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Aids photo essay

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Aids photo essay

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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and photo essay, you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and on calling, are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of aids photo essay, resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of essay, your options before choosing the right format for aids, you. On Calling Home. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on the companies you worked for.

Combination Resume - Combine the essay elements of chronological and functional resumes to solving, highlight both your skills and previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Photo Essay. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and on calling home, use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and essay, it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important.

Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills.

Resumes for Executive and and popular music, Management Positions. The following resumes are good examples for individuals in management and essay, executive positions. They can be used when applying for essay, other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and aids photo essay, it is available on film and popular music review, best to aids photo essay, include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of business is vast and there is home, a great variety of positions available in it. Aids Photo. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals.

No matter your skill level or the mental problem solving position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. Essay. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about mental your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and aids, it#39;s good if you can give examples of essays home, end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in which you list every program, language, etc.

Sign up for the Doyle Report and get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on aids essay writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and Human Services Positions. Problem. If your career is in essay education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Park Write My Essay. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience.

What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the photo essay job as well. If possible, include how you went above the my essay call of duty or add any significant career achievements.

Every trade position has a specific set of aids essay, skills that are required on park my essay the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to photo, technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to troubleshoot technical problems. Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Soundtrack Available Essays On Film Music. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the aids most effective resume you can.

You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and have that available as well. Essay Prompt. Resumes for essay, Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is south park write, a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the hiring manager will want to photo, know that you will put their customers first. Some of these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. Villanova Prompt. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal?

Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Photo Essay. Include volunteer work and park write, accomplishments at school in your resume and aids photo essay, use these examples to learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to research on software piracy, add to photo, your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Resume CV : PGT Computer Science Teacher/Lecturer. Email : m_asim_ali AT yahoo.com. asim.sultani AT gmail.com , asim.sultani AT rediffmail.com. Passport No : H2888429 Valid upto : 2019. A computer professional in photo, a techno-educational capacity with a highly analytical and logical bent of mind, strong method orientation and work ethics adequately in research piracy, tune with emerging IT industry's standard. Also having significant experience in aids, acquainting common masses and school students up to XII level with the villanova latest as well as the prescribed curriculum of aids photo essay, Computer Science.

A firm believer in team work, a team player with dedicated work, innovative and unique ideas, fair for communication and research paper piracy conceptualization and ability to aids interact with others at all levels. 1. Villanova Prompt. B.Sc. (Physics, Chemistry and Maths) from aids, Rohilkhand University. 1. Soundtrack On Film. DCA (Diploma in essay, Computer Applications) from Awadh Computer Institute under Ministry of Human Resource and essays on film review Development Govt. of India. 2. PGDCA (Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications) from Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar. 3. Aids. M.Sc. (I.T.) from research piracy, Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar.

1. ASHOK HALL GIRLS RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL, MAJKHALI, RANIKHET ALMORA- 2006 – Till Date. (An ISO 9002 certified and ICSE Board Affiliated Sr. Sec. Girls School) (Owned by : Birla Education Society) Joined on 22 August 2006 and Working as PGT Computer Science Teacher responsibilities include imparting computer education to 10+2 level. 2. MANAS STHALI PUBLIC SCHOOL, BAREILLY- 1998 - 2006.

( A Co-ED. Aids. Sr. Prompt. Sec. Fully Residential Public School) (8 YEARS) Worked as PGT Computer Science (HOD Comp. Aids Photo. Deptt.) responsibilities include overall administration, imparting computer education to 10+2 level, imbibing new skills in the students, maintaining the computer lab and solving automating the office work.

Also looked after Hostel as a House Master for 2 years. 3. SOPHIA HIGH SCHOOL, Mt. Aids Essay. ABU (Rajasthan) 1994-1998. (An ICSE Residential School) (4 YEARS) Independently handled the CLASS Project related to villanova computer Literacy and awareness. Responsibilities include imparting computer education, maintaining the aids photo essay computer lab and automation the office work. 4. AWADH COMPUTER INSTITUTE, LUCKNOW 1992-1994 1992 - 1994. Worked as an Assistant programmer cum Instructor in on calling, AWADH COMPUTER INSTITUTE at LUCKNOW (U.P.), responsibilities include developing software modules for aids photo essay various projects in COBOL and dBase III and essay prompt IV plus etc.

1. Appointed as a Head Examiner in Computer Science (083) by CBSE Board Allahabad in photo essay, 2006. 2. Appointed as an External Examiner for practical examination and Evaluation of answers scripts by CBSE Board Allahabad since 2002. 3. Worked in nigerian essay, Examination Department of the school as a Examination Incharge. Operating system : MS-DOS 6.2, LINUX, WINDOWS (all versions) Language : C, C++, VISUAL BASIC, COBOL.

DBMS/RDBMS : ORACLE, MS-ACCESS, MS-SQL, FOXPRO, Dbase IV+ Packages : MS-OFFICE 2000 and photo essay XP, PAGE MAKER 6.5, Web Tools : HTML, XML, CORE JAVA, ASP, JAVA Scripts and research piracy other Multimedia Tools. PAYROLL, LIBRARY INFORMATION SYSTEM, SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ETC. Father's Name : (Late) Mr. SHAUKAT ALI. S.O. (Retd.), Central Defense Account (CDA), Lucknow.

Children : One Son studying in VIII Std. and one Daughter studying in aids essay, III std. Leisure Interests : Listening Music, Traveling, Counseling, Photography etc. Primary Assets : Conscientious, meticulous, hard working, enthusiastic, Disciplined and Highly adaptable to any situation. Successful in building friendly relationship with co-workers. Ashok Hall Girls’ Residential School. (An Institution of Birla Group)

MANAS STHALI PUBLIC SCHOOL, BAREILLY. Kind Attn Please : My wife is south write my essay also a PRT teacher and photo capable of teaching Ev.St. and Hindi upto classes VI. Re: Resume CV : PGT Computer Science Teacher/Lecturer. , Single,25 years, 27th November, 1985. c/o Bidyut kr Kahali. B2-249/4,M.A.M.C. Township, Durgapur -713210. Email : baishali.envsc AT gmail.com.

Qualifying Degree Year of Passing Division / Grade University/Board % of Marks Institute. M. Paper On Software. Sc. (Environmental Science) 2009 I The University of Burdwan, West Bengal 77.41 The University of Burdwan, West Bengal. B.Ed 2010-11(pursuing) NA The University of Burdwan, West Bengal NA Vidyasagar Institute,Tamna,Purulia. B.Sc. Photo. (Hons.) in Zoology 2007. I The University of Burdwan, West Bengal 61.25 Raniganj Girls College, Burdwan. Higher Secondary (10+ 2) 2004. II West Bengal Council of essays home, Higher Secondary Education 57.2 Bidhan Chandra Institution For Girls. Madhyamik (10) 2002.

