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Literature survey on epidemiology and pathology of gangliocytic paraganglioma. © Okubo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011. Received: 24 September 2010. Although gangliocytic paraganglioma (GP) has generally been regarded as a neuroendocrine tumor, its origin remains unclear. We therefore aimed to essay unusual friendship investigate the details of this disease by carefully analyzing and extracting common features of the disease as presented in ap us history grading selected publications.

We searched for essay friendship, English and Japanese cases of GP using the proposal essays, PubMed and IgakuChuoZasshi databases on essay about unusual, August 2010. We then extracted and sampled raw data from the selected publications and performed appropriate statistical analyses. Additionally, we evaluated the expression of hormone receptors based on our previously reported case. 192 patients with GP were retrieved from the proposal essays, databases. Patient ages ranged from 15 y to 84 y (mean: 52.3 y). The gender ratio was 114:76 (male to female, 2 not reported).

Maximum diameter of the essay unusual friendship, tumors ranged from proposal essays 5.5 mm to 100 mm (mean: 25.0 mm). The duodenum (90.1%, 173/192) was found to about unusual be the most common site of the disease. In 173 patients with duodenal GP, gastrointestinal bleeding (45.1%, 78/173) was found to be the most common symptom of the disease, followed by abdominal pain (42.8%, 74/173), and tiger, anemia (14.5%, 25/173). Essay? Rate of lymph node metastasis was 6.9% (12/173). Our statistical analysis indicated that significant differences were found for ap us grading, gender between GP within the submucosal layer and exceeding the submucosal layer. Essay About Unusual? Furthermore, our immunohistochemical evaluation showed that both epithelioid and proposal essays, pancreatic islet cells showed positive reactivity for progesterone receptors. Our literature survey revealed that there were many more cases of GP exceeding the submucosal layer than were expected.

Meanwhile, our statistical analyses and immunohistochemical evaluation supported the following two hypotheses. About Unusual? First, vertical growth of GP might be affected by progesterone exposure. Second, the history, origin of GP might be pancreatic islet cells. However, it is strongly suspected that our data have been affected by publication bias and to essay about unusual confirm these hypotheses, further investigation is required. Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma with lymph node metastasis. Chief Clinical presentation. Follow up (months) Takabayashi et al. Management? [ 53 ]. Additional surgical intervention.

Recurrence 11 years after first surgical intervention. Sundararajan et al. [ 54 ]. Anemia, subclinical jaundice. Witkiewicz et al. [ 36 ]. Abdominal pain, vomiting, weight loss. Epigastralgia, tarry stool.

Gastrointestinal bleeding, anemia. NR: not reported, PD: pancreatoduodenectomy, PPPD: pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy. NED: no evidence of disease. There were twelve cases of gangliocytic paraganglioma with lymph node metastasis. Few studies reported the epidemiology, pathology, and clinical characteristics of the disease. About Unusual? We then evaluated the details of the disease by carefully analyzing and extracting common features of the keywords, disease as presented in these selected publications. We searched English and Japanese cases of unusual friendship GP published from 1957 to the early trimester of 2010 using the PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ and IgakuChuoZasshi http://www.jamas.or.jp/ databases on August 2010 by conducting a search of proposal essays gangliocytic paraganglioma with case report options as an additional tool. As a result, 4574 English and 27 Japanese publications were retrieved. We checked the abstracts and essay about friendship, 73 English and proposal essays, 24 Japanese (total 97) publications were regarded as cases of GP and 4504 publications were excluded. Since this disease entity has been reported under other names, prior to essay unusual friendship Kepes et al. naming it as a GP [ 2 ], such as ganglioneuroma, non-chromaffin paraganglioma, and paraganglioneuroma, we checked the tiger research, references of 97 selected publications. The characteristic three components could be confirmed in the manuscript or a figure.

The paper was cited in essay about friendship other publications as a GP report. These 105 publications contained reports on 192 patients with GP. In the present study, we conducted a non-systematic literature review using 173 patients with duodenal GP. We extracted and essay grading, sampled raw data from the selected publications, such as clinical findings (age, sex, clinical symptoms, operation method, and essay, outcome), histopathological findings (site, maximum diameter of the tumor, diagnostic rate from biopsy before operation, the depth of the tumor invasion, and with or without lymph node metastasis), and immunohistochemical findings. In addition, we performed appropriate statistical analyses using the extracted data. Thesis Vs Non Thesis Science? Statistical analyses were performed using the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test or Chi-square test. Differences were considered significant at P 0.05.

Additionally, we evaluated gender differences based on the results of our statistical analyses. Moreover, we evaluated the expression of hormone receptors in friendship relation to estrogen and in a relationship essay, progesterone based on our previously reported case [ 6 ]. Finally, we declare that our study may be affected by publication bias because it comprises a cumulating case series. 192 patients with GP were retrieved from the essay, PubMed and IgakuChuoZasshi databases. Patient ages ranged from history 15 y to 84 y (mean: 52.3 y). The gender ratio was 114:76 (male to female, 2 not reported). Maximum diameter of the unusual, tumors ranged from 5.5 mm to 100 mm (mean: 25.0 mm). Thesis Masters? The duodenum (90.1%, 173/192) was found to be the about unusual friendship, most common site of the disease, followed by the low-level spinal cord (2.1%, 4/192) [ 7 – 10 ], respiratory system (2.1%, 4/192) [ 11 – 14 ], jejunum (1.6%, 3/192) [ 5 , 15 , 16 ], and ap us history, esophagus (1.0%, 2/192) [ 17 , 18 ]. There were individual cases involving the stomach [ 5 ], appendix [ 19 ], retromediastinum [ 20 ], pancreas [ 21 ], and mature teratoma [ 22 ] (constituent of the lesion), as well as a case of double focus in the duodenum and pancreas [ 23 ] (0.5%, 1/192, respectively).

In accordance with these findings, the essay about unusual friendship, present study focuses on thesis thesis masters computer science, the duodenal lesion, which represents the site for the overwhelming majority of cases of the disease. 173 patients with duodenal GP were retrieved from the PubMed and IgakuChuoZasshi databases. About Unusual Friendship? Patient ages ranged from 15 y to 84 y (mean: 52.6 y). Proposal Essays? The gender ratio was 102:69 (2 not reported). Gastrointestinal bleeding (45.1%, 78/173) was found to be the most common symptom of the disease among the unusual, symptoms reported in the papers, followed by relationship management abdominal pain (42.8%, 74/173), and anemia (14.5%, 25/173). In contrast, biliary obstruction was extremely rare (4.6%, 8/173). The follow-up period ranged from 12 months to 96 months, and about unusual, no death from GP was reported. History Essay? With the exception of friendship a patient that had part of a previous tumor at white tiger research, the initial operation [ 24 ], no recurrence has been reported. There is only one report of a patient who underwent radiotherapy after surgical intervention [ 25 ]. 15 patients underwent an endoscopic procedure for essay about friendship, removal [ 26 – 40 ], and one patient required additional surgical intervention due to the presence of a tumor residue following her first endoscopic intervention [ 36 ]. Histopathological findings from forceps biopsies performed prior to surgical intervention were described in 35 patients.

Among these cases, 4 patients were correctly diagnosed as GP, 24 patients did not show evidence of tumor cells (specimens did not contain tumor cells), and 7 patients were diagnosed or suspected of having a different neuroendocrine tumor (3 carcinoid tumors, 2 paragangliomas, 1 ganglioneuroma, and 1 case involving atypical cells). The maximum diameter of the tumors ranged from management 5.5 mm to essay friendship 100 mm (mean: 24.2 mm). The depth of the tumor invasion was described in management 108 patients, comprising 42 patients with submucosal invasion, 62 with muscularis propria invasion, and 4 with connective tissue beneath the muscularis propria. In summary, 42 patients had GP within the unusual, submucosal layer and 66 patients had GP exceeding the submucosal layer. Moreover, 12 of these patients showed lymph node metastasis that involved one submucosal lesion [Table 1 ]. Representative findings for each of the three characteristic components of vs non masters computer tumor cells are as follows. In epithelioid cells, neuron specific enolase (NSE) showed the highest positive rate (93.9%, 77/82), followed by synaptophysin (90.0%, 36/40), pancreatic polypeptide (PP; 89.7%, 70/78), somatostatin (81.8%, 63/77), chromogranin-A (67.4%, 60/89), cytokeratins (48.3%, 28/58), and serotonin (22.0%, 13/59). In spindle-shaped cells, S-100 protein showed the highest positive rate (94.2%, 98/104), followed by NSE (84.0%, 63/75), and essay about unusual friendship, synaptophysin (64.7%, 22/34). Immunohistochemical findings for each of the three characteristic components of the ap us history grading, tumor.

Neuron specific enolase. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide. Positive or negative findings from immunohistochemistry in 173 extracted duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma are summarized. Comparative analysis of clinicopathological findings. To determine significant factors associated with the progression of the about friendship, tumor, the following comparative analyses were carried out. When we employed evidence of metastasis as an indicator of tiger paper progression, a significant difference was found only for the ages of patients among the clinicopathological findings concerning those with and without lymph node metastasis (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.01), and patients with metastasis were significantly younger than those without metastasis. In contrast, no significant differences were found in the maximum diameter of the tumors or gender when comparing patients with and without lymph node metastasis (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.10 or Chi-square test: p = 0.55, respectively). Comparison of clinicopathological findings between patients with and without lymph node metastasis. Patients with lymph node metastasis. Patients without lymph node metastasis. Number of patients.

17 to 67 (mean: 43.5) 15 to essay about unusual friendship 84 (mean: 53.4) Significant difference was found. (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.01) Maximum diameter of the tumor (mm) 5.5 to 65 (mean: 29.8) 10 to 100 (mean: 23.5)

No significant difference was found. (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.10) Gender (male to female) 96:63 (2 not reported) No significant difference was found. (Chi-square test: p = 0.55)

A significant difference was found for trust essay, the ages of patients with and without lymph node metastasis (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.01), and essay about friendship, patients with lymph node metastasis were significantly younger than those without lymph node metastasis. In contrast, no significant differences were found for essay, maximum diameter of the tumor or gender in patients with and without lymph node metastasis (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.10 or Chi-square test: p = 0.55, respectively). Comparison of clinicopathological findings between GP within and exceeding the submucosal layer. Gangliocytic paraganglioma within the submucosal layer. Gangliocytic paraganglioma exceeding the essay unusual friendship, submucosal layer. Number of patients. 28 to 84 (mean: 54.1) 15 to ap us history grading 73 (mean: 50.0) No significant difference was found (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.23)

Maximum diameter of the tumor (mm) 5.5 to 65 (mean: 21.7) 10 to essay unusual friendship 100 (mean: 26.8) No significant difference was found (Mann-Whitney U test: p = 0.18) Gender (male to female)

Significant difference was found. (Chi-square test: p = 0.02) Rate of thesis vs non thesis lymph node metastasis. Significant difference was found. (Chi-square test: p = 0.03)

Significant differences were found for gender and the rate of lymph node metastasis between patients with GP within the submucosal layer and essay unusual friendship, exceeding the submucosal layer (Chi-square test: p = 0.02, 0.03, respectively). However, no significant differences were found for essay grading, the maximum diameter of the tumor or the about, age of a patient between males and females. In addition, Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was calculated to assess any potential relationship between the management, maximum diameter of the tumors and ages of patients, but no significant relationships were found. Immunohistochemical evaluation of female sex hormone receptors. Photomicrographs showing immunohistochemistry for estrogen and progesterone receptors . (A and B) Epithelioid cells in both primary and metastatic foci were negative for estrogen receptors (? 400). Essay? (C) Pancreatic islet cells showed a weakly positive reactivity for estrogen receptos (? 400). (D and E) Epithelioid cells in both primary and metastatic foci showed a strongly positive reactivity for progesterone receptors (? 400). F N Courseworks? (F) Pancreatic islet cells showed a strongly positive reactivity for progesterone receptors (? 400).

We collected as many publications written in English or Japanese involving GP and examined them to extract characteristic features of the tumor as presented in friendship clinical and histopathological findings. We focused on masters, determining the about unusual, significant factors associated with the ap us essay, progression of the tumor. Here we discuss the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical findings in essay friendship reference to matters that emerged from essay our research. In the essay about, present study, we found gastrointestinal bleeding as the most common symptom, followed by management abdominal pain. This fact has been previously accepted and our data confirm it. All patients without autopsies and essay unusual friendship, having clinically incidental focus had surgical interventions, including 15 patients with endoscopic intervention. Indeed, one patient required additional surgical intervention due to a residue of the tumor at her first endoscopic procedure [ 36 ], while other patients showed a good outcome without recurrence or metastasis. Furthermore, there was no record of thesis vs non thesis masters computer science a patient dying from GP, and friendship, patients with this tumor, therefore, have an thesis vs non thesis computer science, extremely good prognosis. However, one patient has been reported as showing a recurrence due to unusual friendship a residue of paper a previous tumor at his initial surgical intervention [ 24 ]. Accordingly, we emphasize the essay about unusual, importance of in a essay both a histopathological assessment of extensive tumor components at the surgical margin and imaging examinations to monitor for recurrence or metastasis after the operation.

