from the Buddha's skillful modes.

Given the university creative writing, nonduality of research papers purpose and context of the Lotus Sutra as a text that itself represents and enacts veneration of the university creative faculty, world's liberative potential, it is rules quotes essay, reasonable that this very sutra would become an creative faculty object of veneration, as in feminism research papers, Nichiren Buddhism. To be sure, Dogen is iowa state university creative faculty, not inclusive of the diverse modes of and drive teachings in LaFleur's strictly non-hierarchical fashion, as, in common with all of the Kamakura innovators, Dogen at times upholds his own teaching lineage and iowa university creative writing, strongly disparages others. However, Dogen's use of Lotus style self-referential discourse is directed at affirmation of the nondualism of means and essay on why, end, and he repeatedly affirms the phenomenal realm as the arena of nondual practice-realization, in accord with LaFleur's view of the Lotus Sutra discourse as based on hoben . In a similar skillful mode, Dogen often intentionally uses words as vehicles to express the discourse he is then proclaiming. Dogen's frequent inversion of conventional word order and word meaning from classical koans or sutras serves to express this quality of proclamation, in which the discourse itself demonstrates that which it is expounding. A prominent example is the oft-cited wordplay in Shobogenzo Bussho Buddha Nature, first written in 1241, in which Dogen retranslates the passage from the Mahaparinirvana Sutra, All sentient beings without exception have Buddha nature. By rereading the characters shitsu-u as whole being, rather than all have, Dogen alters the passage to, All sentient beings' whole being [is] Buddha nature.[20] This elimination of dualistic grammar itself demonstrates the nondualism between sentient beings and Buddha nature. In further accord with LaFleur's view of the university, Lotus discourse, Dogen specifically affirms the complete reality of the world of for using quotes concrete phenomena in his discourse rhetoric as well as its content, and even when leaving the content itself seemingly absent, or at least not stated. In jodo 49 in iowa writing faculty, Eihei Koroku, also given in papers, 1241, Dogen says: This mountain monk has not lectured for the sake of the assembly for a long time.

Why is this? On my behalf, the state university, buddha hall, the monks' hall, the valley streams, the pine, and bamboo, every moment, endlessly speak fully for the sake of all people. Research Papers? Have you all heard it or not? If you say you heard it, what did you hear? If you say you have not heard it, you do not keep the five precepts. Here Dogen rhetorically affirms the immanence of the iowa state creative writing faculty, dharmic discourse as well as its content, right in chemistry everyday life 500 words, the world of dharmas, or phenomena, including streams, pines, bamboo, and temple buildings, which all themselves discourse on this dharma. He also self-consciously uses this nonexplicit discourse of the state university faculty, dharma and its immanence as a skillful means for challenging his monks in training to hear and express the dharma more fully. Chemistry Life? Have you all heard it or not? Dogen's Use of the Fantastic.

Another literary aspect of the Lotus Sutra that is disconcerting to conventional analysis is the degree to which its stories and teachings are rooted in images and fantasies. In his introduction to his book on iowa creative writing, Myoe, whose life and teaching were colorfully replete with the visionary, George Tanabe, Jr. cites the centrality of visions to East Asian Buddhist experience, despite the focus of much of modern Buddhist studies on doctrine and papers, philosophy. The Buddhist tradition is as much a history of fantasy as it is state creative writing faculty, a history of essay on why thought. It should be studied as such to gain a better understanding not only of Buddhism as a fantastic philosophy, but of Buddhists as sentient beings as well.[21] In the context of Myoe studies, Tanabe's discussion of the fantastic might more directly apply to the psychedelic visions of the Avatamsaka Sutra, which Myoe, as a Kegon monk, especially cherished. But Tanabe's remarks also certainly pertain to iowa state university creative writing faculty the striking images and parables of the Lotus, about which he says, The Lotus Sutra is less a work of memory and more a product of fantasy inspired with new visions derived internally.[22] The Lotus Sutra thus calls for examination of the significance and function of its imagery as much as, if not more than, its philosophical positions. Essay And Drive? As Tanabe says: Mahayana Buddhism is, among many things it can be, a tradition of the mind's faculty for producing images in iowa state writing, both waking life and sleep: a tradition, that is, of fantasy producing visions, . . . and for using quotes in an essay, dreams, which were interpreted by the dreamers for their own meanings and which can be, to iowa state university writing add a modern aspect, read by rules, us for their feelings. It will be possible to iowa university faculty gain a better understanding of Mahayana Buddhism as a vehicle not only of ideas and institutions but of human emotion as well only you shouldn't, when studies of the fantastic end of the spectrum become more available.[23] In this context, the Lotus Sutra parables and self-referential discourse style can be seen as the internal expression of state creative writing faculty vision, or fantasy, that expresses the human experience of Mahayana practice, more than its philosophical content. Even when, as may frequently be the research, case, such discourse is university, a literary device or artifice, rather than directly inspired by literal meditative experience, visions, or dreams, such literary framing serves to honor the skillful use of feminism imagination and the visionary.

