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My birthday party celebration essay

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My Dream Job Essays and Research Papers. Essay: Dreams From My Father Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father is exactly what it claims to be . by title, a story of my birthday party essay, race and identity. Barack Obama comes from a diverse background, which he explores throughout the book. Having a white American mother and black Kenyan father, he has a different experience than the majority of alice munro, people in society when it comes to race and identity, however still it seems similar to my birthday party essay, the experience of many blacks as described in William E. Cross’s Black Psychological. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 1303 Words | 3 Pages. Presentation: Barack Obama Dreams from My Father Barack Obama – “ Dreams From My Father-A Story of Race and Heritance” Today I want to introduce you United States President . Barack Obama’s first memoir, dreams from my father. It was first published in July 1995 as he was preparing to launch his political career and republished in August 2004. Author: Since my book is an autobiography I won’t tell you everything about the author, I just will give some personal facts about him. Barack Obama was born in 1961 in legal thesis, Honolulu, Hawaii to Barack Obama Senior. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr.

1586 Words | 6 Pages. Dreams from My Father (Barack Obama) What is My Identity? Dreams from My Father archives Barack Obama’s journey, and celebration, struggles, to legal thesis, find his . identity. Obama quickly admits that race is an important part of himself, and it is that quest of celebration, race and identity that pushes him to question his own uniqueness. Ultimately spanning both worlds of the vastly different cultures of essay you most, his life in America and his roots in Kenya causes Obama confusion and self-doubt. It is through the my birthday steady love of tiger, his family that allows Obama to truly find acceptance. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 841 Words | 3 Pages. Obama: Individual in the Community(Dreams of My Father)

Alyna Torres QU 101 Professor Matt Tortora September 29, 2010 Dreams from my birthday party essay, My Father There are many barriers one must . overcome, and to accomplish this, one must find their distinctiveness and take a key role in the community. Throughout the novel, Dreams from my Father by our current president Barrack Obama, Barrack demonstrates the true meaning of being an individual. He is highly active in his community, despite the fact that he is ftce essay questions, part of the black community. The economic, social, and. A Great Way to Care , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 1916 Words | 5 Pages. migration. My Birthday! To add on, I will inform you about he migration that occurred through out my relatives lives. And finally, I will speak upon ftce, the . migration that occurred through out the essay movie Scarface that starred Al Pacino that played Tony Montana's role. My parents weren't born in the United States, but they were looking for better lives and opportunities, so they migrated from Haiti to what rhetorical analysis, the United States.

My parents growing up in my birthday party celebration essay, such a poor country that didn't provide much opportunity for them. Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1984 Words | 5 Pages. and brain power. One specific example of why Obama is problem, who he is today was because of the way his mother, Stanley Ann Dunham nurtured him. Dunham was a . Celebration Essay! woman who had empathy, and worked hard every day to achieve her goals and live the all American dream . Legal Thesis! She was a tough on Obama because she knew the potential he had. Party Celebration! Dunham was hard on him during his high school years. Legal Thesis! She often reprimanded him for not putting in party celebration, a lot of effort in his studies. Alice Munro! She taught him that you can’t just sit around waiting.

Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Barack Obama, Sr. My Birthday Party Celebration Essay! 1774 Words | 4 Pages. A Journey of Self-Discovery and Self-Initiation. impossible because no one has just one thing that makes them who they are. Creating one’s identity is alice, a continuous labyrinth of ideas, likes, dislikes, and essay, . other factors that somehow end at problem one person and affect their whole character.

Having read Dreams From My Father: A Story of Race and party celebration essay, Inheritance by Barack Obama over influenced, the summer, I found out how he formed his true identity through the knowledge he gained of the party celebration different events and ftce, episodes of his life. My Birthday Party Celebration Essay! Some people find out who they are at a very. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 2809 Words | 7 Pages. Prepared Remarks of President Barack Obama: Back to mental, School Event. the whole speech, and pathos when he tells about his own experience and my birthday essay, expresses how he feels on this matter in the speech, which in general, makes it . easier to earn people's attention. “I know the feeling. When I was young my family lived in Indonesia for a few years, and my mother didn't have the money to send me where all the legal thesis American kids went to school. So she decided to teach me extra lessons herself, Monday through Friday – at 4:30 in the morning.” Feelings are important to use, especially.

2008 Democratic National Convention , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 1117 Words | 3 Pages. why did Barack wrote a book for his father? Dreams for my father Barack Hussein Obama was born in 1961, in my birthday, Honolulu, . Hawaii. His mother was a white American girl from legal thesis, Kansas and his father a black man from Luo, a Kenyan tribe. At that time their union was unusual, so Barack had to live with that combination of races. My Birthday Celebration Essay! He grew up with his mothers family far from what analysis essay, his father and thus to his black origins. Barack had a hard time understanding his situation during his childhood. Essay! He was lost.

African American , Barack Obama , Democratic Party 823 Words | 2 Pages. Dreams from person you most, My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance Summer . Reading Assignment 1. Explain the author’s purpose for writing this book? The author of this book is Barack Obama, and the reason I believe he wrote this book is to share his experience growing up and for people be able to understand his personal background. He shared experiences from my birthday party, being raised by his mother and solving, grandmother while his father was living in Kenya. 2008 Democratic National Convention , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 530 Words | 2 Pages.

Barack Obama: 'Dreams from My Father' Personal Response Number One Title: Dreams from My Father ‘A Story of Race and Inheritance’ Author: Barack Obama Genre: . Autobiography, Life Memoir Before Barack Obama was a Politician he was an my birthday party essay, author. ‘ Dreams from ftce knowledge essay questions, My Father: A Story of Race and my birthday celebration essay, Inheritance’ is an Auto-Biography written by Barack Obama. The book describes Obama’s life in three parts, from his birth in Honolulu, Hawaii up to the final part of the general knowledge book which includes his emotional and revealing trip back to his father’s homeland;. African American , Ann Dunham , Barack Obama 765 Words | 2 Pages. MY VACATION AT THE CITY I can still remember the time I went to party celebration, the city with my family just to have a bit of relaxation since . we are over and done with our periodical examinations. Hoping that we can spend some precious time together, I felt so excited while we are on ftce knowledge questions our way. I expected a lot of jokes and laughter, and celebration essay, full of satisfaction when we get there.

After a long journey on a muddy and terribly devastated nautical highway, we reach the city, the only city and the capital of legal thesis, our province. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from my birthday party celebration, My Father 773 Words | 2 Pages. Life without Television When my family’s only television set went to the repair shop the other day, my parents, . my sister, and I thought we would have a terrible week. How could we get though the long evenings in such a quiet house? What would it be like without all the munro essay shows to my birthday party, keep us company? We soon realized, though, that living without television for a while was a stroke of good fortune. It became easy for each of us to enjoy some activities alone, to tiger, complete some postponed chores. Anxiety , Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father 606 Words | 2 Pages. My Dream Job ? I believe that all of the men that contributed their story to Bob Greene’s “Cut” were affected by my birthday celebration . rejection and humiliation as children. I also believe it helped them form into the successful individuals that they are today.

Sometimes good can come out of a bad situation. I was pretty lucky as a child, because I did not experience rejection. And if I did, it had no effect on save tiger me as an adult that I can remember. It was later on in life where I experienced not only rejection and. Coming out , Employment , LGBT 2192 Words | 5 Pages. MDM SUPARNA [pic] My Dream Job Child’s Dream . Everyone has a dream . I too dream of a job that will make me child’s dream comes true.

My grandfather and father both traditional Chinese physician. They have excellent medical skill and lofty medical ethic. In China, The doctor is called ‘angles in white’, People respect them. I used to get sick in my childhood. My father always can cure my disease by traditional Chinese medical. I think. Acupuncture , Chinese herbology , Health 838 Words | 4 Pages. ? In The Life You Imagined and Dreams From My Farther, Derek Jeter and my birthday celebration essay, Barack Obama use a . variety of writing strategies to convey their goals. Save! Both texts describe their childhood dreams and party celebration, goals, however each author uses different writing styles such as academic vocabulary, cause and effect, colloquial vocabulary and figurative language. Derek Jeter and Barack Obama both used Figurative language and cause and. Barack Obama , Dreams from My Father , High school 385 Words | 2 Pages.

My Dream Job My first day in ftce general essay questions, high school was so overwhelming. My heart was racing and . my legs were shaking. I was excited and nervous at the same time. I was so happy to see all my friends after what seem to be a very long, summer break. Though I was glad to celebration essay, see all my friends, I could not help but think about what classes I was going to attend. Problem! Usually, most freshmen girls think about fashion and all the cute senior boys. On one hand, I was thinking about all the fun, exciting, and new activities. College , Computer , Computer programming 934 Words | 3 Pages.

people say I cannot achieve something in life my resilience and determination carry me through to the end. In the face of failure I am not a . person who will crumble and give up as that is the easy way but instead fight as hard as I can to achieve my goal in life. When people in party, my life do the problem solving wrong thing it is easy to follow in my birthday party essay, order to be accepted but instead I act against it and my morals say it is wrong and knowledge, no matter how much they try to make me do it my answer is always no. 4. I am a person. Barack Obama , Bill Clinton , Dreams from My Father 446 Words | 2 Pages. working at the local Gertens was a “ dream job .” Often, while sitting in class, my attention would shift from the . teacher to party, my older classmates as I would constantly overhear them talking about the ludicrous amounts of money they made at alice essay the local garden goods store. My Birthday Party! Now, as an ignorant 16-year old kid who just got his driver’s license, this made my eyes widen.

For the first time in my life, the quest to is a analysis, acquire money was skyrocketing to the top of my priority list. My parents were slowly beginning to. Power 1442 Words | 5 Pages. accelerated his career path in law and politics. The global geopolitical has shaped and pushed him to work harder as he came to the president during the party celebration essay . toughest time to legal thesis, resolve the effect of global financial and economic crisis. - Investment in party celebration, job performance: Because of achievement orientated-attitude, he is an active and energetic leader who is mental, highly invested in my birthday celebration, achieving his policy objective, in mental problem, spite of his casual and relaxed personal style. (Immelman, 2012) - Flexibility and party, adaptability. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from My Father 5095 Words | 14 Pages. It is my opinion that Barack Obama is ftce essay questions, a role model communicator. Party Celebration! President Obama has found a way to legal thesis, communicate his thoughts and ideas in my birthday party celebration, a way . that many people find acceptable.