Although one patient received irradiation after surgical intervention [ 25 ], we maintain that patients without residual tumor require no adjuvant therapy because no recurrence or metastasis has been reported in such patients. Unusual Friendship? By contrast, it is proposal essays still unclear whether a residual tumor can be controlled by about friendship irradiation or chemotherapy alone without surgical intervention. The immunohistochemical findings on the tumors need consideration since the identification of three cellular components are essential for diagnosis. Epithelioid and trust in a, ganglion-like cells showed a high positive rate for several kinds of immunohistochemical neuroendocrine markers, such as synaptophysin, chromogranin A, and NSE. In addition, epithelioid cells showed a high positive rate for PP. About Unusual Friendship? In contrast, spindle-shaped cells had the highest positive rate for ap us history essay grading, S-100. Essay About Unusual Friendship? These results are consistent with other previous publications. Furthermore, positive rates for each hormone, such as somatostatin, serotonin, gastrin, glucagon, and white tiger, insulin in epithelioid cells, were significantly different and the meaning of this finding is essay about unusual worth investigating. However, these extracted immunohistochemical findings should be regarded as hints or suggestions because it is thought that results involving negative data have not been described in previous publications.

In fact, our previous case report did not describe the immunohistochemical evaluation of f n keywords each hormone according to negative reactivity. Incidentally, we previously tried to establish the immunohistochemical prognostic indicators of GP using bcl-2, p53, and Ki-67, which are acceptable prognostic indicators in several kinds of neuroendocrine tumors [ 41 – 44 ]. However, all of these indicators showed a negative reactivity. Unfortunately, there were no other cases of GP that included an essay friendship, immunohistochemical evaluation using bcl-2 and p53, and management, the value of these factors as prognostic indicators of GP remains unclear. In contrast, two cases without lymph node metastasis were described with the Ki-67 labeling index in GP [ 45 , 46 ]. Essay Friendship? However, both showed extremely low Ki-67 labeling index values. Therefore, we suggest that immunohistochemical evaluation using Ki-67 may have a limited prognostic value in GP. Finally, we gained insight into the progression of GP tumors and related factors. It has been accepted that GP usually arises from the submucosal or muscular layer, which may make the diagnosis difficult using a forceps biopsy prior to courseworks keywords surgical intervention. In fact, we revealed that the essay, diagnostic rate by biopsy before surgical intervention was only 11.4% (4/35). In addition, we showed that many more cases of ap us essay grading GP exceeding the submucosal layer were reported (61.1%, 66/108) than expected, and GP exceeding the submucosal layer is a risk factor for lymph node metastasis.

These facts emphasize the importance of imaging examinations prior to surgical interventions. It is about unusual interesting to note that significant differences were found for gender between GP within the submucosal layer and trust relationship essay, exceeding the submucosal layer. On the basis of our investigation, a hypothesis emerged that asserted no significant relationship for gender and that female gender induces vertical growth of the tumor. To confirm part of our hypothesis, we focused on female-specific factors and unusual, initially evaluated tumor cells immunohistochemically using anti-estrogen and progesterone receptor antibodies. As a result, our immunohistochemical evaluation revealed that epithelioid cells showed positive reactivity for the progesterone receptor. Ap Us History Essay Grading? Furthermore, some investigators reported that progesterone regulates neural differentiation [ 47 , 48 ]. Essay About Friendship? These facts suggest that the vertical growth of GP might be affected by progesterone exposure. Additionally, it is vs non masters computer science interesting to essay unusual note that normal pancreatic islet cells also showed positive reactivity for the progesterone receptor. Relationship? It has been reported that normal pancreatic islet cells and essay about friendship, pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors showed positive reactivity for the progesterone receptor [ 49 ], and our literature survey demonstrated that epithelioid cells showed a high positive rate for PP (89.7%, 70/78) immunohistochemically. These facts indicate the keywords, relationship between GP and pancreatic islet cells. However, immunohistochemical evaluation for estrogen receptors differs between epithelioid cells and essay about unusual, normal pancreatic islet cells, and proposal essays, our immunohistochemical evaluation was based on only one patient.

Furthermore, it is strongly suspected that our data have been affected by essay friendship publication bias. To confirm these hypotheses, further investigation is required (e.g. F N Keywords? compare the positivity between the essay unusual, metastatic cases [ 6 , 24 , 25 , 36 , 46 , 50 – 56 ] and relationship, non-metastatic cases for the immunohistochemical antigen expression). Our literature survey revealed that there were many more cases of GP exceeding the about unusual friendship, submucosal layer than were expected, and significant differences were found in gender between GP within the thesis, submucosal layer and exceeding the submucosal layer. Furthermore, our immunohistochemical evaluation showed that both epithelioid cells and about unusual, normal pancreatic islet cells showed strongly positive reactivity for progesterone receptors. These immunohistochemical results support the relationship management, following two hypotheses. First, vertical growth of GP might be affected by progesterone exposure. Second, the origin of GP might be the pancreatic islet cells. However, further investigation is required to confirm these hypotheses.

Since the data of this study were extracted and about, sampled from previous publications, written informed consent for f n courseworks, publication from patients does not exist with the about, exception of white research our previous publication. As for our previously reported cases, written informed consent was obtained from the patients for publication of this study as well as any accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is about available for review by white tiger research paper the Editor-in-Chief of this journal. Furthermore, the anonymity of essay about unusual all patients was strictly protected. neuron specific enolase. This work was supported by proposal essays the Health Science Research Grants for Research on about unusual friendship, Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Diseases (H16-Shinko-6 and H19-Shinko-8), Measures for Intractable Diseases (H20 nannchi ippann 35) from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan, by a Grant of the tiger research, Strategic Basis on Research Grounds for Non-governmental Schools at essay unusual friendship, Heisei 20th from the f n, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Japan to K. S, and Toho University project grant to Y. O. The authors thank Minoru Shinozaki for about, his excellent technical support and Tsutomu Hatori, Aki Mitsuda, Chikako Hasegawa and essay grading, Takayuki Hirano for their histopathological advice. Authors' original submitted files for images. Dr. Shibuya reports receiving research grants from Pfizer Inc., Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K., and Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Co.

All authors declare that they have no competing interests. YO conceptualized this study, integrated the data, and wrote the manuscript as a major contributor; MY carried out the histopathological evaluation and revised the about, manuscript; TN carried out in a essay, statistical evaluation and about friendship, revised the manuscript; KK and HN carried out statistical evaluation; KS gave final approval to the manuscript as a corresponding author; TY, MY, KS, DS, and TI sampled publications and extracted raw data from English and Japanese publications and integrated the data; MT advised the essay grading, first author on gangliocytic paraganglioma as a clinical doctor; NH carried out essay about, histopathological and statistical evaluation and revised the manuscript as a last author. All authors contributed to conceptualizing and relationship, writing this study. Furthermore, all authors read and approved the final manuscript. Dahl EV, Waugh JM, Dahlin DC: Gastrointestinal ganglioneuromas; brief review with report of essay about a duodenal ganglioneuroma.

Am J Pathol. 1957, 33: 953-965. PubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar Kepes JJ, Zacharias DL: Gangliocytic paragangliomas of the duodenum. A report of two cases with light and electron microscopic examination. Cancer. Courseworks Keywords? 1971, 27: 61-7. 10.1002/1097-0142(197101)27:161::AID-CNCR28202701113.0.CO;2-I. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Guarda LA, Ordonez NG, del Junco GW, Luna MA: Gangliocytic paraganglioma of the duodenum: an immunocytochemical study. Am J Gastroenterol.

1983, 78: 794-798. Essay About Friendship? PubMedGoogle Scholar Perrone T, Sibley RK, Rosai J: Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. An immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study and relationship management, a hypothesis concerning its origin. Am J Surg Pathol. Essay About Friendship? 1985, 9: 31-41. 10.1097/00000478-198501000-00007. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Burke AP, Helwig EB: Gangliocytic paraganglioma.

Am J Clin Pathol. Thesis Computer Science? 1989, 92: 1-9. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Okubo Y, Yokose T, Tuchiya M, Mituda A, Wakayama M, Hasegawa C, Sasai D, Nemoto T, Shibuya K: Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma showing lymph node metastasis: A rare case report. Diagn Pathol. Essay About Unusual Friendship? 2010, 5: 27-10.1186/1746-1596-5-27. View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar Lerman RI, Kaplan ES, Daman L: Ganglioneuroma-paraganglioma of the grading, intradural filum terminale. Case report. J Neurosurg. Essay Friendship? 1972, 36: 652-658. 10.3171/jns.1972.36.5.0652.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Llena JF, Wisoff HS, Hirano A: Gangliocytic paraganglioma in proposal essays cauda equina region, with biochemical and neuropathological studies. Case report. J Neurosurg. 1982, 56: 280-282. Essay Friendship? 10.3171/jns.1982.56.2.0280. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Djindjian M, Ayache P, Brugieres P, Malapert D, Baudrimont M, Poirier J: Giant gangliocytic paraganglioma of the grading, filum terminale. Case report.

J Neurosurg. 1990, 73: 459-461. 10.3171/jns.1990.73.3.0459. About Friendship? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Vural M, Arslantas A, Isiksoy S, Adapinar B, Atasoy M, Soylemezoglu F: Gangliocytic paraganglioma of the history essay grading, cauda equina with significant calcification: first description in pediatric age. Zentralbl Neurochir. Essay Friendship? 2008, 69: 47-50. 10.1055/s-2007-985162. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Sinkre P, Lindberg G, Albores-Saavedra J: Nasopharyngeal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Arch Pathol Lab Med. F N Courseworks? 2001, 125: 1098-1100. PubMedGoogle Scholar Hironaka M, Fukayama M, Takayashiki N, Saito K, Sohara Y, Funata N: Pulmonary gangliocytic paraganglioma: case report and essay unusual, comparative immunohistochemical study of tiger related neuroendocrine neoplasms.

Am J Surg Pathol. 2001, 25: 688-693. 10.1097/00000478-200105000-00020. Essay? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Kee AR, Forrest CH, Brennan BA, Papadimitriou JM, Glancy RJ: Gangliocytic paraganglioma of the bronchus: a case report with follow-up and proposal essays, ultrastructural assessment. Am J Surg Pathol. 2003, 27: 1380-1385. 10.1097/00000478-200310000-00011. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Palau MA, Merino MJ, Quezado M: Corticotropin-producing pulmonary gangliocytic paraganglioma associated with Cushing's syndrome. Hum Pathol.

2006, 37: 623-626. Essay? 10.1016/j.humpath.2005.12.006. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Reed RJ, Caroca PJ, Harkin JC: Gangliocytic paraganglioma. Am J Surg Pathol. 1977, 1: 207-216. 10.1097/00000478-197709000-00002.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Aung W, Gallagher HJ, Joyce WP, Hayes DB, Leader M: Gastrointestinal haemorrhage from a jejunal gangliocytic paraganglioma. J Clin Pathol. 1995, 48: 84-85. 10.1136/jcp.48.1.84. Ap Us History Essay Grading? View ArticlePubMedPubMed CentralGoogle Scholar Weinrach DM, Wang KL, Blum MG, Yeldandi AV, Laskin WB: Multifocal presentation of gangliocytic paraganglioma in the mediastinum and esophagus. Hum Pathol. 2004, 35: 1288-1291. 10.1016/j.humpath.2004.07.013.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Harries K, Nunn T, Shah V, Richards D, Manson JM: First reported case of esophageal paraganglioma. A review of the literature of gastrointestinal tract paraganglioma including gangliocytic paraganglioma. Dis Esophagus. 2004, 17: 191-195. 10.1111/j.1442-2050.2004.00386.x. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar van Eeden S, Offerhaus GJ, Peterse HL, Dingemans KP, Blaauwgeers HL: Gangliocytic paraganglioma of the appendix. Histopathology. 2000, 36: 47-49. About Friendship? 10.1046/j.1365-2559.2000.00881.x. Management? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar de Montpreville VT, Mussot S, Gharbi N, Dartevelle P, Dulmet E: Paraganglioma with ganglioneuromatous component located in the posterior mediastinum. Unusual Friendship? Ann Diagn Pathol.

2005, 9: 110-114. 10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2004.12.010. Trust Essay? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Tomic S, Warner T: Pancreatic somatostatin-secreting gangliocytic paraganglioma with lymph node metastases. Am J Gastroenterol. 1996, 91: 607-608. PubMedGoogle Scholar Mahdavi A, Silberberg B, Malviya VK, Braunstein AH, Shapiro J: Gangliocytic paraganglioma arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. Gynecol Oncol. 2003, 90: 482-485.

10.1016/S0090-8258(03)00272-5. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Kawaguchi K, Takizawa T, Koike M, Tabata I, Goseki N: Multiple paraganglioneuromas. Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol. Essay Unusual Friendship? 1985, 406: 373-380. 10.1007/BF00704306.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Dookhan DB, Miettinen M, Finkel G, Gibas Z: Recurrent duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma with lymph node metastases. Histopathology. 1993, 22: 399-401. 10.1111/j.1365-2559.1993.tb00145.x. In A Essay? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Wong A, Miller AR, Metter J, Thomas CR: Locally advanced duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma treated with adjuvant radiation therapy: case report and essay about friendship, review of the iterature. Proposal Essays? World J Surg Oncol.

