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archetype essays The 12 Common Archetypes. The term archetype has its origins in ancient Greek. The root words are archein , which means original or old; and typos , which means pattern, model or type. The combined meaning is an original pattern of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are derived, copied, modeled, or emulated. Motto: Free to be you and me. Core desire: to get to paradise. Goal: to be happy. Greatest fear: to be punished for doing something bad or wrong. Strategy: to do things right. Weakness: boring for all their naive innocence.
Talent: faith and optimism. Dots. The Innocent is also known as: Utopian, traditionalist, naive, mystic, saint, romantic, dreamer. 2. The Orphan/Regular Guy or Gal. Motto: All men and women are created equal. Core Desire: connecting with others. Greatest fear: to be left out english literature essay, or to stand out thesis, from the crowd. Strategy: develop ordinary solid virtues, be down to earth, the act 3 scene common touch. Dots. Weakness: losing one's own self in an effort to blend in or for the sake of proposal essays superficial relationships. Talent: realism, empathy, lack of pretense.
The Regular Person is also known as: The good old boy, everyman, the dots thesis person next door, the realist, the essay on abortion working stiff, the solid citizen, the good neighbor, the silent majority. Motto: Where there's a will, there's a way. Core desire: to prove one's worth through courageous acts. Goal: expert mastery in a way that improves the world. Greatest fear: weakness, vulnerability, being a chicken Strategy: to quantum be as strong and competent as possible. Weakness: arrogance, always needing another battle to fight. English A Level. Talent: competence and courage.
The Hero is also known as: The warrior, crusader, rescuer, superhero, the soldier, dragon slayer, the winner and the team player. 4. The Caregiver. Motto: Love your neighbour as yourself. Core desire: to protect and care for dots others. Goal: to help others. Greatest fear: selfishness and ingratitude. Strategy: doing things for others. Weakness: martyrdom and being exploited.
Talent: compassion, generosity. The Caregiver is also known as: The saint, altruist, parent, helper, supporter. Motto: Don't fence me in. Core desire: the freedom to find out who you are through exploring the world. Goal: to experience a better, more authentic, more fulfilling life. Biggest fear: getting trapped, conformity, and state dissertation, inner emptiness. Strategy: journey, seeking out and experiencing new things, escape from boredom. Weakness: aimless wandering, becoming a misfit. Talent: autonomy, ambition, being true to one's soul.
The explorer is also known as: The seeker, iconoclast, wanderer, individualist, pilgrim. Motto: Rules are made to be broken. Core desire: revenge or revolution. Goal: to overturn what isn't working. Greatest fear: to be powerless or ineffectual. Strategy: disrupt, destroy, or shock. Dots Thesis. Weakness: crossing over to the dark side, crime. Talent: outrageousness, radical freedom. The Outlaw is also known as: The rebel, revolutionary, wild man, the misfit, or iconoclast. Motto: You're the only one.
Core desire: intimacy and proposal essays, experience. Goal: being in a relationship with the quantum people, work and surroundings they love. Greatest fear: being alone, a wallflower, unwanted, unloved. Strategy: to become more and more physically and emotionally attractive. Weakness: outward-directed desire to please others at risk of losing own identity. Talent: passion, gratitude, appreciation, and commitment. Essay. The Lover is also known as: The partner, friend, intimate, enthusiast, sensualist, spouse, team-builder. Motto: If you can imagine it, it can be done. Thesis. Core desire: to create things of enduring value. Goal: to advocacy essay realize a vision. Greatest fear: mediocre vision or execution.
Strategy: develop artistic control and skill. Task: to quantum dots thesis create culture, express own vision. Weakness: perfectionism, bad solutions. Talent: creativity and imagination. The Creator is also known as: The artist, inventor, innovator, musician, writer or dreamer.
Motto: You only live once. Core desire: to live in the moment with full enjoyment. Goal: to have a great time and georgia dissertation, lighten up the world. Greatest fear: being bored or boring others. Strategy: play, make jokes, be funny. Weakness: frivolity, wasting time.
The Jester is also known as: The fool, trickster, joker, practical joker or comedian. Motto: The truth will set you free. Core desire: to thesis find the truth. Goal: to hamlet act 3 scene 1 essay use intelligence and analysis to understand the world. Quantum Thesis. Biggest fear: being duped, misled—or ignorance.
Strategy: seeking out proposal essays, information and knowledge; self-reflection and understanding thought processes. Weakness: can study details forever and never act. Talent: wisdom, intelligence. The Sage is also known as: The expert, scholar, detective, advisor, thinker, philosopher, academic, researcher, thinker, planner, professional, mentor, teacher, contemplative. Thesis. 11. The Magician. Motto: I make things happen. Core desire: understanding the fundamental laws of the universe. Goal: to make dreams come true.
Greatest fear: unintended negative consequences. Strategy: develop a vision and live by complexion it. Weakness: becoming manipulative. Talent: finding win-win solutions. The Magician is also known as:The visionary, catalyst, inventor, charismatic leader, shaman, healer, medicine man. Motto: Power isn't everything, it's the only thing. Core desire: control.
Goal: create a prosperous, successful family or community. Strategy: exercise power. Greatest fear: chaos, being overthrown. Weakness: being authoritarian, unable to delegate. Dots. Talent: responsibility, leadership. The Ruler is also known as: The boss, leader, aristocrat, king, queen, politician, role model, manager or administrator. The Four Cardinal Orientations. The Four Cardinal Orientations define four groups, with each group containing three types (as the wheel of archetypes shown above illustrates). Each group is motivated by its respective orienting focus: ego-fulfillment, freedom, socialness and order.
This is a variation on the three groups of proposal essays Types previously mentioned; however, whereas all the types within the Ego, Soul Self sets all share the same driving source, the quantum dots types comprising the nigerian competition four orienting groups have different source drives but the same motivating orientation. For example, the quantum thesis Caregiver is on abortion driven by the need to fulfill ego agendas through meeting the dots needs of others, which is a social orientation; whereas, the Hero, which is also driven by the need to fulfill ego agendas, does so through courageous action that proves self-worth. Understanding the rodriguez complexion groupings will aid in dots thesis, understanding the motivational and self-perceptual dynamics of each type.
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Odysseus: Fascinating Man and thesis, His Many Transformations. Odysseus was one of the rodriguez Greek kings who went to Troy and came back a hero. He was ruling the small island of Ithaka when he was asked by the Atreidae to join forces with them on quantum dots thesis, the expedition to recover Helen. The portrayal of Odysseus in the Iliad marked the beginning of his literary career. As he moved through time, additional elements of his character were emphasized and extrapolated upon, but all the seeds for later development can be seen in the Iliad . Proposal Essays? Did the depiction of the Iliadic character of Odysseus change in quantum dots, subsequent literature?
And how was he portrayed in later Greek tragedies? First it may be best to trace his actions throughout Homer's epic poem to see how he was initially cast unto the world of literature. Homer stood at essay, the end of an quantum thesis, epic-telling tradition -- at the end of a tradition of poetry that is hamlet scene, called oral poetry. Oral poetry was handed down from generation to generation, and dealt with traditional stories that were well known. Some of the quantum thesis stories existed in the late Bronze Age and were passed on by word of mouth. Homer was relating stories that would have taken place at least four hundred years before his time. The Trojan War was fought between the Greeks and Trojans, and acts as the backdrop for essay on abortion the action in Homer's Iliad . Some of the characters were likely based on historically realistic men.
For example, in The Nature of Greek Myths , G.S. Quantum Dots Thesis? Kirk writes that Odysseus in his more realistic actions, which vastly predominate . is based on the conception of a real if provincial chieftain from north-western Greece. (1) But many of Homer's characters are decidedly one-dimensional and are seen only as instruments to precipitate victory in a long and drawn-out war. Near the beginning of the poem, Odysseus is shown to be more diverse. He is the one to whom Athena goes when Agamemnon's plan to boost the morale of his army backfires and they happily begin to ready themselves to georgia university dissertation, go home after more than nine years of fighting. Agamemnon has ended his speech by saying: Come then, do as I say, let us all be won over; let us run away with our ships to the beloved land of quantum dots thesis, our fathers since no longer now shall we capture Troy of the wide ways . (2) These words are supposed to encourage the Achaians, but inadvertently cause a departure from the advocacy essay on abortion war. Agamemnon is the king and the men who make up the rank and quantum dots, file do not need to be told twice. But it was the will of Zeus that Troy should fall and for that reason, Athena goes directly to Odysseus and uses persuasion to elicit his help to competition, stop the exodus. This marks the beginning of a long and diverse relationship between Odysseus and the goddess, which could be best described as a friendship. Quantum Dots Thesis? This connection between Athena and the King of Ithaka had far greater significance in the saga of Odysseus' life: the Odyssey , and also plays a role in later Greek tragedy, which will be examined later.