I I.C.S.E 77.5 Carmel Convent High School,Durgapur. Read Write Speak. English Yes Yes Yes. Hindi Yes Yes Yes. Bengali Yes Yes Yes. Reading Story books, Music. Place- (BAISHALI KAHALI) Re: Resume CV : PGT Computer Science Teacher/Lecturer. To train the aids photo students with advanced resources and tools of Computer Skills and update myself as well that way.

3.Worked in K.V.No.1(Army) Jodhpur as a Computer Instructor,Taught VI – XII in 2009-10. Clear in essay prompt, Concepts, Excellent Communication Skills, Extreme fluency in English, Calm, Confident, Cooperative, Social, Practical, Understanding and aids essay Honest in paper, my work. Languages : VB, C, C++, RPG-IV, HTML,SQL,RPG/400,Java. OS : DOS, Microsoft Windows, Linux. Database : Foxpro , Oracle, DB2. Packages : MS Office, DTP. 1 M.Sc (CS) PLV College,Jodhpur MDS University,Ajmer 2007 67% I. 4 AISSE K.V.Fatehgarh CBSE 1998 64% I. 1. I have been working in All India Radio Stn, Jodhpur as a Compere and Announcer for 2.

Years during my PG. 2. Essay. Won State Award in Scouts Guides during Sr. Solving. Secondary. 3. Winner of UNESCO General Knowledge Award with 98% score while schooling in KV. 4. Photo. Recipient of problem solving, I prizes at essay, the district level, College and University levels in various co curricular activities. 5. Been awarded I Prize by the Education Minister of UP at University level Poetry. Composition Contest in year 2003 that was conducted in Allahabad University for mental solving one of. my Hindi Compositions.

6. Photo Essay. Recipient of soundtrack available essays on film and popular, ‘Best Composition Award’ by aids, a Cultural Organization for Women named. “ Sambhawana”, in Jodhpur at nigerian, University level for one of aids photo, my Hindi Compositions. E-mail : shahbaz83m AT yahoo.com. “APPLYING FOR THE SUBJECT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE” 1 year work experience in south write my essay, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Chirimiri as Computer Instructor in the session 2010-11. 2 months teaching experience in Innovation Academy, Chirimiri in aids photo, the session 2009-10. 4 months teaching experience in Regional Institute of Management Technology, Jabalpur in the session 2009-10. organization and to available on film and popular review keep adding value to aids essay my professional and available personal skills. - Able to essay teach in both English Hindi medium. - Able to teach CBSE pattern.

- Excellent communication and nigerian competition interpersonal skills. - Flexible and versatile to aids adapt to any new environment and villanova work on any project. - Master of Computer Application (MCA) : 2008. o Secured First Class with a percentage of 66.27% from Shri Ram Institute of Tech. Jabalpur affiliated to RGPV BHOPAL (MP). - Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) : 2005. o Secured First Class with a percentage of aids photo essay, 63.37% from research piracy, RIMT affiliated to RDVV JABALPUR (MP). - Intermediate Education (Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry) : 2001. o Secured Second Class with a percentage of aids photo essay, 48.88% from Little Flowers’ Academy, MP Board of Intermediate Education. - School of Secondary Education (SSC) : 1999.

o Secured Second Class with a percentage of 57.8% from Little Flowers’ Academy, MP Board of Secondary Education. - I have also done ASP.NET and C#.NET from “ORBIT IT CONSULTING PVT. Villanova Essay. LTD., HYDERABAD” JAN 2008. Platforms : WINDOWS XP/7. Programming : HTML, C/C++, ASP.NET. Database : MSACCESS 2000, SQL 2000/05. 1. Project title (MCA VIth Sem.) : ONLINE-AUCTION SHOP.

Language : Asp.net with SQL server. Duration : 4 months (Jan to Apr in 2008) (This major project training is with NESTOR SOFTWARE PVT. Aids Photo. LTD. 2. Project title (MCA Vth Sem.) : ONLINE EXAMINATION. Language : Asp.net with SQL server. Duration : 3 months (Aug to Oct in 2007)

3. Solving. Project title (BCA VIth Sem.) : COMMISION MANAGEMENT. Language : VB with MS Access. Duration : 4 months (Jan to Apr in photo essay, 2005) - I have participated in south park write, Annual school level Exhibition. - I have participated in Annual school level Sports. - I have participated in many school level Quiz Competitions. CV for PGT teacher - Computer Science. Email : saxenarolii26784 AT gmail.com. Job Profile : Lecturer – Computer Science. Work Experience : More than 4.5 years of experience as a Multi-Skilled Trainer/PGT Computer Science Faculty member with specialization in photo, Oracle Developer Technologies (SQL, PL/SQL), C,C++ Data Structures, Digital Electronics,Java(NetBeans).

- Assistant Teacher (Computer Science Deptt.) Goodley Public School,New Delhi (Affiliated to CBSE.) Duration : April 2010 to Sept 2011. - Responsible for taking computer classes at secondary and senior secondary level(VIII – XII). - Class Teacher of XI standard.

- Specialized in nigerian competition, C,C++, Data Structures, RDBMS, Computer Architecture,Java, NetBeans. - Co-ordination of various computer activities/competitions at photo, intra-school and mental problem inter school level like “Computer Fest” at intra school level and “Edge” at aids photo, inter school level. - Grooming students on paper on software piracy various softwares like Photoshop,DreamWeaver,Macromedia Flash,MS-FrontPage,Adobe Illustrator etc. - Lecturer (Computer Science Deptt.) National Degree College, Lucknow (Affiliated to photo Lucknow University) Duration : Aug 2008 to essays on calling May 2009.

- Conducting the Classes of BCA. - Specialized in C, Data Structures, RDBMS, C, Computer Architecture. - Co-ordination of aids photo, BCA Classes. - Systems Officer(Computer Science Deptt.) Duration : Feb 2006 to home Aug 2008. - Responsible for the proper conduct of BCA classes (Affiliated to Integral University, Lko) - Teaching the classes of photo essay, C, Data Structures, DBMS, Computer Architecture. - Co-ordination of mental, O-Level Batches at photo, Centre Level.

- As a Examination In-charge, Responsible for conduct of all the paper on software piracy Exams at aids, Centre Level. - Conducting OCP Certification Batches on Developer Track. - Managing Users on and popular music the Oracle Server. - Worked as Free Lance Oracle Trainer. Companies Served includes UPTEC Noida, NIIT Lko.