2005, 3: Google Scholar Scheithauer BW, Nora FE, LeChago J, Wick MR, Crawford BG, Weiland LH, Carney JA: Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Clinicopathologic and immunocytochemical study of 11 cases. Am J Clin Pathol. About? 1986, 86: 559-565. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Hayashi K, Kuroda M, Mizoguchi M: A case of duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Official Journal of the Japanese Association of Pathologists.

1994, 12: 45-(In Japanese) Google Scholar Ohya M, Utsunomiya S, Yao T: A case of gangliocytic paraganglioma. Official Journal of the tiger research paper, Japanese Association of Pathologists. 1996, 14: 6-(In Japanese) Google Scholar Miyaji J, Kuriyama A, Hiraoka J, Matsuo N, Kawamuwa H, Kawamura H, Ishikawa M, Abe K, Ohmoto M, Tamaru M, Nishina K, Umeda M, Kurokawa T, Ishikawa M: A case of duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Stomach and essay, Intestine. 2000, 35: 1443-1447. Courseworks? (In Japanese) Google Scholar Nakamura T, Ozawa T, Kitagawa M, Takehira Y, Yamada M, Yasumi K, Tamakoshi K, Kobayashi Y, Nakamura H: Endoscopic resection of unusual gangliocytic paraganglioma of the minor duodenal papilla: case report and vs non thesis computer, review. Essay Unusual? Gastrointest Endosc. 2002, 55: 270-273. 10.1067/mge.2002.120782. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Hengstler P, Binek J, Meyenberger C: Endoscopic resection of a juxtapapillary gangliocytic paraganglioma.

Endoscopy. 2003, 35: 633-634. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Nagai T, Torishima R, Nakashima H, Tanahashi J, Iwata M, Ookawara H, Yokoyama S, Yada K, Sato R, Murakami K, Fujioka TJ: Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma treated with endoscopic hemostasis and thesis masters, resection. Essay About Unusual? Gastroenterol. 2004, 39: 277-283. 10.1007/s00535-003-1289-2. View ArticleGoogle Scholar Sanchez-Pobre P, Saenz-Lopez S, Rodriguez S, Sanchez F, Alemany I, Lopez G, Colina F, Martinez-Montiel P, Marin JC, Castellano G, Solis Herruzo JA: Safe endoscopic resection of gangliocytic paraganglioma of the major duodenal papilla.

Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2004, 96: 660-664. PubMedGoogle Scholar El Idrissi-Lamghari A, Rioux-Leclercq N, Pagenault M, Bretagne JF: Voluminous juxtapapillary gangliocytic paraganglioma. Gastrointest Endosc. Thesis Masters Science? 2005, 62: 445-446. 10.1016/j.gie.2005.04.003. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Chahal P, Prasad GA, Sanderson SO, Gostout CJ, Levy MJ, Baron TH: Endoscopic resection of nonadenomatous ampullary neoplasms. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007, 41: 661-666. 10.1097/01.mcg.0000225651.00308.79. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Witkiewicz A, Galler A, Yeo CJ, Gross SD: Gangliocytic paraganglioma: case report and review of the literature.

J Gastrointest Surg. 2007, 11: 1351-1354. 10.1007/s11605-007-0217-9. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Loew BJ, Lukens FJ, Navarro F, Roy M, Mattia A, Howell DA: Successful endoscopic resection of a gangliocytic paraganglioma of the minor papilla in a patient with pancreas divisum and about unusual friendship, pancreatitis (with video). Gastrointest Endosc. 2007, 65: 547-550. Thesis Thesis Masters Computer Science? 10.1016/j.gie.2006.07.019. Unusual? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Morita T, Tamura S, Yokoyama Y, Onishi T, Kuratani Y, Mizuta H, Onishi S: Endoscopic resection of a duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Dig Dis Sci.

2007, 52: 1400-1404. 10.1007/s10620-006-9370-3. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Yamaoka H, Uchida M, Okamoto K: A case of tiger duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Essay About Unusual Friendship? Medical Journal of Kochi Health Sciences Center. 2007, 2: 41-44. (In Japanese) Google Scholar Ishikawa S, Inaba C, Hori K, Wato M, Kawai K: Gangliocytic paraganglioma. Endoscopia Digestiva. 2009, 21: 1596-1597. In A Essay? (In Japanese) Google Scholar Gal AA, Sheppard MN, Nolen JD, Cohen C: p53, cellular proliferation, and apoptosis-related factors in thymic neuroendocrine tumors. Mod Pathol. Essay About Unusual? 2004, 17: 33-39. 10.1038/modpathol.3800009.

View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar de Krijger RR, van der Harst E, van der Ham F, Stijnen T, Dinjens WN, Koper JW, Bruining HA, Lamberts SW, Bosman FT: Prognostic value of p53, bcl-2, and c-erbB-2 protein expression in phaeochromocytomas. J Pathol. 1999, 188: 51-55. 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199905)188:151::AID-PATH3103.0.CO;2-R. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Cadden IS, Atkinson AB, Johnston BT, Pogue K, Connolly R, McCance D, Ardill JE, Russell CF, McGinty A: Cyclooxygenase-2 expression correlates with phaeochromocytoma malignancy: evidence for a Bcl-2-dependent mechanism. Histopathology. 2007, 51: 743-751. 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2007.02846.x. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Wang DG, Johnston CF, Sloan JM, Buchanan KD: Expression of Bcl-2 in lung neuroendocrine tumours: comparison with p53.

J Pathol. 1998, 184: 247-251. 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199803)184:3247::AID-PATH9943.0.CO;2-P. Proposal Essays? View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Ohtsuki Y, Watanabe R, Kimura M, Okamoto T, Murakami S, Mizukami Y, Takeji M, Okada Y, Hayashi Y, Lee GH, Furihata M: Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies of unusual friendship a case of duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma. Med Mol Morphol. 2009, 42: 245-249.

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Endocr Relat Cancer. 2007, 14: 1081-1088. 10.1677/ERC-07-0093. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Buchler M, Malfertheiner P, Baczako K, Krautzberger W, Beger HG: A metastatic endocrine-neurogenic tumor of the white research paper, ampulla of Vater with multiple endocrine immunoreaction--malignant paraganglioma?. Digestion. 1985, 31: 54-59. 10.1159/000199178. View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar Inai K, Kobuke T, Yonehara S, Tokuoka S: Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma showing lymph node metastasis in a 17-year-old boy. Cancer. Essay Unusual Friendship? 1989, 63: 2540-2545.

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The Japanese Society of unusual friendship Gastroenterological Surgery. Proposal Essays? 1993, 26: 2444-2448. (In Japanese) View ArticleGoogle Scholar Sundararajan V, Robinson-Smith TM, Lowy AM: Duodenal gangliocytic paraganglioma showing lymph node metastasis: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2003, 127: 139-141. Google Scholar Bucher P, Mathe Z, Buhler L, Chilcott M, Gervaz P, Egger JF, Morel P: Paraganglioma of the ampulla of Vater: a potentially malignant neoplasm. About Unusual? Scand J Gastroenterol. Proposal Essays? 2004, 39: 291-295.

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View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. The pre-publication history for this paper can be accessed here: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2407/11/187/prepub. This article is published under license to unusual friendship BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the tiger, Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0 ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is essay unusual friendship properly cited. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Share on Weibo Share on Google Plus Share on Reddit. By continuing to use this website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions, Privacy statement and Cookies policy. © 2017 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated.

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The Most Unlikely Friendship « Olivia | This I Believe

object in resume Every thread has a priority. Threads with higher priority are executed in preference to threads with lower priority. Each thread may or may not also be marked as a daemon. About Unusual! When code running in some thread creates a new Thread object, the white research paper, new thread has its priority initially set equal to the priority of the friendship, creating thread, and is a daemon thread if and only if the creating thread is a daemon. When a Java Virtual Machine starts up, there is proposal essays usually a single non-daemon thread (which typically calls the method named main of some designated class). About Unusual! The Java Virtual Machine continues to execute threads until either of the following occurs: The exit method of ap us, class Runtime has been called and the security manager has permitted the exit operation to take place. All threads that are not daemon threads have died, either by returning from the call to the run method or by throwing an exception that propagates beyond the run method. There are two ways to create a new thread of execution.

One is to declare a class to be a subclass of Thread . This subclass should override the run method of class Thread . An instance of the subclass can then be allocated and started. For example, a thread that computes primes larger than a stated value could be written as follows: The following code would then create a thread and start it running: The other way to create a thread is to about unusual friendship declare a class that implements the Runnable interface. That class then implements the run method. An instance of the class can then be allocated, passed as an history grading argument when creating Thread , and started. About Unusual! The same example in this other style looks like the f n, following: The following code would then create a thread and start it running: Every thread has a name for identification purposes. More than one thread may have the same name. If a name is not specified when a thread is created, a new name is generated for it.

Unless otherwise noted, passing a null argument to a constructor or method in this class will cause a NullPointerException to essay unusual friendship be thrown. Methods inherited from management, class java.lang.Object. If there is a security manager, its checkAccess method is invoked with the ThreadGroup as its argument. In addition, its checkPermission method is invoked with the about unusual friendship, RuntimePermission(enableContextClassLoaderOverride) permission when invoked directly or indirectly by the constructor of relationship, a subclass which overrides the getContextClassLoader or setContextClassLoader methods. The priority of the newly created thread is set equal to the priority of the thread creating it, that is, the essay about friendship, currently running thread.

The method setPriority may be used to change the priority to a new value. The newly created thread is initially marked as being a daemon thread if and only if the thread creating it is currently marked as a daemon thread. The method setDaemon may be used to change whether or not a thread is a daemon. This constructor is tiger identical to Thread(ThreadGroup,Runnable,String) with the exception of the fact that it allows the essay friendship, thread stack size to be specified. Trust In A! The stack size is the approximate number of bytes of address space that the virtual machine is to allocate for this thread's stack.

The effect of the stackSize parameter, if any, is highly platform dependent. On some platforms, specifying a higher value for the stackSize parameter may allow a thread to achieve greater recursion depth before throwing a StackOverflowError . Similarly, specifying a lower value may allow a greater number of threads to exist concurrently without throwing an OutOfMemoryError (or other internal error). The details of the relationship between the about friendship, value of the stackSize parameter and thesis vs non masters computer science the maximum recursion depth and concurrency level are platform-dependent. On some platforms, the value of the unusual friendship, stackSize parameter may have no effect whatsoever. The virtual machine is free to treat the stackSize parameter as a suggestion. If the specified value is unreasonably low for the platform, the virtual machine may instead use some platform-specific minimum value; if the f n courseworks keywords, specified value is about unusual friendship unreasonably high, the virtual machine may instead use some platform-specific maximum. Likewise, the virtual machine is free to round the specified value up or down as it sees fit (or to ignore it completely).

Specifying a value of zero for the stackSize parameter will cause this constructor to relationship management behave exactly like the Thread(ThreadGroup, Runnable, String) constructor. Due to the platform-dependent nature of the behavior of this constructor, extreme care should be exercised in essay its use. The thread stack size necessary to perform a given computation will likely vary from proposal essays, one JRE implementation to another. In light of this variation, careful tuning of the stack size parameter may be required, and the tuning may need to essay about friendship be repeated for each JRE implementation on which an application is to run. Implementation note: Java platform implementers are encouraged to document their implementation's behavior with respect to the stackSize parameter. Yield is a heuristic attempt to improve relative progression between threads that would otherwise over-utilise a CPU.

Its use should be combined with detailed profiling and benchmarking to ensure that it actually has the desired effect. It is rarely appropriate to keywords use this method. About Friendship! It may be useful for debugging or testing purposes, where it may help to reproduce bugs due to proposal essays race conditions. It may also be useful when designing concurrency control constructs such as the ones in the java.util.concurrent.locks package. The result is that two threads are running concurrently: the essay unusual friendship, current thread (which returns from the call to the start method) and history the other thread (which executes its run method).

It is never legal to start a thread more than once. In particular, a thread may not be restarted once it has completed execution. Subclasses of Thread should override this method. If there is a security manager installed, its checkAccess method is called with this as its argument. Friendship! This may result in tiger research a SecurityException being raised (in the unusual, current thread). If this thread is different from the current thread (that is, the current thread is trying to stop a thread other than itself), the essay, security manager's checkPermission method (with a RuntimePermission(stopThread) argument) is called in addition. About! Again, this may result in thesis vs non computer throwing a SecurityException (in the current thread). The thread represented by this thread is essay forced to stop whatever it is doing abnormally and to throw a newly created ThreadDeath object as an exception. It is permitted to stop a thread that has not yet been started.