Athena must believe that her choice of spokesperson will have the needed affect on the Achaians. Odysseus may have come to Troy with only rodriguez essay, twelve ships, but nine years later, he is thesis, seen as a man with enough power and presence to take the proposal essays holy sceptre from quantum Agamemnon's hands and use it to restore some degree of order to the chaos. A man who was liked less by proposal essays, Agamemnon would have been seen as an upstart, since it was the king who should be the quantum dots one to stop the mass exodus. Odysseus was trusted and competition, respected enough by Agamemnon to take the symbol of quantum thesis, Greek power and go about condemning and cajoling the men to stay in Troy. One of Odysseus' traits that was emphasized in proposal essays, later literature can be seen in quantum thesis, Book Two of the Iliad in the way he handles Thersites. His actions and words are cold, hard, brutal and demeaning, but in one sense, Thersites was encouraging mutiny, and he was also abusing Agamemnon, the shepherd of the people. (3) That was not acceptable to essay, any of the dots kings, nor to rodriguez, the gods. Dots Thesis? Maybe a more even-handed diplomacy would have been fairer, considering that it was the essay common man's fields that had not been plowed by them for more than nine years. A person was needed to unite the men and Odysseus did just that to carry out the wishes of the gods. Quantum Thesis? A synopsis of Odysseus' war career is then given by essay, men who had witnessed the discipling of quantum dots, Thersites:
Come now: Odysseus has done excellent things by the thousands, bringing forward good counsels, and ordering armed encounters; but now this is far the best thing he ever has accomplished among the Argives . (4) Odysseus is obviously seen as someone to respect and the Achaians settle down to listen to his words that will eventually persuade them to stay in Troy. Essay? This would prove to be one of his most important functions in the story since his words of persuasion actually work, and the spirit of the Greeks were rallied because of him. The Greeks remained in Troy because it was the will of dots thesis, Zeus -- a constant and underlying reality that cannot be removed from the action of the epic. In Book Three, as Helen is surveying the battlefield, she points to Odysseus and essay, says: This one is Laertes' son, resourceful Odysseus, who grew up in the country, rough though it be, of Ithaka, to know every manner of shiftiness and crafty counsels . (5) W.B. Stanford echoes Helen's words in The Quest for Ulysses : [Odysseus], Homer tells us, was born and quantum, bred near the sea. His island home, Ithaka, lay off the west coast of Greece near the intersection of two major trade routes . Merchants from distant lands would often sail that way, and pirates would lurk in wait for them.
A young prince reared in such an environment might well acquire qualities not so necessary for royal youths in mainland kingdoms like Mycenae and Argos. Act 3 1 Essay? He would need to be resourceful and adaptable in handling boats among shifting winds and currents. He would learn to quantum dots thesis, deal warily with merchants and swiftly with pirates . (6) Antenor, who has overheard Helen's words agrees with her and rodriguez complexion, says that he remembers Odysseus from the embassy that came to Troy to negotiate for her release. He describes the power of Odysseus' words as drifting down like the winter snows. (7)
Odysseus' strong suit by far seems to be the way in quantum dots thesis, which he uses words to achieve whatever goal he desires. Homer calls him Odysseus, the equal of Zeus in counsel (8) on more than one occasion, which was a fine compliment. W.B. On Abortion? Stanford points out that all the princes would have training in eloquence because it was an integral part of their education, and Odysseus was just more effective than the others. (9) With this ability, his specialty is as an ambassador for the Atreidae and this is his primary function. Dots Thesis? When he was given the important job of escorting Chryseis home to her father, he was described as Odysseus of the many designs. (10) His next mission was a member of the rodriguez essay embassy that tried to convince Achilles to rejoin the fighting and to help them win the war. The Atreidae sent for him and dots thesis, he begins his speech to Achilles by complimenting him and assuring him that he is georgia state university dissertation, needed to thesis, rescue the afflicted sons of the Achaians from the Trojan onslaught. (11) He mentions the good advice that Achilles' father Peleus gave him about hamlet act 3 scene 1 essay being careful with his anger, and begins to list off all the quantum dots gifts that Agamemnon has promised for proposal essays his return. Odysseus related Agamemnon's words verbatim until he comes to these: Let him give way . And let him yield place to me, inasmuch as I am the kinglier and inasmuch as I can call myself born the quantum dots elder . (12)
Odysseus knows that these words should be omitted if there can be any chance of success, but Achilles senses right away that Odysseus has chosen to essay, omit something because he knows Agamemnon's character and also the way his envoy has with words. Achilles tells him that he hates backdoor politics just as much as he hates Death, saying: . I detest that man, who hides one thing in the depths of his heart, and speaks forth another. (13) Achilles tells Odysseus that there are many reasons why he will definitely not return to quantum thesis, the fighting and instead, will return home to act 3 scene 1 essay, Phthia, but his tutor Phoinix and his friend Ajax seem to soften his anger. He tells Phoinix that in the morning they shall both decide if they should return home, and to Ajax he pledges to return to the battle if Hektor reaches the ships of his people, the dots thesis Myrmidons. Rodriguez Essay? The embassy has succeeded in changing Achilles' mind in some ways, and there seems to be some cause for hope.
Why then did Odysseus only repeat the words Achilles spoke to him when he returned to Agamemnon and thesis, the others, omitting the more hopeful conversations that Achilles had with Phoinix and Ajax? When he did not, why then did Ajax not expand on what Odysseus related to the king? The answers to these questions are open to speculation. Nigerian Essay Competition? Did Odysseus assume that the best course of action was to put thoughts of Achilles aside since his future involvement was so precarious, and quantum thesis, better to plow ahead with other strategies? Or was he so confident in his own capabilities that he decided that all was lost if he could not change Achilles' mind? Whatever the case, this time Odysseus does not get the job done -- something that will be seen again in Sophocles' Philoctetes . Odysseus left behind his wife, Penelope, and an infant son, when he went to fight with the other Greeks. He did have responsibilities to complexion essay, his family and his subjects, and was trying not to take chances with his life. In Book Eight, Diomedes is trying to rescue Nestor from Hektor and asks Odysseus for help, but Odysseus turns his chariot around and heads for the ships. Diomedes call him a coward, but long-suffering great Odysseus gave no attention as he swept by . (14) Heroes were not expected to fight every minute of every battle to be considered brave, and Odysseus is certainly not a coward, although he is quite prepared to run rather than face suicidal odds in battle. (15) Homer describes Odysseus as very brave and this quality can clearly be seen in Book Seven when Nestor calls for brave men who are willing to stop Hektor's ravaging. Odysseus is quantum, one of the many who comes forward to throw their lot in Agamemnon's helmet.
Also in georgia university dissertation, Book Ten, the Greeks are seen in terrible straits, beaten back to their ships. Nestor has advised them that they need to know the Trojans' future strategy so they will be in a position to counteract it. He again calls for quantum dots thesis volunteers to cross enemy lines. A number of men volunteer, but Diomedes chooses Odysseus as his partner since he believes him to be brave and loved by rodriguez complexion, Athena. Dots? He also says that were he to go with me, both of us could come back from the blazing of fire itself, since his mind is best at nigerian essay competition, devices. (16) Again, Odysseus' trickery and stealth are alluded to and so, what other kind of person would Diomedes want with him on such a dangerous task? As soon as Odysseus realizes that he is going, he prays to Athena and sees her bird-sign. He seems to look to her as his own personal daimon . It should be pointed out that it is probably easier to be brave when a goddess like the thesis powerful Athena loves you and protects you.
There also can be no question that Odysseus carries out hamlet act 3 1 essay most of quantum thesis, his actions for the same reasons that the other heroes do: for glory. Heroes are primarily looking for proposal essays material wealth and for immortal glory. In Book Six, Helen talks with Hektor about the dots thesis activities of heroes that will be sung about by the poets. In Book Eight of the Odyssey , Demodocus, the bard, sings of Troy and all the act 3 scene heroes who died there, for King Alcinous and his guest Odysseus. In some respects, the description of the dots thesis night mission into enemy territory creates the greatest moments of apprehension and hamlet, fear in the poem. Besides being the only military operation to take place in the dark, the reader also seems to be creeping along with Diomedes and Odysseus, who are slowly making their way through body parts and pools of blood. Quantum Dots? Hektor has also sent out a spy that night, a man named Dolon, and it is illustrious Odysseus (17) who hears him approaching and thinks of a plan to trap him.
Diomedes savagely kills him. Odysseus asks Athena for guidance in english literature essay help, finding the way to the newly arrived Thracians, who have brought many horses with them. Odysseus collects the animals while Diomedes kills every sleeping man. When they return to their own ships with the booty, Odysseus gives the quantum dots thesis credit to his comrade and nigerian, never mentions his own input. (18) He is the one who showed prudence and caution as Diomedes takes care of the more dangerous job of killing. All in all, the incident shows that Odysseus is brave, modest, and protected by Athena. This is illustrated again in Book Eleven when Odysseus is stabbed by Sokos, and yet saved from thesis death by complexion, the goddess. Odysseus is again commissioned to hold the dots thesis army together.
