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How to Write an Essay for a History Exam: The Basics Explained

If you are one of tens of thousands of kids who freak out when it comes time to write that history essay and you are worried about

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Easy essay topics for history

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We#039;re Giving Away a Different Book on Select Days in September and October. Today#39;s prize book is AFTER THE ECLIPSE by Sarah Perry. Essay For History. The deadline for bipolar research papers, entries is Thursday, October 5th at 11:59am ET. Does reading news and topics for history, articles online and law coursework help, being active on social media take time away from your book reading? Please check all that apply.

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September#39;s Books on contract law coursework help, Screen roundup includes the feature film s IT and American Assassin ; the season three premiere of Outlander on Starz and the movie Our Souls at Night available on Netflix; and the DVD releases of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks and Captain Underpants: The First Epic Movie . Each month we spotlight a selection of Young Adult (YA) titles that we believe are great reads for adult readers. Explore our picks here!;s Fall Preview Contests and Feature. Fall is known as the biggest season of the essay for history year for food security dissertations, books. The titles that release during this latter part of the year often become holiday gifts, and easy essay topics for history, many are blockbusters. To celebrate the arrival of fall, we are spotlighting a number of outstanding books that we know people will be talking about in the days and months to come. We are hosting a series of 24-hour contests for these titles on select days in September and October, so you will have to check the site each day to writing help, see the featured prize book and enter to win. New Release Spotlight: HANNA WHO FELL FROM THE SKY by Christopher Meades.

Hanna has never been outside her secluded community of essay, Clearhaven. She has never questioned why her father has four wives or why she has 14 brothers and sisters. And in security dissertations, only one week, on her 18th birthday, Hanna will follow tradition and become the fifth wife of essay topics, a man more than twice her age. But just days before the wedding, Hanna meets an enigmatic stranger who challenges her to question her fate and to follow her own will. And when her mother reveals a secret --- one that could grant her the freedom she#39;s known only in her dreams --- Hanna is forced to decide whether she was really meant for writing skills help, something greater than the claustrophobic world of Clearhaven. Essay Topics For History. Bets On: BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda. Law Coursework. In BEST DAY EVER by Kaira Rouda, Paul Strom, an easy essay for history advertising executive, has planned a wonderful day for his wife, Mia, keeping in essay about, mind all of the things that will make her happy. They head towards their lake home for a getaway where he has planned every romantic gesture. I found myself thinking how lovely it would be to have someone plan a day like this for me.

But as they drive, readers see sparks of an essay idea that things may not be as harmonious as we thought. A prisoner in a secret cell. Bipolar Research Papers. The guard who has watched over easy topics for history, him a dozen years. Help. An American waitress in for history, Paris. A Persuasive. A young Palestinian man in Berlin who strikes up an easy for history odd friendship with a wealthy Canadian businessman. And The General, Israel#39;s most controversial leader, who lies dying in a hospital, the writing help only man who knows of the prisoner#39;s existence. From these vastly different lives, Nathan Englander has woven a powerful portrait of a nation riven by insoluble conflict, even as the lives of its citizens become fatefully and inextricably entwined.

A Hungarian warehouse owner lies in the middle of topics, his blood-sodden office, pierced through the chest with a bayonet and eerily surrounded by 17 candles, their wicks dipped in blood. Suspecting the murder may be rooted in ethnic prejudice, Commander William Monk turns to London’s Hungarian community in research, search of clues but finds his inquiries stymied by its wary citizens and a language he doesn’t speak. Only with the easy essay topics help of a local pharmacist acting as translator can Monk hope to penetrate this tightly knit enclave, even as more of its members fall victim to identical brutal murders. But whoever the killer --- or killers --- may be, they are well hidden among the city’s ever-growing populace. The stories in FIVE-CARAT SOUL --- none of them ever published before --- spring from the place where identity, humanity and history converge. James McBride explores the ways we learn from the a persuasive essay world and the people around us.

An antiques dealer discovers that a legendary toy commissioned by Civil War General Robert E. Lee now sits in the home of a black minister in Queens. Five strangers find themselves thrown together and face unexpected judgment. An American president draws inspiration from a conversation he overhears in a stable. And members of The Five-Carat Soul Bottom Bone Band recount stories from their own messy and hilarious lives. Alex Blum had one goal in life: endure a brutally difficult selection program, become a U.S. Topics For History. Army Ranger, and fight terrorists for his country. He poured everything into achieving his dream. In the first hours of his final leave before deployment to Iraq, Alex was supposed to fly home to see his family and girlfriend.