If the trust, thread is eventually started, it immediately terminates. An application should not normally try to about unusual catch ThreadDeath unless it must do some extraordinary cleanup operation (note that the throwing of ThreadDeath causes finally clauses of try statements to be executed before the essay, thread officially dies). Essay About! If a catch clause catches a ThreadDeath object, it is important to rethrow the object so that the thread actually dies. The top-level error handler that reacts to proposal essays otherwise uncaught exceptions does not print out about unusual a message or otherwise notify the application if the uncaught exception is an instance of ThreadDeath . If there is a security manager installed, the checkAccess method of this thread is called, which may result in a SecurityException being raised (in the current thread). If this thread is different from the current thread (that is, the current thread is trying to stop a thread other than itself) or obj is not an instance of ThreadDeath , the security manager's checkPermission method (with the RuntimePermission(stopThread) argument) is called in relationship addition.

Again, this may result in throwing a SecurityException (in the current thread). If the unusual friendship, argument obj is null, a NullPointerException is thrown (in the current thread). The thread represented by this thread is management forced to stop whatever it is doing abnormally and to throw the about unusual friendship, Throwable object obj as an exception. This is an unusual action to take; normally, the stop method that takes no arguments should be used. It is permitted to stop a thread that has not yet been started. If the thread is eventually started, it immediately terminates. Unless the current thread is paper interrupting itself, which is always permitted, the checkAccess method of unusual friendship, this thread is invoked, which may cause a SecurityException to be thrown. If this thread is blocked in an invocation of the wait() , wait(long) , or wait(long, int) methods of the courseworks keywords, Object class, or of the join() , join(long) , join(long, int) , sleep(long) , or sleep(long, int) , methods of essay unusual, this class, then its interrupt status will be cleared and it will receive an InterruptedException . If this thread is blocked in an I/O operation upon an interruptible channel then the channel will be closed, the thread's interrupt status will be set, and the thread will receive a ClosedByInterruptException . If this thread is blocked in trust relationship essay a Selector then the thread's interrupt status will be set and essay about unusual friendship it will return immediately from the selection operation, possibly with a non-zero value, just as if the selector's wakeup method were invoked. If none of the previous conditions hold then this thread's interrupt status will be set. Interrupting a thread that is proposal essays not alive need not have any effect. A thread interruption ignored because a thread was not alive at the time of the interrupt will be reflected by this method returning false.

A thread interruption ignored because a thread was not alive at the time of the interrupt will be reflected by this method returning false. First, the essay unusual friendship, checkAccess method of this thread is called with no arguments. Ap Us Grading! This may result in throwing a SecurityException (in the current thread). If the thread is alive, it is suspended and makes no further progress unless and until it is resumed. First, the checkAccess method of this thread is unusual friendship called with no arguments. This may result in throwing a SecurityException (in the current thread).

If the thread is proposal essays alive but suspended, it is resumed and is permitted to make progress in its execution. First the checkAccess method of this thread is called with no arguments. This may result in throwing a SecurityException . Otherwise, the priority of about unusual friendship, this thread is set to the smaller of the specified newPriority and the maximum permitted priority of the thread's thread group. First the checkAccess method of this thread is called with no arguments. This may result in throwing a SecurityException . The value returned is only an estimate because the number of threads may change dynamically while this method traverses internal data structures, and might be affected by the presence of courseworks, certain system threads. This method is intended primarily for debugging and monitoring purposes.

An application might use the activeCount method to get an estimate of how big the essay friendship, array should be, however if the array is too short to hold all the thesis vs non thesis computer, threads, the extra threads are silently ignored. If it is essay about unusual friendship critical to thesis computer obtain every active thread in the current thread's thread group and its subgroups, the invoker should verify that the returned int value is about strictly less than the length of thesis thesis masters computer, tarray . Due to the inherent race condition in this method, it is recommended that the method only be used for essay debugging and relationship essay monitoring purposes. This implementation uses a loop of this.wait calls conditioned on essay about friendship this.isAlive . As a thread terminates the this.notifyAll method is invoked. It is recommended that applications not use wait , notify , or notifyAll on Thread instances. This implementation uses a loop of this.wait calls conditioned on this.isAlive . As a thread terminates the this.notifyAll method is invoked. It is proposal essays recommended that applications not use wait , notify , or notifyAll on Thread instances.

An invocation of this method behaves in exactly the same way as the invocation join (0) This method must be invoked before the thread is started. If there is a security manager, its checkAccess method is called with this thread as its argument. Essay About Unusual! This may result in throwing a SecurityException . If a security manager is f n courseworks keywords present, and the invoker's class loader is essay unusual friendship not null and is not the same as or an ancestor of the context class loader, then this method invokes the security manager's checkPermission method with a RuntimePermission (getClassLoader) permission to verify that retrieval of the context class loader is permitted. If a security manager is present, its checkPermission method is f n invoked with a RuntimePermission (setContextClassLoader) permission to see if setting the context ClassLoader is permitted. This method is essay unusual designed to history allow a program to essay about assert that the current thread already holds a specified lock: If there is proposal essays a security manager, and this thread is essay about not the current thread, then the security manager's checkPermission method is called with a RuntimePermission(getStackTrace) permission to history essay see if it's ok to get the stack trace. Some virtual machines may, under some circumstances, omit one or more stack frames from the stack trace. Essay Unusual Friendship! In the extreme case, a virtual machine that has no stack trace information concerning this thread is permitted to return a zero-length array from this method. The threads may be executing while this method is called. Trust! The stack trace of each thread only represents a snapshot and each stack trace may be obtained at different time.

A zero-length array will be returned in the map value if the essay friendship, virtual machine has no stack trace information about a thread. If there is a security manager, then the security manager's checkPermission method is called with a RuntimePermission(getStackTrace) permission as well as RuntimePermission(modifyThreadGroup) permission to see if it is ok to get the stack trace of all threads. setDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler. Uncaught exception handling is controlled first by the thread, then by the thread's ThreadGroup object and finally by the default uncaught exception handler. If the thread does not have an explicit uncaught exception handler set, and the thread's thread group (including parent thread groups) does not specialize its uncaughtException method, then the default handler's uncaughtException method will be invoked. By setting the default uncaught exception handler, an application can change the way in which uncaught exceptions are handled (such as logging to thesis vs non thesis masters computer a specific device, or file) for those threads that would already accept whatever default behavior the system provided. Note that the default uncaught exception handler should not usually defer to essay about unusual the thread's ThreadGroup object, as that could cause infinite recursion. getDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler. A thread can take full control of how it responds to uncaught exceptions by having its uncaught exception handler explicitly set. If no such handler is proposal essays set then the thread's ThreadGroup object acts as its handler.

For further API reference and friendship developer documentation, see Java SE Documentation. That documentation contains more detailed, developer-targeted descriptions, with conceptual overviews, definitions of masters computer science, terms, workarounds, and working code examples.

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Alice Munro Munro, Alice (Vol. Essay About Unusual Friendship! 6) - Essay. A Canadian short story writer and novelist, Ms Munro first received widespread recognition for computer, her collection Dance of the Happy Shades . (See also Contemporary Authors , Vols. Essay About Unusual! 33-36.) The short story is alive and well in relationship, Canada, where most of [the] 15 tales [in Dance of the Happy Shades] originate like fresh winds from the North. Essay Unusual Friendship! Alice Munro … creates a solid habitat for her fiction—southwestern Ontario, a generation or more in the past—and is in sympathetic vibration with the farmers and townspeople who live there. Relationship Essay! Realist though she is, the essay about unusual, author elects to arrive at revelations rather than ironies…. Miss Munro poses more questions than answers—a refreshing strategy. (p. 48) Martin Levin, in The New York Times Book Review (© 1973 by The New York Times Company; reprinted by permission), September 23, 1973 . [Dance of the Happy Shades is a collection of fifteen] short stories, warm and tiger paper detailed but fundamentally sketchy, set in country places and small towns in southwestern Ontario. The background in essay unusual friendship, these stories is thesis computer science, beyond all doubt authentic. The interiors of the houses, the views from their windows, the walks the people take on the roads and streets of the places where they live—all these, and the weather, are made so real that a reader who had never heard of Canada would understand, and perhaps even half recognize, the world Alice Munro is describing. The conversations also are extremely well rendered.

It is only when she comes to deal with personality and character that this writer's hand becomes weak and her work faint, so that in the end the about unusual, stories can be compared to a series of excellent, irreplaceable photographs in which every leaf, every thread, every stick of furniture is as clear and clean-cut as the day the ap us grading, camera clicked, while the human hands and faces have faded away into a blank place that is about unusual friendship, beyond recall. (p. 186) The New Yorker (© 1973 by The New Yorker Magazine, Inc.), November 5, 1973 . Among their many fine qualities, [the] tales [in Dance of the Happy Shades ] of small-town Ontario life, mostly set in the Forties, are beautifully controlled and f n precise. And always this precision appears unstrained. The proportions so exactly fit the essay, writer's thematic aims that in almost every case it seems that really no other words could have been used, certainly no more or less. (p. 633) Peter Prince, in courseworks, New Statesman (© 1974 The Statesman Nation Publishing Co. Ltd.), May 3, 1974 . Alice Munro's collection of essay about stories [ Dance of the Happy Shades ] is both a progress and a regression. They show her moving forward as a beautifully exact recorder of a limited yet profound experience, and they invite the reader to turn back to the detail of her remarkable novel, Lives of Girls and Women …. The stories are all to do with discovering personal freedom within an accepted curtailment.

There is no intentional nostalgia although, strangely enough, one frequently finds oneself rather wistfully caught up in some of the scenes so perfectly evoked; and there is no distortion in history essay, the characterisation. Parents, schoolfriends and neighbours never suffer the quaint inflation of people found in so much 'sticks' literature. They are shown as neither contented nor bland, and without so much as an eccentric safety valve, yet never about to explode. Fatalism? Inertia? Whatever it is, it provides the interesting strength for the situations so finely explored here. (p. Essay Friendship! 777) Ronald Blythe, in The Listener (© British Broadcasting Corp. 1974; reprinted by permission of Ronald Blythe), June 13, 1974 . Memory is important in thesis vs non masters computer science, Alice Munro's writing, since she is obsessed by time, but imagination is more important. In her … collection of stories, Something I've Been Meaning To Tell You , there is one [Material] that insists on the difference between mere recall of the past and its retrieval as materials for art…. Friendship! [The] narrator believes herself to have been a more noticing person than her husband. His stories when she reads them, disprove this. She finds a character they both knew lifted out of life and held in light, suspended in relationship management, the marvellous clear jelly that Hugo has spent all his life learning how to make….

A fine and lucky benevolence. It's a fair description of Alice Munro's own work in Dance of the Happy Shades (which won the 1968 Governor General's award) and unusual Lives of Girls and management Women (winner of the essay friendship, Canadian Booksellers Association's award in ap us history grading, 1972). [This later] collection is more complex. Readers who enjoyed the earlier books because they confirmed the reality of the Canadian small town experience for a certain generation, or because they seemed to reinforce some of the ideology of the women's movement, will find more of the same. Essay About Unusual Friendship! But they will find something else, too. There is a hint at hermetic concerns in the first story, ironic suggestions of a quest for the grail.

One of these hints echoes a passage in Margaret Atwood's Surfacing : a historic discourse on Indians becoming a search for identity, the lecturer a deep-sea diver in search of proposal essays something small and precious, hard to locate, as a ruby maybe on the ocean floor. The famous stone that turns all to gold. And in the midst of the about, more conventional stories of strong-boned Protestant women with grandmothers and aunts, stories that move quietly to their modest epiphanies or moral insights, there is a love story of poetic bravado in which the narrator imagines her lover is dead. In Tell Me Yes or No the woman is addressing her lover directly, leaving readers to eavesdrop (the theme of eavesdropping in trust in a relationship, Canadian fiction would make a fine Ph.D. thesis for the sort of scholar that likes that sort of thing) and she boldly invents for him another mistress in addition to about unusual friendship, his wife. Relationship! I invented loving you, she insists, and I invented your death. I have my tricks and my trap doors, too. This is a long way from the bucolic innocence (for all its incidental irony) of a story like How I Met My Husband, which, by the way, succeeded in friendship, coming across as a television play….

All the thesis vs non, stories are told with the skill which the author has perfected over the years, narrated with meticulous precision in essay about friendship, a voice that is tiger, unmistakeably Ontarian in its lack of emphasis, its sly humour and willingness to live with a mystery. A friend once complained to me that Alice Munro's stories were dangerously close to the style of the fiction in women's magazines, and it's true that in some of her pauses one can imagine her putting on a kettle for unusual, a pot of tea, but this is only to say that she is a very feminine writer. There are far too many troubling undertones in proposal essays, her prose to make it suitable for slick women's magazines. There is a sense in this collection that Alice Munro may be ready to take a new direction, away from the far off life of farm and small town. Her obsession with time takes the form of confronting contemporary reality with the sensibility of the essay unusual friendship, 1930s. Sometimes (as in Marrakesh) the sexual freedom of the present generation is deliberately viewed through the eyes of an old-fashioned farm woman, as if in wonder at the changes time has brought. The realistic technique is strained by these distortions of the lens through which mundane reality is proposal essays, seen.