Agamemnon wants to move some of the ships and believes the gods are against a victory for them. He ends his speech with, the man does better who runs from disaster than he who is caught by it. (19) These words could have been spoken by Odysseus himself, but instead, he is advocacy on abortion, brave enough and angry enough to stand up to quantum thesis, Agamemnon for speaking them. Act 3 Scene? He even says, I wish you directed some other unworthy army and were not lord over us . (20) He is confident enough to tell Agamemnon that his plan will not work and should be forgotten. He is sensible and must speak his mind when he sees poor judgement being used. Quantum Dots? He also tells Achilles that the men need to rest and eat before they can do their best in battle, and to send them out would be foolhardy. Odysseus again fails to convince Achilles and he does not eat. Rodriguez Complexion Essay? Later, Athena must give Achilles nectar and dots thesis, ambrosia for strength, proving that Odysseus was right again. The last we see of Odysseus in the Iliad is during the funeral games for Patroklos. Homer describes Odysseus as not forgetting his craft (21) when he trips up Ajax during a wrestling match.
Odysseus then joins the foot race and will seemingly lose without Athena's help and prays to her for english a level essay extra strength. Athena does not have any reason to help him now, since this is not a military expedition, (22) but she does by making Ajax slip in cow dung. The competition between these two men had very serious consequences for the future, when Ajax is certain he was maneuvered out of another prize by Odysseus. All of these episodes are important to examine since they give a psychological profile of Odysseus. Homer sees him as a man of words, who is dots, capable, brave, sensible, modest, and patient. The Atreidae see him as a friend in much the same light and make use of his capacities as an ambassador for them, and as someone to hold the army together. But this was only the beginning of the poems, plays, and books that revolved around Odysseus. Rodriguez Complexion Essay? Homer's second epic poem has him as a central character and focuses on many of the qualities he is first given in the Iliad . He uses disguises, calls himself 'nobody' and his trickery is shown in full force in the Odyssey . His constant companion Athena is at his side and helps him to make his odyssey home. His cunning is used to escape the quantum dots Cyclops and to listen to the Sirens; to fool his wife and son; and to entrap the suitors.
When he visits the Phaeacians, he tells the king: I am Odysseus, Laertes' son. The whole world talks of my stratagems, and my fame has reached the heavens. Literature Help? (23) His sagacity is also evident by how he patiently survives all the quantum thesis years away from home. The Odyssey must be mentioned in a discussion of Odysseus because without it, a large gap of material is left out of his tradition. On reading it, the warmth and admiration that Homer had for Odysseus is clearly evident. This will be contrasted with the writings of many other Greeks. State University Dissertation? The other important point to make concerning the Odyssey is that it mentions the Trojan Horse. Thesis? Odysseus may have gone grudgingly to Troy, with only a small battalion of men, but he ingratiated himself with the hamlet act 3 scene 1 essay important Greek generals and gained their respect and trust. And he was the one who came up with the plan to quantum dots, use the Trojan Horse that allowed them to enter Troy undetected. Of course, it was built with Athena's help, but the act 3 scene idea for such a sly and cunning invention came from no other than Odysseus. Thesis? So Odysseus accomplished what Achilles could not: the sacking of Troy. The Greeks looked to their poets as teachers and believed that men like Homer and Hesiod were mouthpieces for the gods.
School children were expected to memorize sections of Homer's works because they thought it contained morals about how one should live life, and other important truths. The ancient Greeks cherished these early works and had great interest in what happened to some of their favourite characters. Perhaps it was this interest that spawned so many subsequent stories that were transmitted through later poets and tragedians. Of course, some of them found fault with Homer's perceptions of essay on abortion, certain characters. One was Pindar.
He believed that Homer told lies that have proved to be unfair to men like Ajax. In Nemean 7, Pindar disagrees with Homer's description of Odysseus: I even suspect that Odysseus' fame was greater than his worth, through the sweet words of Homer. For in his lies and in his winged devices there is an dots thesis, awesome power: wisdom is deceptive, seducing with its myths, and the masses of mankind have a blind heart, for complexion essay if they could have seen the truth, powerful Ajax, angered over the armor, would not have plunged the quantum dots thesis smooth sword into his breast -- Ajax, except for Achilles, mightiest in battle of english literature a level essay, all . (24) Pindar must have felt quite strongly about this because he writes of it again in Isthmian 4 where he refers to Odysseus' famous traits of trickery and lying, saying they were used to win Achilles' armor. (25) He contrasts this hatcher of schemes (26) with the solid Ajax who was so proud of heart (27) that he no longer wanted to quantum dots thesis, live.
Certainly, Homer also portrayed Ajax in a favourable light in the Iliad , and in the Odyssey presents him as the quiet, stalwart hero who is still so hurt by the incident that he does not want to talk of it, even in advocacy essay, death. Odysseus tells Ajax that he wishes he had never won the dots armor since it caused such a great hero to die. Proposal Essays? Odysseus' sincerity is evident and it is a sad situation that is left unresolved. Quantum? Compassion for this fallen hero was an element that Sophocles would later deal with in Ajax. With the coming of the fifth century BC, there seems to be a negative shift in the portrayal of on abortion, Odysseus. Sophocles presents two rather different portrayals of Odysseus in his tragedies Ajax and Philoctetes . Ajax is the quantum earlier of the two and casts a more favourable light on him.
In the opening scene, Odysseus is with his familiar friend Athena. She seems to describe a sort of telepathic connection between them when she says, . I felt your need and came on the path to complexion, guard and help you in your chase. (1) They are presented as close in a spiritual way. Ajax has gone mad with the help of quantum dots thesis, Athena and has killed the georgia university Greek flocks thinking they were actually his comrades. Ajax had attempted to murder Odysseus since he was awarded the arms of Achilles instead of him, but Athena protected him. Odysseus shows his usual practicality and desire to survive when he shrinks from her suggestion that he go into the tent of Ajax to see how crazy he has become. Odysseus realizes that Ajax is his enemy and that he would be in great danger if seen by him. Ajax feels wronged by his comrades and has specifically blamed the man whom he sees as responsible for the slight against his honour. Ajax is under the delusion that Odysseus is inside his tent and quantum dots thesis, plans to torture him: Crimson his back with this whip first, then kill him. Georgia State University? (29) Odysseus shows great sincerity when, instead of gloating with Athena over these events, he sees them as a tragedy -- the tragedy of a fallen Greek warrior and hero, who can never live down this disgrace. He realizes that if Ajax can lose so much stature, anyone can.
When Ajax comes to realize what he has done and how he disgraced himself, he plunges his own great sword into his body and ends his suffering. When a great man falls from grace, it is always a long drop down and many people suffer. Tecmessa, his wife, wonders if the dreadful goddess has bred this pain, perhaps for her favourite, Odysseus. (30) Ajax may have fallen in cow dung during Patroklos' funeral games, but there was never an indication that he and Odysseus were arch-enemies. Ajax, just like Achilles, felt he was slighted when he did not receive the prize of the quantum dots thesis arms. Ajax could have accepted the competition decision like the noble man he was and dots thesis, kept quiet; he could have acted like he did when he saw Odysseus in georgia university, Hades, but he did not. When Menelaus refuses to allow Ajax to be buried, Teucer argues the cause. He points out that his brother came as a king and brought his own men to Troy. Menelaus may be the King of Sparta, but he had no right to direct the affairs of the dead man. Quantum? Of course, this is a flawed argument because the Atreidae did direct everything for ten years and it was also attempts on their lives that caused Ajax to kill himself. It is for this same reason that Menelaus will never be swayed by Teucer's arguments. Menelaus may have known the help archer, but he was never in any direct command of him.
The person to persuade him is someone he knows well, trusts, and respects. That is why it is Odysseus' arguments that win over the Atreidae. The skilled speech maker is now using his abilities to win burial for a man who deserves to be buried. Dots Thesis? R.P. Winnington-Ingram says that Odysseus certainly [belongs] to a world which reasons and argues, (31) but why does Odysseus fight this battle? Why does he risk the friendship of Agamemnon and Menelaus? Odysseus knows that Ajax was a brave man and says so. He knows that just like Hektor, he had lived a pious life and deserved to be buried. The gods would surely want him to be given proper rites and in fact, Odysseus says, for it is georgia state dissertation, not he, but the quantum laws of gods, you would be destroying. Complexion? (32) R.P.
Winnington-Ingram states that it is dots thesis, not . because non-burial infringes divine law rather than harms the dead man that it is unjust to dishonour him . Georgia? (33) But Odysseus slips in a reference to divine law, hoping that it will help the cause. (34) He knows what a valuable man Ajax was to the Greeks, especially when Achilles was angry and refused to fight. Some writers portray Odysseus as risking his life when he opposed the Atreidae in dots, this matter, but he never showed any subservience to hamlet act 3 1 essay, them in the Iliad . Quantum Dots Thesis? He always spoke his mind and pointed out faults when he saw them, all along trying to be a uniting force. He was not risking his friendship or loss of prestige because their relationship had gone past that sort of tallying, and Odysseus was seen as their equal by the time of the action. Key to exhibiting Odysseus' virtue and sensibility in this regard are the words that he speaks to Agamemnon: His greatness weighs more than my hate, (35) and I hated him while it was fair to hate. (36) To keep up a continual assault on the fallen hero would accomplish nothing -- the words would be hollow. To disallow his burial might even garner hatred and unrest among the troops who surely respected Ajax and knew that he had saved their own ships on occasion. Hamlet Act 3? But the reason that Odysseus is quite sure that he is right about quantum this is one he states in the beginning of the play:
Yet I pity his wretchedness . I think of him, yet also of myself; for I see the true state of all us that live -- we are dim shapes, no more, and weightless shadow . Literature A Level Essay Help? (37) The last lines of the play reiterates these sentiments when the chorus says: What men have seen they know; but what shall come hereafter no man before the event can see, nor what end waits for him . (38) Sophocles characterized Odysseus quite favourably in this play, but as the years went by and he was near the end of his career, he gave a very different portrayal of him in quantum, his tragedy, Philoctetes . Why? One can only speculate on things that happened so long ago. The fifth century BC was a time of rodriguez complexion essay, intellectual upheaval for quantum dots thesis the Greeks and change was taking place in the political structure.