Instead, he got into his car with two fellow soldiers and two strangers, drove to a local bank in Tacoma, and committed armed robbery. Why would he ruin his life in such a spectacularly foolish way? In the midst of his own personal crisis, and in the hopes of helping both Alex and his splintering family cope, Ben Blum, Alex’s first cousin, delved into these mysteries, growing closer to Alex in the process. Based on true events in 19th-century Ireland, Hannah Kent#39;s new novel tells the story of three women, drawn together to rescue a child from a superstitious community. Nora, bereft after the death of her husband, finds herself alone and security, caring for her grandson Micheál, who can neither speak nor walk. Topics For History. A handmaid, Mary, arrives to help Nóra just as rumors begin to spread that Micheál is a changeling child who is bringing bad luck to law coursework, the valley. Easy Essay. Determined to banish evil, Nora and Mary enlist the help of Nance, an elderly wanderer who understands the magic of the essay on posner pragmatism old ways. Twenty-something bartender Jason Bishop’s world is shattered when his estranged father commits suicide. But the greater shock comes when he learns his father was a secret agent in the employ of the Invisible Hand, an easy for history ancient society of spies wielding magic in a centuries-spanning war.

Now the food security dissertations Golden Dawn --- the shadowy cabal of witches and warlocks responsible for Daniel Bishop’s murder, and easy essay topics, the death of Jason’s mother years before --- have Jason in their sights. His survival will depend on mastering his own dormant magic abilities, provided he makes it through the training. Essay About Indian. Jason#39;s journey through the realm of essay topics for history, magic will be fraught with peril. But with enemies and writing, allies on both sides of this war, whom can he trust? Twenty years ago, college student Axel Prince Wolfe --- heir apparent to his Texas family#39;s esteemed law firm and its shade trade criminal enterprises --- teamed up with his best friend, Billy, and a Mexican stranger in a high-end robbery that went wrong. Abandoned by his partners, he was captured and imprisoned, his family disgraced, his wife absconded, his infant daughter Jessie left an orphan. Two decades later, with 11 years still to serve, all Axel wants is to easy for history, see the woman his daughter has become. When the papers chance comes to escape in the company of Cacho, a young Mexican inmate with ties to a major cartel, Axel takes it. But a startling discovery reignites an old passion and sends Axel headlong toward reckonings many years in easy for history, the making. A whaler#39;s daughter, Flora Mackie first crossed the Arctic Circle at essay on posner judicial pragmatism, the age of 12, falling in easy essay topics for history, love with the cold and unforgiving terrain and forging lifelong bonds with the Inuit people who have carved out an existence on its icy plains. She sets out to become a scientist and polar explorer, despite those who believe that a young woman has no place in this harsh world, and in 1892, her determination leads her back to essay about indian, northern Greenland at the head of a British expedition.

Yearning for easy for history, wider horizons, American geologist Jakob de Beyn joins a rival expedition led by the furiously driven Lester Armitage. When the help path of Flora#39;s expedition crosses theirs, the three lives become intertwined. If we cannot be clever, we can always be kind. Topics. Copyright 2017 The Book Report, Inc. Bipolar Papers. All Rights Reserved.

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How to essay topics for history, Write a Qualifications Summary. A well-written Qualifications Summary can make your resume extremely attractive to hiring managers. Learn how to write one with this comprehensive guide. Writing a Qualifications Summary is the simplest way to increase your chances of nabbing an interview . Research Papers! First, let’s take a look at what they look like. How is easy essay it that this style of resume can improve your chances of getting an interview so dramatically?

It’s true for several reasons. Firstly, they’re fairly unusual to food security dissertations, see, giving your resume a fresh and clean appearance to easy for history, bleary-eyed hiring managers. Essay Independence Day! The reason that they’re unusual is because most people simply haven’t heard about them — because they lacked the curiosity to topics, find out! So congratulations, you’re now in on a secret hidden in plain sight! Secondly, writing one forces the hiring manager to pay attention to your resume because it packs a powerful punch. The first thing the hiring manager will see are all of your greatest achievements and skills, all of which are directly related to the job posting they need filled. How Should A Persuasive! You can compare the topics, QS to a diamond hidden in a rock — you need to sand away the coarse edges and present the essay on posner judicial, valuable gem of essay topics, your work experience at the top. Finally, it gives your resume a higher chance of passing through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software, which is used to screen out food security dissertations, irrelevant candidates based on the content of topics for history, their resumes. Explained briefly, it allows you to how should a persuasive be written, put a higher concentration of relevant keywords and key phrases in your resume, ensuring that it earns a “passing grade” and actually reaches human eyes.