Prominent Trainings Conducted : o Client : UPPCL, Lucknow. o Client : GITI, Lucknow. o Client : UPTEC Computer Consultancy Ltd. o Client : GITI, Lucknow. - Hotel Management System. Software Used : Visual Fox Pro 6.0. - Travel Agency Management System. Front-end :Java Netbean. - Online Book Store and E-shopping System. - MCA from Punjab Technical University,2010.

- Master of Science – I.T. (M.Sc. I.T.) from Punjab Technical University, 2008. - Bachelor of Arts from Lucknow University, 2005. - Intermediate (10+2) from aids photo essay, I.S.C Board, 2001. Professional Training / Certifications : - Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) in Oracle 9i Developer Track. - DOEACC’s A-Level Diploma in Computers (2 years) – Equivalent to park PGDCA.

- DOEACC’s O-Level Diploma in Computers (1 year) I have supported or developed applications using the aids photo following tools: Oracle Database 9i, 10g; PL/SQL; SQL; Oracle 9i/ 10g Developer Suite (Forms Developer), MS-Office 2003, MS-Office 2007, C-Language, C++,Java(NetBeans). Proficiency in softwares: Photoshop,DreamWeaver,Macromedia Flash,MS-FrontPage,Adobe Illustrator etc. Also, I have good analytical, problem solving and communication skills. Email :bansal.gitika AT gmail.com.

To make a distinctive contribution in the broad functional area and services in a challenging assignment. - MCA from IGNOU(awarded the University Gold Medal) in 2010. - ‘O’ ‘A’ Level from DOEACC. - Higher Diploma in Software Engineering [HDSE] from APTECH, Bharatpur(Raj.). - Master of south park, Arts in English Literature from Rajasthan University, in aids essay, 2000. - Bachelor 0f Science from park, Rajasthan University, in 1997. - Operating Systems : DOS,WINDOWS,LINUX. - Networking : LAN(Local Area Network) - Packages : MS-OFFICE, DBMS, RDBMS, FOXPRO,ORACLE 9i. - Programming Languages : C, C++, JAVA, HTML, DHTML, JAVASCRIPT, D2K. - Fluent in Spoken Written English Hindi.

- Working as Computer Science Teacher ( PGT) with AVB Public School, Patparganj Delhi since April 2011. - Worked as Maths and Computer teacher with St. Paul’s Girls Public School from July 2000 to April 2001. - Worked as Counsellor cum Computer faculty with Software Technology Group International Ltd.(STG) from photo essay, May 2001 to May 2002. - Worked as Maths, Science English teacher with Army Middle School from July 2002 to mental October 2004. Email : - mahesh.karpenter AT gmail.com. OBJECTIVE : To seek a challenging position in an Organization so that my skills can greatly enhance success of the Organization and aids photo essay also my professional growth. - Master Of Computer Application (MCA) with 68% from Prestige Institute of Management Dewas (M.P) Approved by RGPV (Bhopal) (2006-2009) - PGDCA with 70%From ALMA Institute Dewas (2005-2006) - Bachelor of Science (Bsc) with 61% From Vikram University Ujjain (2004) - Higher Secondary with 60.2% From BHS Sonkatch (2001) COMPUTER PROFICIENCY/SKILL SET : - Platforms : MS Windows 2000,XP. - Programming Languages : C, C++,VB6.0,VB.Net,C#.Net,Asp.Net. - Back Hand Support : SQL Server2000,2005, MS Access.

- Basic Hardware and park write my essay Networking. - Organization : LISM (Indore) - Duration : Six Month. - Designation : Software Developer. - Job Responsibility : Was responsible for Software Analysis, Design, Coding, and Testing. - Organization : Govt. College Hatpipliya (Dewas) - Duration : One Year (20-06-2009 To 20-05-2010) - Designation : Asst. Professor. - Organization : Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 1 Shift II (Indore) - Duration : One Year. - Designation : Computer Instructor (23-06-2010 To 28-02-2011) CURRENT WORKING : Kendriya Vidyalaya Bank Note Press Dewas.

Designation : PGT. Aids Photo Essay. Computer Science. 1. Research Paper On Software Piracy. Project Title : lismindia.com (Multilevel Network Business) Job Responsibility : Analysis, Design, Coding, and Software. Description : lismindia.com works on photo essay the principle of nigerian essay competition, Multilevel.

Network Business it’s provide online services to essay the. Technology used : Asp.Net with VB.Net and SqlServer 2000. 2. Project Title : Lekot.com (Garments ) Job Responsibility : Analysis, Design,Coding, and Software. Description : lekot.com is a system used to provide online. Information of essays home, Garments for the Customer. Photo. It is. Provide Information of Vendors and Franchises. Technology used : Asp.Net with VB.Net and SqlServer 2000. 3. Project Title : Birth Day Remainder System.

Job Responsibility : Analysis, Design, Coding, and on calling Software Modification. Description : It is photo essay Provide all the information of user and essay Show the. B’Day and Marriage Anniversary Date whenever any. Person having B’Day or Anniversary As well as It is. Provide Email Facility for sending message to the. Technology used : C#.Net and SqlServer 2005. 4 Project Title : Hotel Bill Management System. Job Responsibility : Analysis, Design, Coding, and Software Modification. Description : It’s Provide Billing System and Item list for aids photo essay the.

Technology used : VB.6.0 and piracy MS Access. CURRICULUM VITAE FOR LECTURER/COMPUTER FACULTY/ COMPUTER TEACHER. E-mail : mailme.saumya AT rediffmail.com , saumyakrishna23april AT yahoo.co.in. Current Project : “Teleradiotherapy Network Project” Current Status : Working as Telemedicine Technician. In Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow. Responsibilities in the. current project : -Manages Software of the computer.

-Executing lectures through video conferencing. -Manages database maintenance. -Operates on photo essay the latest softwares like Online Telemed, Sanjeevani, Conferencing softwares, etc. Experience : 4 years 1 month. Course Name University Year Percentage Division. MCA IGNOU 2007 72.27% I.

BCA IGNOU 2005 72.25% I. Standard Board Year Percentage Division. High School U.P. Board 2000 64.66% I. Intermediate U.P. Board 2002 68.60% I. (in English Sociology) Lucknow University 2006 66.55% I. Operating System : MS-DOS, Windows.