It may well be that stories like Tell Me Yes or No are pointers in this new direction. Alice Munro has it in her to become one of the best story tellers now writing. Kildare Dobbs, New Directions for Alice Munro, in Saturday Night ( copyright © 1974 by essay unusual, Saturday Night), July, 1974, p. Relationship Management! 28 . [One] is most impressed by the feeling behind [Miss Munro's] stories—the evocation of emotions, ranging from bitter hatred to love, from bewilderment and resentment to awe. In all her work— Dance of the essay unusual friendship, Happy Shades (1968), Lives of history essay Girls and Women (1972), and [ Something I've Been Meaning to essay unusual, Tell You ]—there is an effortless, almost conversational tone, and we know we are in research, the presence of an art that works to conceal itself, in about, order to celebrate its subject. Courseworks Keywords! Miss Munro's fiction is about friendship, always naturalistic, at bottom, but her characters and their reactions to relationship, life may be quite varied.

She presents a wonderful variety of people … [who] create their own suspense; we always want to know more about them, where they have come from and unusual friendship what fate is in courseworks, store. Technique is never an end in itself, but a way of revealing character…. Miss Munro does her fictional characters the rare honor of believing in them utterly. (p. Essay About Unusual! 103) Joyce Carol Oates, in The Ontario Review ( copyright © 1974 by The Ontario Review), Number 1, Fall, 1974 . Proposal Essays! Access our Alice Munro Study Guide for Free. Alice Munro Homework Help Questions. The first love is hard to get over especially when the love is not reciprocated. Alice Munro’s “An Ounce of Cure” describes a teenager’s reaction to being dumped by her first. I'll stick with the short story Boys and Girls by Alice Munro. The story is narrated from the perspective of an 11 year old girl. She lives on a ranch that breeds and raises foxes.

The narrator. About Unusual! “An Ounce of Cure” by Alice Munro explores the theme of growing up in 1960s America as a teenage girl. Teenagers have choices to make as they become more independent from their parents and. I think that one of the strongest and most unifying themes that comes out of the novel is the idea of proposal essays taking action. Life is defined as the reality of needing to essay about unusual, take action and not be inhibited. What happens when a girl gets dumped?

This is the problem faced by the main character in Alice Munro’s “An Ounce of Cure.” The narration is first person point of view with the.

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Free Information Technology essays. 1.1 Brief Introduction. Log analysis is an about unusual, art and science seeking to white paper make sense out of friendship computer-generated records. Log Analysis is also referred to as system or network log analysis. The process of creating such records is called data logging. Logs are emitted by computer science operating systems, network devices, applications and essay, all manner of intelligent or programmable device .A stream of messages in time-sequence often comprise a log. Logs may be directed to files and stored on thesis vs non masters computer disk, or directed as a network stream to a log collector. Log messages must usually be interpreted with respect to the internal state of its source (e.g., application) and announce security-relevant or operations-relevant events (e.g., a user login, or a systems error). Logs are often created by software developers. It is essay about friendship created to aid in the debugging of the operation of relationship application .The syntax and semantics of essay friendship data within log messages are usually application or vendor-specific. Terminology may also vary; for example, the authentication of f n keywords a user to an application may be described as a login, a logon, an user connection or authentication event.

Hence, log analysis must interpret messages within the context of an application, vendor, system or configuration in order to make useful comparisons to messages from different log sources. Essay About? Log message format or content may not always be fully documented. Task of the log analyst is to induce the system to thesis thesis computer emit the full range of messages in order to understand the complete domain from which the messages must be interpreted. Through experience it makes the task of finding out the bugs within the log files much easier. Similarly the products like W4N, ViPR, NCM, ECS, SRM, SMARTS etc. Also generates Log files which are to unusual be analyzed by the log analyst to fix them at the e the bugs in the products in order to keep the product up and running without any interruption. If any bugs found it has to proposal essays be fixed as soon as possible to avoid other malfunctions. Essay About Friendship? To find out the white, bugs easily in the log files and to fix them at the earliest LOG ANALYZER was developed.

This tool helps the analyst to find out the bugs within the log files in many ways, it also provides 3 main functionalities to locate a bug in the Log Files. This project ensures finding bugs within the log files providing the essay unusual, below features:- o Standalone Desktop Based Tool. o Easy, Friendly User interface. o Ability to relationship perform search on single and multiple files. o Support for essay friendship, Multiple Products: Logs from multiple products like W4N, ViPR, and NCM etc’can be searched within the framework. o Supports Multiple File Type. o Search Entire Folder. o Multiple Search Option.

o Multiple Options to Display Errors. o Provide Highlighters for the Errors found. o Panels in the UI should be Adjustable. Literature survey is carried out in order to analyze the background of the current project which helps to find out flaws in the existing system #038; guides on which unsolved problems can be workout. Log Analyzer tools are available in the market most of them are web based application with limited features. If Literature Survey is f n carried out correctly then it helps the developer in development process. 2.1 What is a Search Log?

A search log is a log file of the essay about, communications (i.e., transactions) between a system and the users of that system. Rice and trust in a essay, Borgman (1983) present transaction logs as a data collection method that automatically captures the essay friendship, type, content, or time of transactions made by a person from a terminal with that system. Peters (1993) views transaction logs as electronically recorded interactions between on-line information retrieval systems and the persons who search for the information found in those systems. Ap Us History Essay? For Web searching, a search log is an unusual, electronic record of interactions that have occurred during a searching episode between a Web search engine and users searching for white research paper, information on that Web search engine. A Web search engine may be a general-purpose search engine, a nice search engine, a searching application on a single Website, or variations on these broad classifications.

The users may be humans or computer programs acting on behalf of humans. About Friendship? Interactions are the f n keywords, communication exchanges that occur between users and the system. Either the user or the system may initiate elements of these exchanges. 2.2 How are These Interactions Collected? The process of recording the data in the search log is essay about relatively straightforward.

Servers record and store the interactions between searchers (i.e. ,actually Web browsers on keywords a particular computer)and search engines in a log file (i.e., the transaction log) on the server using a software application. Thus, most search logs are server-side recordings of interactions. Major Web search engines execute millions of these interactions per essay about friendship, day. The server software application can record various types of data and interactions depending on the file format that the server software supports. 2.3 Why Collect This Data?

Once the white tiger, server collects and records the data in a file, one must analyze this data in essay about friendship order to obtain beneficial information. Few Tools are given below:- o PowerGREP:- PowerGREP is a powerful Windows grep tool. Quickly search through large numbers of files on your PC or network, including text and f n courseworks keywords, binary files, compressed archives, MS Word documents, Excel spreadsheets, PDF files, OpenOffice files, etc. Unusual Friendship? Find the information you want with powerful text patterns (regular expressions) specifying the form of what you want, instead of literal text. Search and replace with one or many regular expressions to comprehensively maintain web sites, source code, reports, etc.

Extract statistics and knowledge from logs files and large data sets. o Weblog expert:- WebLog Expert is a fast and powerful access log analyzer. It will give you information about your site’s visitors: activity statistics, accessed files, paths through the in a, site, information about referring pages, search engines, browsers, operating systems, and more. About? The program produces easy-to-read reports that include both text information (tables) and charts. View the WebLog Expert sample report to get the general idea of the variety of information about your site’s usage it can provide.

o Log Parser Lizard:- Log Parser Lizard is history essay a GUI for Microsoft Logparser, definitely the best one available on the market today. Log Parser is a very powerful and versatile query software tool that provides universal query access (using SQL) to text-based data, such as log files, XML files, and TSV/CSV text files, as well as key data sources on the Microsoft Windows operating system, such as the Windows Event Log, IIS log, the registry, the File System, the Active Directory services and much more. o Piwik, Oracle log analyser, Wget are few other log analysis tool . 2.2 Existing System. Presently there is no specific tool available for to find exact bugs in the log file. Different Log Analysts use different method to find the bugs within the log file .One such Tool which they currently use is Note Pad++.Note Pad++ searches a file for multiple keywords. You can specify a list of essay unusual friendship keywords to search for in the current file, and filter out lines that match any of the keywords in white research this list. It was developed mainly for analyzing log files where you are interested in unusual more than one keyword and the order in which they appear. o Matching lines are listed with their line numbers in a separate panel in the plug-in window. o Double clicking a matched line in this panel will take you to the corresponding line in the original document.

o Options to copy the ap us grading, filtered lines to clipboard and unusual, highlight matches in the original file. o Supports case sensitive search, whole word matching and regular expressions. Regexp is enabled by default. 2.3 Problem Statement. Note Pad++ is not efficient in proposal essays all ways.

o It only performs keyword search. o It does not perform other advance searches like automatic grepping the exceptions from the log file. o Fails to a load a log file more than few MB’s length. o Using this tool is not that effective. Log Analyst must go through the log files line by line in order to fix a bug. o Time consuming. o If a larger log file has to be searched it has to be first split into about friendship, many chunks, open each chunk and find the in a, errors in it manually. o To split the files some other tool should be used first and then open each split in Note Pad++ every time. o If there are many larger files as such the time complexity increases. o If the issue is critical it has to be escalated within short amount of time ,if this is the case to split it and essay friendship, them find errors in proposal essays each split it will affect the client’s environment who is waiting for the issue to get fixed.

2.4 Proposed System. The proposed system has a lot of new features which would help the log analysts perform the log analysis quickly and accurately. Following are the features of the Log Analyzer. o Standalone Desktop Based Tool: The Tool will be a standalone desktop based application which helps the users to install them on Laptop or Personal computer. It is a light weight tool(uses minimum system resources) o Easy, User Friendly User interface: The Tool has a very understandable GUI where Tool Tips for all the components will be provided to guide the user in unusual the correct path in order to use the tool effectively and proposal essays, more efficiently. o Ability to perform search on unusual single and multiple files: When other tools have problem opening a single file to find errors this tool has a ability to perform search on multiple files on a single selection. o Provides folder Search option: where a search error in a single large file is tiger paper a challenge here an essay unusual friendship, entire folder could be searched. o Support for Multiple Products: Logs from thesis thesis computer science multiple products like W4N, ViPR, and NCM etc’can be searched within the about, framework. This tool is not specific to a product. o Supports Multiple File Type: The tool supports different files types. Following files are accepted as input file .txt, .log.

o Multiple Search Options: ‘ Simple and Advance Search: In Simple Search log analyst can select a file or multiple files or a complete folder and search for both Warning and severe or restrict the search for either of one. ‘ Manual Keyword Based Search: In Keyword Search log analyst can select a file or multiple files or a complete folder and search for the keyword of the Log Analyst’s choice. Again log analyst can select the kind of pattern he/she wants like Match Case, Starts With, Ends With (All Cases would display Match Case, Starts With and ends With). ‘ Automatic search of Standard Java Errors in the log File: When Simple, Keyword or Date and Time range searches are performed on the log files Java Exception are automatically grepped and displayed to the User. ‘ Search based on Date and Time Range: This is management a unique feature and essay about friendship, more useful feature where a time range can be specified and everything within the time range will get displayed to user.

o Multiple Options to Display Errors: Errors which are displayed to the user have different colour Example: – SEVERE ‘ Red and WARNING-Green For the number of files selected corresponding tabbed panes gets generated and displays the errors specific to the file names. o Close Options: The Tabs created can be independently closed or on right click there is option available to close the relationship management, entire tabs which are opened. o Provide Highlighters to the Errors found: For all the searches performed Simple, Keyword and Date and Time Range Search Colour Highlighters are provide for essay about friendship, the Log Analyst to locate the errors in the file. Different colours indicating severity level. SEVERE ‘Red, WARNING-Green.

Searched Keyword will get a Yellow Highlight. ‘ Date and ap us history essay, Time Range search: Start Time- Green, End Time ‘Green. o Panels in the UI should be Adjustable: This feature is essay friendship mainly for the Log Analyst’s readability. o Display the Progress of the Search: When the User is performing a search notify if it is progressing and when the trust relationship, search is completed.

o Abort Operation: If the user is not interested in performing the search heshe must be able to abort the search at any point of time. o Open Files: The Tool also enables the Log Analyst’s to open the selected file from the tool with the supporting software required to open that particular file. The files are stored on a table for each of the search options. It is stored along with the path for essay, the Log Analyst to identify which log file it is while performing search on multiple files or a folder. 2.5 NETBEANS- IDE 8.0.1 TOOL. NetBeans is a multi-language software development environment comprising an integrated development environment (IDE) and an extensible plug-in system. F N Courseworks Keywords? It is written primarily in Java and unusual, can be used to develop applications in Java and, by means of the various plug-ins, in other languages as well, including C, C++, COBOL, Python, Perl, PHP, and others.

NetBeans employs plug-ins in order to provide all of its functionality on top of f n (and including) the unusual, runtime system, in contrast to some other applications where functionality is typically hard coded. The NetBeans SDK includes the NetBeans java development tools (JDT), offering an IDE with a built-in incremental Java compiler and a full model of the essay grading, Java source files. This allows for advanced refactoring techniques and about unusual friendship, code analysis. The IDE also makes use of a workspace, in white research this case a set of metadata over a flat file space allowing external file modifications as long as the essay about unusual, corresponding workspace “resource” is refreshed afterwards. For implementation purpose Java is chosen as the trust in a relationship, programming language because of few reasons like Platform Independent, object oriented, rich standard library, swing support, applet interface, distributed etc. SYSTEM REQUIREMENT SPECIFICATION.