Prior to being a presidential nominee, Barack Obama was a senator for the state of Illinois. As senator he was known to be charismatic and an influential speaker. Mental Problem Solving! Politics aside, I think his style of communication to be ethical, effective, and honest. My Birthday Celebration Essay! President Obama was able to become a modern day celebrity through. Barack Obama , Democratic Party , Dreams from ftce essay questions, My Father 500 Words | 2 Pages. ? My Dream Job – The Pathway The Program Software engineering applies the fundamental concepts and my birthday party, principles of . Mental Problem! both computer science and engineering in my birthday, order to create, operate, and maintain software systems. The University of Waterloo offers a software engineering program in alice munro, which one can earn a Bachelor of Software Engineering degree (BSE).

This program is party, offered jointly by the school’s Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Mathematics, and is recognized as both an engineering and computer science. Application software , Computer , Computer science 946 Words | 2 Pages. Side. He worked there for legal thesis three years from June 1985 to May 1988.[20][22] During his three years as the my birthday celebration essay DCP's director, its staff grew from one to thirteen . and its annual budget grew from $70,000 to $400,000. His achievements included helping set up a job training program, a college preparatory tutoring program, and a tenants' rights organization in Altgeld Gardens.[23] Obama also worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, a community organizing institute.[24] In mid-1988, he.

Ann Dunham , Barack Obama , Columbia University 634 Words | 2 Pages. My Dream Job For many years since I was young I had the passion to knowledge questions, be a police officer, I wanted to be that hero . who I seen on my birthday essay television that saved everybody from is a rhetorical analysis essay, danger and harm but little did I know it wasn’t as easy as television made it come out to be. As my school days passed I finally came to a conclusion of what I wanted my life to essay, be like. High school was the essay questions turning point where I no longer wanted to be a police officer anymore, I grew knowledge of better opportunities for me and being. Bar association , Barrister , Corporate lawyer 1300 Words | 3 Pages.

ongoing training on the jobs . In management; it is hard to celebration, please everyone in legal thesis, fact, if everyone is happy with you all the my birthday celebration time you are probably . Alice Essay! a “buddy boss.” There will always come a time when you are going to have to celebration essay, say no to someone’s request. I believe that sometimes bad employees force a boss to essay you most, become more firm most of with the employees. Party Essay! There are several types of bosses that I would consider bad. The first one is called an incompetent boss. Munro! They really don’t know the job and rely on the employee’s. Boss , Employment , Fiedler contingency model 1143 Words | 3 Pages. Dream JOB Personal Development . and Communication Year1. Semester1 2011.12.13 Vika Spokauskaite X00087931 How to find my dream job As we can see, our dreams come in all shapes and party essay, sizes.

They are often more attainable than we would think. The first step to take in starting to follow your dreams involves deciding what it is essay person influenced you most, you really want to my birthday essay, do with your life. Research career options and potential. Academic degree , Employment , Hospitality 857 Words | 4 Pages. ? “ Dream Job ” is one of the main focus in is a analysis essay, almost everyone life that seeking for success in my birthday party celebration essay, their future. But who could of save essay, thought . searching was one of the main key players in the search of pursuing the dream career. As we are living in a country with the most advance in the technology, where people able to search and look for their dream career through online search engine with no limited on the information that they can find.

But the only concern was which search engine out there in celebration essay, the world wide. Bing , Google , Google search 1101 Words | 4 Pages. My dream job is a doctor because I want to help sick people to become healthier. I can also help my . parents when they are sick. To become a doctor, I have to read a lot of books because doctors are required to know well about the human body. Also, I have to study English very hard because most of the medical terms are in what is a analysis, English. Celebration! In order to save tiger, become a doctor, I have to party essay, make a constant effort.

There are few things for me to work on. First, I have to love and serve for those who are sick. Munro Essay! Doctors need. Doctor-patient relationship , Human body , Medicine 2769 Words | 6 Pages. Essay 2 for COMM150 Shannon Burkett Bryant amp; Stratton College COMM150: Introduction to Information Literacy Mrs. Pandora November 6, 2012 . My name is Shannon Burkett. I am a Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) currently enrolled at Bryant and Stratton College to acquire an Associate degree in nursing. My dream job would to essay, be to general knowledge essay, hold a position as a Trauma Nurse. As a Trauma Nurse, I would enjoy working in an Emergency Room setting, in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), or as a Life Flight. Basic life support , Bureau of Labor Statistics , Healthcare occupations 1236 Words | 4 Pages.

My dream job would be to be a beautician, I used to want to be an message therapist but decided to turn . my career path in another direction. Today’s society has so many stylist/beauticians to choose from but I chose a distant relative of mine. Angel is actually my sister on my father’s side. Now I haven’t been that successful when it comes to celebration, meeting my siblings on that side of my family, because he passed away when I was 2yrs old and he had many kids most down in save essay, Tennessee and all older than I. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hairdressing 1886 Words | 6 Pages.

India of my birthday essay, My Dreams Introduction William Dement said, “Dreaming permits each and everyone of us to be quietly and . safely insane every night of essay influenced you most, ourMy India My Pride lives.” He says that sometimes this insanity can be fruitful and sometimes very infectious and sometimes very delectable and delicious. It is in many ways necessary for my birthday essay a country like India to mental problem solving, be insane and dream as it is a bigger crime not to dream than to my birthday, dare to dream . India of my dreams is a topic, which is as wide and. Drinking water , Government of India , Human Development Index 2255 Words | 7 Pages. My dream job Every body have their dream job , I also too , I have . dream job . Since in what is a rhetorical essay, my childhood I want to my birthday celebration essay, be a engineer and want to legal thesis, work a engineering job . When all the children play the sports jut like as football ,running or other games , I am never join with them and I wanted to my birthday celebration, play to built house or repair something . I was remembered one thing happened in my childhood , my father was bought one new clock to home and he say I need to general knowledge, take care . This clock is rings the sound. Electrical engineering , Electronic engineering , Essay 818 Words | 3 Pages. Dream Job Dialogue Dream Job Dialogue Cathy Furman Grand Canyon University: EDU 310 October 29, . 2011 Dream Job Dialogue This is a dialogue between my best friend and celebration essay, me. What Is A Rhetorical Analysis Essay! My friend name is David and I am going create a script and discussing my future role as an educator. In this dialogue I will be answering three questions. The first question is what do you believe will be the party future of American K-12 education, and how will you make an impact on it? The second question is what are the.

Education , Educational psychology , History of education 687 Words | 3 Pages. ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the tiger essay period. My Birthday! Your . graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the essay “hooks” from the six choices on my birthday essay side 2. Don’t forget to let your reader know what your essay will be about save, (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and vehicle). Paragraph #2: Write about your dream job. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. The Birthday Present. I have always held a full time job , since I was 18. I worked in a group home as a direct care worker until I got . my CNA certification, then I worked in various nursing homes.

It’s easy to get burnt out when working with elderly, dementia and Alzheimer’s patients; however, I loved my job . Taking care of others is what I wanted to do. The first nursing home I ever worked at was a small 50 bed facility, where I met my best friend. I have many fond memories from all the places. Full-time , Home care , Nursing 1223 Words | 3 Pages. Dooley 7th Hour December 18th 2001 Career Project A career I would be interested in pursuing is celebration essay, being a park ranger. Legal Thesis! This job interests . me because I love spending time outdoors and with people. It also is an essay, interest of essay, mine to keep our wonderful parks and woodland environments safe and to have them still be around for my birthday many more generations to come. The job of a park ranger is to enforce laws, regulations and policies in national, state, county, or municipal parks with dangerous wildlife. Academic degree , Bachelor's degree , Engineer's degree 848 Words | 3 Pages. My dream school Monday, April 22, 2013 A Dream School in My Mind Have you ever thought about why . you are going to school?

Or have you ever talked to yourself: “Oh my God, it’s school time again.” The environment keeps changing all the time. General Knowledge! We change houses, jobs , friends and schools. We might often ask ourselves a question: Is there any dream places where we would like to stay? If you have a chance to celebration, create a dream school, what is your dream school going to be? In my mind, a dream school is. College , Education , High school 754 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing: My Dream Profession Nursing as I know is an important component of the health care delivery system that requires a . whole lot of tiger essay, energy and time to put in patient welfare. Although, nursing is my birthday party celebration, a profession that is rewarding and challenging, I have always admired becoming a nurse someday in the future.

As a child, I had my father as a role model. My father was a nurse in Cameroon, central Africa. Essay! When he retired, he settled back in the rural area where I and the rest of my family lived with. Certified Nursing Assistant , Health care , Healthcare 981 Words | 3 Pages. Edward Sinigayan 06/26/12 My Life The sun rays from my birthday, my balcony window of my 2 story mansion . hit my face as the sun arose over the oceans horizon. I slowly opened my eyes to what is a rhetorical essay, the beautiful creation God has bestowed upon me also know as my wife.

When my mind came to a still, I came to party, realize that from knowledge essay questions, all of the long hard hours of studying and working at essay a time was a small step in my long and relaxing life that I am now continuing. Analysis Essay! It feels great to be the owner of the multi-million. Business , Business plan , Entrepreneur 900 Words | 3 Pages. ?February 7th, 2014 My American Dream “The American Dream is still alive out there, and hard work will . get you there. My Birthday Essay! You don’t necessarily need to have an Ivy League education or to legal thesis, have millions of dollars startup money. It can be done with an idea, hard work and determination.” Bill Rancic We do not live in a perfect world, not even a perfect country. Yet, we still live in a place that gives us opportunity. My Birthday Party Celebration! We live in a place that may not always be equally fair but gives us the . 2006 singles , American Dream , James Truslow Adams 1031 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream I feel like I have a different opinion of alice munro essay, college than everyone else. For the most part, I am not excited to my birthday, go away . to college at all.

I wish I could stay in legal thesis, high school forever because I enjoy it so much. My friends are the greatest and I don’t want to my birthday party essay, make new ones because some of my best friends I’ve known since first grade, and some others I’ve made throughout my four years at Andrean. Alice Essay! But most importantly, I want to stay near my family (besides every teenager’s dream of party, getting away. 2006 singles , College , Family 1023 Words | 3 Pages. Ananda Adhikari Mr. What Rhetorical Analysis! Meixner English 4A, Period 4th 26 December 2012 My Dream to Be a Navy Every teenage has something . common things that their parent has asked them about what they want to be when they grew up. Like all these people my friend’s, teachers and relatives have also asked me this questions several times. And the answers for my birthday celebration this question is just simple for mental solving me because I have no idea about what I want to be in a future so I just end of party essay, saying I want to be computer specialist, historian. Coronado, California , Joint Chiefs of Staff , Navy 963 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream House House is a place where we can shelter and save tiger essay, it gives us a protection from my birthday party celebration essay, rain, heat, storm etc. Everyone has . their own choice on essay influenced what type of house they feel comfortable to live in, so do I. I enjoy living in a calm and open environment, so house built on small land (I'm not sure what you mean by 'small land' here) won't be my choice.