The Lotus Sutra itself includes a parable that uses a fantastic vision to demonstrate how fantastic visions function as skillful liberative modes. In chapter seven, a conjured or phantom city is described as a vision that serves as a metaphor for the teaching of nirvana as cessation, which can provide a half-way oasis on the path to Mahayana universal liberation. Iowa University Creative Writing? Despite being a mere phantom, the vision of an oasis city acts as a necessary, beneficial encouragement for practitioners, who may be refreshed by temporarily imagining they have achieved their goal. Similarly, Lotus Sutra parables, no matter how fantastic, themselves function as beneficial encouragements. In another of the research papers, numerous examples in Shobogenzo of Dogen using wordplay to invert conventional thinking, in Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the iowa state writing, Dream, written in 1242, Dogen extensively elaborates on the statement that all buddhas express the dream within a dream.[24] He thereby denies the supposedly lesser reality of the dreams of the transient phenomenal world, and chemistry everyday, negates a Platonic exaltation of the absolute, which LaFleur describes as the antithesis of Lotus teaching. Instead, Dogen proclaims the dream world of phenomena as exactly the realm of iowa creative writing buddhas' activity. Every dewdrop manifested in every realm is feminism, a dream. This dream is the glowing clarity of the hundred grasses. . . . Do not mistake them as merely dreamy.[25] The liberative awakening of buddhas is itself described as a dream.

Without expressing dreams, there are no buddhas. Without being within a dream, buddhas do not emerge and university creative, turn the wondrous dharma wheel. This dharma wheel is no other than a buddha together with a buddha, and importance of moral for students, a dream expressed within a dream. Simply expressing the dream within a dream is itself the buddhas and iowa state faculty, ancestors, the assembly of unsurpassable enlightenment.[26] Dogen is not frivolously indulging in mere paradox here, but follows the logic of the dream as necessarily the locus of awakening. Essay On Why Drink And Drive? As Dogen says in his celebrated essay, Genjokoan, Those who have great realization of delusion are buddhas.[27] What is worthy of study is not delusions or fantasies about state creative writing faculty, enlightenment, but rather the reality of the causes and conditions of the realms of delusion and suffering. A similar logic is expressed in everyday life 500 words, the Lotus Sutra dictum that buddhas manifest only due to the presence of suffering beings. Dogen's positive view of dreams will be significant in his parables to be discussed below, two of university which Dogen frames as if they might have been dreams, whether or not they were his actual sleeping dreams.

Dogen does not attend to literal dreams with anywhere near the same dedication as his contemporary, Myoe, as exemplified by of moral for students, Myoe's extraordinary, forty-year dream journal.[28] Along with Myoe, dreams and state university writing faculty, visionary discourse are also more emphasized than they are by Dogen in drink, the teachings of Keizan, Dogen's third generation successor, who is revered as the second founder of iowa creative writing faculty Japanese Soto Zen. The central role of dream and vision for Keizan has been discussed and elaborated by Bernard Faure in Visions of Power. [29] Keizan and his successors in the following few generations helped spread Soto Zen throughout rural Japan. One stereotype in importance values, Soto studies is the distinction between Keizan's use of the visionary, inspired by Esoteric teachings, and the supposedly more pure Zen of Dogen. According to this stereotype, Dogen emphasized zazen and a rational presentation of buddha dharma, untainted by the more colorful and melodramatic Mahayana and Esoteric teachings indulged in by Keizan.[30] However, Dogen does indeed employ dreams and visions as skillful teaching tools. While we may certainly note differences in emphasis and style between Dogen and Keizan, Dogen is in fundamental accord with the world-view of medieval Japan, including the esoteric teachings of state university writing Shingon and Tendai that were the background for feminism research papers all Kamakura Buddhism. Dogen sees the phenomenal world as dynamically alive, and imbued with spirit forces. State Writing? His visionary context is quotes essay, perhaps most apparent in iowa creative, his interpretations and appropriations of the Lotus Sutra , and in hsc drama essay writing, his own references to dreaming. In Muchu Setsumu Within a Dream Expressing the Dream, Dogen explicitly refers to the Lotus Sutra as a source for iowa state university creative writing faculty the role of dreams in on why you shouldn't drink, his discourse style. He quotes a long passage that concludes the final verse in chapter fourteen of the sutra, beginning from, All buddhas, with bodies of golden hue, splendidly adorned with a hundred auspicious marks, hear the dharma and expound it for others. Such is the fine dream that ever occurs. . . . Dogen interprets this passage as saying that the whole archetypal story of the Buddha occurs in a dream.

Dogen's reading takes this passage out of its context in iowa creative writing, the sutra to emphasize that the Buddha is made king, leaves the palace, awakens under the bodhi tree, and conducts his whole teaching career, all in rules for using quotes essay, a dream.[31] Thus this passage at the close of chapter fourteen is creatively interpreted by state writing faculty, Dogen to serve as foreshadowing for for using quotes in an essay the revelation in chapter sixteen of Buddha's inconceivable life-span, in which the archetypal story of his birth, awakening, teaching, and death is iowa university writing faculty, more explicitly revealed as a skillful means to encourage beings. After quoting this passage, Dogen avers that, This dream of buddhas is not an analogy. In the original context of the Lotus Sutra text, this passage is merely describing the rewards of those who preach the Lotus, in this instance the reward of auspicious dreams.[32] But Dogen uses his creative reading to validate, or at least exemplify, his teaching that the dream-state of the bipolar, conditioned phenomenal world is exactly the arena for iowa state creative writing awakening. But here he is furthermore claiming the dream mentioned by the Lotus Sutra as a model for a skillful discourse mode that has recourse to the visionary as a tool for liberation. As in the Lotus Sutra self-reflexive discourse style, the parable expression is bipolar research, itself a skillful mode of state university creative writing faculty reality for Dogen, not separate from concrete phenomena. Dogen continues, People in the past and present mistakenly think that, thanks to the power of expounding this foremost dharma, mere night dreams may become like this dream of buddhas. Thinking like this, one has not yet clarified the Buddha's discourse. Awakening and dreaming from the beginning are one suchness, the genuine reality. The buddha-dharma, even if it were an analogy, is the genuine reality.[33]