Software requirement Specification is a fundamental or a base document, which forms the foundation of the software development process. About Friendship? It plays a vital role during the development process. Trust In A Relationship? It not only lists the essay about unusual friendship, requirements of a system but also has a description of trust relationship essay its major feature. An SRS is basically an organization’s understanding (in writing) of a customer or potential client’s system requirements and dependencies at a particular point in time prior to any actual design or development work. The SRS also functions as a blueprint for completing a project with as little cost growth as possible. The SRS is often referred to as the “parent” document because all subsequent project management documents, such as design specifications, statements of work, software architecture specifications, testing and validation plans, and documentation plans, are related to essay about friendship it. It is important to f n courseworks note that an essay about unusual, SRS contains functional and non functional requirements only; it doesn’t offer design suggestions, possible solutions to technology or business issues, or any other information other than what the development team understands the customer’s system requirements to be. 3.1 FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT. Functional Requirement defines a function of a software system and how the system must behave when presented with specific inputs or conditions. These may include calculations, data manipulation and relationship, processing and other specific functionality.

In this system following are the essay about, functional requirements:- o Select Search Options (Simple, Keyword or Date and Time Range). o Select file(s) or Folder. o If Simple Search is selected then select the error display option (Default, Warning, and Severe). o If Keyword Search is computer science selected then specify a valid keyword and choose the pattern (Match Case, Starts With, Ends With). o If Date and Time Range Search is selected then user should type the start and end time to perform the search. o And then Click on Start search Button. 3.2 NON-FUNCTIONAL REQUIREMENT. Non-functional requirements are the requirements which are not directly concerned with the specific function delivered by the system. They specify the criteria that can be used to judge the unusual friendship, operation of a system rather than specific behaviours. They may relate to emergent system properties such as reliability, response time and store occupancy.

Non-functional requirements arise through the user needs, because of budget constraints, organizational policies and the need for interoperability with other software and hardware systems or because of external factors. All the information of the caller/callee must be available to the user at all the time after installing the application. This application should consume as much as less resource as possible and should run properly in all circumstances. This application should be able to get upgrade with changing requirements at various stages. 3.2.4 Platform Compatibility. This application must be compatible with the current platform on which it is built as well as its higher version. 3.2.5 Response Time.

This application must have low response time so user can access the information without any delay. This application must have an intuitive and user friendly interface for displaying any information. System development method is a process through which a product will get completed or a product gets rid from any problem. Software development process is described as a number of phases, procedures and steps that gives the complete software. It follows series of steps which is relationship management used for product progress. The development method followed in this project is waterfall model. 4.1 Model Phases. The waterfall model is a sequential software development process, in which progress is seen as flowing steadily downwards (like a waterfall) through the phases of Requirement initiation, Analysis, Design, Implementation, Testing and maintenance. Requirement Analysis: This phase is concerned about collection of essay about requirement of the system. This process involves generating document and requirement review. System Design: Keeping the requirements in mind the system specifications are translated in to a software representation.

In this phase the designer emphasizes on:-algorithm, data structure, software architecture etc. Coding: In this phase programmer starts his coding in order to history essay grading give a full sketch of product. In other words system specifications are only converted in to machine readable compute code. Implementation: The implementation phase involves the actual coding or programming of the software. The output of this phase is essay unusual friendship typically the library, executables, user manuals and additional software documentation. Testing: In this phase all programs (models) are integrated and ap us history grading, tested to about unusual friendship ensure that the complete system meets the software requirements. The testing is concerned with verification and validation. Maintenance: The maintenance phase is the longest phase in which the relationship management, software is updated to fulfil the changing customer need, adapt to accommodate change in the external environment, correct errors and oversights previously undetected in the testing phase, enhance the efficiency of the software.

4.2 Waterfall Model as Development Method: o Clear project objectives. o Stable project requirements. o Progress of system is essay unusual measurable. o Strict sign-off requirements. o Helps you to be perfect. o Logic of software development is proposal essays clearly understood. o Production of a formal specification. o Better resource allocation. o Improves quality. The emphasis on requirements and design before writing a single line of code ensures minimal wastage of essay about unusual time and effort and reduces the relationship essay, risk of schedule slippage. o Less human resources required as once one phase is finished those people can start working on to the next phase.

‘Design’ is defined as ‘The process of applying various techniques and principles for the purpose of essay about unusual defining a process or a system in sufficient detail to permit its physical realization’. Various design features are followed to develop the system. The design specification describes the features of the system, the components or elements of the vs non masters science, system and their appearance to essay about unusual end-users. 5.1 Fundamental Design Concepts. A set of fundamental design concepts has evolved over the past three decades.

Although the degree of interest in each concept has varied over the years, each has stood the test of keywords time. Each provides the software designer with a foundation from which more sophisticated design methods can be applied. The fundamental design concepts provide the necessary framework for ‘getting it right’. The fundamental design concepts such as abstraction, refinement, modularity, software architecture, control hierarchy, structural partitioning, data structure, software procedure and information hiding are applied in this project to getting it right as per the specification. 5.1.1 Input Design.

The input Design is the process of unusual friendship converting the user-oriented inputs in to the computer-based format. The goal of designing input data is to make the automation as easy and free from errors as possible. Providing a good input design for tiger paper, the application easy data input and selection features are adopted. Unusual Friendship? The input design requirements such as user friendliness, consistent format and interactive dialogue for tiger research paper, giving the right message and help for the user at essay about right time are also considered for the development of the project. Ap Us History Grading? Input design is a part of overall system design which requires very careful attention. Often the collection of essay about unusual input data is the most expensive part of the system, which needs to be route through number of modules .It is the point where the user ready to send the data to the destination machine along with known IP address; if the IP address is unknown then it may prone to f n keywords error. 5.1.2 Output Design. A quality output is essay about friendship one, which meets the requirements of the end user and presents the information clearly. In any system results of processing are communicated to the users and to other systems through outputs. It is most important and proposal essays, direct source information to essay about the user. White Research? Efficient and intelligent output improves the systems relationship with source and destination machine.

Outputs from computers are required primarily to get same packet that the user has send instead of corrupted packet and spoofed packets. They are also used to provide to permanent copy of these results for later consultation. 5.1.3 The MVC Design Method. Swing actually makes use of a simplified variant of the MVC design called the essay unusual, model-delegate. This design combines the view and the controller object into a single element that draws the component to relationship the screen and handles GUI events known as the UI delegate.

Communication between the model and the UI delegate becomes a two-way street. Each Swing component contains a model and essay, a UI delegate. The model is responsible for maintaining information about the component’s state. The UI delegate is relationship management responsible for maintaining information about how to unusual friendship draw the component on management the screen. The UI delegate (in conjunction with AWT) reacts to various events that propagate through the component. The design method that has been followed to design the architecture of the system is MVC design pattern. Swing uses the model-view-controller (MVC) architecture as the fundamental design behind each of its components. Essentially, MVC breaks GUI component into three elements.

Each of these elements plays a crucial role in how the component behaves. The MVC design pattern separates a software component into essay friendship, three distinct pieces: a model, a view, and a controller. o Model: The model is the piece that represents the proposal essays, state and essay unusual, low-level behavior of the component. F N Keywords? It manages the state and conducts all transformations on that state. The model has no specific knowledge of essay about either its controllers or its views. It encompasses the state data for trust essay, each component. There are different models for different types of components. Essay Unusual? For example, the model of a scrollbar component might contain information about its current position of its adjustable ‘thumb’, its minimum and vs non thesis masters computer, maximum values, and the thumb’s width. About Unusual Friendship? A menu on the other hand, may simply contain a list of the menu items the user can select from. Essay? The system itself maintains links between model and views and notifies the essay about unusual, views when the model changes state.

Figure 5.1:- Combination of View #038; Controller into a UI delegate object. o View: The view refers to how you see the component in the screen. It is the tiger, piece that manages the visual display of the state represented by essay about friendship the model. Almost all window frames will have a title bar spanning the top of the window. However the title bar may have a close box on the left side or on the right side. These are the examples of different types of in a relationship views for the same window object. A model can have more than one view, but that is typically not the case in about unusual the Swing set.

o Controller: The controller is the piece that manages user interaction with the model. It provides the mechanism by which changes are made to the state of the relationship, model. It is the portion of the user interface that dictates how the essay friendship, component interacts with events. The view cannot render the scrollbar correctly without obtaining information from the model first. Trust In A Essay? In this case the scrollbar will not know where to draw its ‘thumb’ unless it can obtain its current position and width relative to essay unusual friendship the minimum and maximum. Likewise the view determines if the component is the courseworks keywords, recipient of user events, such as mouse clicks.

The view passes these events on to the controller, which decides how to essay about unusual friendship handle them best. Based on f n keywords the controller’s decision the unusual friendship, values in the model may need to proposal essays be altered. About Unusual? If the user drags the scrollbar thumb, the controller will react by incrementing the thumb’s position in proposal essays the model. Essay Unusual Friendship? At that point the whole cycle can repeat. 5.2 Architectural Design. Architectural Design is the conceptual design that defines the structure and behaviour of a system. An architecture description is in a relationship essay a formal description of a system, organized in a way that supports reasoning about the structural properties of the system. Unusual Friendship? It defines the system components or building blocks and provides a plan from which products can be procured, and proposal essays, systems developed, that will work together to implement the overall system.

The System architecture is shown below. Figure 5.2:- Log Analyzer System Architecture. Input: Input to about unusual the tool is Log file(s), Folder. Operation: Simple, Keyword and Date and Time Range Search. Output: Log Analyst expected parsed result. 5.2 Detailed System architecture. The detailed architecture explains how the of flow of the Log Analyzer Tool works Initially when the Log Analyzer Tool is accessed it loads the Initial screen with a tool bar and a display screen. Tool Bar contains all the components which facilitate different operation which the Log Analyzer provides and the display screen displays the analyst expected result. Figure 5.3:- Detailed Architecture of essay Log Analyzer. Operations which the tool provides are: – i. Friendship? Simple Search.

ii. Research? Keyword Search. iii. Date and Time Range Search. 5.3 Sequence Diagrams for essay unusual friendship, the System operation. Sequence diagram in Unified Modelling Language (UML) is a kind of interaction.

diagram that shows how processes operate with one another and in what order. It is a. construct of a Message Sequence Chart. 5.3.1 Sequence Diagram for Initiating the thesis thesis masters, Tool. Figure 5.4:- Sequence Diagram for Initiating Log Analyzer Tool. This is how the Log Analyzer Tool is initialized.

When the user initiates the tool Home screen of the Log Analyzer Tool is displayed to about unusual user where the user can further interact with the tool to find out bugs within the log files. User can perform Simple search, Keyword Search and Date and Time Range Search can be performed on the log files to find the bugs in the product further the analyst fixes those bugs using available resources to overcome the bugs in order to courseworks keywords keep the product up and running. These search options can be selected based on the analyst interest and experience to find out bugs. If the analyst is not aware of what could be the about unusual, error in vs non thesis masters the logs then he/she could perform Simple search along with Error Display options. If the analyst guesses what could be the reason for the failure in the product then he/she could go with Keyword search operation where the Analyst could type the possible error query and check if the failure occurred for the same reason. Unusual? And If the f n, product was not working only from essay about unusual a particular time then the suggested search operation would be Date and Time and Search. 5.3.2 Sequence Diagram for in a relationship, Simple Search. Figure 5.5:- Sequence Diagram for Simple Search. This sequence diagram shows the interactions between the User and the Simple Search operation. 5.3.3 Sequence Diagram for Keyword Search.

Figure 5.6:- Sequence Diagram for Keyword Search. This sequence diagram shows the essay friendship, interactions between the User and the Keyword Search operation. 5.3.4 Sequence Diagram for Date and Time Range Search. Figure 5.7:- Sequence Diagram for courseworks keywords, Date and Time Range Search. This sequence diagram shows the interactions between the User and the Date and Time Range search operation. 5.2 Use case Diagram of the system. A use case diagram is a type of behavioral diagram created from about unusual a Use-case analysis. Its purpose is to present a graphical overview of the functionality provided by f n keywords a system in terms of actors, their goals (represented as use cases), and any dependencies between those use cases. Figure 5.8:- Use case Diagram for Log Analyzer Tool.

The above use case diagram shows the scenario where the user can operate on the Log Analyzer Tool. Firstly Initiate the Log Analyzer Tool, provide options for user to essay select the search type among the proposal essays, three modules and provide other inputs to the tool to successfully perform search on essay about unusual friendship the Log Files and yield accurate result. The implementation phase of the project is where the detailed design is actually transformed into white, working code. Aim of the phase is to about unusual friendship translate the design into a best possible solution in a suitable programming language. This chapter covers the implementation aspects of the f n, project, giving details of the programming language and development environment used. About? It also gives an overview of the core modules of the project with their step by step flow. The implementation stage requires the following tasks. ‘ Careful planning of how the project is to be carried out. ‘ Investigation of system and vs non thesis computer science, constraints required to accomplish the project. ‘ Design of methods to successfully abide to future changes.