I want a large open space surrounded by compound, where I can stroll, especially when I feel bored on at my job . I want a garden in front of my house. Apartment , English-language films , Feeling 2454 Words | 7 Pages. soldiers. My ideal India is celebration essay, modernised. Legal Thesis! It embodies the best in my birthday party, the cultures of the East and essay person you most, the West.

Education is wide - spread, and there . is practically no illiteracy. My Birthday Party Essay! While India is militarily strong, it believes in non - violence, and person influenced, spreads the message of peace and brotherhood of man. In this situation, it is natural for the youth of the country to turn to the India of its dreams . Party Celebration Essay! A dream often inspires the alice munro essay dreamer to work and strive so that it may come true. In the India of my dreams , everybody. Asia , Developed country , Dream 901 Words | 3 Pages. A.) JOB DESCRIPTION * JOB TITLE : Cabinet Secretary of India * LOCATION : New Delhi * JOB . SUMMARY: The Cabinet Secretary is an ex-officio head of the Civil Services Board, the Cabinet Secretariat, the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and head of all civil services under the Government of India. * DUTIES: The Cabinet Secretary, as the topmost civil servant, acts as a secretary to my birthday party celebration essay, the Council of Ministers.

He assists in coordinating major administrative activities and policies. Civil service , Departments of the legal thesis United Kingdom Government , Government 819 Words | 4 Pages. action-- Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake. My Birthday Party Celebration! Goes a poem written by save essay rabindranath tagore, renowned . writer, author nd poet, and more importantly, an indian who dreamt of a better india in the future. Well, talking of dreams , a dream is a sub-conscious psychic vision of the 'Ideal';coloured by personal affections and framed by the human yearning to reach what one wants.But for my birthday celebration essay all the myriad personal fantasies and dreams ,the only common dream born out of the heart of legal thesis, patriotic. Agriculture , Dream , Economy of India 1010 Words | 3 Pages. it works. I love the people in my life, and I do for my friends whatever they need me to party celebration essay, do for them, again and essay, again, as many . times as is necessary. For example, in your case you always forgot who you are and my birthday, how much you're loved.

So what I do for you as your friend is person you most, remind you who you are and tell you how much I love you. And this isn't any kind of burden for me, because I love who you are very much. Every time I remind you, I get to remember with you, which is my pleasure.” If you have good. 2006 albums , Affection , Friendship 1723 Words | 5 Pages. My dream job Every body have their dream job , I also too , I have . dream job . Since in my childhood I want to be a engineer and want to work a engineering job . My Birthday Celebration! When all the children play the sports jut like as football ,running or other games , I am never join with them and essay influenced you most, I wanted to play to built house or repair something . I was remembered one thing happened in my childhood , my father was bought one new clock to my birthday essay, home and essay questions, he say I need to take care . This clock is essay, rings the sound. Computer engineering , Electrical engineering , Electronic engineering 486 Words | 2 Pages. My dream world I slowly drift in and out of sleep as obfuscated images dance in and out of alice munro, focus. I find myself falling farther . and farther into the darkness of oblivion where nothing is limited. How long will it last?

I never know. Time appears to extend beyond all dimensions. Party Celebration Essay! The interstice between reality and fabrication widens, and out of the essay darkness a dim light forms. Objects begin materializing from my birthday party celebration essay, beyond the ghostly shadows, and a vast new world is created.Looming in problem solving, the infinite mist. World 1632 Words | 4 Pages.

My life I was raised in a small town called Joao Pessoa by my grandmother .The town was very small that everyone knew . their neighbors and the town. At this time as was single and living in Brazil. Celebration Essay! We had a very nice house, which I had my own room and I loved it. I had everything in my room. But was a especial place that I like about my room, It was where I keep all of problem solving, my favorite things, my craft supplies, favorite CD’s, books, magazines, cameras, photos, and my diary. A place to my birthday celebration essay, escape. Dream , Family , High school 1460 Words | 4 Pages. A World of alice, Dreams: Achieving Your Dream Job.

For many years jobs such as doctors, accountants, and corporate executives were considered high profile . In the last decade, careers in my birthday party celebration essay, the . field of influenced you most, law have become more important due to the increasing number of lawsuits. One of my many long term goals is to become a tax lawyer. This is a goal I have held near to my heart form several years. My Birthday! I can see myself walking into a packed court room with my Italian suit and essay person you most, penny loafers on. Celebration Essay! The court room grows silent as my client pleads not guilty. Adolescence , Decision making , Drug addiction 590 Words | 4 Pages. ?INDIA OF MY DREAMS Being from the sports background, I always wished my country to legal thesis, be the champions in sports in . different disciplines may be Cricket, Hockey etc etc. My wishes were limited to sports but never thought of imagining India of my Dream in a vast context till the said topic was given for assignment. While going through the sources, I happen to celebration essay, read Dr. Save Tiger! Abdul Kalam’s question to one little girl, what was her dream for India? She replied “I dream of a developed India”.

Giving a thought. Literacy , Quality of life , Secularism 1773 Words | 5 Pages. Mae Anne Gabriel RWS 200 1:00 – 1:50 pm Journal 5, My Dream Job My dream . job would be doing what I’ve always aspired to be which is to become a nurse. Nursing is party, a healthcare profession focused on the caring of individuals, families, and the community so they can regain their health. Nursing is my ideal job because I have always loved helping people and receive money at the same time.

Nursing is alice munro essay, a respected profession and I believe it would be a good opportunity to challenge myself and grow. College , Elementary school , High school 452 Words | 2 Pages. My Dream Job Heather Isenhour Everest University . Party Essay! My Dream Job Most of the time, what a child wants to be when they grow up changes several times over the course of essay person influenced you most, their life, before they finally settle on a job , that either is or isn’t what they really had wanted, or planned on. This is not the case with me. I have wanted to be a hairstylist and my birthday party celebration essay, own my own hair salon since I was a little girl. My dream started because I wanted to essay, be like my.

Barber , Cosmetics , Personal care and service occupations 701 Words | 2 Pages. Slogans On India Of My Dreams Essays. Bottom of Form Slogans on India Of My Dreams Essays and Term Papers Top of my birthday, Form Bottom of Form Top of Form Bottom of Form . My India My Dream the dream of every citizen of a country, to see that the country develops with no negative systems or ideas or beliefs. It is my dream and my vision that India would be the legal thesis most powerful and developed nation in party essay, the world in legal thesis, near future. Celebration Essay! India will be a golden bird of the coming years. In my dreams more. Ftce! Vision of My Dream India International Day against Drug.

Artificial intelligence , Carl Jung , Cricket 1194 Words | 4 Pages. MY DREAM JOB Since I was a little girl , I have dreamed of becoming a filght attendant in party celebration essay, order to travel around . the person you most world. But everything has changed since I took part in essay, raising funds for tiger essay cancer 's patients at celebration Oncology Hospital of Ho Chi Minh City. From that point , I decide to munro, beome a doctor because of some following reasons. First of all , doctor is a helpful job . For example , if my parents suffer a disease , I will examine them , give the most appropriate treatment to them.

Moreover , I can. Cancer , Ho Chi Minh , Ho Chi Minh City 345 Words | 2 Pages. ? My Dream Job Ever since I began studying English, I have always wanted to . become a translator, translating Chinese into English so that people in other countries can enjoy Chinese poems and stories. Becoming a translator isn’t easy. Party Celebration! It takes great patience and perseverance/ (Needless to say heartfelt effort and essay, willing persistence is absolutely needed./ It is a step by celebration essay step progress that involves confidence, patience and hard work.) Firstly, as a middle. Education , High school , Learning 545 Words | 2 Pages. My Dream Job When I was young, I watched a lot of general knowledge, cartoons; they made me laugh and held my attention . longer than any baby doll or toy car could. Part of me still has a strong appreciated for animated shows. Cartoons bring so much joy to children everywhere, and I want to be part of the process. I want to my birthday, be a voice-over actor. Solving! All my life I’ve loved singing and making up different voices to make people laugh, so why not make a career out of my birthday party, it?

The pathway to success in the acting industry. Acting , Jeremy Irons , Voice acting 1705 Words | 6 Pages. 776 Words Essay on India of My Dreams by Anjana Mazumdar Today, India is characterised by communal violence, religious . strife, terrorist movements, regional alienation, political chaos, constant economic hick-ups, general corruption, Mafia raj, bomb-culture, etc. The great India of legal thesis, Lord Buddha, Mahavir, Shankaracharya, Swam Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi, and Jawaharlal Nehru is on the verge of break-up, unless of my birthday celebration, course, we put an end to these malaises that are eating into its very fabric. Rhetorical! The. 21st century , Discrimination , Election 790 Words | 3 Pages.

My Dream Job Essay I am a retired, African-American male, who, by chance, saw the advertisement for my birthday celebration essay the . My Dream Job contest on the AARP website. General Knowledge Questions! Initially, I was hesitant about entering the contest, then realized the possibilities this contest provided. My Dream Job involves working a 32 hour per week, year-round job , in a part-time capacity, in a major media'communications organization involved in news/entertainment, TV/radio production or cable operations. My Birthday Party Essay! Specifically, I will work in.

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20 Smart Ways to Generate More Leads for party celebration Your Business. What Rhetorical Analysis! Forget about your product for party essay a second. You can jazz it up, tie it in a pretty little bow and offer it at the best price But none of alice essay this matters . Even with the best product in the world, your business is doomed to fail if no one knows about it. Doomed to join the growing number of startups that crash and burn in their first 5 years. Those with the most leads win.

Simple. If you generate more leads, but have an average product you still win . Because leads means more revenue. And revenue means more profit (most of the time). Let#8217;s unpack 20 smart ways you can generate more leads for my birthday party essay your business right now. Direct customer engagement should one of your top priorities. Most businesses choose to go with in-direct engagement such as FAQs. This is not the most effective way to legal thesis engage. Direct engagement, on the other hand, makes use of live chat, forums and help centers where customer service representatives are present all the time to make sure every query is my birthday essay, handled properly. More engaged customers results in general knowledge, better word-of-mouth and more leads.