Languages : C, C++, Java, VB 6.0, SQL. Database : MS-Access, Oracle 8. 1. HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM - BCA. 2. STUDENT INFORMATION SYSTEM - MCA. 3. Prompt. PROJECT MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM - MCA. [Projects developed on Vb6.0 as front end and SQL, Oracle as back end] Strength : Self-motivated, Positive, Perseverance and Learning. Keen Interest : Administration, Teaching, Project Leader, Project Incharge. Languages Known : Hindi, English.

your profile has been shortlisted.we have opening for computer teacher in jain nagar.if u r interested,mail us ur c.v.My email id is pcjaintraders AT yahoo.com . plz tell me whats ur expected CTC. Email : kumarnagender09 AT gmail.com. Highly enthusiastic and aids essay possess excellent analysis and problem solving skills. Eleven months of experience in the Software industry. Have always delivered results on time.

Have a penchant for learning and possess good communication skills. PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE-MORE THEN 1 YEAR. Working as Iphone developer at “WildNet Technologies” Noida Till date. Worked as Iphone developer at villanova, “ Dear Flight Pvt. Ltd., Noida ” since Jan-2011 – Oct-2011. Programming skill : Iphone,Titanium, ASP .NET with C#, C,C++, JAVA.

Web Technologies : HTML,Html5,xml,Css,JavaScript, PHP. Data base known : Oracle 9i, MYSQL,Microsoft SQL Server 2005,Sqlite. Environment :Titanium/Mac osx,web services,Payment Gateway used by InApp Purchase, PayPal. Description :PopMounts are a custom-made product. We combine the most appealing aspects of photo essay, mounting and framing into nigerian essay, a unique way to display your most cherished images. In this project user can order by online and pay by paypal and credit card.

2 :California Anglers. Environment :Titanium/Mac osx,web services. Description :California Angler is Fishing Guide Services to share his experience and expert fishing knowledge. This project base on web services. Environment :Xcode/Mac osx,objective-C. Environment :Titanium/Mac osx,web services and aids photo android. Description : This Application is for essays on calling presenting Medical Product. - Global Farming And Consultancy. Environment : Windows,ASP.NET 3.5 and essay 4.0 with c#, SQL SERVER 2005. Description : This Project basically a Web Based in this when user can enter in this site they get all the Information related to the farming and by essays home, sign up the user can purchase the product that is seeds Fertilizer Pesticide etc. and after transection they give the feedback .The user also upload the his product and sell the product on web . The web also having the admin section the photo admin can maintain the nigerian essay competition records. MCA 2011 from aids photo essay, UPTU University, Moradabad.

Bsc 2008 from Rohailkhand University, Amroha. Oracle 9i Two months certification from the college campus.. E-mail : pandu.priyadarshani AT gmail.com. BRANCH : INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY. Seeking a growth oriented academic position where I can contribute to the overall growth of the organization, utilizing my knowledge and technical skill in mental, the field of Software. Operating System : MS DOS, Win 98, 2000, XP. Programming Language : C, C++, JAVA, DBMS.

Special Skill : TOMCAT, WEB LOGIC. - Good Communication and Interpersonal skills. - Ability to fathom the intricacies of any professional subject. - Good team co-ordination. - Capability of executing challenging assignments with right blend of intelligence, patience within the aids time frame. - Ability to learn fast.

- Comprehensive problem solving capability. Now I am doing PG DIPLOMA IN INFORMATION SECURITY in IGNOU,DELHI. Father’s Name : Purna Chandra Barik. Husband’s Name : Jayshankar Pandu. Date of Birth : 19th August 1985. Marital Status : Married.

Language Proficiency : English, Hindi Oriya. Hobbies : Listening to Music, Reading Books. - Stood 1st in debate competition. I hereby declare that all the information furnished by me is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. Date : Signature of Applicant. Email : sophiya.sheikh AT gmail.com. To fulfill my duties to the best of my abilities. Technology : ASP.Net 3.5 with C#, DotNetNuke, JQuery. Operating Systems : MS-DOS 6.2, Windows '95, '98, Windows 2000, Windows 7.

Application Packages : MSOffice 97, 2000, XP. Database Systems : MS-SQL 2005, Oracle 10G, MS-SQL 2008. M.C.A. with 83% from Ajmer Institute of Technology, Ajmer affiliated from Rajasthan Technical University, Kota in 2010. B.Sc. (Information Technology) with 75.48% from Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University, Ajmer in 2007. Intermediate (Phy., Chem., Bio.) with 70.92% from on calling, Rajasthan Board in aids essay, 2004. Matriculation with 70.67% from Rajasthan Board in south park, 2002. Pearl Education Society. Experience : 1 Year from 25th June 2012. Work Profile : Worked as a Lecturer for photo BBA, BCA, and PGDM Students. Work Profile : Worked as a Lecturer for engineering students. Work Profile : Worked as a developer in a team.

Project Name Intertec Website : Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 6.2, c#, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery. Description : This website provides all the information about the solutions and services which is provided by this company in different countries. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Worked on site installation and skin creation. Created Board member, media, resources , contact us and south park my essay user registration modules from scratch.

Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 6.2, c#, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery. Description : This website is and essay organization which provides the information to essays on calling home students and its clients about photo, its facilities. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Worked on site installation and skin creation. Created news with jquery, events, banner module from villanova, scratch. Worked on products and aids solutions and case studies module. Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 6.2, c#, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery.

Description : This website is and organization which provides the information to students and its clients about its facilities. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Worked on site installation and skin creation. Created news with jquery, events, banner module from problem, scratch. Worked on products and solutions and case studies module. Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 6.1, c#, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery. Description : This website provides all the information about the client’s hospital and about the various facilities which hospital provided.

Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Worked on site installation and skin creation. Created Gallery module using fancy box feature and worked on product and aids photo events module. Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 6.1, c#, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery. Description : This website provide all the nigerian competition information about the clients’s performances (Events,News,about the clients and its performances.) Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Worked on essay site installation and nigerian skin creation. Created Events and workshop module and aids news and article module.

Worked on video gallery integration and use jquery in this. Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 5.6, c#, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery. Description : This website shows all the information which company provides(about it’s products and nigerian essay clients). Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Created this site from scratch. Worked on photo essay skin creation. Created product module from scratch. Use light box feature in nigerian, products module. Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 5.6, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, c#.

Description : This site shows all the information which company provides (about it’s products and clients) Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Created this site from scratch. Customized Photo Gallery module. Worked on aids photo essay skin creation and module design.

Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 5.6, VB.net, SQL SERVER 2008, HTML, JavaScript, JQuery. Description : This site shows all the information which company provides about its products. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Created this site from scratch. Customized Photo Gallery module. Worked on CMS sections. Customize form and list modules.

Designation : IT trainee and Software Engineer. Work Profile : Worked as a developer in essay prompt, a team. Project Name WNS Website : Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 5.2, VB.net, SQL SERVER 2005, HTML, JavaScript. Description : WNS. com site shows all the information which company provides. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer in maintenance phase. Worked on modules creation (Home page banner, News, Photo gallery). Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 5.6, VB.net, SQL SERVER 2005, HTML, JQuery. Description : This site is to shows information that what WNS organization doing for the needy peoples. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer. Image gallery module implemented. Worked with designer and helped them to integrate skin and containers on aids this site.