‘ Evaluation of the changeover method. ‘ Selecting suitable platform to develop the project. ‘ Selecting appropriate language for application development. 6.1 Language Used For Implementation. Implementation phase should perfectly map the design document in a suitable programming language in essay unusual order to achieve the necessary final and correct product. Often the proposal essays, product contains flaws and gets ruined due to incorrect programming language chosen for implementation. In this project, for implementation purpose Java is chosen as the programming language.

Few reasons for which Java is selected as a programming language can be outlined as follows:- o Platform Independent: Java compilers do not produce native object code for a particular platform but rather ‘byte code’ instructions for the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Making Java code work on a particular platform is then simply a matter of about unusual writing a byte code interpreter to simulate a JVM. What this all means is that the relationship management, same compiled byte code will run unmodified on any platform that supports Java. o Java is object-oriented: Java is object-oriented because programming in Java is centred on creating objects, manipulating objects, and friendship, making objects work together. This allows creation of masters computer modular programs and essay about friendship, reusable code. o Java is distributed: Distributed computing involves more than one computer on a network working together. Java is designed to make distributed computing easy with the thesis thesis masters computer science, networking capability that is inherently integrated into it. o Java is platform-independent: One of the most significant advantages of Java is its ability to move easily from one computer system to about friendship another. (c) Running programs within a Web browser: Java has a strong API support to run programs within web browser. o Rich Standard Library: One of Java’s most attractive features is its standard.

library. Essay? The Java environment includes hundreds of classes and methods in six major functional areas. Language Support classes for advanced language features such as strings, arrays, threads, and exception handling. Utility classes like a random number generator, date and time functions, and container classes. ‘ Input/output classes to read and write data of many types to and from essay friendship a variety of sources. ‘ Networking classes to in a essay allow inter-computer communications over a local network or the Internet. ‘ Abstract Window Toolkit for creating platform-independent GUI.

‘ Applet is unusual friendship a class that lets you create Java programs that can be downloaded and run on a client browser. o Applet Interface. In addition to relationship being able to unusual friendship create stand-alone applications, Java developers can create programs that can download from a web page and run on a client browser. o Garbage Collection. Java does not require programmers to explicitly free dynamically allocated memory. This makes Java programs easier to write and trust relationship essay, less prone to memory errors. o Swing Support. Swing was developed to provide a more sophisticated set of GUI components than the earlier Abstract Window Toolkit. Essay Unusual Friendship? Swing provides a native look and feel that emulates the look and feel of relationship several platforms, and also supports a pluggable look and feel that allows applications to have a look and feel unrelated to the underlying platform.

6.2 Platform Used For Implementation. A platform is a crucial element in essay about unusual friendship software development. A platform might be simply defined as ‘a place to launch software’. In this project, for implementation purpose. NetBeans -IDE 8.0.1 is used. 6.2.1 NETBEANS- IDE 8.0.1.

NetBeans is a multi-language software development environment comprising an integrated development environment (IDE) and an extensible plug-in system. It is written primarily in Java and ap us essay, can be used to develop applications in Java and, by means of the various plug-ins, in other languages as well, including C, C++, COBOL, Python, Perl, PHP, and about unusual friendship, others. NetBeans employs plug-ins in order to provide all of its functionality on top of (and including) the runtime system, in contrast to proposal essays some other applications where functionality is essay about friendship typically hard coded. The NetBeans SDK includes the NetBeans java development tools (JDT), offering an IDE with a built-in incremental Java compiler and a full model of the relationship, Java source files. This allows for advanced refactoring techniques and code analysis. The IDE also makes use of a workspace, in this case a set of essay about unusual metadata over a flat file space allowing external file modifications as long as the corresponding workspace “resource” is refreshed afterwards. Swing: The Java Foundation Classes (JFC) consists of five major parts: AWT, Swing, and thesis thesis science, Accessibility, Java 2D, and essay unusual, Drag and Drop. Java 2D has become an integral part of AWT, Swing is built on top of AWT, and Accessibility support is built into Swing. The five parts of JFC are certainly not mutually exclusive, and research, Swing is expected to merge more deeply with AWT in essay about unusual future versions of Java. Swing is a set of tiger research classes that provides more powerful and flexible components than are possible with the AWT. In addition to the familiar components, Swing supplies tabbed panes, scroll panes, trees, and tables.

It provides a single API capable of supporting multiple look-and feels so that developers and end-users are not locked into essay friendship, a single platform’s look-and-feel. The Swing library makes heavy use of the MVC software design pattern, which conceptually decouples the data being viewed from the user interface controls through which it is viewed. Swing actually makes use of a simplified variant of the MVC design called the model-delegate. Swing possesses several traits such as’ o Look and feel. Platform independence both in terms of its expression and its implementation, extensibility which allows for ap us essay grading, the “plugging” of various custom implementations of specified framework interfaces Users can provide their own custom implementation of these components to override the default implementations. Component-orientation allows responding to a well-known set of commands specific to essay about friendship the component. Specifically, Swing components are Java Beans components, compliant with the thesis, Java Beans Component Architecture specifications.

Through customizable feature users will programmatically customize a standard Swing component by assigning specific borders, colours, backgrounds, opacities, etc, configurable that allows Swing to respond at runtime to fundamental changes in its settings. Finally look and feel allows one to specialize the look and unusual, feel of widgets, by modifying the default via runtime parameters deriving from an existing one, by creating one from scratch, or, beginning with J2SE 5.0, by proposal essays using the Look and Feel which is configured with an XML property file. This project mainly consists of 3 Modules. They are: – o Simple Search. o Keyword Search. o Date and Time Range Search. 6.3.1 Simple Search Module.

Figure 6.1:- Block Diagram for Simple Search. Initially the user is given option to essay about unusual friendship select a single log file or multiple log files or an entire log folder based on the users choice to perform the simple search operation. Relationship? Then user must select files for which log parsing must be performed .After the User selects the files, the selected file names along with entire path are displayed on a table which allows the analyst to know on what component the search is performed, the essay about unusual friendship, tool also allows analyst to open the file within framework to cross check if the analyst is performing the management, operation on the file which is of interest. About Unusual? It also provides options to delete single file from the table or the entire list of files from the tables. Then selects one of the error display options (Default, Severe, and Warning). By selecting Default the tool displays both Severe and Warning with highlighters for user to easily locate them, on selecting Warning or Severe it displays only history essay them. Further the analyst clicks on essay unusual Start Search button which performs the search on the files for the selected error display option , displaying the grepped result by creating individual tabs for the files to in a relationship essay avoid confusion to know which result belongs to which file. Once the essay, user has started the f n, search, options are given to essay about abort the operation. Every tab changes colour to proposal essays indicate that the friendship, operation has completed in that File. Progress Bar is provided to indicate the operation is still in progress and also a text saying ‘Search Completed’ pops after the entire search has completed. 6.3.2 Keyword Search Module.

Keyword Search is used when the analyst already guesses what could be the reason for the failure of the thesis science, product. About? So this module allows the analyst to selects the Log files or entire folder of log files, then the analyst enters the possible query for trust relationship, which they think the failure has occurred. Selects the Matching Type (Match Case, Starts With, Ends With, All Cases). Further start search, here the grepped errors are displayed with yellow highlighter. At any point of time the search could be aborted and resumed providing flexibility for the analyst. 6.3.3 Date and Time Range Search Module. Similar to Simple and Keyword Searches Date and friendship, Time Range Search greps the content within the Start and End Time and displays it to the user/Analyst to thesis vs non computer science study about the product with information available from the log files . Analyst studies the log information for which the failure occurred in the product and provides relevant solution to overcome the essay about unusual, problem faced by the clients. System testing is actually a series of different tests whose primary purpose is to ap us history fully exercise the computer-based system.

Although each test has a different purpose, all work to verify that all the system elements have been properly integrated and perform allocated functions .The testing process is actually carried out to essay unusual make sure that the product exactly does the same thing what is supposed to f n keywords do. About Unusual? Testing is the final verification and validation activity within the organization itself. In the testing stage following goals are tried to achieve:- o To affirm the white tiger paper, quality of the project. o To find and eliminate any residual errors from previous stages. o To validate the unusual friendship, software as a solution to white tiger research the original problem. o To provide operational reliability of the system. During testing the major activities are concentrated on the examination and modification of the source code. 7.1 Unit Testing. Here each module that comprises the overall system is tested individually. Unit testing focuses verification efforts even in the smallest unit of software design in each module.

This is essay friendship also known as ‘Module Testing’. The modules of the system are tested separately. This testing is carried out in trust the programming style itself. Unit testing exercises specific paths in a module’s control structure to ensure complete coverage and maximum error detection. Essay Friendship? This test focuses on thesis masters each module individually, ensuring that it functions properly as a unit.

Hence, the naming is Unit Testing. In this step each module is found to work satisfactorily as regard to the expected output from the about friendship, module. Ap Us History Essay? This testing is done to check for the individual block codes for their working. It is done so that when we carry out functional testing then the units which are part of these functionalities should have been tested for working. After successful completion of unit testing or module testing, individual functions are integrated into essay about friendship, classes. Again integration of different classes takes into place and ap us history, finally integration of front-end with back-end occurs.

o Integration of functions into classes. At the start of coding phase only the functions required in different parts of the program are developed. Each of the functions is coded and essay about unusual friendship, tested independently. Relationship? After verification of correctness of the different functions, they are integrated into their respective classes. o Integration of different classes. Here the different classes are tested independently for their functionality. After verification of correctness of outputs after testing each class, they are integrated together and tested again. o Integration of front-end with back-end. The front-end of the project is developed in Java Swing environment. Essay About Unusual? The user interface is designed to facilitate the user to input various commands to the system and view the system’s normal and faulty behaviour and its outputs. The back-end code is trust relationship essay then integrated with the about friendship, GUI and tested.

7.3 Integration Testing. Data can be lost across interface. One module can have an adverse effect on another. Sub functions when combined, should not reduce the desired major function. Integration testing is a systematic technique for constructing the program structure. Trust Relationship Essay? It addresses the issues associated with the dual problems of verification and program construction. The main objective in essay about this testing process is to take unit tested modules and build a program structure that has been dictated by design. After the software has been integrated, a set of high order tests are conducted. All the modules are combined and tested as a whole. History Grading? Here correction is difficult, because the isolation of errors is complicated by the vast expanse of the entire program.

7.3.1 Top down Integration. This method is an incremental approach to the construction of program structure. Modules are integrated by friendship moving downward, beginning with the main program module. Modules that subordinates to in a essay the main program module are incorporated into about unusual friendship, the structure in either a depth first or breadth first manner. 7.3.2 Bottom-up Integration. This method begins the construction and testing with the modules at the lowest level in the program structure. Since the modules are integrated from relationship bottom to essay up, processing required for modules subordinate to a given level is always available. In A Essay? Therefore in this case the need for about unusual, stubs is eliminated. The following integration testing table shows the functions that were combined into different classes and the class as a whole tested for its functionality. This is ap us essay grading important to check for error-free interaction between various classes, and unusual friendship, maintenance of data integrity. Table 7.1:- Integration Testing Table.

Classes Integrated Functions Integrated in each class Tests Performed Remarks. Class : Main InitComponents() ‘ Check whether initial screen with appropriate components displayed to user. ‘ Check if proper Search Panel are opened on selection from the Initial Screen Success. Class: ClosableTabbedPane ClosableTabbedPane() ‘ Check if each Tabbed pane are closable within each search option Editor pane. Class: SimpleSearch DefaultOption() ‘ Check for the selected error display if the grepped result is displayed with proper highlighters. Success. SSHLGreenWarning() ‘ Check if displayed result is with proper highlighters Success. SSSelectFiles() ‘ Check if File, Files or Folder can be selected Success. Class:SimpleTablePopUp SSTPopUp() ‘ Also Check if files displayed on white paper the Table could be opened within the Framework. Delete single Files and essay, delete all files from the table. Success.

Class:SimpleSearchClearPanel SSClearPanel() ‘ Check if on proposal essays click of the clear button if components of Simple Search is Cleared Success. Class: KeywordSearch MatchCase() ‘ Check if the essay unusual friendship, grepped result displayed correctly with respect to the pattern match type selected. Class:KeywordHighlighter KSHLYellowQuery () ‘ Check if the pattern matching the keyword entered is highlighted with yellow colour Success. Class:KeywordSelectFiles KSSelectFiles() ‘ Check if File, Files or Folder can be selected Success. Class:KeywordClearPanel KSClearPanel() ‘ Check if Clear Button clears the components of tiger paper Keyword Search Panel. Class:KeywordTablePopUp KSTPopUp() ‘ Also Check if files displayed on the Table could be opened within the Framework. Delete single Files and delete all files from the essay, table. Success. Class: DATRSearch StartAndEndTime() ‘ Check if the displayed result is with respect to Start and end time specified. Success.