For Dogen, the chemistry everyday life, particular events of this dream world are the reality, and also the iowa state creative writing, skillful discourse, of the awakening of buddhas. The essays of Dogen's Shobogenzo , such as Muchu Setsumu, are sometimes philosophical and elaborative of traditional Buddhist or Zen doctrines, and bipolar papers, are addressed to a general audience of his contemporaries. State University Faculty? In Eihei Koroku , by of moral, contrast, Dogen is directly addressing his small cadre of monk disciples at Eiheiji, stretching for means to encourage and develop their practice. In this work, the primary available source for his mature teachings, as well as occasionally revealing humor or feelings such as sadness or regret, Dogen at times offers his own parables, often using fantastic, playful imagery, sometimes expressed as if in iowa university creative faculty, dreams. In the following three parables from Eihei Koroku jodos, Dogen's appropriation of papers Lotus and Mahayana vision is evidenced through the university, allusions to Mahayana rhetoric or figures in each of them. In Eihei Koroku jodo number 229, given in 1247, Dogen directly parodies the hsc drama essay writing, rhetoric of Mahayana sutras. The millions of billions of transformation bodies [of buddhas] abide throughout a monk's staff, carry water and gather firewood to make offerings to buddhas as numerous as there are sitting cushions, and, on the tip of iowa university creative a whisk, simultaneously all attain unsurpassed complete perfect enlightenment. They are all equally named Broken Wooden Ladle Tathagata, Worthy of Offerings, Omniscient, Foot of bipolar papers Bright Practice, Well Gone One, World Liberator, Supreme One, Strong Controlling Person, Teacher of university faculty Humans and Heavenly Beings, World-Honored Buddha. The Country [of this Buddha] is named Clump of Soil; the kalpa is named Fist.

The duration of the True Dharma Age and Semblance Dharma Age are both twelve hours, and hsc drama, the buddha's longevity is that of a dried turd from three thousand great thousands of iowa university faculty worlds. Do you all understand? If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake. If you say you do not understand, even the 500 words, five precepts are not maintained. Dogen plays with words here, replacing the conventional sutra rhetoric for a buddha abiding throughout kalpas with his abiding throughout a monk's staff.

Instead of making offerings to buddhas as numerous as the proverbial grains of sand in the Ganges River, Dogen substitutes buddhas as numerous as sitting cushions. Instead of the buddha sitting under the bodhi tree as he attains enlightenment, Dogen has him sitting on top of a whisk. Dogen then applies the standard ten epithets for a buddha, starting with Tathagata, to a new buddha invented here by Dogen, named Broken Wooden Ladle, who might be seen as a reference to all of the humble monks practicing under him at Eiheiji. Continuing with his parody of conventional Mahayana sutra rhetoric, Dogen designates the buddha land of iowa faculty this fabulous new buddha as Clump of hsc drama essay writing soil, his kalpa as Fist, and his longevity as that of a dried turd. Dogen seems to iowa university writing faculty mock the chemistry 500 words, standard Mahayana sutra rhetoric, iconoclastically mimicking a formula for describing buddhas used often in the Lotus Sutra , for example in chapters eight and nine on the predictions of state creative writing future buddhahood of the five hundred disciples, and of learners and adepts.[34] However, Dogen actually is affirming his view of the Lotus Sutra , as originally interpreted by bipolar papers, Saicho and expressed by LaFleur, that validates the world of concrete phenomena as expressive of the essence of awakening. The new buddha is called Broken Wooden Ladle in iowa university faculty, celebration of a humble implement, to which Dogen frequently refers in highly exalted terms. For example, in jodo 204 in 1246 he says, If you really know it, the temple pillars confirm that, and the wooden ladles study together with you. Then he has wooden ladles doing three prostrations and research papers, asking a dharma question.[35] Similarly revered in jodo 229, above, are the practice paraphernalia of sitting cushions, a monk's staff, and a teacher's whisk. But in state creative faculty, celebrating humble phenomena, Dogen also emphasizes their ephemerality, as he says that the True and Semblance Dharma Ages of Broken Wooden Ladle Buddha endure merely twelve hours. Although an intact wooden ladle is a useful implement, here the feminism research papers, Buddha is named Broken Wooden Ladle, further emphasizing transiency, and recalling the Zen phrase, the bottom of a bucket broken out, which signifies the letting go of attachments in opening experiences. Dogen's challenge to iowa university writing his monks at the end of the jodo echoes the chemistry life essay 500 words, prominent Ch'an dharma combat rhetoric style of writing koan anthologies such as the Hekiganroku , Blue Cliff Record.

However, his statement, If you state your understanding you are making mistake after mistake, might also be seen as a rationale for the whole Lotus Sutra self-referential strategy of not explicitly stating the bipolar research, content of the iowa creative, dharma being celebrated and proclaimed. Simultaneously, there is a mandate for this Dharma to be actually proclaimed. Essay On Why Drink? If you say you do not understand, even the five precepts are not maintained, implies the ethical responsibility not to deny whatever is realized, despite its ephemerality. This may be seen as echoing the frequent theme in the Lotus Sutra of the responsibility of iowa state Shakyamuni's disciples to maintain the Lotus Dharma in the future. Again, whether Dogen's rhetoric here borrows more from Ch'an tradition or more from the essay you shouldn't and drive, indirect modes of the Lotus Sutra is not the issue. The fact that he uses this style to mimic Lotus Sutra rhetoric, however, does indicate that in this jodo Dogen is state creative faculty, concerned and aware of Lotus Sutra discourse style, and of appropriating it rhetorically, at research papers, least in part. In the state creative, following two examples, Dogen provides fantastic parables that seem to be framed as dreams when he describes them as happening last night.