Tools using VB.net, SQL SERVER 2005, HTML, JavaScript. Description : This site runs on intranet of WNS organization on which employees raise IT related issues which is takes care by admin. Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer in maintenance phase. Worked on emailer module. Tools using Dotnetnuke framework 5.6, VB.net SQL SERVER 2005, HTML. Description : This site runs on intranet of WNS organization which provides information to the employees about the organization.

Role Responsibilities Worked as Developer in maintenance phase. Worked on essay modules creation (Holiday calendar, Ask from leader, Yellow Pages, Messaging board, Announcement and highlight). Project Title : Inventory Management System (Advanced Java) It is software, for essay managing inventory. Father’s Name Mohmmed Umar Sheikh.

Date of available essays on film and popular review, Birth 08-08-1987. Languages Known English and photo Hindi. Marital Status Single. Copyright 2017 vBulletin Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved.

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AIDS Warriors ~ Photo Essay: A Nation in Crisis: Wide Angle - PBS

This is My Calling, This is My Vocation. Mothering a large family is my calling and my vocation. As a result, I am a conundrum: a rather outmoded sort of woman, ridiculed by modern career women, vilified by the earth’s prophets of doom and sanctified by the religious right. I was the least likely candidate to have a lot of children. I had never even held a baby before my first born.You would think having nine children would have turned me into a frazzled wreck with a figure like the Pillsbury Dough Boy and essay, a brain gone to mush, but I remain quite articulate, with a quirky sense of humour, standing at 5’1” and weighing in at solving 106 lbs. Not quite a rosy cheeked, robust, matronly looking mother of a large brood. When the words The Joy of Mothering popped into aids essay, my head as a sub-title for my short stories, it was like an epiphany for me, because those few words verbalize my experience living with little people. The very existence of a joyful mother of nine children seems to confound people. Embracing an outdated lifestyle on a traditional, small, family farm has been a struggle through confusion, guilt, and even public condemnation to finally reach the point where I can now shout loudly, ”This is south park my essay, my call, this is my vocation, this is my witness to the world!”

After the birth of photo our fourth child, Michael and I struggled to understand exactly how we were meant to live our lives. We were discussing an article by an author whose main premise was that letting go of solving control and trusting in essay, God was not some abstract principle, but a day-to-day practical call that included the south, surrender of our fertility. Of course we practiced natural family planning, but I was one of those rare people who could conceive long before ovulation. God used the natural rhythm of my body as a key to my vocation, because everything does work for the good, to those who trust in God. As my doctor said once, “Ah, I remember reading about a woman in New Zealand, two years ago, who conceived five days before ovulation.” I raised my hand and chirped, “Well, you can add me to that list!” Although we could not imagine how large our family would become, the aids photo essay, words of that article resonated within both my husband and me.

Guilt lifted off us and a surge of excitement, a sense of purpose welled up from prompt within. Although it took time to really believe that none of aids essay our children were simply a failure of the south park, natural family planning method. Many small experiences kept reinforcing the truth for us that God called each of our children into being with our co-operation. We’d stumbled blindly at times and essay, then a burst of clarity would shine light on our purpose. For example, twenty-five years ago, I once again slipped into panic mode, worrying if I was pregnant with my fifth child. Suddenly a wave of peace enveloped me and my whole body relaxed. I heard these words within me,

”This is your call. This is your vocation. This is your witness to the world.” All sorts of south write objections rushed into my head, “What on earth do you mean a vocation or a witness, a vocation to photo, what?- stupidity? People don’t understand. Problem! They just think we are irresponsible or idiots……” Then unexpected joy bubbled within me, and I sensed these words in my spirit, Once again a blanket of peace wrapped like a blanket around me. It was an actual physical sensation. My mind was calm and my spirit felt strong. That was it for me; I understood and I said, “Yes to mothering as a vocation.” Though I still cringed under disapproval from aids society, I always understood that my children were saving me by compelling me to essays on calling home, dive deeper into my spirit, discovering the power of eternal Love at my core, a love that can stand strong against essay all opposition. That is my call.

That is my vocation. That is on calling, my witness to the world. © 2014. Aids Photo Essay! Melanie Jean Juneau. All rights reserved. About the Author: Melanie Jean Juneau. Melanie and WSquared-Thanks-You both make it so clear-many folks today think that their vocation is their call to essay, God with their list of what they would like to do, enlisting His help for aids photo essay, them to achieve their “career goals” which often do not include what happens to them after their bodies die-and you both make it so clear the call is God calling us – or in my case, hitting me over the head with the essay, phone. WSquared-check out -true story-GEM Anscombe besting and aids photo, confounding CS Lewis in public debate-I think it was re: existence of God. Guy McClung, San Antonio. Guy McClung, I shall have to check out that story of Dr. Anscombe.

Thank you! enlisting His help for my essay, them to achieve their “career goals” which often. do not include what happens to aids photo essay, them after their bodies die-and you both. make it so clear the south park, call is aids photo essay, God calling us – or in my case, hitting me. over the head with the phone. That’s frankly a lesson that’s learned and relearned, and I don’t presume to have learned it well! While writing a dissertation, I had to learn to see it and my topic as a gift from the Lord– and I also prayed through it, offering it up, and asking the Lord to guide me, and to help me do that work in a way that was pleasing to Him. Mental Solving! I also think more about doing that work with Caritas more than I ever have. There’s also nothing wrong at all in aids essay, telling God what you would like– as well as your hopes and your dreams. But as many a wise priest and spiritual adviser point out, the south, reality check is essay, ending that “list” of wants with “I ask this in the name of nigerian essay competition Our Lord, Jesus Christ, Amen.” The St.

Ignatius of Loyola prayer is also helpful (“take, Lord, and receive all my liberty, my memory, my understanding and aids photo essay, my entire will; all that I have and essays, possess. Aids Photo! Thou hast given all to me. To Thee, O Lord, I return it. All is Thine, dispose of it wholly according to Thy will. Problem Solving! Give me Thy love and aids essay, Thy grace, for this is sufficient for me.”). Slowly, through practice, one learns to pray it with hope, and also in earnest. I like that Ignatian prayer. well said- your phrase that God hit you ‘over the head with a phone’ is humourous but accurately portrays the fact that God was in park write my essay, charge, not you. As a result, I am a conundrum: a rather outmoded sort of woman,

ridiculed by photo essay, modern career women, vilified by the earth’s prophets of. doom and sanctified by the religious right. God bless you and your big family, Melanie. There was a woman with four little boys sitting in south park my essay, the pew in front of us at Mass once. After Mass, all I kept hearing from photo essay certain people was “I don’t know how she does it!” in a sort of “well, I never !” tone. I politely but curtly said: “a ton of grace.” That shut some of them up. Dr. Elizabeth Anscombe would probably blow their minds for being a woman with seven children and a brilliant academic career, both of essay prompt which (certainly the latter, period, given what so many perceive to be at stake) would be beyond most people. A lot of the photo, time, we don’t think about the Church’s teaching on human sexuality in ways that foreground the range of magnanimity of what God makes possible.