2. Deploy outbound inbound marketing. According to my birthday party essay the stats, outbound marketing is still more effective than inbound marketing. But, it doesn’t mean that you forget about inbound marketing. Look to deploy both approaches in influenced, a balanced manner as this will be helpful in generating leads and eventually your business. From an inbound perspective personalize your email communication and get active in online communities by regularly sharing informative content, as well as solving common customer problems. This will help you establish healthy relationships with your customers and party celebration, build more leads. New technology sets the trend in alice essay, the market.

For example, smartphones are trending all over the world. Subsequently, most people access their mail or browse websites through smartphones or tablets; this shows that the you should invest in making your marketing efforts compatible with these devices, allowing you to reach the maximum amount of customers. In a nutshell, you should keep an eye on my birthday party celebration emerging technology and channels through which you can get more leads for your business. Tiger! Twitter is my birthday celebration, not only a social networking website, but also a source of potential leads for your company. With the help of Followerwonk , you can analyze aspects such as; information about followers, at what time your followers tweet, etc., so that you can reach the audience that is associated with your niche. Followerwonk helps you find influencers and connect with them. It also has a great interface. 5. Develop optimize informative content. It is undeniable that content can be a great source of the web traffic which will result in more leads. Problem Solving! But it needs to be informative. High quality content can be an asset for party you as it attracts traffic to your website well beyond its publish date.

Try to include images, video and infographics to increase share counts and engagement. Is A Rhetorical Analysis Essay! If possible, include images with your Tweets, they have a way of making things more interesting and engaging to your customers. Plus, use hashtags so your content is easier to find. The more often you are found, the more leads you will get. Data.Com is a huge database where you can find potential leads for your business. It maintains a list of companies with accurate contact information, so that in minimum time you can identify relevant leads. As Data.com provides an extensive set of data instantly, it can contribute around a 25% increase in sales. As we all know, LinkedIn is a business-centric social networking website. It can prove to be a great platform for celebration bringing new clients to your business too. LinkedIn also allows users to publish content to an already engaged audience. What about a tool for getting more leads?

Drip is an essay person influenced you most application that offers marketing automation through the form of a well-designed popup, email marketing and more. You can collect the information of your prospective customers and turn them into genuine leads on auto pilot. Party! Quora is person, a Question Answer based social networking site with millions of people from different demographics posting daily questions. If you answer enough questions of users, they will spot your profile and most likely check out your website. My Birthday Party! Writing comments on blogs can be helpful in getting your name out there and problem solving, eventually generating leads. My Birthday Celebration Essay! Be helpful and generous with your comments and people will want to see what you have to essay offer. Guest blogging can be helpful for lead generation but only when the following aspects are properly implemented: Articles have relevant information for the audience.

You send people back to my birthday party celebration an appropriate landing page on your site The post possesses unique information You actively promote the post to leverage social proof The site you choose to blog for is well respected by your audience. Email marketing features the concept of direct engagement. While developing email content to generate leads, you need to take into the account the following: Subject line: The subject line must be enticing so that it makes the what rhetorical, recipient want to read the my birthday essay, content. The subject line should address the problems that your potential leads are generally facing. Concise : The content of the email should be concise, brief and engaging. Incorporate social media : Integrate social media links in your emails, so that the readers can easily be redirected to your social media page. Essay! Embed images : An image can speak more than 1000 words; thus, it is a good idea to embed images as well as text in party essay, your emails. ( Hint: Try to include lightweight images, so that email content loads faster) Integrate a call-to-action button: CTAs are most effective at the top half of the tiger, email. Make your email signature effective by embedding a link that redirects the reader to relevant content.

With the help of link integration, the chance of maximum web traffic flow towards your content will be higher. My Birthday Party! If you implement HTML coding in your emails, make sure to alice test it on all the platforms to make sure that everything is party celebration essay, working fine. Depending on essay influenced you most your audience, but many statistics suggest that people spend more time on my birthday party game apps rather than reading blogs. Seeing people are active, it may be possible to use a game app to bring leads to your business. But, it can only be possible, if you build a creative game that can directly shift the legal thesis, web traffic towards your business. This can be quite an expensive adventure especially if you are offering the app for free but it will definitely add a unique element to your marketing efforts. Forums are the perfect place to my birthday get to know your customers more intimately. The better you know your customers, the easier it is to what essay contact them with a potential offer. Be active on forums, share your views with the my birthday party celebration, members and answer their questions. Reach out to influencers who your customers respect and interview them for your blog or social channels. Keep it as simple as possible by asking short/sharp questions, and then ask them to share the final product.

Your potential customers will see this as proof of your credibility and increase your chance of attracting new leads. YouTube is legal thesis, not just a video hosting service, it#8217;s a massive search engine. My Birthday Essay! It is more popular than any other social media platform like Facebook, Twitter, Google+, etc. As compared to problem solving other social networking platforms, all the posts remain there for a very long time. Thus, this is the best channel for sending referral web traffic in the long-term. Celebration! This platform enables the you to create and maintain your own channel where you can share videos regarding particular events, imperative tutorials and other things.

This will help you standout from your competitors and attract more leads to your business. 19. Offer a free software tool on your site. If you can offer an easy-to-use software tool on your site, for free, it will build trust with your audience. Save Tiger Essay! An example is the website analyzer available on Neil Patel#8217;s blog Quick Sprout.

More trust inevitably means more leads. Posting a quiz to your blog can make your content engaging and draw more attention from an online audience. My Birthday Celebration! In fact, it can easily entice the readers to share their feedback about legal thesis, your blog and article. Party Celebration Essay! This will also help you establish a stronger relationship with your audience and get more leads in the long term. There is a free tool called QuickBox that helps you create a quiz in a few easy steps and publish it on your blog. Guest Author: Ritu Singh is essay influenced you most, a online marketing specialist at Better Graph. Her contribution to informative blog and party essay, article articulating seamless strategy in alice munro essay, terms of party deploying effective SEO, bringing leads and managing online reputation is being praised by various SEO experts and marketer from all around the legal thesis, world. A Beginner#8217;s Guide To Local Marketing: How To Use Location To Your Advantage. Why Marketing Your Business Offline Could Be What You Need To Get Ahead.

5 Prime Examples Of Brands Who Use Their Blogs To Increase Business. The 6 Biggest Obstacles You’ll Face When Starting A New Business. This is party celebration, What The Successful Smart Entrepreneurs are Focusing On. Legal Thesis! This is celebration essay, a great resource, Ritu. If someone was serious enough they could just focus on this one complete article alone daily.

In fact this extensive list of things to do could not even be done fully in save, one day! Again thanks for taking the time to write an in depth review of lead generation. Informative and easy to understand very timely for me too! Thanks for this excellent article. This article is vary useful for me .nice article. Interesting tips. I feel all these marketing efforts takes a potential customer to the website, and thus I feel that having an interactive and engaging website is celebration essay, important.

Websites have a good navigation, clear CTA and effective user interface. Managing these factors is influenced, not a huge task and my birthday party essay, can be done effortlessly with the help of enterprise web content management solutions like Sitefinity CMS, WordPress etc. The article is effective and descriptive for mental Online Lead Generation. Thanks for sharing! I am searching for essay leads for my startup company. Because leads means more revenue. And revenue means more profit. The article is what rhetorical essay, effective and descriptive for Online Lead Generation. Thanks for sharing! It#8217;s a great information, I like to read. Celebration Essay! This blog provides very useful information about generating leads for the business.

These steps are really excellent and amazing which will be really helpful for the business people in generating leads. Is A Analysis! Leadboxer is only B2B. Great article with very useful tips.You can always take help of lead generation software.I have used few like SalesLoft, AeroLeads, datanyze etc, and they have been quite beneficial to me. Celebration Essay! Check them out, these have free trial too. I have found this article helpful#8230;.thank you so much#8230;Great article..

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Chapter 3: Architectural Patterns and Styles. For more details of the topics covered in this guide, see Contents of the Guide. This chapter describes and discusses high level patterns and principles commonly used for applications today. These are often referred to as the architectural styles , and celebration, include patterns such as client/server, layered architecture, component-based architecture, message bus architecture, and service-oriented architecture (SOA). Save! For each style, you will find an my birthday party essay overview, key principles, major benefits, and information that will help you choose the appropriate architectural styles for your application. It is legal thesis important to understand that the styles describe different aspects of my birthday party essay applications. For example, some architectural styles describe deployment patterns, some describe structure and design issues, and others describe communication factors.

Therefore, a typical application will usually use a combination of more than one of the styles described in legal thesis, this chapter. An architectural style, sometimes called an party essay architectural pattern, is a set of principles—a coarse grained pattern that provides an abstract framework for a family of systems. An architectural style improves partitioning and promotes design reuse by providing solutions to frequently recurring problems. You can think of architecture styles and patterns as sets of principles that shape an legal thesis application. Garlan and Shaw define an architectural style as: “#2026a; family of systems in terms of a pattern of structural organization.

More specifically, an architectural style determines the vocabulary of party celebration components and connectors that can be used in instances of that style, together with a set of constraints on how they can be combined. These can include topological constraints on person you most, architectural descriptions (e.g., no cycles). Other constraints—say, having to do with execution semantics—might also be part of the party celebration, style definition.” An understanding of architectural styles provides several benefits. The most important benefit is that they provide a common language. They also provide opportunities for essay person influenced you most conversations that are technology agnostic. My Birthday Party Celebration Essay! This facilitates a higher level of conversation that is inclusive of patterns and legal thesis, principles, without getting into my birthday celebration essay, specifics. For example, by using architecture styles, you can talk about client/server versus n -tier. Architectural styles can be organized by their key focus area. The following table lists the major areas of focus and the corresponding architectural styles.

Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA), Message Bus. Client/Server, N-Tier, 3-Tier. Domain Driven Design. Component-Based, Object-Oriented, Layered Architecture. Summary of Key Architectural Styles.

The following table lists the common architectural styles described in this chapter. It also contains a brief description of each style. Later sections of this chapter contain more details of each style, as well as guidance to help you choose the appropriate ones for your application. Segregates the system into two applications, where the what, client makes requests to the server. My Birthday Party Essay! In many cases, the server is a database with application logic represented as stored procedures. Decomposes application design into reusable functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces. Domain Driven Design. An object-oriented architectural style focused on modeling a business domain and defining business objects based on legal thesis, entities within the business domain. Partitions the concerns of the application into essay, stacked groups (layers). An architecture style that prescribes use of a software system that can receive and send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about essay, each other.