Many people were questioning the old aristocracy and their power, and the assertion that arete was something rich people are born with. Men, who were called sophists came to Athens with the message that arete was a teachable thing and hamlet act 3, as long as they had money, anyone could be taught. These sophists were seen, especially by the old upper class, as a dangerous element that was smooth-talking and deceitful. A group who would end up causing havoc. In some ways, they were right and steps toward democracy were helped along by quantum dots thesis, the introduction and innovations of men like Protagorus. Did Sophocles concentrate on some of dissertation, Odysseus' well-known personality traits and turn him into quantum dots, a political man, of a type which may be recognizable to fifth-century audiences? (39) Whatever the on abortion reason, Odysseus is a different man than the one seen in Ajax , but some of his original characteristics were still evident. In Philoctetes , Odysseus is quantum thesis, again seen as ambassador for the Atreidae. Competition? He is sent on the important mission of retrieving Philoctetes and his bow, which must be brought to Troy to help the Greeks win the thesis war. The fact that Agamemnon has left him on the island for more than ten years after he received a terrible snake bite is the problem to be resolved. Philoctetes was bitten when he inadvertently walked on sacred ground and was consequently punished by the gods with a foul smelling, painful and diseased foot. Odysseus was dispatched by the King and competition, has Achilles' son Neoptolemus with him.
Odysseus tells him that he had orders to thesis, leave Philoctetes behind ten years before, stating: my masters, the princes, bade me to do it, (40) when Philoctetes' groaning was interrupting sacrifices to the gods, and literature essay, the camp was haunted by him. (41) Odysseus was only following orders when he left the man on the island; he was not really in quantum, a position to argue since it happened on the way to literature a level essay help, Troy and he did not know the Atreidae at the time. He now fears the revenge that Philoctetes will surely want. As the quintessentially prudent man, he puts a guard on alert, saying: For he would rather take me than all the dots thesis Greeks. (42) Throughout Odysseus' conversation with Neoptolemus, he uses phrases like ensnare the soul of Philoctetes with your words, (43) and it is the tongue that wins and not the deed. (44) He is using his own sophistic persuasion to english literature a level essay help, convince Achilles' son to help him. He is taking advantage of Neoptolemus' good nature and his young age to twist him into submission. 'He' should be 'they' since he is quantum, only doing the dirty work for Agamemnon and will do anything to achieve his goal. Odysseus realizes what Neoptolemus cannot: that neither force nor persuasion will work on their own, stating: he will not be persuaded; force will fail. Advocacy On Abortion? (45) He knows that as the dots best archer of the Greeks, coupled with Heracles' bow, that no one could take Philoctetes by force. He hopes that Neoptolemus will be able to trick him at least to pass over the bow so that they can then capture him easily. At the end of the play we realize that appropriate persuasion, as opposed to deceit, was their last chance. Odysseus knows the prophecy of Helenus but he only advocacy, tells Neoptolemus as much as he wants him to thesis, know. Rodriguez Essay? He compliments him, talks of his father, and tells him to take Philoctetes by craft. Quantum? He is trying to ensnare him with his words and allows him to believe that he will be called a wise man and a good one (46) for essay his actions on the deserted island.
Odysseus asked him to forget his true self for one day and to give himself over to quantum dots thesis, him and then he can be virtuous again. What Odysseus did not factor in was the possibility that Neoptolemus and Philoctetes would become friends, and that the young man would not be able to go against competition his true nature even for a day, even for glory. He tells Philoctetes that all is disgust when one leaves his own nature and does things that misfit it. (47) Neoptolemus is not like the Odysseus who is portrayed in this play, and he is unable to quantum, accept that the suffering of this Greek man was allowed to proposal essays, continue for dots thesis so long. His father, Achilles, was a savage man, but he hated deception and did not like Odysseus for that quality. When Neoptolemus gives the bow back, Philoctetes tells him, . you have shown your nature and true breeding, son of hamlet scene 1 essay, Achilleus and not Sisyphus . (48) This was a later addition to Odysseus' lineage. Thesis? He began as the son of Laertes, but as time went on, he was associated with the trickster Sisyphus. Every culture seems to have at least one character that has the qualities of a trickster and the Greeks had many. In the Theogony , Hesiod wrote about Prometheus, who had outwitted even the mighty Zeus on proposal essays, more than one occasion. (49) Zeus, himself, used many devious methods to obtain affection from women like Leto and Europa.
Other mythological characters like Tantalus and Sisyphus were known for their wily ways. In the Philoctetes , Odysseus is quantum dots thesis, portrayed as a combination of quintessential trickster and smooth talking sophist, who has no compassion for Philoctetes whatsoever and no qualms about corrupting Achilles' son. At the end of the play, his deceitful tactics do not work. State Dissertation? He loses whatever hold he had over Neoptolemus and does not get agreement from Philoctetes that he or his bow will go to dots, Troy. Neoptolemus gave the bow back to scene, its rightful owner and agreed to take him home. Quantum? Its original owner then appears to give directions. Heracles tells his old friend Philoctetes that he must go to Troy with Achilles' son and proposal essays, fulfill the will of dots, Zeus. Odysseus has no redeeming qualities in Sophocles' second representation of him, and this trend continues with Euripides' tragedies. Odysseus appears in complexion, a few of Euripides's plays and always as a totally detestable character.
W.B. Stanford says that Euripides presents Ulysses in quantum thesis, an almost entirely evil light, (50) particularly in Hecuba , where he plays a leading role, without a single redeeming feature. (51) Hecuba is a play that shows the devastating effects of war and what happens to rodriguez essay, captives in the aftermath. The tragedy opens with the speech of Hecuba's son Polydorus, who was in the care of his father's Thracian friend during the quantum dots Trojan War, but who was recently murdered for advocacy on abortion gold. The queen lives with the assumption that her last remaining son is quantum, alive and proposal essays, looks forward to seeing him soon. This son and two of her daughters are her only children to survive Troy and its fall. Quantum Dots? A chorus of captive women bring her terrifying news that her daughter Polyxena is to proposal essays, be sacrificed on Achilles' tomb, and that it was Odysseus who had convinced the dots thesis Greeks to perform the ceremony: And the rush of words, yes and no, was balanced until that shifty-hearted butcher knife, that sweet-coaxing, pandering son of georgia state university dissertation, Laertes persuades the army not to reject the best of all Greeks for the life of a slave, a sacrifice . (52)
The pain and horror is evident as Hecuba tells her daughter of her fate. When Odysseus enters, he is calm and quantum dots thesis, callous, telling the fallen queen not to get upset for 'it is hamlet 1 essay, prudent, even in bad times, to use common sense. Quantum Dots Thesis? (53) This sounds characteristically Odysseus. Hecuba gives him reasons why he should spare Polyxena and includes how she once saved his life in Troy. Now he should do something for her and she kneels in complexion essay, supplication before him. Odysseus ignores her pleading and tells her that Achilles requested the thesis sacrifice and it could not be disregarded. Hecuba tells her daughter to act 3 scene, supplicate herself to quantum dots, Odysseus, but he prevents her from doing so. Polyxena accepts her fate, but kills herself. Her mother is georgia state, treated with sympathy by no other than the cold-hearted Agamemnon. Odysseus is portrayed as an evil man, who has no compassion or understanding of human suffering. Thesis? This is a contrast with the sympathetic man we see in Ajax . Euripides cast Odysseus in The Women of Troy , as well and he is treated in hamlet act 3 scene 1 essay, a similar light.
Troy has just fallen and Queen Hecuba has received the news that she will go to thesis, Ithaka with Odysseus. She laments: Odysseus? Oh Odysseus! Now shear the head, tear the cheek, beat the brow! Cruellest fate of all! Now I belong to a perjured impious outcast, who defies man's law and God's; monster of wickedness whose tongue twists straight to crooked, truth to proposal essays, lies, friendship to dots, hate, mocks right and honours wrong! (54) Hecuba is right to advocacy on abortion, hate this man for soon she learns of his plan to quantum thesis, throw her sweet grandson off the walls of her city, to die a tragic death. Andromache says, But this is horrible beyond all measure! (55) and it is to the reader, as well. When Astyanax is brought in on essay, his father's shield, dead, Odysseus is really seen as an evil man, even if he is doing such things for the good of Greece because he shows no mercy for the Trojans. Euripides gave Odysseus a major role in a lost play called Palamedes , a man known for his cleverness, and who ruined Odysseus' plan of avoiding going to the Trojan War.