Your words are absolutely correct; I had more grace than I realized. I will have to read up on essays on calling home Dr. Elizabeth Anscombe, thanks for the tip. It struck me how much any mention of grace tends to essay, be absent from almost any and soundtrack essays on film, all of our discussions of aids Church teaching on being open to life and family size. Mental! And that lack of mention of grace tends to cut both ways, both among those professing to be Catholic, and those not. I think that shifting the focus to what the Church’s teaching and Catholic orthodoxy makes possible will go a long way in showing women how much the aids essay, Church, who is herself female, will go to bat for essay, them if they let her. Moreover, it’s having an enlarged sense of what the Church’s teaching makes possible that allows any couple to give their fertility over to essay, the Lord, to accept whatever He gives them. Villanova! Now, this can mean either a big family, or not. Self-control, no matter the size of one’s family, is necessary for self-gift.

Both big families and small families can be the essay, result of that kind of grace-infused generous prudence and problem, self-gift, just as big families and small families can be the aids photo essay, result of lust, sexual immaturity, selfishness, and contraception use. It’s not about the nigerian, what, but the how. I often mention both St. Gianna Beretta Molla and Dr. Elizabeth Anscombe together, because both taken together challenge the myths and sacred cows of aids photo both the left and right: both of write these women were practicing Catholics, and they fall well within the Church’s teaching on human sexuality. What their examples tell us is that working and having a career are not going to stop a woman from being a good and holy wife and mother and aids photo, a canonized saint, just as having a large family is not going to stop a woman from having a brilliant career (these two women in combination should be front and essay prompt, center in our minds when we hear Pope Francis talk about any “theology of women” and aids photo, his exhortation that wherever important decisions are made, women need to be: this is not about women “taking over” or “women’s ordination,” but the fact that men and nigerian competition, women steward differently). It matters immensely that the aids essay, Church sees motherhood as spiritual and material, and not just biological. So the question then becomes: how does God use everything He gives any woman– from her talents, her career if she has one, her marriage, to research paper on software, her children– to make her a saint? For my part, I wish somebody had told me that I could have a big family and be a professor with a Ph.D.– if that’s what God means for me, which means that He can make it possible. But nobody ever did. It’s easier to surrender, bit by bit, when one learns that God thinks bigger, even as He engages us on such profoundly intimate levels.

While the broadness of what’s possible does not mean doing whatever one likes, it’s also nonetheless true that God doesn’t do cookie-cutter holiness based on superficial criteria. I think a lot of people mean well when they unthinkingly divide motherhood up into a series of false dichotomies, even calling it “practicality.” But these are still ways of misrepresenting what the Church actually teaches, even if unintentional, and they cause a great deal of harm and photo, heartache if not confronted and rectified. Those whose theology or philosophy or both do not account in any way for grace may be excused for not knowing any better. A person who professes to be Catholic arguably doesn’t have any such excuse: either we accept that belief in the Incarnation comes with certain logical implications about the south park my essay, relationship between matter and spirit, or we do not. It’s okay for the learning curve in this regard to essay, be steep and hard. Research On Software Piracy! That’s where persistent prayer and receiving of the Sacraments come in. The bad fruits of ignoring Humanae Vitae are far more pervasive, more subtle, and reach broader and photo essay, deeper than simply “fewer children” and on calling, “fewer vocations.” This is definitely an area where we need to be more aware and more alert. you have planted the seeds fot another article- we need more intellectualslike you with their hearts and spirits alive and functioning. Vision looks inward and becomes duty. Vision looks outward and becomes aspiration. Vision looks upward and becomes faith.”

– Rabbi Stephen S. Wise. love it, thank-you. Scripture warns us clearly that in the last days, charity will suffer. Essay! Matthew 24:12 “Because of the increase of wickedness, the problem, love of most will grow cold.” I always considered the photo essay, imagery of cold hearts as horrible and something I was immune to. I have learned that the warning St. Competition! Paul gives about not assuming we are [] The political left and aids photo, secularists have hijacked the term “social justice”. Ask anyone and they will describe social justice in terms of wealth distribution and expanding the role of government in the name of justice. This might sound ideal. Mental Problem! Who would not want to be for spreading the wealth? But for essay, the last few decades, []

Am I the available on film and popular music, only one feeling that the aids photo, Catholic Church has become irrelevant in political, social and research, moral arenas? It’s not really a question anymore. The cultural outcomes have objectively provided the aids photo, answer across a broad bandwidth: abortion, gender-identity, same-sex marriage, euthanasia, genetic engineering. Take your pick. This article isn’t another “hand-wringing” eulogy for Catholic [] Twenty-five years ago, my husband discovered a book at a Trappist monastery which questioned my basic premise about the nature of reality, rekindled joy in my drooping spirit then challenged me to park my essay, change and to live in mystical union with Christ. Although many Carmelites might not recommend this book as a valid description of pure []

“Dogma Lives Loudly Within You”, said the Senator. Photo! Thank you very much, Senator. I am flattered that you noticed. I do try very hard to be a good Catholic, answered a hypothetical Federal Court nominee. “And that’s of concern…” continued the on calling, actual Senator Dianne Feinstein (D) of California during the September 6, 2017, confirmation hearing. [] CURRENT RECRUITMENT STATUS: Thank you for your interest in Catholic Stand.

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8 Real-Life Balanced Scorecard Examples. You already know that the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is an extremely popular strategic framework—but you may be wondering, “Will it actually help my organization get the results we want?” That’s a fair question, and before you commit to aids photo essay an overhaul of your current strategy, you’ll want to see some real-life Balanced Scorecard examples. Research Paper. Well, you’re in luck! Because below, we’ll discuss eight real organizations that have used the BSC—or some variation of it—to grow their company and their strategic success. 8 Real-Life Balanced Scorecard Examples. 1. The Boys Girls Clubs Of Puerto Rico (BGCPR) In Puerto Rico, 57% of the island’s one million youth live below the poverty line. Aids Photo. The BGCPR offers these young people the hope of a better future. Just over a decade ago, BGCPR nearly shut their doors due to south park write my essay an economic downturn. That’s when the CEO and aids photo essay, president got to work restructuring the nonprofit and decided to on software piracy adopt the Balanced Scorecard to manage their strategy and aids photo essay, revitalize their organization. Their scorecard helped them establish managerial discipline and promote cultural change, leading to their rapid growth.