Class: DATRSelectFiles DATRSelectFiles() ‘ Check if File, Files or Folder can be selected Success. Class: DATRHighlighter DATRHLGreen() ‘ Check if the Start and End time Highlighted with green colour Success. Class: DATRClearPanel DATRClearPanel() ‘ Check if Clear Button clears the components of DATR Search Panel. Class: DATRTablePopUP DATRTPopUp() ‘ Also Check if files displayed on the Table could be opened within the Framework. Delete single Files and delete all files from the table. Success. 7.4 SYSTEM TESTING.

In this stage the software is tested from white all possible dimensions for all intended purposes and platforms. In this stage Black box testing technique is normally used. System testing of software or hardware is testing conducted on a complete, integrated system to evaluate the system’s compliance with its specified requirements. System testing falls within the scope of black box testing, and essay, as such, should require no knowledge of the inner design of the code or logic. F N Keywords? As a rule, system testing takes, as its input, all of the “integrated” software components that have successfully passed integration testing and essay about unusual, also the essay, software system itself integrated with any applicable hardware system(s). The purpose of integration testing is to essay unusual friendship detect any inconsistencies between the software units that are integrated together (called assemblages) or between any of the assemblages and proposal essays, the hardware. System testing is a more limited type of testing; it seeks to detect defects both within the “inter-assemblages” and also within the system as a whole. 7.5 White Box Testing.

White box testing (clear box testing, glass box testing, and transparent box testing or structural testing) uses an internal perspective of the essay, system to design test cases based on proposal essays internal structure. Friendship? It requires programming skills to identify all paths through the software. The tester chooses test case inputs to exercise paths through the code and determines the appropriate outputs. While white box testing is applicable at the unit, integration and system levels of the software testing process, it is typically applied to the unit. While it normally tests paths within a unit, it can also test paths between units during integration, and between subsystems during a system level test. Though this method of test design can uncover an tiger, overwhelming number of test cases, it might not detect unimplemented parts of the specification or missing requirements, but one can be sure that all paths through the test object are executed. About Unusual Friendship? Using white box testing we can derive test cases that: o Guarantee that all independent paths within a module have been exercised at least once. o Exercise all logical decisions on proposal essays their true and false sides.

o Execute all loops at their boundaries and within their operational bounds. o Execute internal data structure to assure their validity. 7.6 Black Box Testing. Black box testing focuses on the functional requirements of the software. It is also known as functional testing. It is a software testing technique whereby the internal workings of the item being tested are not known by the tester. For example, in essay about unusual friendship a black box test on software design the tester only knows the inputs and what the in a essay, expected outcomes should be and not how the program arrives at those outputs. The tester does not ever examine the programming code and does not need any further knowledge of the program other than its specifications.

It enables us to essay derive sets of input conditions that will fully exercise all functional requirements for f n, a program. Black box testing is an alternative to white box technique. Rather it is a complementary approach that is likely to essay uncover a different class of errors in the following categories:- o Incorrect or missing function. o Interface errors. o Performance errors. o Initialization and termination errors. o Errors in trust relationship essay objects.

o The test is unbiased as the designer and the tester are independent of each other. o The tester does not need knowledge of any specific programming languages. o The test is done from the point of view of the user, not the designer. o Test cases can be designed as soon as the specifications are complete. 7.7 Preparation Of Test Data. Preparation of test data plays a vital role in the system testing. After preparing the test data, the system under study is tested using that test data. Essay? While testing the proposal essays, system by using test data, errors are again uncovered and corrected by using above testing steps and corrections are also noted for future use. 7.7.1 Using Live Test Data. Live test data are those that are actually extracted from organization files. After a system is friendship partially constructed, programmers or analysts often ask users to suggest data for test from their normal activities.

Then, the trust essay, systems person uses this data as a way to partially test the system. In other instances, programmers or analysts extract a set of live data from the files that they have entered themselves. It is difficult to obtain live data in sufficient amounts to conduct extensive testing and unusual, although the realistic data that will show how the system will perform for the typical processing requirement. Thesis Thesis Computer Science? Assuming that the live data entered are in fact typical; such data generally will not test all combinations or formats that can enter the system. This bias toward typical values then does not provide a true system test and in fact ignores the cases most likely to cause system failure. 7.7.2 Using Artificial Test Data. Artificial test data are created solely for unusual friendship, test purposes, since they can be generated to test all combinations of formats and values. In other words, the artificial data, which can quickly be prepared by ap us a data generating utility program in the information systems department, make possible the testing of all login and unusual, control paths through the program. The most effective test programs use artificial test data generated by persons other than those who wrote the programs. Thesis Vs Non Masters Computer? Often, an independent team of essay about unusual friendship testers formulates a testing plan, using the systems specifications.

7.8 Validation of components. Functionality to be tested Input Tests done Remarks. Initial Screen User Interaction with the Screen to Select search Options Check if appropriate panel open with respect to the Search option selected Success. Simple Search panel No files selected or/and No display error options selected Prompt the user that files or/and error display options must be selected in order to perform search Success. Keyword Search Panel No files or/and No Query entered Prompt the user to history select files or/and enter a keyword to about perform search Success. Date and Time Range Search No Start Time or/and No End Time Entered Prompt the proposal essays, user to enter Start Time or/and End Time Success. INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS. The following snapshots define the results or outputs that we will get after step by step execution of all the modules of the system.

8.1.1 Log Analyzer Build. The above snapshot shows the time taken to successfully build the Log Analyzer Tool. NetBeans took only 2second to launch the Log Analyzer. 8.1.2 LOG ANALYZER Initial Screen. The above snapshot shows the about, initial screen after the thesis vs non masters, tool has launched. The Initial Screen has a Search Tab which contains different search options provided to the user with the help of the combo box. 8.1.3 Simple Search Initial Screen. The above snapshot is for the Simple Search Option Selected from Different search option provided in the combo box. The Simple Search tab contains a tool bar which holds the about unusual friendship, following components Select Files Button which opens a file chooser to select files to perform the simple search, a combo box from which the error options can be chosen (Default, Warning and Severe). It also contains a Selected Files table which displays the grading, selected files full path name, the editor pane opens new tabs for the files present on the selected files tables and friendship, these tabs are closable, clear button is used to clear the components of the ap us history essay grading, simple search screen. 8.1.4 Simple Search Select Files.

The above snapshot shows how files are selected by the file chooser to perform search. 8.1.5 Simple Search Selected Files Display. The above snapshot shows how the path name of the files selected are displayed on essay unusual the Selected Table. 8.1.6 Simple Search Error Display Option (Default) In Progress. The above snapshot displays that the search is in progress, the error display option selected here is Default. Proposal Essays? When the search is still in progress the screen where the about unusual, bugs grepped are displayed will have a white background and a progress bar is used to notify the user that the search is still progressing. 8.1.7 Simple Search Error Display Option (Default) Completed with Highlighters. The above snapshot shows that the search is completed for files selected and for the error display option. The user gets to know if the ap us history essay grading, search is completed for essay unusual, that particular tab when the thesis thesis masters computer science, background colour of the about unusual friendship, editor pane changes to grey from white and proposal essays, also to improve the readability highlighters are provided to highlight the error display option selected Warning is highlighted with Green and friendship, Severe which should be taken more care of is highlighted in vs non Red.

Once after the about, search is tiger research complete for all the files selected it is essay unusual also indicated to the user with a popup text Search Complete. 8.1.8 Simple Search Error Display Option (Warning) In progress. `The above snapshot is shows the output for the Warning error display option type which is progress, where the grepped result is highlighted with green. 8.1.9 Simple Search Error Display Option (Warning) Completed. `The above snapshot is shows the output for the Warning error display option type , where the grepped result is highlighted with green and search is f n courseworks completed. 8.1.10 Simple Search Error Display Option (Severe) Completed. The above snapshot displays the output for the simple search where the error display option selected is Severe which is highlighted with red colour when the search is completed. 8.1.11 Simple Search Error Display Option (Severe) NO RESULT. This snapshot displays the unusual friendship, result when the file does not contain Severe error. It indicates the user by displaying the Results Found is zero. 8.1.12 Simple Search Validation.

The above snapshot shows the validation for the simple search where a message pops up when the search button is clicked without selecting the files to relationship essay perform search. 8.1.13 Keyword Search Initial Screen. This snapshot displays the about unusual friendship, Initial screen of the Keyword search. 8.1.14 Keyword Search Select Files. The above snapshot shows how files are selected by the file chooser to perform search. . It has a button for selecting the files to perform search, the keyword text field is provided for the user to enter the keyword to be searched, a combo box is provided to select the white research, matching type (All Cases, Match Type, Starts With, Ends With) and a button to start search. The Keyword search screen also contains the selected files table and a editor pane which opens different tabs for the files selected to about unusual friendship perform search. The tabs are created with respect to the files selected and white tiger paper, these tabs could be closed individually and also a popup menu is provided to close all the tabs at once. When the search is in progress at any point of essay time the search could be aborted at resumed. 8.1.15 Keyword Search Open File from selected the Table. The above snapshot shows a log file from the selected table is opened within the framework.

Other menus provided in the popup menu are Delete Single File (Delete), Delete All the files from the table (Delete all). 8.1.16 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- All Cases. The above snapshot displays the result for the Pattern match type- All cases where it displays the f n courseworks keywords, result irrespective of the alphabet case sensitivity. 8.1.17 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Match Case. The above snapshot displays the result for the Pattern match type- Match Case where it displays the result only for those characters matching the text entered in essay about unusual friendship the keyword text field. 8.1.18 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Starts With (Result)

The above snapshot is the output displayed for the pattern matching type- Starts With. 8.1.19 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Starts With (No Result) The above snapshot is the tiger paper, output displayed for about, the pattern matching type- Starts With. Paper? But here since there are no results which Starts With the keyword entered in the keyword text field the essay unusual friendship, result shown to the user is Result found is zero. 8.1.20 Keyword Search Pattern Match Type- Ends With (Result) The above snapshot is the output displayed for the pattern matching type- Ends With. The result is displayed for Ends With the keyword entered in the keyword text field the result shown to the user with yellow highlighter. 8.1.21Keyword Search Pattern Match Type-Ends With (No Result)

The above snapshot is the output displayed for the pattern matching type- Ends With. The result is trust in a relationship displayed for Ends With the keyword entered in the keyword text field the essay, result shown to f n courseworks the user is Results Found is zero since there are no such bug within the file which matches the keyword entered in the keyword text field. 8.1.22 Keyword Search Select Files Validation. The above snapshot is the output for the validation where start search button only after entering the keyword without selecting the files to perform the unusual friendship, search. 8.1.23 Keyword Search Query Field Validation. The above snapshot is the output for thesis vs non thesis masters computer science, the validation where start search button is clicked only after selecting the files to perform search without entering the keyword.

8.1.24 DATR Initial Screen. The above snapshot is the screen which is about unusual displaying the Initial Screen for the Date And Time Range Search which has Start and End Time Field. 8.1.25 DATR Start Time. The above snapshot shows the result where the Start Time is highlighted with green colour for the grepped result. 8.1.26 DATR End Time.

The above snapshot shows the result where the End Time is highlighted with green colour for the grepped result. 8.1.27 DATR Select Files Validation. The above snapshot is a validation output shown for the Date And Time Range where only the grading, time field is entered without selecting the files to perform search. 8.1.28 DATR Time Field Validation. The above snapshot is a validation output shown for the Date And Time Range where only files are selected to perform search without entering the unusual friendship, Start and End Tie Fields. This Tool reduces the proposal essays, time of the Analyst in finding the bugs within the Log Files manually. It facilitates the Analyst in finding the bugs within the Log Files or the essay unusual, folder consisting log files in less time providing operations like Simple Search, keyword Search, Date and Time Range Search within the same framework. The selection of the search type depends on the situation, experience of the Analyst.

When loading a single Log File onto the application was a problem Log Analyzer searches for errors/bugs in the log file or log files or a complete folder consisting of log files providing proper Highlighters for the Search Type. In future we could Add Remote host within the frame work which would directly search the relationship, bugs for the product on the client machine rather than asking the clients to make a copy of the about, Log Files in a shared location which the analyst and the client has access to. Another enhancement could be, provide an option to Display Errors like All errors or distinct errors where All errors option could be used when analyst is proposal essays interested to essay unusual know the count of the bugs within the log file and Distinct error option could be used to see only one occurrence of the a error which is the cause for the failure. Search our thousands of ap us essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of about unusual us is qualified to a high level in our area of research expertise, and about, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to ap us history essay your essay question. Essay About Friendship? Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by tiger a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: Log analysis . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/information-technology/essay-log-analysis/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal: 10-05-17 - Image processing 09-05-17 - Integration of Cloud and Internet of Things 03-05-17 - Mobile ad-hoc network 02-05-17 - Technology used in hospitality industry 01-05-17 - The Personal Software ProcessSM (PSPSM) 21-04-17 - Software quality 20-04-17 - Data Warehouse for decision making 19-04-17 - Enhancing food security via a web based system 17-04-17 - Frame relay technology 15-04-17 - Competition and Innovation: A Comparative Study of Telecommunications and Insurance (WIP) We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and about, coursework writing service.

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