To get his revenge, Odysseus made it look like Palamedes was a traitor, who had helped the quantum thesis enemy in exchange for gold. Palamedes was found guilty with trumped-up evidence, and stoned to death because of essay, Odysseus. (56) The Homeric Odysseus would likely have become the best of friends with a man as wily as himself, but Euripides seemed to thoroughly detest Odysseus. W.B. Stanford states: Euripides' blackening of [his] character in this and quantum dots thesis, other plays had a lasting influence on classical drama until the eighteenth century. The serviceable diplomat and statesman of the Iliad is essay, transformed into a detestable politique whom no humane writer could admire. It was not until well into the nineteenth century that the [Odysseus] of drama fully escaped from this burden of infamy . (57) Odysseus went through many transformations from the time of the Iliad to the fifth-century BC, but in some ways he did not change at dots thesis, all. Essay? He began as a man of words and he ended up the same way, even if the words seemed uncharacteristic of dots, him at proposal essays, times.
Odysseus may be looked at in a positive manner, or in a very negative light, but he was one of the only heroes to survive the Trojan War and he always worked for the Greek cause.
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Multiple questions Academic Essay. Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.02 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.3. The structure of the Articles of Confederation. neglected the principle “separation of dots, powers” because it did not create a separate judicial branch.
reflected the principle “separation of powers” through its three separate branches of government. made a legislative branch and english literature a level essay help, a strong executive in line with the principle “separation of powers” created a single strong legislative branch in line with the principle “separation of powers” Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.02 LC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.5. Because of the principle of “rule of law,”
states can choose whether to dots thesis follow national laws. people can legally break laws they do not agree with. even the president can be arrested and placed on trial. trials are not often necessary because the law is the on abortion, judge. Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.04 LC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.14. Which of the following describes “reserved powers?” They are determined only by quantum dots, the president.
They are shared by the states and nation. They belong to the national government. They belong only to state governments. Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.01 LC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.2, ss.912.c.1.3br=”” The Declaration of Independence states that people have. natural rights that people are born with and that no government can take away.
an obligation to obey their government at all times due to the social contract. individual rights that differ depending on what work each person does. a duty to ensure the majority of people support each government decision rights. Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.03 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.4.
Federalists and Anti-federalists. agreed on literature essay, ratification of the quantum, Constitution with a strong central government. agreed on ratification of the proposal essays, Constitution without any significant changes. disagreed on dots thesis, ratification of the Constitution until slavery could be ended. disagreed on ratification of the Constitution and adding a bill of nigerian, rights. Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.01 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.2, ss.912.c.1.3br=””
The principle of limited government advocates that the powers of government should be limited by the rights and liberties of the quantum dots thesis, people. Which of the essay, following grievances from the Declaration of Independence best reflects the dots, principle of limited government? “He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to hamlet act 3 scene bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.” “He has affected to dots thesis render the Military independent of and proposal essays, superior to the Civil power.” “He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.” “He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.” Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.05 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.2.6. Trial by jury is an important right for a defendant on trial because it. gives citizens a meaningful way to quantum participate in rodriguez civic life.
helps protect the not guilty from wrongful conviction. relieves judges from the burden of making decisions. ensures that criminals are punished for crimes. Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.05 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.2.6. You pass an officer making an arrest on the street. You hear her say to the suspect, “You have the right to remain silent. If you give up the quantum dots, right to remain silent, anything you say can and will be used against you…” The officer’s words to the suspect and reasons for them most relate to the. Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)
(Citizenship 2.02 LC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.15. Who has the responsibility for settling disputes over meaning in the Constitution? Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.01 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.2, ss.912.c.1.3br=”” Did the Declaration of Independence reflect the principle of individual rights?
Yes, it listed the grievances against the king for abuses of the advocacy, colonists’ rights. Yes, it requested that the king restore colonists’ rights in order to keep peace. No, the thesis, grievances listed only essay, applied to colonists who worked for the king. No, the document only stated the colonies themselves would be free. Question 11 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.01 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.2, ss.912.c.1.3br=”” Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of popular sovereignty in the Declaration of quantum dots, Independence? “We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here.” “The history of the present King of essay, Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations…”
“All men are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of dots thesis, Happiness.” “He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the proposal essays, people.” Question 12 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.02 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.5. Article Five of the U.S. Quantum Dots. Constitution describes the amendment process. Georgia State. This power best reflects the dots thesis, principle of. Question 13 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)
(Citizenship 2.02 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.5. Which of the following principles is evident through the “necessary and proper clause” in the U.S. Constitution? checks and balances. Question 14 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.02 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.5. How does the U.S. Nigerian. Constitution reflect the principle of democracy?
It creates a republic government, which is the quantum thesis, same as democracy. Most of the people can elect leaders and advocacy, petition the government. It creates a republic form of government run by quantum, only a few officials. Most of the people have no role or effect on the legislative branch. Question 15 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points) (Citizenship 2.03 HC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.4.
“I go further, and affirm that bills of rights, in the sense and to the extent in which they are contended for, are not only unnecessary in the proposed Constitution, but would even be dangerous. Complexion. They would contain various exceptions to powers not granted; and on this very account, would afford a colorable pretext to claim more than were granted. For why declare that things shall not be done which there is no power to do?”—Alexander Hamilton. Which of the following makes a true statement about the quote? Hamilton is a Federalist and reasons that adding a list of rights to the Constitution would cause problems later. Hamilton is thesis, a Federalist and essay, reasons that the dots thesis, Constitution should not be ratified without a specific list of rights. Hamilton is an Anti-Federalist and reasons that adding a list of rights to the Constitution would cause problems later.
Hamilton is an Anti-Federalist and rodriguez complexion essay, reasons that the Constitution should not be ratified without a specific list of rights. Question 16 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.03 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.1. The Articles of Confederation reflected a strong belief in quantum dots thesis the supremacy of. the court system. Question 17 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.05 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.11. Which of the following is a power the Constitution allows that could limit individual rights? It allows all individual rights to essay competition be suspended during times of national emergency. It allows the judicial branch has the sole authority to quantum dots restrict rights when necessary.
It allows the president to add statements that place restriction on rights based on court case decisions. It allows the legislative branch to make necessary and proper laws to maintain stability and security. Question 18 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.05 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.11. Which of the following makes a true statement? The Constitution itself without its amendments contains no protections for individual rights. The Constitution limits the powers of governments as one way of securing individual rights. The Bill of proposal essays, Rights clearly and definitively lists specific situations where rights can be limited. The Bill of Rights contains many loopholes government can use in dots order to restrict rights. Question 19 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.04 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.10.
“(The power to regulate commerce is) the power to regulate; that is, to prescribe the english a level help, rule by which commerce is to quantum be governed. English Literature Essay. This power, like all others vested in Congress, is complete in dots itself, may be exercised to its utmost extent, and acknowledges no limitations, other than are prescribed in the Constitution.”—Supreme Court. The Supreme Court defined the meaning of the power to rodriguez “regulate commerce” in the case of. District of Columbia v. Heller. McCulloch v. Maryland. United States v. Nixon. Gibbons v. Quantum. Ogden. Question 20 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.05 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.2.4. A natural disaster strikes, and many people are without food or shelter. To protect public safety, the government would most likely.
limit food distribution to peaceful people. set a curfew to prevent criminal activity. distribute weapons for self-protection. have police search abandoned homes. Question 21 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.05 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.2.4. An accused criminal has the right to a trial by rodriguez, an impartial jury. Which of the following also reflects a right, but is quantum thesis, a potential threat to the accused’s rights that the courts might limit? Press access to evidence in the case before the proposal essays, trial begins. Press access to the suspect’s friends not involved in the crime. Jury access to dots thesis evidence that may affect their opinion on the case.
Jury access to the testimonies of several key witnesses to the crime. Question 22 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.04 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.14. The framers of the Constitution could not have anticipated creating an air force. On Abortion. Therefore, its creation is an example of. a concurrent power. an implied power. an expressed power.
Question 23 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.04 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.14. Which of the following is an example of an expressed power? granting professional licenses. creating the post offices. establishing an air force. Question 24 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points)
(Citizenship 2.02 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.15. Which of the following makes a true statement about the Constitution and the government? It shares the government’s power but gives final authority to the individual state governments. It distributes the government’s power between three branches that all answer to the president. It limits the government’s power through listing its responsibilities and including a bill of rights. It reflects the principle of majority rule by having elections on each major legislative policy change.
Question 25 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.02 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.15. Which of the following is quantum, a check on the power of the judicial branch? The president overturns a Supreme Court ruling. The House of Representatives impeaches a justice. The Senate nominates judges for the Supreme Court. The Congress rejects a ruling by the Supreme Court. Question 26 (Multiple Choice Worth 4 points) (Citizenship 2.03 HC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.1.
“The majority, oppressing an individual, is guilty of a crime, abuses its strength, and by acting on the law of the strongest breaks up the foundations of society.”—Thomas Jefferson. Which of the following statements both relates to the quote above and supports it? The rule of law is an essential principle in the nation but not nearly as important as the idea of majority rule. The rule of law is the most important principle in the nation where votes of the majority determine the laws. The rule of the proposal essays, majority with protection for the minority’s rights is essential for quantum dots, preserving the liberties of all. The rule of the majority is the only principle on proposal essays, which this nation should run in order to protect democracy. Question 27 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.04 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.2. “New States may be admitted by the Congress into dots thesis this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of proposal essays, States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the quantum, Congress.”—U.S. Constitution.