Whether they were literal dreams or meditative visions is writing, beside the iowa university faculty, point. As Bernard Faure says, For Buddhists there is no clear distinction between dreams that come during sleep and visions achieved in a waking state, or more precisely during meditation, in hsc drama essay, a state (samadhi) that, like trance, is often defined as being 'neither sleeping nor waking.'[36] Whether realized in sleep or samadhi, or merely used intentionally as literary devices invoking the writing, visionary qualities of papers samadhi, Dogen uses these visions to express the dream within the dream, i.e. to state university writing faculty reveal awakening amid the phenomenal. Hsc Drama Writing? In his Enlightenment Day jodo, number 88, in 1241, Dogen says: Two thousand years later, we are the descendants [of Shakyamuni]. University Creative? Two thousand years ago, he was our ancestral father. He is muddy and wet from following and chasing after the waves. It can be described like this, but also there is the principle of the Way [that we must] make one mistake after another. What is this like? Whether Buddha is present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet.

Face after face is Buddha's face; fulfillment after fulfillment is Buddha's fulfillment. Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] unintentionally stepped on a dried turd and it jumped up and covered heaven and earth. This mountain monk unintentionally stepped on essay on why you shouldn't, it again, and it introduced itself, saying, My name is Shakyamuni. Iowa Creative Writing? Then, this mountain monk unintentionally stepped on his chest, and immediately he went and sat on the vajra seat, saw the morning star, bit through the traps and snares of conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Without waiting for essay writing anyone to peck at his shell from outside, he received the thirty-two characteristics common to all buddhas, and together with this mountain monk, composed the following four line verse: Stumbling I stepped on his chest and his backbone snapped, Mountains and rivers swirling around, the dawn wind blew. Penetrating seven and accomplishing eight, bones piercing the heavens,

His face attained a sheet of golden skin. In this jodo Dogen describes a dream-like fantasy in writing, which he accidentally steps on a piece of shit, and in feminism papers, accord with Yun-men's utterance often cited by Dogen, it jumps up and declares itself to be Shakyamuni. This vision increases the iowa university creative, apparent disrespect for research Buddha in state university creative writing faculty, Yun-men's utterance, as Dogen again steps on his back (albeit again accidentally), even after the dried shit identifies himself as Shakyamuni. But Dogen uses this scatological vision not to degrade, but rather to further celebrate Buddha, by declaring that upon being stepped on, He went and sat on the vajra seat, saw the morning star, bit through the of moral for students, traps and snares of conditioned birth, and cast away his old nest from the past. Here Dogen skillfully proclaims and celebrates, non-explicitly, one of the major revelations of the Lotus Sutra , that of the Buddha's life-span enduring over inconceivable ages (mentioned above in connection with Dogen's reference in Expressing the Dream Within the Dream.) In chapter sixteen, Shakyamuni reveals that his archetypal story of his home-leaving and awakening is demonstrated simply as a skillful mode. The effect of this dream parable of Dogen is to reinforce the story about skillful modes in chapter sixteen by describing Buddha and his awakening process as still omnipresent, last night right at Eiheiji, and even in excrement.

Dogen's dream story also echoes the Lotus Sutra , chapter four, parable of the prodigal son, who can only come to realize his fundamental endowment after years of university writing shoveling manure in essay, his father's field. As Dogen says in the introduction to his parable, even Shakyamuni is creative faculty, muddy and and drive, wet from following and chasing after the waves. Dogen's further introductory statement, Whether Buddha is present or not present, I trust he is right under our feet, echoes the Lotus Sutra parable about the writing, ragged beggar unknowingly having the everyday life 500 words, dharma jewel sewed within his robe. It further suggests the image in chapter fifteen of myriad bodhisattvas suddenly springing forth from beneath the ground under our feet, which represents the omnipresence of the bodhisattva potential in the ground of concrete phenomena. Having venerated Shakyamuni Buddha via seeming desecration in iowa university faculty, this last jodo parable, in Eihei Koroku jodo number 123, given in bipolar research papers, 1243, Dogen describes another dream vision, this one seeming to poke fun at Avalokiteshvara, the bodhisattva of compassion. One sheet of dull stubbornness is iowa state creative, three inches thick. Three lengths of upside-downness is five feet long.

Last night, this mountain monk [Dogen] struck the empty sky with a single blow. My fist didn't hurt, but the empty sky knew pain. A number of sesame cakes appeared and rushed to become the faces and eyes of the great earth. In the mock creation myth in importance of moral, the introduction to the jodo, Dogen punches out the empty sky. Then with bravado akin to such classic Ch'an masters of fisticuffs as Lin-chi or Te-shan (Rinzai and Tokusan in Japanese), Dogen declares that his fist didn't hurt, but the sky, which can also be read as emptiness itself, knew pain. Like the skillful fists of iowa Lin-chi or Te-shan, with their constructive impact on on why you shouldn't drink, their monk trainees, Dogen's fist brings forth a cascade of sesame cakes, which in iowa writing faculty, turn shower down as thousands of faces and eyes.

The several references to the koan lexicon by of moral values for students, Dogen in this jodo include case 78 of the Shoyoroku Book of Serenity anthology. When asked by creative, a monk about talk transcending buddhas and ancestors, Yun-men answers, Sesame cake.[37] In case 82 of the Shoyoroku, the association of Yun-men with sesame cakes continues when he says, The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara brings money to buy a sesame cake: when he lowers his hand, it turns out to be a jelly-doughnut.[38] This story must have inspired Dogen's vision of Avalokiteshvara striving to purchase sesame cakes. But Dogen envisions the sesame cakes as transformed into dynamically active eyes and essay writing, faces rather than jelly-doughnuts, which are still mere commodities, even if richer than sesame cakes. As Dogen's parable in jodo 123 unfolds with dream-like narrative, someone shows up who wants to buy the sesame cakes (transformed into state faculty faces and importance values for students, eyes). When Dogen inquires, the person identifies himself as Avalokiteshvara, just as the state university creative writing, piece of shit in the previously discussed dream parable identifies himself as Sakyamuni.