Segregates functionality into separate segments in party essay, much the same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier located on a physically separate computer. A design paradigm based on division of save tiger responsibilities for an application or system into individual reusable and my birthday party essay, self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to ftce general the object. Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Refers to applications that expose and consume functionality as a service using contracts and messages. The architecture of a software system is almost never limited to a single architectural style, but is often a combination of my birthday party celebration essay architectural styles that make up the complete system.

For example, you might have a SOA design composed of services developed using a layered architecture approach and legal thesis, an object-oriented architecture style. A combination of architecture styles is also useful if you are building a public facing Web application, where you can achieve effective separation of concerns by using the layered architecture style. This will separate your presentation logic from your business logic and my birthday celebration, your data access logic. Legal Thesis! Your organization's security requirements might force you to deploy the my birthday, application using either the 3-tier deployment approach, or a deployment of more than three tiers. The presentation tier may be deployed to the perimeter network, which sits between an organization's internal network and an external network. Mental Problem! On your presentation tier, you may decide to my birthday party celebration use a separated presentation pattern (a type of layered design style), such as Model-View-Controller (MVC), for your interaction model. Mental Problem! You might also choose a SOA architecture style, and my birthday party, implement message-based communication, between your Web server and application server. If you are building a desktop application, you may have a client that sends requests to a program on the server. In this case, you might deploy the client and save tiger, server using the client/server architecture style, and use the component-based architecture style to decompose the design further into independent components that expose the appropriate communication interfaces. Using the object-oriented design approach for these components will improve reuse, testability, and flexibility.

Many factors will influence the architectural styles you choose. These factors include the capacity of your organization for design and implementation; the capabilities and experience of your developers; and your infrastructure and organizational constraints. The following sections will help you to party celebration essay determine the appropriate styles for what is a rhetorical essay your applications. The client/server architectural style describes distributed systems that involve a separate client and server system, and a connecting network. The simplest form of my birthday celebration client/server system involves a server application that is essay accessed directly by celebration essay, multiple clients, referred to mental problem as a 2-Tier architectural style. Historically, client/server architecture indicated a graphical desktop UI application that communicated with a database server containing much of the business logic in the form of stored procedures, or with a dedicated file server. More generally, however, the client/server architectural style describes the relationship between a client and one or more servers, where the celebration, client initiates one or more requests (perhaps using a graphical UI), waits for replies, and ftce general knowledge essay, processes the replies on receipt. The server typically authorizes the user and then carries out the processing required to generate the result.

The server may send responses using a range of protocols and data formats to my birthday essay communicate information to the client. Today, some examples of the mental problem, client/server architectural style include Web browser—based programs running on the Internet or an intranet; Microsoft Windows® operating system—based applications that access networked data services; applications that access remote data stores (such as e-mail readers, FTP clients, and database query tools); and tools and utilities that manipulate remote systems (such as system management tools and network monitoring tools). Other variations on the client/server style include: Client-Queue-Client systems . This approach allows clients to communicate with other clients through a server-based queue. Clients can read data from and send data to a server that acts simply as a queue to essay store the data. This allows clients to distribute and synchronize files and information.

This is sometimes known as a passive queue architecture. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) applications . Developed from the Client-Queue-Client style, the P2P style allows the client and essay, server to swap their roles in order to distribute and synchronize files and information across multiple clients. My Birthday Party Essay! It extends the client/server style through multiple responses to requests, shared data, resource discovery, and resilience to removal of peers. Application servers . Essay! A specialized architectural style where the server hosts and executes applications and services that a thin client accesses through a browser or specialized client installed software. An example is a client executing an application that runs on the server through a framework such as Terminal Services. The main benefits of the client/server architectural style are: Higher security . My Birthday Party Celebration! All data is stored on the server, which generally offers a greater control of legal thesis security than client machines. Centralized data access . Because data is stored only on the server, access and essay, updates to the data are far easier to administer than in other architectural styles. Ease of maintenance . Roles and responsibilities of a computing system are distributed among several servers that are known to each other through a network. This ensures that a client remains unaware and unaffected by a server repair, upgrade, or relocation. Consider the client/server architectural style if your application is server based and will support many clients, you are creating Web-based applications exposed through a Web browser, you are implementing business processes that will be used by people throughout the organization, or you are creating services for other applications to consume.

The client/server architectural style is also suitable, like many networked styles, when you want to centralize data storage, backup, and management functions, or when your application must support different client types and legal thesis, different devices. However, the traditional 2-Tier client/server architectural style has numerous disadvantages, including the tendency for application data and business logic to be closely combined on the server, which can negatively impact system extensibility and scalability, and my birthday party celebration, its dependence on a central server, which can negatively impact system reliability. To address these issues, the legal thesis, client-server architectural style has evolved into the more general 3-Tier (or N-Tier) architectural style, described below, which overcomes some of the disadvantages inherent in the 2-Tier client-server architecture and provides additional benefits. Component-Based Architectural Style. Component-based architecture describes a software engineering approach to system design and development. It focuses on the decomposition of the design into individual functional or logical components that expose well-defined communication interfaces containing methods, events, and properties.

This provides a higher level of abstraction than object-oriented design principles, and does not focus on issues such as communication protocols and shared state. The key principle of the party celebration, component-based style is the use of components that are: Reusable . Components are usually designed to be reused in different scenarios in different applications. However, some components may be designed for a specific task. Replaceable . Components may be readily substituted with other similar components. Not context specific . Components are designed to ftce essay questions operate in different environments and contexts. Specific information, such as state data, should be passed to the component instead of being included in or accessed by the component. Extensible . A component can be extended from existing components to provide new behavior.

Encapsulated . Components expose interfaces that allow the caller to use its functionality, and do not reveal details of the internal processes or any internal variables or state. Independent . Components are designed to have minimal dependencies on other components. Therefore components can be deployed into any appropriate environment without affecting other components or systems. Common types of components used in applications include user interface components such as grids and buttons (often referred to as controls ), and party celebration, helper and utility components that expose a specific subset of functions used in other components. Essay! Other common types of components are those that are resource intensive, not frequently accessed, and must be activated using the just-in-time (JIT) approach (common in essay, remoting or distributed component scenarios); and queued components whose method calls may be executed asynchronously using message queuing and store and forward. Components depend upon a mechanism within the platform that provides an environment in which they can execute, often referred to as component architecture . Examples are the component object model (COM) and the distributed component object model (DCOM) in Windows; and Common Object Request Broker Architecture (CORBA) and Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB) on other platforms.

Component architectures manage the mechanics of essay locating components and their interfaces, passing messages or commands between components, and—in some cases—maintaining state. However, the term component is often used in the more basic sense of celebration a constituent part, element, or ingredient . The Microsoft .NET Framework provides support for building applications using such a component based approach. For example, this guide discusses business and data components, which are commonly code classes compiled into .NET Framework assemblies. They execute under the control of the legal thesis, .NET Framework runtime, and there may be more than one such component in each assembly. The following are the main benefits of the component-based architectural style: Ease of celebration essay deployment . As new compatible versions become available, you can replace existing versions with no impact on person you most, the other components or the system as a whole. Celebration Essay! Reduced cost . The use of third-party components allows you to spread the cost of development and maintenance. Ease of development . Components implement well-known interfaces to provide defined functionality, allowing development without impacting other parts of the general, system.

Reusable . The use of reusable components means that they can be used to my birthday spread the development and maintenance cost across several applications or systems. Mitigation of technical complexity . Components mitigate complexity through the use of problem a component container and its services. Example component services include component activation, lifetime management, method queuing, eventing, and transactions. Design patterns such as the celebration essay, Dependency Injection pattern or the Service Locator pattern can be used to manage dependencies between components, and promote loose coupling and reuse. Such patterns are often used to build composite applications that combine and reuse components across multiple applications. Consider the component-based architectural style if you already have suitable components or can obtain suitable components from third-party suppliers; your application will predominantly execute procedural-style functions, perhaps with little or no data input; or you want to be able to combine components written in essay person influenced you most, different code languages. Also, consider this style if you want to create a pluggable or composite architecture that allows you to easily replace and update individual components. Domain Driven Design Architectural Style.

Domain Driven Design (DDD) is an my birthday celebration object-oriented approach to designing software based on the business domain, its elements and behaviors, and the relationships between them. It aims to enable software systems that are a realization of the underlying business domain by defining a domain model expressed in the language of business domain experts. The domain model can be viewed as a framework from which solutions can then be rationalized. To apply Domain Driven Design, you must have a good understanding of the business domain you want to model, or be skilled in acquiring such business knowledge. The development team will often work with business domain experts to model the domain. Architects, developers, and subject matter experts have diverse backgrounds, and in many environments will use different languages to mental describe their goals, designs and my birthday essay, requirements. However, within Domain Driven Design, the whole team agrees to only use a single language that is focused on the business domain, and which excludes any technical jargon. As the core of the software is the domain model, which is a direct projection of this shared language, it allows the mental problem, team to quickly find gaps in the software by analyzing the language around it. The creation of a common language is not merely an exercise in accepting information from the domain experts and applying it. Quite often, communication problems within development teams are due not only to my birthday party celebration essay misunderstanding the essay person you most, language of the domain, but also due to the fact that the domain's language is itself ambiguous.

The Domain Driven Design process holds the goal not only of implementing the party essay, language being used, but also improving and refining the language of the legal thesis, domain. This in turn benefits the software being built, since the model is a direct projection of the party celebration essay, domain language. In order to help maintain the what rhetorical analysis, model as a pure and helpful language construct, you must typically implement a great deal of isolation and encapsulation within the domain model. Consequently, a system based on Domain Driven Design can come at my birthday party celebration, a relatively high cost. While Domain Driven Design provides many technical benefits, such as maintainability, it should be applied only to complex domains where the model and legal thesis, the linguistic processes provide clear benefits in the communication of my birthday celebration essay complex information, and in the formulation of a common understanding of the domain. The following are the main benefits of the Domain Driven Design style: Communication . All parties within a development team can use the domain model and the entities it defines to communicate business knowledge and requirements using a common business domain language, without requiring technical jargon.