Based on this quote, the essay, power to quantum dots thesis create new U.S. states is a. Question 28 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.04 LC)object:standard:ss.912.c.3.2. What is the meaning of the essay help, idea “federalism?” The nation unifies against foreign threats, but states are sovereign otherwise. Government power and responsibility is spread out between three branches. State governments and a central government share power and dots thesis, responsibility. One single and powerful central government unifies and governs the country.
Question 29 (Multiple Choice Worth 3 points) (Citizenship 2.03 MC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.3. In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments, and then the portion allotted to essay on abortion each subdivided among distinct and separate departments. Hence a double security arises to the rights of the dots, people. Advocacy On Abortion. The different governments will control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.—Madison, Number 51.
Based on the quote, which of the following statements would Madison have likely supported? Development of political parties is necessary to ensure the security and stability of a democratic government. A government must have enough power to govern however, its power must also be limited by creating multiple branches within it. One government can not carry out the will of the people alone, therefore the thesis, establishment of two separate governments is necessary. A government must sometimes limit civil liberties of proposal essays, individuals to ensure the safety and security of all citizens. Question 30 (Essay Worth 11 points) (Citizenship 2.03 HC)object:standard:ss.912.c.1.1. “Liberty may be endangered by thesis, the abuse of liberty, but also by act 3 scene 1 essay, the abuse of power.”—James Madison.
In at least two paragraphs, discuss the meaning and how this quote supports or rejects one of the following principles-limited government, natural rights, or separation of powers. PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH US TODAY AND GET A GOOD DISCOUNT. Is this question part of your assignment? Here is a 20% discount coupon for our first time clients. Enter your name and email below and I'll send it to quantum you.
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essay reggae music Rhetoric of Reggae. Hip-hop and quantum dots thesis, Reggae: The Common Links of Politics and Music. Music is an art form and advocacy on abortion, source of power. Many forms of music reflect culture and society, as well as, containing political content and social message.
Music as social change has been highlighted throughout the 20 th century. In the 1960s the United States saw political and socially oriented folk music discussing the Vietnam War and other social issues. In Jamaica during the 1970s and quantum dots, 1980s reggae developed out of the state Ghetto’s of Trench town and quantum dots thesis, expressed the social unrest of the poor and the need to over-through the oppressors. The 1980’s brought the newest development in social and political music, the emergence of hip-hop and rap. This urban musical art form that was developed in nigerian competition, New York City has now taken over the mainstream, but originated as an empowering art form for urban youth and emerging working class. Musically hip-hop spawned the age of DJ’s. With strong influences from Reggae, hip-hop has developed into an empowering form for the expression of ideas, power, revolution and change. Power and empowerment have emerged from these musical styles that now have many commonalities.
Hip-hop and Reggae are both forms of protest music. “Protest music is characterized by objections to injustices and oppressions inflicted on certain individual groups…. typically, the intent of protest musicians is to quantum dots thesis oppose the exploitation and oppression exercised by proposal essays, dominant elites and member of dominant groups”(Stapleton, 221). Hip-hop has developed as a new form of protest music void of the common acoustic guitar. The goal of protest music is to promote freedom through music. Bob Marley expresses his belief that music is a message and thesis, route to freedom in the song “Trench town.” Most of them come from Trench Town/We free the people with music, sweet music/Can we free the people with music (Marley: 1983) Hip-hop and reggae share many common themes in their music and in the lyrics that discuss the issues of drugs and crime, expose political problems facing minorities, and express social discontent.
This paper is an analysis of the proposal essays political and social aspects of hip-hop and reggae, as well as, addressing the quantum commonalities of the music itself as they have developed and changed over a level essay, time. This analysis produces the holistic view reflecting the interconnectedness of these two genres of music. Reggae’s Influence on hip-hop. Reggae music had a direct impact on the development of hip-hop music. Both styles of music emerged from the dancehall, with lyrics containing social and political message. “Reggae started as ‘sufferah’s’ music in poor Jamaican villages. Inside gritty dancehalls, selectors spun scratchy sides, called ‘specials,’ and MC’s boasted, talked nonsense and criticized political, cultural and economic oppression” (Havlock). Reggae emerged out of the island culture of quantum thesis, Jamaica and the “poor man’s party,” while hip-hop music emerged in New York City, specifically the Bronx, in the early 1970s. DJ Kool Herc is credited as one, if not the originator, of competition, hip-hop. Dots! Kool Herc brought his Caribbean style when emigrated from Jamaica in 1967. He began this new musical journey with the proposal essays desire to bring the powerful Jamaican Dancehall sound system to play music at parties and in the streets. In 1973 he had created his own sound system to play music around town.
He began his DJ career spinning reggae through the system, but found the quantum dots thesis urban New York City crowd unmotivated to groove to the Jamaican sounds. The African American community was still heavily influence by R B and funk, from the english literature a level essay help likes of dots, James Brown. Unable to dance to Kool Herc’s Jamaican beats, DJ Kool Herc began spinning the Funk that his peers had already been grooving too. When asked about how he developed his hip-hop style, Kool Herc said, I'm from Jamaica and so I brought a lot of music from my home to work with. When people didn't catch on, I pulled out a couple of James Brown. records and proposal essays, mixed them with some Jamaican music. And my hip hop sound really. began to develop.(Shivers)
As Kool Herc was developing his hip-hop style he was still relying on his Jamaican roots. With the influence of early talk over DJs like U Roy, Kool Herc “began talking over dots thesis, the Latin-tinged funk that he knew would appeal”(Hebdige, 137). The talk over became know for georgia dissertation, “toasting,” when DJ’s gave praise the music and thesis, crowd. Essay! Hip-hop legend Afrika Bambaata credits the “toasting” element for the development of hip-hop. Quantum Dots Thesis! “People will say hip hop just comes from soul or rock. It comes from all types of music, but it's based mainly around the toasting element of reggae.
That's how rap came about.”(Bambaata, http://www.daveyd.com/baminterview.html ) As the rapping element of hip-hop was developing, the skills of DJ’s were progressing rapidly as well. DJ’s were using turntables to cut and mix over hamlet act 3 scene, the main piece of music. Kool Herc began mixing lead guitar riffs and drum beats at the breaks, through cutting and mixing. This idea of cutting and mixing during the breaks lead to Kool Herc’s first invention in hip hop that he is dots credited with, the hamlet scene “break beat.” Kool Herc first developed “break beats” when he began mixing in the song Apache, by the Jamaican disco group, the quantum Incredible Bongo Band. To set the timing for the ‘break beats,’ Kool Herc used headphones to cue up the rodriguez drums to mix over.
As he became more skilled at this technique, it became too difficult to “rap” and dj. In order to keep both occurring simultaneously, Kool Herc hired MC’s, Coke-la-Rock and quantum, Clark Kent, to do the rapping. “The MC’s would put on a show for the crowd, dancing in front of the decks and bouncing lines off each other”(Hebdige, 138). This addition brought the georgia university dissertation emergence of the MC and quantum dots thesis, the first dance teams, another first credited to Kool Herc. Another important DJ in the development of hip-hop was Grandmaster Flash. Grandmaster Flash used the Caribbean musical influence from his father to progress his own style in the emerging hip-hop scene. With the development of the hip-hop style, the DJ’s turntable skills were a measurement of progression in hip-hop. DJ’s were looking to see how they could use the turntables to essay bring more power and emphasis to the music. Flash is credited as one of the experts at “punch phrasing.” “The punch works in hip-hop like a punctuation mark in a sentence.
It helps to give shape to the flow of sounds on the record in the same way that a comma or a full stop helps shape the quantum flow of written language…. so the punch in hip hop can be used to accentuate the beat and the rhythm for the dancing crowd”(Hebdige, 139). Revolutionizing this technique, Grandmaster Flash and his group the Furious Five, with MC Melle Mel created a hard rapping hip-hop style. The development of hip-hop created a subculture as well as a new musical form. Proposal Essays! The development of the new hip-hop culture fostered a new topic for MC’s to quantum dots rap about. Advocacy Essay! MC’s began rapping about the new culture, which included music, break dancing and most importantly the struggles of urban life, the latter adding a political element to the music. Hip hop and its artists took began taking the approach of rapping to “tell it like it is.” DJ, Grandmaster Flash, one of the originators of dots, hip hop music, was one of the first to english help rap about the hardships of dots thesis, urban life, in his classic song, the rodriguez essay Message. Dots! Flash said, Don’t push me ‘cos I’m close to the edge/ I’m tryin’ hard not to lose my head/ It’s like a jungle some times/ Sometimes I wonder how I keep from going under. Hamlet Act 3 Scene 1 Essay! (Hebdige, 143) To combat the problems of urban and dots, ghetto life, leadership amongst the hip hop community needed to develop. Georgia State University! Afrika Bambaata, now one of the figureheads for dots, hip-hop culture, emerged as one of the leaders. Bambaata went from running the sound system at university the Bronx River Community Center to becoming the founder and “Affectionate Leader” of the Zulu Nation. “In the Zulu Nation he set out to replace “rumbles” (fights) and drugs with rap, dance and hip hop style.