Today, BGCPR has 11 facilities! For years, the city of essays on calling, Durham operated without a strategic plan. But during the economic downturn and with budgets cuts, Durham’s city manager convinced elected officials that the time was right to commence the strategic planning process. With a scorecard, the city of Durham was able to make more data-driven decisions and collaborate with the aids essay county government, enabling the two governments to pool resources, reduce or eliminate duplication of effort, and deliver a higher level of service to Durham residents. After the recession, Fort Lauderdale needed to manage costs in a way that balanced strategic cuts with strategic investments. In response, the south write my essay Fort Lauderdale city manager created an office to photo essay oversee the development of the piracy city’s first-ever strategic plan and to manage process improvement. Fort Lauderdale residents were asked for ideas about how to improve the city over the next 25 years. This information, combined with internal goals, resulted in a new strategic system that connected departments through scorecards and presented them publicly in aids an unprecedented show of transparency.

When Richard Koubek became dean of the LSU College of Engineering, he set forth Vision 2015, the college’s five-year strategic plan. This new scorecard-driven management process has propelled the college ahead in all of its strategies. One area that has benefited greatly is the south park my essay college’s external partnerships. Because the College delivered on its promise to provide Louisiana businesses and employers with first-rate engineers, the state’s economic development organizations have used LSU engineering as a magnet to recruit businesses to the state. IBM even opened a services venture in Baton Rouge. Since implementing Vision 2015, enrollment for the College of aids photo, Engineering is up 41% (twice the national average), and LSU now has the fifth fastest-growing engineering college in the United States. Rare began using the Balanced Scorecard to measure and manage its performance. On Calling Home. With measures at the heart of its operations, this global conservation nonprofit has been able to achieve greater transparency and accountability—while expanding its scale, reach, and impact.

With its scorecard in place, Rare has been able to draw upon its metrics to report biological impacts to essay constituents and to research piracy the public—something they couldn’t dream of before their scorecard implementation. Rare’s strategy management process has helped the organization clarify its focus, and the organization’s metrics have played an important part in engaging donors. Within five years, Rare has gone from a $9 million per year operation to more than $20 million per year and has been named one of the top 100 NGOs in the world. Aids Photo Essay. PGE wanted to present their data in a high-level view with the ability to research on software drill down—and found their solution in the Balanced Scorecard. Aids Essay. PGE was able to use scorecard software to problem customize with their branding and essay, design elements, and update their scorecard pages to allow for period comparisons. Each page is completely customized to their liking and park write my essay, includes current results, year-to-date and photo essay, end-of-year data, and other forecast targets.

SBS Group—a consulting and IT services organization—needed a system to construct its strategic plan, manage initiatives and measures, and cascade to the field level, and knew the Balanced Scorecard could manage all of these areas. Soundtrack Available On Film Music Review. Using scorecard software, SBS group was able to migrate their Excel-based scorecards into scorecard software, which provided a number of photo essay, benefits. They could manage cross-scorecard collaboration, information sharing, employee-scorecard linkages, and more. They were also able to set up scorecards according to their preferences, define measures, and create initiatives. Altogether, SBS Group’s scorecarding capability has helped them assess and prioritize their initiatives. 8. Soundtrack And Popular Music Review. Certified Financial Analyst (CFA) Institute. The CFA team embarked on an effort to essay update the organization’s long-term strategy involving the entire organization and were able to advance their strategy, integrate their scorecard, and create a change agenda, workplans, and multi-year, high-level metrics. With the help of their scorecard, they were able to research paper on software get leadership on board with aligning strategy and operations, and employees invested in CFA’s mission. Download Now: Balanced Scorecard Excel Template. All eight of these organizations were able to see strategic success using the Balanced Scorecard framework. If you want to test the waters and build out a simple scorecard before committing to something more substantial, this free Excel template is aids photo essay perfect for you.

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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and photo, other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. Mental Solving. All the preliterate societies known to us have religion. Religion goes back to the beginning of the aids photo essay, culture itself. It is nigerian essay competition, a very ancient institution. There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg. Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the photo essay, intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men.

While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of societies. It is the foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and mental problem solving, Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the great religions of the aids essay, world.

Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings. It is the south park write, human response to those elements in the life and environment of essay, mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is pre-eminently social and is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”. The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’. The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”.

The second root refers to the carrying out those activities which link human beings with the available essays, supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to their temporal and transcendental foundation. By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason. Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to aids photo, a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to man which are believed to direct and control the villanova essay prompt, course of aids photo, nature and of human life”.

As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of soundtrack available essays on film and popular music review, awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and aids photo essay, objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to solving, an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and aids essay, beyond the controllable.” According to soundtrack review, Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.” Thus, there are numerous definitions of aids, religion given thinkers according to problem, their own conceptions. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to aids photo essay, deal with those powers.

Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. Solving. Sumner and Keller asserted that, “Religion in history, from the earliest to aids photo, very recent days, has not been a matter of available on film, morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”. Religion, in photo, fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is essay, also a means of preserving the values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is aids, that they represent a complex of emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and write, (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. Aids Photo Essay. The psychological part consists of essays, supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs.

While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of aids essay, a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the great religions of the essays, world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers. Aids. These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Villanova Essay. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by aids any name. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of religion. These constitute the heart of the religion. Home. There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred.

But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to the senses. Sacred things are symbols. They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is aids, imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. Villanova Prompt. It is photo essay, behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”.

It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). They are certain moral principles which are explained to nigerian competition, have a supernatural origin. It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty. It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the supernatural powers. Photo. If the essay, behaviour is not in accordance with the aids essay, religions code, the behaviour or act is considered as sinful. A method of soundtrack available essays music review, salvation is the fifth basic element of religion.

Man needs some method by which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the aids essay, realisation of an inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the essays, bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of his actions in his life. Aids Photo. The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. The Buddhist hopes to attain Salvation by essays on calling being absorbed in aids photo, the Godhead and entering Nirvana. The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. Mental Problem. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of aids photo essay, beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions.

Prior to the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the research on software, chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Hence, it is obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow. 1. Photo Essay. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean. Religion in competition, each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the aids essay, empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the essay prompt, individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world.

This sense of security of the individual has significance for the society. Since religion helps man to forget the suffering, disappointments and sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning. 2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and norms.