Extensible . The domain model is often modular and flexible, making it easy to update and extend as conditions and rhetorical essay, requirements change. Testable . The domain model objects are loosely coupled and party, cohesive, allowing them to be more easily tested. Consider DDD if you have a complex domain and you wish to improve communication and understanding within your development team, or where you must express the alice, design of an application in a common language that all stakeholders can understand. My Birthday! DDD can also be an is a analysis ideal approach if you have large and complex enterprise data scenarios that are difficult to manage using other techniques. For a summary of party essay domain driven design techniques, see Domain Driven Design Quickly at http://www.infoq.com/minibooks/domain-driven-design-quickly. Alternatively, see Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software by Eric Evans (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-12521-5) and Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns by essay person, Jimmy Nilsson (Addison-Wesley, ISBN: 0-321-26820-2). Layered architecture focuses on the grouping of related functionality within an application into distinct layers that are stacked vertically on top of my birthday essay each other. Functionality within each layer is related by a common role or responsibility. Communication between layers is mental problem explicit and loosely coupled. Layering your application appropriately helps to my birthday celebration essay support a strong separation of concerns that, in turn, supports flexibility and maintainability.

The layered architectural style has been described as an inverted pyramid of reuse where each layer aggregates the responsibilities and abstractions of the alice munro, layer directly beneath it. With strict layering, components in one layer can interact only my birthday party, with components in the same layer or with components from the essay influenced you most, layer directly below it. More relaxed layering allows components in my birthday party, a layer to tiger interact with components in the same layer or with components in any lower layer. The layers of an application may reside on the same physical computer (the same tier) or may be distributed over separate computers ( n -tier), and the components in each layer communicate with components in other layers through well-defined interfaces. For example, a typical Web application design consists of a presentation layer (functionality related to the UI), a business layer (business rules processing), and a data layer (functionality related to data access, often almost entirely implemented using high-level data access frameworks). For details of the n-tier application architectural style, see N-Tier / 3-Tier Architectural Style later in this chapter. Common principles for designs that use the layered architectural style include: Abstraction . Layered architecture abstracts the view of the celebration essay, system as whole while providing enough detail to understand the roles and essay you most, responsibilities of individual layers and the relationship between them.

Encapsulation . No assumptions need to be made about data types, methods and properties, or implementation during design, as these features are not exposed at my birthday celebration essay, layer boundaries. Clearly defined functional layers . Mental Problem Solving! The separation between functionality in each layer is clear. My Birthday Party! Upper layers such as the presentation layer send commands to lower layers, such as the business and alice, data layers, and may react to events in party essay, these layers, allowing data to legal thesis flow both up and down between the layers. High cohesion . Well-defined responsibility boundaries for each layer, and party celebration essay, ensuring that each layer contains functionality directly related to the tasks of that layer, will help to knowledge essay maximize cohesion within the layer. Reusable . Lower layers have no dependencies on higher layers, potentially allowing them to be reusable in other scenarios. Loose coupling . Essay! Communication between layers is alice based on abstraction and events to provide loose coupling between layers. Examples of layered applications include line-of-business (LOB) applications such as accounting and customer-management systems; enterprise Web-based applications and Web sites, and enterprise desktop or smart clients with centralized application servers for business logic. A number of design patterns support the layered architectural style.

For example, Separated Presentation patterns encompass a range of patterns that the handling of the user's interactions from the UI, the presentation and business logic, and party celebration essay, the application data with which the user works. Separated Presentation allows graphical designers to create a UI while developers generate the code to drive it. Mental Problem Solving! Dividing the my birthday party essay, functionality into separate roles in this way provides increased opportunities to test the problem solving, behavior of individual roles. My Birthday Celebration! The following are the essay influenced you most, key principles of the Separated Presentation patterns: Separation of concerns . Party! Separated Presentation patterns divide UI processing concerns into distinct roles; for example, MVC has three roles: the legal thesis, Model, the View, and the Controller. The Model represents data (perhaps a domain model that includes business rules); the View represents the UI; and the Controller handles requests, manipulates the my birthday party essay, model, and performs other operations.

Event-based notification . The Observer pattern is commonly used to provide notifications to the View when data managed by the Model changes. Delegated event handling . Problem! The controller handles events triggered from the UI controls in the View. Other examples of Separated Presentation patterns are the Passive View pattern and the Supervising Presenter (or Supervising Controller) pattern. The main benefits of the layered architectural style, and the use of celebration a Separated Presentation pattern, are: Abstraction . Layers allow changes to solving be made at the abstract level.

You can increase or decrease the my birthday essay, level of abstraction you use in legal thesis, each layer of the party celebration, hierarchical stack. Isolation . Allows you to isolate technology upgrades to tiger individual layers in order to reduce risk and celebration essay, minimize impact on the overall system. Manageability . Separation of core concerns helps to identify dependencies, and what is a analysis essay, organizes the code into more manageable sections. Performance . Distributing the layers over multiple physical tiers can improve scalability, fault tolerance, and performance. Reusability . Roles promote reusability. Celebration! For example, in MVC, the Controller can often be reused with other compatible Views in order to provide a role specific or a user-customized view on what analysis essay, to the same data and celebration essay, functionality. Mental! Testability . Increased testability arises from having well-defined layer interfaces, as well as the ability to my birthday switch between different implementations of the layer interfaces. Separated Presentation patterns allow you to build mock objects that mimic the behavior of concrete objects such as the essay, Model, Controller, or View during testing. Consider the layered architectural style if you have existing layers that are suitable for my birthday celebration reuse in munro, other applications, you already have applications that expose suitable business processes through service interfaces, or your application is complex and the high-level design demands separation so that teams can focus on different areas of celebration essay functionality. The layered architectural style is also appropriate if your application must support different client types and different devices, or you want to implement complex and/or configurable business rules and legal thesis, processes. Consider a Separated Presentation pattern if you want improved testability and simplified maintenance of UI functionality, or you want to my birthday celebration essay separate the task of designing the alice, UI from the development of the logic code that drives it.

These patterns are also appropriate when your UI view does not contain any request processing code, and celebration essay, does not implement any business logic. Message bus architecture describes the principle of using a software system that can receive and essay questions, send messages using one or more communication channels, so that applications can interact without needing to know specific details about each other. It is a style for designing applications where interaction between applications is party accomplished by passing messages (usually asynchronously) over a common bus. The most common implementations of message bus architecture use either a messaging router or a Publish/Subscribe pattern, and are often implemented using a messaging system such as Message Queuing. Many implementations consist of individual applications that communicate using common schemas and a shared infrastructure for what analysis sending and receiving messages.

A message bus provides the ability to handle: Message-oriented communications . All communication between applications is based on messages that use known schemas. Complex processing logic . Complex operations can be executed by combining a set of smaller operations, each of which supports specific tasks, as part of a multistep itinerary. My Birthday Celebration! Modifications to processing logic . Because interaction with the bus is based on common schemas and commands, you can insert or remove applications on knowledge questions, the bus to change the logic that is used to process messages. Integration with different environments . By using a message-based communication model based on common standards, you can interact with applications developed for my birthday celebration essay different environments, such as Microsoft .NET and Java. Message bus designs have been used to support complex processing rules for many years. The design provides a pluggable architecture that allows you to insert applications into the process, or improve scalability by attaching several instances of the same application to the bus. Variations on the message bus style include:

Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) . Based on message bus designs, an ESB uses services for communication between the bus and components attached to the bus. An ESB will usually provide services that transform messages from one format to munro essay another, allowing clients that use incompatible message formats to communicate with each other Internet Service Bus (ISB) . This is similar to an enterprise service bus, but with applications hosted in the cloud instead of on an enterprise network. Celebration! A core concept of ISB is the use of Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) and policies to control the routing of logic through applications and services in the cloud. The main benefits of the mental problem solving, message-bus architectural style are: Extensibility . Applications can be added to my birthday party essay or removed from the bus without having an impact on the existing applications. Low complexity . Application complexity is reduced because each application only needs to know how to communicate with the bus.

Flexibility . The set of applications that make up a complex process, or the communication patterns between applications, can be changed easily to match changes in business or user requirements, simply through changes to the configuration or parameters that control routing. Loose coupling . As long as applications expose a suitable interface for communication with the munro, message bus, there is no dependency on the application itself, allowing changes, updates, and replacements that expose the same interface. Scalability . Multiple instances of the same application can be attached to the bus in order to my birthday essay handle multiple requests at the same time. Application simplicity . Although a message bus implementation adds complexity to the infrastructure, each application needs to support only a single connection to the message bus instead of multiple connections to other applications. Consider the message bus architectural style if you have existing applications that interoperate with each other to tiger essay perform tasks, or you want to combine multiple tasks into a single operation. My Birthday! This style is also appropriate if you are implementing a task that requires interaction with external applications, or applications hosted in different environments. N-tier and 3-tier are architectural deployment styles that describe the separation of legal thesis functionality into segments in my birthday essay, much the same way as the layered style, but with each segment being a tier that can be located on a physically separate computer. What Analysis! They evolved through the party essay, component-oriented approach, generally using platform specific methods for communication instead of a message-based approach. N-tier application architecture is characterized by the functional decomposition of applications, service components, and their distributed deployment, providing improved scalability, availability, manageability, and resource utilization. Legal Thesis! Each tier is completely independent from all other tiers, except for those immediately above and below it. The nth tier only has to know how to handle a request from the n+1th tier, how to forward that request on to the n-1th tier (if there is one), and my birthday, how to handle the ftce essay, results of the request.

Communication between tiers is typically asynchronous in order to support better scalability. N-tier architectures usually have at least three separate logical parts, each located on a separate physical server. Party Celebration Essay! Each part is responsible for specific functionality. When using a layered design approach, a layer is deployed on a tier if more than one service or application is dependent on the functionality exposed by the layer. An example of the N-tier/3-tier architectural style is legal thesis a typical financial Web application where security is important. My Birthday Celebration Essay! The business layer must be deployed behind a firewall, which forces the deployment of the what rhetorical analysis, presentation layer on party essay, a separate tier in the perimeter network. Alice Munro! Another example is my birthday celebration a typical rich client connected application, where the presentation layer is deployed on client machines and the business layer and data access layer are deployed on one or more server tiers.

The main benefits of the N-tier/3-tier architectural style are: Maintainability . Because each tier is independent of the other tiers, updates or changes can be carried out mental problem without affecting the my birthday celebration essay, application as a whole. Scalability . Because tiers are based on the deployment of layers, scaling out an application is reasonably straightforward. Flexibility . Because each tier can be managed or scaled independently, flexibility is increased. Legal Thesis! Availability . Applications can exploit the modular architecture of my birthday enabling systems using easily scalable components, which increases availability. Consider either the N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style if the person you most, processing requirements of the layers in the application differ such that processing in one layer could absorb sufficient resources to slow the processing in other layers, or if the security requirements of the my birthday essay, layers in problem, the application differ. For example, the my birthday essay, presentation layer should not store sensitive data, while this may be stored in the business and data layers. The N-tier or the 3-tier architectural style is also appropriate if you want to be able to share business logic between applications, and you have sufficient hardware to allocate the required number of servers to each tier. Consider using just three tiers if you are developing an intranet application where all servers are located within the private network; or an Internet application where security requirements do not restrict the deployment of what rhetorical analysis business logic on the public facing Web or application server. Celebration Essay! Consider using more than three tiers if security requirements dictate that business logic cannot be deployed to the perimeter network, or the alice munro essay, application makes heavy use of resources and you want to offload that functionality to another server.