He wanted to turn the gang structure into a positive force in the ghetto.”(Hebdige, 139). The goal of organizations like the Zulu is to dots thesis help people from the underprivileged classes help each other make a positive impact on the community and themselves. To combat the problems facing urban youth, community organizations and proposal essays, rappers began emphasizing the importance of education and quantum dots thesis, staying in school. Of the hip-hop generation, Bradley says, “With all of its raw language, rap… is the only force that is universally reaching the unreachable generation. This is a generation that is expressing its dissent through music rather than speeches.
A generation that has rejected the essay sanctity of the media’s re-creations of American life.”(Bradley) Hip hop groups like Run DMC told stories of how their success came from staying clean from drugs and getting a education. The lyrics Run DMC’s song, “Its like that” reflects the images what life is like in the urban areas, as wells as expresses the need for youth to change their ways. It's like that (what?) and that's the quantum thesis way it is. (Run DMC: 1983) As hip-hop continues to develop, it has kept true to complexion essay telling of how life is, and keeping the imagery real. This philosophy and social message within the lyrics has led the music to become political.
Because hip-hop and reggae are forms of music with lyrics discussing social issues, the content over time has become political. Quantum! The political element within hip-hop and reggae developed at different times, specifically because hip-hop evolved out of reggae. Origins of Politics in Reggae Music. Reggae music finds its roots in the music and culture of Jamaica and its people. Elena Oumano argues that the hamlet scene 1 essay political roots in Jamaica can be traced back to the Maroons. The Maroons were the slaves who escaped Spanish control and settled in the heartland of the Island, who were later granted their freedom by the British during colonialism. Oumano says that, “throughout slavery, the raw, rebellious pounding of Maroon Koro drums and dots, the piercing wail of the Abeng horn echoed from the mountainous interior, surrounding a call to freedom on the plantations below.”(Oumano:1997) As music and culture evolved in Jamaica, reggae was born embodying the politics of the people the island. Reggae music holds a political and social cohesiveness through religion compared to hip-hop that stays together through the proposal essays culture it developed. Thesis! Rastafarianism has a dominant influence within reggae music and, “there are intensely religious and nigerian, deeply spiritual aspects of reggae’s religious base.”(Salmon). Rastafarianism, as well as the drumming of the Maroons predates reggae music, but their influence is strong. Rastafarians believe that the former Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie is God incarnate.
The intertwining of the Rastafarian religion and the often “-secular” reggae music creates a balance to the music and a vehicle for quantum dots thesis, each to feed from. (Salmon) Rastafarians made many contributions to Jamaican music in its formative years including the use of essay on abortion, African drum rhythms and political content within the lyrics. Dougy Mack used the African drum rhythms of Count Ossie in addition to quantum his lyrics, to essay protest Patrice Lumumba’s murder. Here is some news from the dots thesis Congo land/I think it is a shame/You kill Lumumba over His own land I think it is a shame. Nigerian Essay! (Wilson) As Jamaican music developed Rastafarians have brought Jamaican culture politics, religion, a social message and thesis, music together in the form of reggae. State Dissertation! To the Rastafarian and in reggae, ultimate social change can only occur with the end of Babylon System. Babylon is a Rastafarian term that refers to, in general, the “oppressive western society.”(Barrow, 373) Babylon is a society where Blacks cannot gain power and advance as a race of people. Wilson’s discussion of the quantum dots early political Rastafarian music places the focus of the music on the structure of society and the need to over through Babylon system that is holding society down. Oh Babylon Gone, Oh Babylon Gone/ Babylon you gone, you gone, you gone/ Babylon you gone And your throne fall down. (Wilson) “Reggae and Rastafari…offer a humane alternative to many of the harsh and anti-human qualities often associated with Western society,” Babylon. On Abortion! (Salmon) To criticize Babylon is to thesis chant it down, and this is done musically most notably by Bob Marley.
In his song, “Chant Down Babylon,” he says, And how I know, and that's how I know/A Reggae Music, mek we chant down Babylon/With music, mek we chant down Babylon/This music, mek we chant down Babylon/This music, come we chant down Babylon. (Marley:1983) Exemplified in these lyrics is the power of music as a platform for gaining support to help bring the social change. This social change is advocacy on abortion what is needed for blacks within Jamaica and quantum dots thesis, the rest of the world. The sentiments of oppression in reggae music are a reoccurring theme within hip-hop music as well. The concept of Babylon has traversed its way into hip-hop music as well, following in the footsteps of other elements of reggae and Jamaican culture. Babylon to the Rasta is the oppressive western society, but in the context of hip-hop it refers to the oppression facing African Americans in U. S. cities. Literature A Level! Hip-hop artist Talib Kweli, in his song “This means you,” makes reference to Babylon and the struggles for African Americans in New York.
Things changed since we cam out, been some shit in New York/ Niggas stopped getting jig in New York, bloods and crips in New York/ The Y2k celebration wasn’t big in New York, Babylon live in dots, New York. (Kweli, 2000) Kweli’s chorus and answer to english literature a level essay help these problems, is this situation is, “you need to get up right now and move with this, this means you, you, you” (Kweli, 2000). His call is for African Americans to dots get up and move with the changes in society that are occurring to help elevate their status within society. Politics in Hip Hop Music. In the late 1980s and early 1990s the rap group Public Enemy, lead by literature essay, hip-hop icon Chuck D, was working hard to quantum dots raise public awareness of the troubles facing African Americans. English Help! Public Enemy was following in the footsteps of their predecessors who have made social awareness one of the defining elements of hip-hop music. The mission of quantum thesis, social awareness in hip hop is noted by Katina Stapleton who sees that “from its rough and tumble forms to the most commercial jams, hip-hop has been able to on abortion raise awareness among African Americans and quantum dots, the general public about the issues that face black youth on nigerian essay competition a day-to-day basis”(Stapleton, 221).
Public Enemy’s album Fear of a Black Planet makes clear and direct statements about the struggle of African Americans. Quantum Dots Thesis! In an1990 interview, Chuck D, when asked, “Why is the upcoming album titled Fear of a Black Planet?” responded, Fear of a Black Planet is the refusal to accept the Afro centric point of view and the continuing indoctrination of the Euro centric point of proposal essays, view. Which I don't think is beneficial to the majority of those on the planet. Fear of a Black Planet, in a nutshell, is a counterattack on the system of cultural white supremacy, which is conspiracy to destroy the quantum dots black race. ( Chuck D,http://www.daveyd.com/peterrord.html) The theme of this album focuses on elevating the black race in America, raising awareness and challenging the social problems, faced by the modern African American. This message is consistent throughout many of the hamlet act 3 scene 1 essay songs on thesis the album. Chuck D, gave insight into the meaning of essay competition, two of the more powerful and political songs on the album. “'Brother's Gonna Work It Out” is about “the rise of black intellectualism where the black male is going to have to step up mentally and unify together in quantum, order to do a little bit of something.
It will have to be a collective effort. Individually, the Black man is a pawn in a game.” “911 Is A Joke', which is the on abortion next single, is also self-explanatory, as it deals with the lack of emergency [assistance]. In our neighborhoods, when there's an emergency and we need help right away, we don't get action as quick as in more posh areas. Especially in urban settings.” ( Chuck D,http://www.daveyd.com/peterrord.html) This album was written in true hip-hop style, to tell how life really is. The political and social messages, in the lyrics of Public Enemy’s songs, are emphatic and direct. Although Public Enemy and this album are an thesis, important part in the development of hip-hop music, they only represent one era of hip-hop music. Politics and Social Change in Hip-hop and rodriguez, Reggae Music. As hip hop and reggae music have developed, they have followed the path of most forms of music by going through stages, with certain groups, albums and styles define an era within their genre. By the dots late sixties, politics and social unrest mixed in reggae music creating a new fierce music of Rock Steady filled with images of the gangster ‘rude boy’. “’Rock Steady’ music rather than rejecting the depravity of the georgia state dissertation political mercenary exalted and glorified the pugnaciousness of the ‘rude boy’”(Wilson). Musical artist such as Desmond Decker and Peter Tosh wrote and thesis, sang images of the essay ‘rude boy.’ In ‘007 Decker sings.
’007, ‘007 at ocean’s eleven rude boy ago wail cause them out of jail/ rude boy cannot fail cause the must get bail/them a loot, them a shoot / them a wail, a shanty town/ rude boy de pon probation, shanty town/ rude boy a bomb up de town.’(Wilson) Peter Tosh with his bold militant philosophy even went as far as to call himself the “Toughest” in a self-declarative song. Anything you can do I can do better / I’m the toughest, I can do what you can do, never try to do what I do, I’m the toughest (Wilson) The lyrics of the Rock Steady era were harsh images of gang life and social unrest. This was a period of political and lyrical anarchy. Politicians from both political parties, the Peoples National Party (PNP) and the Jamaican Labour Party (JLP), were using urban gang leaders to clear turf, and control neighborhoods in order to gain political power. Rock Steady music with its ‘rude boy’ image embedded within, defined this era of social instability. Dots! This period of political and lyrical anarchy needed to end in order to help breed peace amongst the youth in rodriguez complexion essay, Kingston and bring higher consciousness back to dots reggae music. Similar to on abortion the Rock Steady period of quantum, Reggae, hip-hop in the early 1990’s found itself in the ‘rude boy’ era.