Presumably Avalokiteshvara is trying to acquire from 500 words, Dogen the eleven faces and thousand eyes for his hands as depicted in one of the bodhisattva's foremost iconographic forms.[39] With these multiple perspectives, the bodhisattva of university compassion can fulfill the skillful means that he is known for, as seen in his diversity of forms in chapter twenty-five of the Lotus Sutra . When Avalokiteshvara further identifies himself by the very common Chinese names Ch'ang and rules in an, Li, this represents Avalokiteshvara as an ordinary person. Even in a dream (or a literary discourse he frames as visionary or dream-like), Dogen is thereby implicitly affirming practice in the mundane world and the immanent presence of compassion. In Expressing the Dream Within the Dream, written the year before the parable in jodo123, Dogen declares that, The expression of the iowa, dream within the dream is the thousand hands and eyes of Avalokiteshvara that function by many means.[40] Here he explicitly denotes the discourse mode, the expression itself, as an aspect or example of Avalokiteshvara's skillful means. The parable itself ends with Avalokite§vara expressing his commitment and for using, determination to obtain the eyes and faces (formerly sesame cakes), with which to iowa state writing faculty proceed with his work of compassion, whether or not he has any money. In his own concluding commentary, Dogen adds, When Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva makes an feminism appearance, mountains and rivers on the great earth are not dead ashes. Here Dogen emphasizes the dynamic, liberating quality of the world of concrete phenomena. For Dogen, the whole world and iowa state university writing, its components, even the dreams within a dream, are the for using, vital functioning of awakening, like the conjured city in the Lotus Sutra parable, assisting those on the path.

Dogen's jodo concludes with a further affirmation of the enlightening potency of the phenomenal world, You should always remember that in the third month the partridges sing and iowa university creative writing, the flowers open. Here the emergence of vitality in spring, and also its very invocation, functions skillfully as an encouraging metaphor for the enduring potential of awakening in his disciple audience. The parables in values for students, the Lotus Sutra may lack Dogen's humorous irony and visionary whimsy. Iowa Creative Faculty? But in accord with LaFleur's account of the function of those parables, Dogen uses his dream parables similarly as skillful modes with which to essay writing encourage his monks' engagement with and affirmation of the complete reality of the world of concrete phenomena in spite of the fact that they are impermanent. In his Eihei Koroku , Dogen relates parables that echo the function of the iowa state university creative faculty, parables in the Lotus Sutra by importance for students, demonstrating the presence of wondrous dharma, right in the phenomenal world and in state university creative writing, the midst of karmic consciousness. While such parables are occasional, and rules quotes in an essay, certainly not Dogen's major mode of literary expression, they do exemplify his borrowing of Lotus Sutra styles in iowa university, his discourse. More significantly than in Dogen's occasional use of parables, the profuse self-referencing of the Lotus Sutra and the complex, skillful impact of this self-reflexive discourse serves as one major resource or model for chemistry 500 words Dogen's style of university faculty proclamation. Dogen follows the Lotus Sutra self-referential style in various of his rhetorical modes to proclaim and celebrate a teaching that often remains unstated, but which may be more provocative because of this quality of the non-explicit. Dogen's self-referential, proclamatory discourse (at least in some part borrowed from the Lotus Sutra discourse style), used as a mode with which to express and exemplify radical nondualism, becomes a model for Soto Zen expression and practice, supporting prominent Soto teachings such as the oneness of practice-realization. This essay has focused on suggesting some of the aspects of everyday Dogen's appropriation of Lotus Sutra styles of rhetoric in his own discourse.

Much more can be said about his inclusion of its doctrinal contents in his own teaching. Still, Dogen's primary literary source by far was the vast Ch'an koan literature, which he was introducing as a new, foreign language into university creative writing Japan, and which he had mastered to importance of moral an astonishing degree. In his prominent use of the Lotus Sutra , on the other hand, he was referencing the Buddhist text that was perhaps most familiar to state writing faculty his Kamakura audience. His wide use of the Lotus Sutra raises many questions. Of Moral? His devoted dissemination of the alien koan literature suggests that he was not citing the Lotus simply to match audience expectations or familiarities. Some aspects of Lotus teaching were clearly useful to legitimatization of Zen positions.

For example, he widely quotes the university creative writing faculty, passage in Kumarajiva's translation of chapter two of the sutra that, Only a buddha together with a buddha can fathom the Reality of All Existence.[41] Dogen appropriates this saying for his Shobogenzo essay Yuibutsu Yobutsu, Only Buddha and importance of moral for students, Buddha, as support for the Zen Dharma transmission tradition.[42] The Lotus Sutra focus on Shakyamuni also fits with the main buddha figure in Zen, rather than the Buddhas Amida or Vairocana venerated in the contemporary Pure Land and Esoteric (and Kegon) movements. But perhaps most fundamentally, the significant presence of the Lotus Sutra in Dogen's teaching content and in his style of iowa state faculty presentation may serve to remind us of the substantial underpinnings of Mahayana thought and you shouldn't drink and drive, practice in Soto Zen teachings. [1] For a discussion of some Lotus Sutra references by Dogen, and a list of some such citations, see Kagamishima Genryu, Dogen zenji to in'yo kyoten-goroku no kenkyu (Tokyo: Mokujisha, 1965), pp. 121-137; 217-219. A list of Lotus Sutra references in Dogen's Shobogenzo appears in state, Gudo Wafu Nishijima and Chodo Cross, trans. Writing? Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1 (Woods Hole, Mass.: Windbell Publications, 1994), pp. University Creative? 293-321. [2] Ryuichi Abe and Peter Haskell, trans. with essays. Great Fool: Zen Master Ryokan; Poems, Letters, and Writings (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996), p.xiii. Feminism Research? See also p. 21.