It thus provides support for photo essay, social standards, socially accepted behaviour. Common faith, values and norms etc. are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of other groups, communities or nations. By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for the values and essays, this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the aids photo essay, Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to south park write, Hindu society. Religion performs its function of integration through social control.

It regulates the conduct of individuals by enforcing moral principles on them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for violation. 3. Religion helps to knit the aids photo, Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. South Park Write My Essay. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is essay, perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion. It is religion that asks man to essays on calling, renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Religions Acts as an Agent of Social Control:

It is one of the means of informal means of social control. Aids Photo Essay. Religion not only defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them. It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. Research Paper On Software. Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society. Hinduism gives sanction to aids photo essay, the caste system which regulates social relations of various classes in India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Help and assistance are rendered to villanova essay, poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. Photo. It is believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and assistance to mental, the helpless and needy persons.

In this way religion promotes the photo, welfare of individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and culture. The priests laid the foundations of medicine. Magic supplied the roots of observation and experimentation from research paper piracy, which science developed. It also inculcated the habit of charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and aids photo, Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the man in times of his suffering and disappointment.

In this world man often suffers disappointment even in park write my essay, the midst of all hopes and achievements. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him. When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to photo, console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of problem, condolence. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to make even his loss meaningful. Photo. Faith in God compensates him and research, sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to aids essay, bear his frustrations and park write my essay, encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance:

It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Man unites himself with the infinite and feels ennobled. Through unity with the photo essay, infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and nigerian competition, luminous. Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. All the great religions of the world have attempted to aids photo essay, regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and kinship interests and mental solving, with political institutions. Religion is the central element in the life of photo, civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to nigerian competition, humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the spread of education, the essay, accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class.

For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is called upon to support rulers, contacts and other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions. Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the soundtrack essays and popular, dysfunctions of aids essay, religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes: According to soundtrack on film music review, Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the essay, society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative.

Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out paper on software piracy, changes. Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. 2. Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and aids essay, norms emanate from religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to changing conditions.” For example, during the medieval Europe, the Church refused to nigerian competition, grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the photo, great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking. On Calling. Similar social conflict is evident in the case of birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and photo, Irresponsibility:

Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. But it does not develop an mental problem solving ability in them to assume individual responsibility. For example, a good number of people in India prefer to aids photo, take the advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. Villanova Essay. But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in the field. In its course of aids photo, development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and nigerian essay, suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure.

Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of essay, soulless conditions. It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo. Religion is the source of many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to mental solving, human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and aids photo, ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines.

It is deeply related with conflicts. Wars and battles have been fought in the name of religion. Sumner and Keller are of the villanova essay, opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. Photo Essay. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and soundtrack available essays and popular music, ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people. It creates a gap among them. In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people. Religion has made people blind, dumb and aids photo essay, deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind.

On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. Religion is not readily amenable to competition, social change and progress. 12. Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from aids, discovering new facts. Paper On Software. For example, it tried to suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic.

They think that all events in aids photo, life is due to some divine power and hence due to fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is undermined. Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion. For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and especially the economic sphere.

For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at this point is to limit religion to merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief. Marx’s sense of the matter is more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of competition, men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and aids essay, self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world.

Man is the world of man, the state, and society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the south park write, fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to God in the form of worship, he takes from aids photo essay, himself. That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is soundtrack essays on film music review, fundamental is not religious forms – against photo essay, which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the economic forms of existence.

The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for villanova essay, their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the criticism of religion into the criticism of law and photo, the criticism of theology into the criticism of politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation.

This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the highest essence of man, hence with the categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of nigerian essay, a living thing. A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. No form of religion is static. In some cases the change may be slow and minor, in others relatively rapid and major. Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an element of censure for change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from aids, simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in the simple form of tribal religion. For example, with the gradual spread of villanova prompt, Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies.

Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against aids photo essay, the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and also beyond the home, common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. The most excellent example is of Sophism. It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Sikhism, Kabirpantha and photo, many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on man and his life changes.

In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. Essay Prompt. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by aids a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is soundtrack available and popular, gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to aids, civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and on software, his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. It means that religious beliefs and practices have tended to decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in aids photo essay, Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to south my essay, place less emphasis on essay, dogma and prompt, more on social values. It has tried to photo essay, reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge.

As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of life is worth preserving and it must seek to solving, organise. The masses and photo essay, guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. However, the process of secularisation has affected the domination of religious institutions and symbols. The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and reformation in mental solving, the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to aids essay, secular way of home, life. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in aids, our society.

First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. All these criticisms are formidable indeed. But it should be noted that the diversity of research piracy, religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and not a dominant feature of social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in aids photo, ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in essays, the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions.

As religious explanation of the photo, universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over mental problem man and aids essay, his society loses its importance. Nigerian Essay. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an aids essay ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by which sectors of society and culture are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and villanova essay prompt, a rational world view. Aids. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional. Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and on software piracy, social sciences. He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of aids photo essay, its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways.

Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Others have included discrete and separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the word current in modern and essays home, modernizing India and even in the whole of this subcontinent. One of the two meanings is found by consulting any standard dictionary. But there is the difficulty in aids essay, finding the other, for it is non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life.

One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in the English language. It is held that India is not Europe and park write, hence secularism in aids, India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe. What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse?

As long as there are clear and commonly agreed referents for the world in the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the European or American meanings of the on software, word. Aids Photo. Indian meaning of essay, secularism is aids photo, debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in India. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of meanings indicated by the English term.

The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the essays, outcome of vested interests inherent in our political system. Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in terms of practice of any religion by aids any citizen. Besides, the State is not to give preference to any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and it bears no application in paper piracy, reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the aids photo essay, practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and the principle of neutrality). Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State. Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of references.

Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in terms of Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to on film music review, religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the process of aids photo essay, secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion in America is subordinated to the American way of paper, life. It means that religious belief and practices have tended to decline.

Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and political field. Aids Photo Essay. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. There are other aspects of secularism. Secularism is related to rationalism and empiricism. Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on south my essay, men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of superstitions and blind beliefs. In this manner, the aids photo essay, process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. There is the need to secularise the religious institutions. This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to nigerian competition, compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of change in the context of changing society.

In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is not directed by photo religious beliefs. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of villanova essay prompt, religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’. Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for secularisation is the process of rationalisation’.

That is the pre-requisite for any industrial society of the photo essay, modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality. Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. It is based on testing of arguments and beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. Religion is based on faith.

Its claim to truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the basis of religion. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the park, most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in various contemporary societies. Like modernisation, this process is photo essay, good and essays on calling, desirable for the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is both a product and a process.

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