The music and image of hip-hop traversed into georgia state university, the mainstream changing the quantum dots thesis imagery portrayed in the lyrics. The voice and picture of nigerian competition, hip-hop changed from life in the developing underground urban hip-hop culture, with a message of social change, to images of the hard gang life in Los Angeles and New York City. Hip-hop culture took another fierce turn in dots thesis, the wake of incidents like Rodney King. Hip-hop was glorifying gang life and the social unrest was embedded in controversial songs like Ice-T’s “Cop Killer.” The social elements in hip-hop lyrics were strong and explicit. The glorification of gang life in hip-hop music found a culmination in advocacy essay on abortion, an east coast/ west coast feud that took the lives of two of hip hop’s biggest stars, Tupak Shakur and Notorious BIG were dead. Although the commercialized hip-hop was glorifying gang culture in the 1990s, the underground scene still kept to its roots holding to a strong social message and push for empowerment. Hip-hop, in dots, the year 2001, emerged with a mission of complexion essay, peace. Although, politically hip-hop has rarely been on the positive side of politics, the hip-hop community decided it needed to make a strong political statement.
Hip hop took politics to the highest level in the year 2001 when, “Along with leading hip-hop pioneers such as Grandmaster Flash, Afrika Bambaata, Chuck D of Public Enemy and the Ruff Ryders, KRS will present a Hip-Hop Declaration of Peace to UN leaders. The Declaration is the first of its kind. The document will contain 25 paragraphs of thought and opinion from leading rappers about the socially conscious direction they believe rap needs to quantum thesis take.”(Gordon) Hip-hop and rap is the new political music in the United States. The backbone of the advocacy essay hip-hop community lies with its originators, who have maintained the vision of music as a form of quantum dots thesis, social change and empowerment. The 1972 electoral campaign of georgia state university dissertation, Michael Manley initiated the popularization of reggae music and Rastafarianism out of political necessity rather than acceptance. Quantum Dots! The People’s National Party (PNP), “sifted through the culture of the essay Rastafarians in order to find symbols that Michael Manley, its candidate for quantum, prime minister, might use in his political speeches.”(Lewis, 12). Manley Politicized the Pastas and tried to align himself with their image as sufferers in 1 essay, order to quantum implement policy for essay on abortion, creating a socialist state in quantum dots thesis, Jamaica. He aligned himself with the Rastafarians because he believed they were “bearers of an english a level, African identity worthy of quantum, emulation by the public.”(Lewis, 12) Manley employed several different tactics to use reggae and Rastafarianism in essay help, his campaign.
The People’s National Party staged over thirty bandwagon shows, comprised of artist whose music was banned for political reasons. The music was used as a weapon against the Shearer Government. Delroy Wilson’s ‘Better Must Come’ became on of the campaign slogans. Clancy Eccles ‘The Rod of Correction’ symbolized the impending purge of the corrupt Jamaica Labour Party. Manley adroitly used a rod given to him by the Rastafarian ‘Messiah’ Haile Sellassie, as a biblical symbol connoting righteousness. (Wilson) Manley’s embracement of dots, reggae solidified the important role reggae music has played in politics in Jamaica. The Importance of the Artist.
Reggae music has always had substantial influence on the culture and politics of Jamaican society and english literature a level, is in turn affected by the same forces. For reggae music to push for thesis, social change, the music and culture is dependent on strong artists willing to portray the struggles of life and the necessity for social change. Proposal Essays! Basil Wilson believes that, “the task of the reggae artist is to shape his society by understanding and supporting the need for structural changed in Jamaica. The reggae artist must recognize that the culture that replaced the old imperialistic culture is by no means wholesome and embraces a belief system that is thesis not commensurate with modern development.”(Wilson) Wilson’s characteristics solidifies the idea that reggae music is more than entertainment and is dependent on artists, rather than entertainers, to be successful in their social message. Peter Tosh often referred to, as the ‘Prince’ of reggae music, is a prime example of the strength embodied in a reggae artist. Debunking the notion that he is only an entertainer, Tosh stated his musical message of freedom.
People must know, I’m not an entertainer, but I love to make people happy. When I come on stage it’s not to entertain and just smile, because my songs are not smiling songs. My songs is a revolution. How can you sing a revolution, which you know is english literature a level essay a threat to society? You have to be thinking who is out there to assass-the-fucking-nate you, seen! And when you do these things you become a threat to quantum dots thesis society. (Steffens, 47) Peter Tosh praised his songs as a revolution. The “Stepping Razor,” named after one of his songs, was truly not afraid to advocacy make overtly political statements through his music. From declaring himself the “toughest” to openly criticizing the quantum dots criminalization of marijuana in “Legalize It,” Tosh was willing to take a strong stand through his music. One of Tosh’s biggest political statements came on his 1983 European tour when he began playing a guitar made out of and M-16 assault riffle. “That guitar was made by on of my white musical terrorist friends in rodriguez, the U. Quantum Dots Thesis! S. Rodriguez Complexion Essay! This guitar is firing shots at all them devil disciples.
Music is quantum dots thesis my weapon to fight against apartheid, nuclear war and those gang-Jah criminals.”(Steffens, 52) Peter Tosh’s belief in the power of music to insight revolution and bring social change is undeniable, but as the Prince of hamlet scene, Reggae music, he can only be out done by the King. Bob Marley is often referred to as the King of reggae music. Marley is the opitimey of the reggae artist whose goal is to insight social change, revolution and over through Babylon. Bob Marley lived up to his position at dots thesis the top of the reggae world in 1978 at the “One Love Peace Concert” in Kingston Jamaica. The peace concert was held on the twelfth anniversary of Haille Selassie I’s visit to Jamaica. The concert was promoted as, “a celebration of the help peace treaty which claimed to dots thesis bring an english help, end to years of tribal warfare fomented in the ghettos by Jamaica’s fractious politrickal factions.”(Steffens, 48) The defining moment of the show saw Bob Marley successfully coax both political candidates onto stage with him and raise arms together in a sign of peace and unity. Legend has it, this handshake was such a strong mark of peace and politics that it caused a lightning flash the instant their hands met. The efforts of Bob Marley and other artists at the concert solidified the political role of reggae music and the reggae artist to promote social change.
In general, Bob Marley made many significant contributions to reggae music and culture, from thesis defining “roots reggae” to exposing his music to the world, his presence and impact through his music is undeniable. Tricia Nichols say that for his efforts to promote peace and his continued social message in his music Bob Marley was awarded a Third World Peace Medal, presented by Senegal on Behalf of all the on abortion African countries at the United Nations. He merits this award because “no one has spread the quantum dots thesis message of Rastafari with greater reach or impact than has Bob Marley”(Nichols, 74) Marley has impacted the world both socially and musically. His influence and social message are continuously seen today where it is now delivered through various forms of music. The commonalities and rodriguez essay, influence of reggae and hip-hop have brought artists to collaborate for social expression and music. Recently the Bob Marley’s family put together and all-star cast to thesis celebrate the message, music and life of the literature essay help King of reggae, Bob Marley. On the recent release of Chant Down Babylon, a collaborative album, some of hip-hop’s famed artists such as Erika Badu, Chuck D, Busta Ryhmes, The Roots, and others mix duets with the late King of Reggae paying tribute to rebel music. “The album’s collaborations (some inspired, some not) underscore the notion that be it reggae, hip-hop, or rock, rebel music is rebel music. Busta Rhymes’s fierce Jamaican patois-flavor Selassie I rap for “Rastaman Chant” and The Roots’ turn on “Burnin’ and Lootin’” are just two tracks that elucidate the natural links between any musicians bent on upsetting the rulers of Babylon.”(Oumano: 2000) As culture and society change, so does music, and hip-hop and reggae music two forms reflective of progression. The social message continues to dots be strong in hip-hop and reggae music.
Both have developed music and cultures that feed off each other portraying the proposal essays image of what life is really like through their music. Music has the ability to empower people. Quantum Dots Thesis! Politicians in Jamaica have been forced to accept the english literature power of reggae because it contains such a strong social message. Hip-hop has emerged from its Caribbean roots with a musical influence but most importantly a strong social message. Without music that contains the message of hip hop and reggae, society is unable to change, because the issues and quantum thesis, problems that face the lower classes, which Mainstream society is so dependent on, would not be seen. University Dissertation! If Babylon cannot be over through, music can only quantum dots thesis help as a unifying force to help challenge the system. Davey D’s Hip hop corner: http://www.daveyd.com/
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Wilson, Basil “The politics culture of hamlet 1 essay, Reggae music” The Caribbean-American Magazine v. 24 N. 1 p. 25, 2/28/2000. Honorary Citizen: Peter Tosh, Sony Music Entertainment:1997. Steffens, Roger. Dots! “In the university dissertation Tracks of the Stepping Razor: The Peter Tosh Biography” pgs. 42-51. Reflection Eternal: Talib Kweli, Rawkus Records 2000.