[3] For background on hongaku thought, see Ruben Habito, Originary Enlightenment: Tendai Hongaku Doctrine and iowa state creative, Japanese Buddhism (Tokyo: The International Institute for Buddhist Studies, 1996); and Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999). For Saicho's appropriation of sokushin jobutsu from the Lotus Sutra story about the Dragon King's daughter, see Paul Groner, The Lotus Sutra and Saicho's Interpretation of the Realization of Buddhahood with This Very Body, in George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, editors. Importance Of Moral For Students? The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989), pp. 53-74. [4] For an English translation of iowa university writing Hokke-Ten-Hokke, see Nishijima and bipolar, Cross, Master Dogen's Shobogenzo , Book 1, pp. State University Creative Writing Faculty? 203-220. I have also referred to a translation by hsc drama essay writing, Kazuaki Tanahashi and Michael Wenger, from the forthcoming Beyond Thinking , edited by Kazuaki Tanahashi. [5] Dogen appropriation of the Lotus, especially in terms of its use in Dogen's fundamental world-view underlying his praxis, will be further detailed in my forthcoming dissertation: Visions of Awakening Space and iowa state, Time: The Bodhisattvas' Earth Emergence and the Inconceivable Life-Span in the Lotus Sutra , and their Impact in Dogen's Teachings. [6] Steven Heine.

Dogen and the Koan Tradition (Albany: State University of you shouldn't drink and drive New York Press, 1994). [7] See Yasunari Kawabata, Japan the Beautiful and university creative writing faculty, Myself, trans. Edward Seidensticker (Tokyo: Kodansha, 1969); and Steven Heine, The Zen Poetry of Dogen (Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 1997). [8] See Yifa, The Rules of Purity for the Chan Monastery: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Chanyuan Qinggui. Ph.D.

Dissertation at Yale University, 1996. The Chanyuan Qinggui was a major influence, quoted extensively by writing, Dogen, in his Eihei Shingi. University? See Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for the Zen Community: A Translation of Eihei Shingi (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996). [9] See, for examples, Edward Conze, trans., The Perfection of Wisdom in Eight Thousand Lines its Verse Summary (Bolinas: Four Seasons Foundation, 1973), pp. 15, 120-121; and Buddhist Text Translation Society, Sutra of the Past Vows of Earth Store Bodhisattva (Talmage, Cal.: Dharma Realm Buddhist University, 1982), pp. Feminism? 69-71, 89-92, along with many other passages. [10] I am using the Chinese /Japanese edition of Kumarajiva's translation, Myoho Rengekyo, 3 vols. (Tokyo: Iwanamai Bunko, 1996). English translations consulted are Leon Hurvitz, trans. Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma (New York: Columbia University Press, 1976); Bunno Kato, Yoshiro Tamura, and Kojiro Miyasaka, trans. The Threefold Lotus Sutra: Innumerable Meanings, The Lotus Flower of the Wonderful Law, and Meditation on iowa state university creative, the Bodhisattva Universal Virtue (New York: Weatherhill, 1975); and Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra , (New York: Columbia University Press, 1993). [11] Introduction to George J. Tanabe, Jr., and Willa Jane Tanabe, The Lotus Sutra in Japanese Culture, p. Chemistry Everyday? 2. [12] Jodo, literally ascending the hall, referred to state writing faculty here as dharma discourses, were the major form of presentation in Sung China Ch'an temples.

They were often quite brief, given in the Dharma Hall with the teacher on the high seat on the altar and with the monks standing. Apparently they were the teaching form eventually favored by Dogen, since he nearly stopped writing the longer essays of Shobogenzo after 1244, but continued using the formal Jodo talks, which were recorded in Eihei Koroku , in importance values for students, training his monks at Eiheiji before his death in 1253. [13] All references to Eihei Koroku are from the earlier monkaku version (rather than Manzan's later edition) in Kosaka Kiyu and Suzuki Kakuzen, eds. Dogen Zenji Zenshu. vols. 3 and iowa university faculty, 4 (Tokyo: Shunjusha, 1989). Drink? All translations in this essay are from Taigen Dan Leighton and Shohaku Okumura, trans. Iowa University Creative Faculty? Dogen's Extensive Record: A Translation of writing Eihei Koroku (Boston: Wisdom Publications, forthcoming). [14] Yun-men's response to state creative writing faculty a monk's question, What is Buddha? of kanshiketsu has been interpreted legitimately either as a dried shitstick, a standard implement that was used as we now use toilet paper, or simply as a dried turd, an interpretation derived from Chuang-tzu's usage, which will be used as the translation in other jodo below, according to importance values for students varied contexts. Creative Writing Faculty? Yun-men's equation of bipolar papers Buddha with kanshiketsu appears, for example, in Mumonkan , case 21.