Object-Oriented Architectural Style. Object-oriented architecture is a design paradigm based on the division of responsibilities for an application or system into individual reusable and my birthday party celebration essay, self-sufficient objects, each containing the data and the behavior relevant to the object. An object-oriented design views a system as a series of cooperating objects, instead of a set of routines or procedural instructions. Objects are discrete, independent, and alice essay, loosely coupled; they communicate through interfaces, by calling methods or accessing properties in party essay, other objects, and by sending and receiving messages. The key principles of the what rhetorical analysis, object-oriented architectural style are: Abstraction . My Birthday Celebration! This allows you to reduce a complex operation into a generalization that retains the base characteristics of the operation. For example, an abstract interface can be a well-known definition that supports data access operations using simple methods such as Get and Update . Ftce General! Another form of abstraction could be metadata used to provide a mapping between two formats that hold structured data. Composition . Objects can be assembled from other objects, and can choose to hide these internal objects from other classes or expose them as simple interfaces. Inheritance . Party Essay! Objects can inherit from other objects, and use functionality in the base object or override it to problem implement new behavior. Moreover, inheritance makes maintenance and party, updates easier, as changes to the base object are propagated automatically to the inheriting objects.

Encapsulation . Objects expose functionality only what rhetorical analysis essay, through methods, properties, and my birthday party celebration, events, and hide the influenced you most, internal details such as state and variables from other objects. This makes it easier to update or replace objects, as long as their interfaces are compatible, without affecting other objects and code. Polymorphism . This allows you to override the behavior of a base type that supports operations in your application by essay, implementing new types that are interchangeable with the existing object. Decoupling . Objects can be decoupled from the consumer by defining an essay abstract interface that the object implements and the consumer can understand. This allows you to provide alternative implementations without affecting consumers of the interface. Common uses of the my birthday party, object-oriented style include defining an object model that supports complex scientific or financial operations, and defining objects that represent real world artifacts within a business domain (such as a customer or an order). The latter is a process commonly implemented using the more specialized domain driven design style, which takes advantage of the principles of the object-oriented style.

For more information, see Domain Driven Design Architectural Style earlier in this chapter. The main benefits of the object-oriented architectural style are that it is: Understandable . It maps the application more closely to the real world objects, making it more understandable. Reusable . Legal Thesis! It provides for reusability through polymorphism and abstraction. Testable . It provides for improved testability through encapsulation. Extensible . My Birthday Party Celebration Essay! Encapsulation, polymorphism, and abstraction ensure that a change in the representation of data does not affect the interfaces that the object exposes, which would limit the capability to communicate and interact with other objects. Highly Cohesive . By locating only related methods and features in an object, and using different objects for is a analysis essay different sets of features, you can achieve a high level of cohesion.

Consider the object-oriented architectural style if you want to model your application based on real world objects and actions, or you already have suitable objects and celebration essay, classes that match the design and operational requirements. The object-oriented style is rhetorical analysis essay also suitable if you must encapsulate logic and data together in reusable components or you have complex business logic that requires abstraction and dynamic behavior. Service-Oriented Architectural Style. Service-oriented architecture (SOA) enables application functionality to my birthday party celebration be provided as a set of services, and the creation of alice munro applications that make use of software services. Services are loosely coupled because they use standards-based interfaces that can be invoked, published, and discovered. Services in SOA are focused on providing a schema and my birthday essay, message-based interaction with an tiger essay application through interfaces that are application scoped, and not component or object-based. An SOA service should not be treated as a component-based service provider. The SOA style can package business processes into celebration essay, interoperable services, using a range of protocols and data formats to communicate information. Clients and other services can access local services running on the same tier, or access remote services over a connecting network. The key principles of the SOA architectural style are:

Services are autonomous . Each service is problem solving maintained, developed, deployed, and versioned independently. Services are distributable . Services can be located anywhere on a network, locally or remotely, as long as the network supports the required communication protocols. Services are loosely coupled . My Birthday! Each service is rhetorical analysis essay independent of others, and can be replaced or updated without breaking applications that use it as long as the my birthday party, interface is still compatible. Services share schema and contract, not class . Services share contracts and alice munro, schemas when they communicate, not internal classes. Compatibility is based on essay, policy . Legal Thesis! Policy in this case means definition of features such as transport, protocol, and security. Common examples of service-oriented applications include sharing information, handling multistep processes such as reservation systems and online stores, exposing industry specific data or services over an extranet, and creating mashups that combine information from multiple sources. The main benefits of the SOA architectural style are:

Domain alignment . My Birthday Celebration! Reuse of common services with standard interfaces increases business and technology opportunities and reduces cost. Knowledge! Abstraction . Services are autonomous and accessed through a formal contract, which provides loose coupling and abstraction. Discoverability . Services can expose descriptions that allow other applications and my birthday party essay, services to essay person locate them and automatically determine the interface. Interoperability . Because the protocols and data formats are based on industry standards, the provider and consumer of the service can be built and deployed on different platforms. Rationalization . Services can be granular in order to provide specific functionality, rather than duplicating the functionality in number of applications, which removes duplication. Consider the SOA style if you have access to suitable services that you wish to reuse; can purchase suitable services provided by a hosting company; want to build applications that compose a variety of celebration essay services into a single UI; or you are creating Software plus Services (S+S), Software as a Service (SaaS), or cloud-based applications. The SOA style is suitable when you must support message-based communication between segments of the application and person influenced you most, expose functionality in essay, a platform independent way, when you want to essay person influenced you most take advantage of federated services such as authentication, or you want to expose services that are discoverable through directories and can be used by clients that have no prior knowledge of the interfaces. Evans, Eric.

Domain-Driven Design: Tackling Complexity in the Heart of my birthday party celebration Software. Addison-Wesley, 2004. Nilsson, Jimmy. Applying Domain-Driven Design and Patterns: With Examples in C# and NET. Ftce General Questions! Addison-Wesley, 2006. For more information about architectural styles, see the following resources:

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essay about kojiki Professor of the National Institute of Oriental Languages and party celebration essay Civilizations (INALCO) Lecture The Kojiki , a long forgotten Aeneid ?--A hypothesis from a French researcher by legal thesis Professor Francois Mace of INALCO at the Maison Franco-Japonaise on October 11, 2012, in Tokyo. Why compare the Kojiki with the Aeneid , the epic poem of ancient Rome? I am sure the party celebration, first question that springs to mind is why I should refer to the Aeneid , the epic poem by the Roman poet Virgil, to ftce questions talk about the party celebration essay, Kojiki (Record of Ancient Matters). Ftce Knowledge Questions! The Kojiki and the Aeneid seem so far apart with nothing in common. The idea for this comparative study came to me as I was reading Rome, la ville sans origine by Florence Dupont. In the book, the author ponders the celebration essay, question why the tiger essay, epic poem Aeneid was born despite the my birthday celebration, plentiful and varied lore on the founding of Rome. The Romans also had another means to convey the Roman history besides the epic poem.

Livy (59BC-AD17), a contemporary of the legal thesis, Aeneid 's author Virgil (70BC-19BC), left us a monumental account of the history of Rome in 142 books, covering from its foundation until the year 9BC. This coexistence of a literary work and historical work in the same period seemed familiar to me. It was the Kojiki (compiled in 712) and Nihon Shoki (compiled in my birthday celebration, 720), the two contemporary texts that deal with the subject of the ancient history of Japan. They shared the same purpose of legitimizing the ruling family, but are fundamentally different in nature. The Nihon Shoki is a chronicle of the history of Japan based on the Chinese model of historical writing. With the legal thesis, exception of the first two books, the 28 others are written in the form of chronicles, documenting important events with dates.

Meanwhile, the Kojiki supplies little detail in terms of years and dates. Party Essay! There are only legal thesis, about 15 such entries, regarding the deaths of certain emperors. The Kojiki does not even mention important events after the reign of the 24th sovereign, Emperor Ninken (449-498), onwards. Then, why did historical events go undocumented in the Kojiki ? In my opinion, it was not because they were not recognized as major events, but probably because they did not fit the principles of the party celebration essay, narrative of the ancient times, of ftce knowledge essay, furugoto or ancient matters, suggested by the title of the work. The answer to the question may rest in the fact that a large part of the Kojiki is comprised of myths. My Birthday Celebration Essay! Japanese myths are documented in its first book which deals with the ftce general essay questions, Age of the Gods.

Yet this first book had been long forgotten, even in the world of Shinto until the party essay, Edo period. Despite the fact that a third of the Kojiki is dedicated to the Age of the Gods, people during the ancient, medieval, and a major part of the Edo period, referred to and quoted from the first two books of the Nihon Shoki which also describes the Age of the Gods, just like the Kojiki . Legal Thesis! Thus, what is this Kojiki , which mentions the ancient times not as a historical document, and was long forgotten from the Nara period to late Edo period? Looking at the various circumstances, one can reasonably assume that there is no text that serves as the basis for the Kojiki . My Birthday Party Celebration! But then again, it is not as if the essay person influenced, Kojiki created a new genre. There are no works that have followed or have been inspired by the Kojiki , and it exists as a singular work in the Far East. It is for this reason that I believe a comparison with the Aeneid allows us to gain a better understanding of its nature. The Kojiki may seem unusual in the Japanese literary landscape, but it becomes less strange when compared to party celebration essay works of other cultures like the Aeneid . The literary significance of the Kojiki. The two works, the legal thesis, Kojiki and my birthday party the Aeneid , were written soon after civil wars when memories were still fresh in peoples' minds. The victory of Octavian, the future Augustus (63BC-AD14), at essay person influenced, the Battle of Actium against party celebration essay Cleopatra's fleet in 31BC led to the end of the civil war, subsequent to the suicide of his biggest rival Antony. The plans for writing the Aeneid had already been undertaken in 29BC. In Japan, the Jinshin War resulted in the victory of Prince Oama, later Emperor Temmu (c.631-686), over his nephew Prince Otomo (648-672) in 672, and in 681, he ordered a group of princes and government officials to transcribe genealogies and ancient matters. This compilation probably became the material for the Nihon Shoki as well as the Kojiki . The Kojiki indirectly attempted to claim the legitimacy of the new rulers by recounting their roots, as does the Aeneid . Munro Essay! It is hardly surprising to see a description in the writings that the princely lineages are led back to divine ancestors: Venus in celebration essay, the case of ftce questions, Rome and Amaterasu in Japan.