See Yamada, Gateless Gate, pp. 109-112. For a discussion of Dogen's likely interpretation of university Tung-shan Shou-ch'u's utterance as sesame rather than the usual translation of flax, see the essay writing, note to Dogen's reference to it in Tenzokyokun in Leighton and Okumura, Dogen's Pure Standards for iowa state creative faculty the Zen Community, P. 56. This story appears, for example, in case 12 of Hekiganroku and in importance values, case 18 of Mumonkan . See Thomas Cleary and iowa creative faculty, J.C. Cleary, trans. The Blue Cliff Record (Boston: Shambhala, 1977), pp. 81-87; and essay you shouldn't, Koun Yamada, Gateless Gate (Los Angeles: Center Publications, 1967), pp. 96-99.

[15] See Burton Watson, The Lotus Sutra, p. 45; Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, p. 45; Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. 74. [16] William LaFleur, The Karma of Words: Buddhism and the Literary Arts in Medieval Japan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983), p. 87. [17] Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 29-30. [18] LaFleur, The Karma of Words, p. 87. [19] Jacqueline Stone, Original Enlightenment and the Transformation of Medieval Japanese Buddhism, p. 14. [20] See Norman Waddell and Masao Abe, trans. Iowa State Creative Writing Faculty? The Heart of hsc drama essay writing Shobogenzo (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002), pp. Iowa State Faculty? 59-98. [21] George J. Tanabe, Jr., Myoe the Dreamkeeper: Fantasy and Knowledge in Early Kamakura Buddhism. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992), p. 9. [24] See Taigen Dan Leighton and Kazuaki Tanahashi, trans.

Within a Dream Expressing a Dream, in Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Enlightenment Unfolds: The Essential Teachings of Zen Master Dogen (Boston: Shambhala, 1999), pp. Research Papers? 165-172. [27] Kazuaki Tanahashi, editor, Moon in a Dewdrop: Writings of Zen Master Dogen (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1985), p. 69. [28] For Myoe's dream journal, and commentary, see Tanabe, Myoe the Dreamkeeper, cited above, and Hayao Kawaii, The Buddhist Priest Myoe: A Life of Dreams, translated with introduction by Mark Unno, (Venice, Ca.: The Lapis Press, 1992). [29] See Bernard Faure, Visions of Power: Imagining Medieval Japanese Buddhism (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996). [30] For further discussion of the stereotypical distinctions between Keizan and Dogen, see Faure, Visions of Power, pp. 3-4, 211-215. [31] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, pp. 170-171; and writing, Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 223-224.

[32] I am indebted for clarification of the difference in Dogen's reading of this passage, and for many other suggestions for this paper, to the kind response commentary of Jan Nattier. [33] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 171. [34] The Lotus Sutra includes a number of variations on the full formula for descriptions of buddhas and their buddha-fields parodied by chemistry everyday life 500 words, Dogen, also including versions in chapter twelve on Devadatta and chapter twenty-three on the Bodhisattva Medicine King. One of the versions closest to the full formula parodied by Dogen is the description of Ananda's prediction in chapter nine. See Hurvitz, Scripture of the Lotus Blossom of the Fine Dharma, pp. 168-169. [35] Dogen refers frequently to ladles in Eihei Koroku , used as a term for reliable practice implements, and sometimes for practitioners themselves. For other examples, jodo 219 in 1247 begins, Abundant with ten thousand virtues, the sitting cushions and wooden ladles are dignified. In jodo 320 in 1249, Dogen refers to Shakyamuni himself as, The wooden ladle at iowa writing, Vulture Peak.

[36] Faure, Visions of Power, p. 116. [37] See Thomas Cleary, trans. Book of on why and drive Serenity (Boston: Shambhala, 1998; originally published by Hudson, N.Y.: Lindisfarne Press, 1990), pp. 332-334. [39] For the iconographic forms of Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva, see Taigen Daniel Leighton, Bodhisattva Archetypes: Classic Buddhist Guides to Awakening and their Modern Expression (New York: Penguin Arkana, 1998), pp.

159-170. [40] Tanahashi, Enlightenment Unfolds, p. 169. [41] See Kato, Tamura, and Miyasaka, The Threefold Lotus Sutra, p. 52. Compared to the Sanskrit original, which simply denotes plural buddhas, Kumarajiva's rendition emphasizes the relational aspect of a buddha together with a buddha. [42] See Tanahashi, Moon in a Dewdrop, pp.

161-167.

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IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4) Paper 4 is the alternative to coursework paper that is worth 27.5% of your final IGCSE grade. The coursework paper tests your understanding of how coursework is carried out. The paper is 1 hour and 30 minutes long and divided into two 30 mark questions. You answer all the questions on the examination paper, most questions are short in state university creative writing, length, between 1 and 4 marks. The paper requires a combination of knowledge and skills.

The questions usually focus on coursework to do with; coasts, rivers, settlements or weather. As a IGCSE geographer it is possible to carry out coursework on many aspects of the course. Possible topics and essay on why and drive areas of study may include: Changes in river velocity from iowa state university creative writing faculty, source to everyday essay 500 words, mouth Changes in load (shape and size) from source to mouth Changes in channel depth, width, cross-section and wetted perimeter from source to mouth Changes in iowa university, discharge from bipolar research, source to mouth Changes across a meanders cross section Changes in state university creative writing faculty, river gradient from source to mouth Changes in valley size and gradient from source to mouth Changes in land use a long a river Changes in pollution along a rivers' course (you need proper equipment for you shouldn't drink and drive this) Changes in vegetation (cover and variety) moving inland Changes in beach profile and iowa state faculty sand dune profile Speed of longshore drift Changes in land use Changes in defences (compare to land use) Changes in hsc drama writing, beach or dune material (size or shape) Changes in land use Changes in traffic (maybe CBD to state, rural-urban fringe) Changes in pedestrians Number and type of tourists Changes in the quality of the research environment or pollution levels (may look at the impact of university creative writing industry) Changes in globalisation Changes in cost of products Comparison to Burgess or Hoyt Model Changes in essay, wealth or population density (will have to use some secondary data) Sphere of creative writing influences of settlements or services. Changes in temperature throughout the day or between seasons Changes in essay you shouldn't and drive, rainfall Changes in humidity Changes in iowa creative writing, hours of sunshine or cloud cover Changes in wind speed and wind direction. Before you choose your coursework you have to hsc drama writing, decide if you live in a suitable study location.

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Collecting relevant data, analysis and drawing conclusions using the data as evidence can test these. The width of a river will increase as you move from the source to the mouth The amount of traffic will increase as you move from the rural-urban fringe to the CBD The amount of vegetation will increase as you move inland from the sea (distance = 200metres) The hottest part of the day will be between 1200 and 1400. Whenever you are doing data collection, the aim is to be as objective as possible. Objective means that no bias or personal opinion affects the outcome of your results. Iowa State University Creative Faculty! The opposite to be objective is being subjective. Being subjective simple means that your own personal views and bias has influenced results. It is up to date (current) You know how the data has been collected i.e. what technique It only includes data that is quotes in an relevant to your coursework It only covers your study area It is collected in the format that you want. You can study temporal changes e.g. how population has changed over a number of years It can be quicker, especially if the data is on the internet You can study a larger area It may include data that you can not obtain personally e.g. salaries. The data may include some personal bias Data collection can be time consuming It can be expensive to travel to places to collect data It is hard to state creative writing, study temporal changes Some data might be unavailable or too dangerous to essay, collect Only possible to cover a small area. It is out of date, especially if it has been printed in a book.

There might more information than you need The information may include a larger area than your study area You may not know how the data was collected and who collected the data The data might be in the wrong format e.g. in a graph and not raw figures. Quantitative data: This is any data that involves figures. Quantitative data is very easy to present and analyse. State! Even though it is easy to present it can be very general and exclude some data. Because you are following a pattern you will get better coverage of an area or sample group. Even though you pick the technique, once it is picked, there is no bias in who gets selected. It is very simple to understand and carry out.

Because you are selecting the systematic technique, there is some bias (subjectivity). You decide how often to take a sample. Writing! Even with a systematic sample you may end up with an unrepresentative sample e.g. you ask every 10th person to fill in a questionnaire, but every 10th person turns out to be female. Every person or every location/place has a completely equal chance of being selected It is iowa university writing faculty quick and simple. Because it is hsc drama essay writing totally random, results maybe completely random and not representative e.g. when randomly selecting names out of hat to ask questionnaires too, you only pick females. Stratified sampling: Because both systematic and random sampling can give you a unrepresentative sample, if you have some secondary data that allows you to rank your sample group you can then carry out stratified sampling. For example if you are carrying out environmental indexes in a city that has 12 districts, if you randomly or systematically select four, you may pick th efour best or the four worst. However, if you know the average income of those 12 areas (census data) you can them rank them 1 to 12 and then randomly or systematically pick a district from each quartile giving you a more representative sample.

Decide on your questions (what do you need to find out and what type of iowa creative question are you going to hsc drama essay writing, ask) Whether to do the questions orally or give them in iowa state, written form (you may have to think about essay, translations) How you are going to pilot (test) your questions How you are going to record the answers (record them, write them down, trying to remember is iowa university unreliable) How you are going to sample (random, systematic, stratified) Remember that you are representing yourself and the school - be polite Remember people don't have to feminism research, answer questions and they may be sensitive about some e.g. age groups and income groups. When actually designing your questions you have two real choice; open or closed: You are getting the respondents personal opinion. They are not limited in their response. Some responses might not be relevant to iowa state university creative writing, your research Respondents may not understand the question and give you an rules quotes irrelevant response Results are very hard to analyse using graphs or tables. All answers will be relevant to your research The results are easy to analyse using graphs and tables. The results lack personal opinion. Iowa University Faculty! They can be very generalised You are nearly always forced to of moral, have an other box meaning you don't know what the respondent thinks Your personal opinion has been placed on the questions (subjective). Specification: Observation – Examples of using observations as an enquiry skill to collect data include the recording of land-use in an urban area or observations of river or coastal features.

Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations. It is important to iowa state university writing faculty, always have an other category, because you always find a land use that you have not thought about. They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for papers showing data collection techniques e.g. measuring a river's load They can support data collection findings e.g. they can show an example of a poor environment They can show temporal changes, especially if you can find historical photos. You can annotate and label them. People often include photos that are not relevant e.g. a photo of their friends People forget to state writing, label, annotate or refer to photos, which then makes them irrelevant. People often only photograph the nice things e.g. pretty view and forget the more ugly areas that are just as important e.g. area of pollution They can often contains too much information e.g. Hsc Drama Writing! people and vehicles Because they are two dimensional, depth can be deceptive.

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Refer back to original hypothesis Use some data to state faculty, support your findings Refer to everyday, theory (if mentioned in introduction) - do your findings agree or disagree with theory State what you have learnt from your investigation. Evaluation : In an evaluation you state what went well in your research, but also how it can be improved or extended in the future. If you are asked to write an evaluation, think about the following: What went well (keep this brief) Any problems with data collection e.g. bad weather, missing data, sampling technique, questions, data collection form Data that could be useful in iowa writing, the future e.g. secondary data from government, more questionnaires (bigger sample) Additional hypothesis that you could have used Problems with time or money that could be changed in the future. Portions not contributed by visitors are Copyright 2017 Tangient LLC.