Augustus was worshipped as a god in his lifetime in party celebration essay, certain parts of the empire. At the same time, Emperor Temmu was probably the first Japanese sovereign to wear the title of tenno , in other words, 'son from the heavens' or 'celestial sovereign.' The use of essay person you most, myths for political purposes is my birthday celebration essay, obvious in munro essay, both cases. But works produced to simply realize political objectives very rarely survive as literary work. Essay! The Aeneid is read even today because it is primarily a literary work. I am not a specialist in Latin literature, but I believe I am not going too far to say that this epic represents one of the pinnacles of literature in terms of its scale, quality of language, finesse of descriptions, and aptness of the ftce knowledge essay questions, psychology of the characters. While the literary qualities of the my birthday party essay, Aeneid have always been deemed to be evident, the question is more complex with regards to the Kojiki . First of all, there is the problem of language. O no Yasumaro (unknown-723), considered as the what is a rhetorical analysis, one who compiled and transcribed the Kojiki , explains in the preface that he combined phonetic transcription and use of Chinese to write down the text which was originally recited in my birthday party celebration, Japanese. His method resulted in the text that is difficult to understand. If the Kojiki has literary significance, it must be perceived in elements other than its diction.

Although the Kojiki has been given the status of a major literary work today, its current prestige may be based partially on misunderstandings. The Kojiki is mostly read through yomikudashi , meaning 'reading the Chinese letters phonetically', since the original text does not allow for a single, indisputable way of reading. Furthermore, we tend to read it quickly, skipping the ftce knowledge, long genealogies with endless names. Modern readers are most interested in the narratives, those of the my birthday celebration essay, gods, heroes, or the songs in the third book. But what hits us above all is the excitement of having the oldest Japanese text in our hands. The idea that it is so ancient makes a text allow us to feel we are witnessing the actual origin of the alice essay, Japanese language and my birthday party essay literature. But this is problem, historically indefensible. We have already discovered other works preceded the Kojiki , some by more than a hundred years. My Birthday Party Essay! Thus, the essay person you most, Kojiki does not possess the plainness and simplicity which we tend to party celebration essay too easily expect from ancient texts.

The great scholar Motoori Norinaga (1730-1801) of the 18th century did not have literary criteria in the foreground of his studies. He was seeking the origin of the essay, pure Japanese spirit, which had not been contaminated yet by various elements of continental civilization. Motoori Norinaga, in his monumental commentaries titled the Kojikiden, brought the Kojiki back from the shadows of history. He explicated it so intelligibly and made it into something for the Japanese to be proud of. But he did not seek literary excitement in my birthday party celebration essay, the Kojiki . The model for legal thesis, that would always be The Tale of Genji . Neither did he seek examples of poetry in the Kojiki or the my birthday, Nihon Shoki in both of which rustic songs sometimes appear. His taste was rather for the sophisticated waka poems of the Shin Kokin Wakashu . For him, the Kojiki was something that spoke the ftce knowledge essay, language of the gods and provided the truth about the Age of the Gods and beginnings of the Human Age. Party Celebration! His text for the Kojiki is on the level of faith. His work was of the order of mystic erudition. A comparison with the Aeneid allows us to knowledge questions break free from the celebration, purely Japanese or even nationalistic interpretations by Motoori Norinaga's successors. Even if the gods are very present in the Latin poem, we know the Aeneid is not a religious text.

It was conceived as a literary text in a specific political and religious context. My hypothesis is that it could be probably the same for the Kojiki . There are no grounds that should lead us to think that the Kojiki played a direct religious role. We find no testimony of its recitation during rites. Ftce General Knowledge Essay! Compared with the Aeneid , the my birthday celebration, Kojiki certainly covers a much longer span of time, but the important matter is the question of its roots, as with the Roman epic. If the Kojiki does not speak of the reign of Emperor Ninken, and the Aeneid also ends with the victory of Aeneas, it is because essential matters have already been noted and save all else is my birthday party celebration essay, unnecessary.

They are not simply chronicles of alice, past events, but they deal with the original age preceding all the facts of the my birthday party, foundation of the country. To think about the present by reaffirming the beginnings. With regards to general questions literary form, I believe that the Kojiki is an epic poem written by party an intellectual, as with the work of Virgil. The Aeneid has motifs that are repeated in both the Age of Gods and Human Age, and similarly the Kojiki also has many elements that are set up to be in contrast with or echo each other. It is doubtless that there lies the richness of the Kojiki , but that is probably why it had also been overlooked for such a long period. I believe the Kojiki has a structure comparable to a fixed-form poem.

It consists of sophisticated contrasts between water and fire, things open and closed, distant and close, and this might have been a familiar form for the people of the courts in the 7th century to the early 8th century. But this form must have already begun to be perceived as old-fashioned at that time. For the elite who were rapidly leaning towards Chinese culture, this should have already become incomprehensible. They had begun to see and understand the world through the theory of essay you most, Yin-Yang and essay the Five Elements that came to Japan from the continent. This process was already seen in the Nihon Shoki . It did not hesitate to use the terms of yin and yang in describing the gods Izanagi and Izanami, the couple who created the world.

In this way, the theory of Yin-Yang and the Five Elements would be used to interpret the narratives of the Age of Gods, as with the rhetorical analysis, Nihon Shoki , until the works of kokugaku , meaning national studies in the Edo period. Thus, the Kojiki was doubly depreciated. Firstly, its language was not clear enough to gain the prestige as the Aeneid did. Furthermore, O no Yasumaro was a middle-class government official unlike Virgil, who was already an esteemed poet to his contemporaries. What if the Kojiki had been written by Kakinomoto no Hitomaro (660-720) who is praised for his literary talent even today? What kind of work would it have become? Kakinomoto no Hitomaro wrote a long elegy for the funeral of Prince Kusakabe, husband of Empress Gemmei. This elegy begins, as with the Kojiki , with the creation of heaven and my birthday party celebration earth and the descent of the essay, celestial grandson, as whom Kakinomoto no Hitonomaro identifies the Emperor Temmu, the father of Prince Kusakabe. In these verses, he presents the same program shown in the Kojiki . But this long and magnificent elegy consists of 76 verses and two envois, and is therefore far from an epic poem. Japan did not have a tradition of long epic poems at the end of the 7th century. My Birthday Party! Thus, the furugoto or ancient matters must have been passed on in narratives in prose.

But when reading the Kojiki , it partially refers to tiger furugoto that can be described only as mythological references. When the Kojiki was put down in writing, the furugoto that was referred to probably belonged to a world which was disappearing in the oncoming waves of Chinese thought, nevertheless the furugoto were being revived in the Temmu reforms which attempted to my birthday party celebration essay restore ancient things. The Aeneid participated in tiger essay, and benefited from Augustus' religious revolution and restoration. The Kojiki also implies the existence of a plan that was not quite successful. During the Temmu era, the rites of emperors succession and rituals of Ise Shrine were adopted in my birthday essay, forms following ancient ways.

The regular reconstruction of the buildings of the Ise Shrine also began under the reign of Empress Jito (645-703), the widow of essay, Temmu. The construction style with thatched roofs and posts that are built directly into the ground, has been still maintained today. It may be said they are in striking contrast with Chinese architecture. Furthermore, the Ise Shrine constructed a pavilion for the rites of the Daijosai, one of the major ceremonies for the emperors succession, and my birthday party celebration this pavilion is also built in an ancient style. Alice Munro Essay! But these kinds of movements to restore ancient ways did not last. They did not find resonance in party essay, a culture dominated by Chinese thought and Buddhism. Essay Person You Most! The vision of making history from past events that had come to Japan from China prompted the elite to place importance on history in the form of official stories, and the Nihon Shoki and Zoku Nihon Shoki followed that flow of history based on this form. Therefore, Motoori Norinaga was not entirely mistaken in seeking the authentic Japanese soul in the Kojiki . But objectively speaking, it must be stated that what he considered to be the essential truth of the Age of the celebration, Gods beyond history was actually a literary work that was deliberately created in influenced, an archaic manner.

Even so, it is certain that Motoori Norinaga had perceived this unique book in party, Japanese literature as the work having an intention to present the beginnings of heaven and earth in a literary form of an epic and tiger essay beautiful narrative. But, just as the Aeneid will never teach us anything about the factual truth of the foundation of Rome, neither will the Kojiki tell us anything about the events that happened in Japan before the my birthday party, 6th century. This is not the role of myths or literature. The two texts that are seemingly different fulfill the same role, each at you most, its own level: to think of the present by reaffirming the beginnings. The reason why this work still continues to move us today is this song praising of the beginnings, thanks to an internal coherence which we do not always need to my birthday party be aware of for what analysis, it to be effective. Lecture photos: Kenichi Aikawa. Other photos: Courtesy of INALCO. Born in 1947, Professor of the Department of Japanese Language and Civilization at the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (INALCO) since 1989.

Served as Dean of the department from my birthday essay 1990 to 1997. Mainly teaches history of thought and religion before the Meiji era. Major publications include La mort et les funerailles dans le Japon ancient (POF, 1986), Kojiki shinwa no kozo (Chuokoron-sha, 1989), and Le Japon d'Edo (co-authored with Mieko Mace, Belles Lettres, 2006). The first Japanese-language course in France opened in 1862. This marked the beginning of Japanese-language education in France and the department which is now one of the largest institutions in what is a rhetorical essay, Europe. Over the years, the department has produced many translators, teachers of Japanese-language, diplomats and distinguished scholars in my birthday party, the broad field of Japanese studies. It plays an essential role in the French-Japanese relationship. The Japan Foundation and INALCO. INALCO and the Japan Foundation has been working together to analysis essay promote Japanese Studies and Japanese language education in France and my birthday party celebration essay other part of Europe. You Most! The two institutions have held conferences and symposia to promote Japanese culture and literature in France. (ex.

La cithare japonaise dans le Roman du Genji (2012), L'essor de la photographie au Japon, 1900-1945 (2009)) Some of the researchers of INALCO were awarded Japanese Studies Fellowships from the Foundation. The Foundation has donated various books related to Japanese Studies and materials for learning Japanese language to INALCO.