The Qualifications Summary is easy essay just one piece of the puzzle. You should also know the 10 Commandments of Resume Writing to papers, make sure you’re hitting the right notes throughout your entire resume. INFOGRAPHIC: How to Write a Qualifications Summary. It should cover your greatest career achievements, presenting you as a well-rounded candidate with multifarious talents. As I stated earlier, the Qualifications Summary is similar to a gem, and its structure is similar. Gems have many different shining facets, and so do your skills and easy topics achievements. Presenting the best of each facet, combined into contract law coursework, a unified whole, completes the gem. Use this as a guide for writing your own. Essay Topics For History! Consider each category a facet of your gem. Papers! Try to think of easy essay for history, examples from your work history that fall under each major heading. Everything you need to write an incredible Qualifications Summary.

The key here is to take THE BEST examples from your work experience, and bipolar research papers put them in the Qualifications Summary. More Qualifications Summary Examples. A Qualifications Summary is a list of 6 bullet points displaying a range of topics, your most impressive achievements. It is placed at the top of your resume, in place of the Career Objective. Help! It is a powerful tool, designed to satisfy Applicant Tracking System software, and grasp the easy essay for history, attention of the hiring manager. About Indian Independence Day! By writing a Qualifications Summary, you can vastly improve your resume and topics for history stand out among your competition. Still can’t decide if you should use a QS? Check out day, our Resume Flow Chart. Here are two more examples, from different industries. One is easy essay topics for history written for contract law coursework an executive secretary, the other for a waiter.

We chose these two industries based on their popularity on this website: Example 1: Executive Secretary Qualifications Summary. EXECUTIVE SECRETARY | EFFICIENT – ORGANIZED – ATTENTIVE. Managed 4 employees in essay topics for history, an executive office, maintaining an atmosphere of exactness, efficiency, and attention to detail Designed and implemented efficiency programs aimed at essay pragmatism streamlining direct office services, saving $150,000 per easy topics for history year in labor costs Analyzed and bipolar papers condensed incoming data from various clients and customers, writing 1,500 word reports twice a week for our CEO Organized company outings, dinners, and easy retreats, increasing company satisfaction by 9% according to our yearly employee satisfaction survey Earned the 2013 “Outstanding Achievement Award” in a company of 200+ people. Example 2: Waiter Qualifications Summary. WAITER | CHARISMATIC – EFFICIENT – KNOWLEDGABLE. Managed a 3 table section totaling 25 seats in essay, a fast-paced Italian diner, requiring quick thinking, efficient planning, and strong people skills Leveraged a depth and breadth of wine knowledge to easy, up-sell $150 in wine sales nightly on average, by a persuasive essay explaining to customers ideal wine and easy topics entree pairings. Consistently received 5 star reviews from an skills online rating system, with accompanying praising comments about my service Alleviated customer disputes throughout the restaurant with strong communication and listening skills Earned “Employee of the Month” six times in two years. Qualifications Summary vs.

Career Objective – What’s the Difference? The difference between these two lies mostly in their length and form. Their purpose is the same: they are meant to give the hiring manager a quick understanding of how your skills and experience can help his/her company. The Career Objective is a 1-2 sentence explanation of what would make you a strong candidate for the job. It provides a very general overview of your work experience and skills. Here’s an example: Hotel Housekeeping employee with over 9 years of essay for history, experience in the provision and security management of timely housekeeping service. Possesses a knock for achieving and maintaining elegance and a strong ethical foundation.

The problem with the Career Objective is that it’s too short to properly convey your experience and ability . The Career Objective is for history actually a great choice if you don’t have as much work experience. If that sounds like you, read our in-depth guide about how to write a Career Objective here. You may be wondering, “Isn’t a Qualifications Summary too long to hold the hiring manager’s attention?” The answer is no. Despite being longer, it actually saves the food, hiring manager time because they don’t have to sift through your work experience to find your true abilities. Essentially, you’ve done that work for them. They’ll show their appreciation by calling you in for an interview . Qualifications Summary vs. Professional Experience – What’s the Difference?

A common criticism of the easy essay topics, Qualifications Summary is that it looks and feels like another Professional Experience section. Judicial! However, there are major differences that should be pointed out. Written in reverse-chronological order Explains finer details of easy topics for history, each job Gives the hiring manager a deeper understanding of your experience. Presents a summary of your greatest achievements and qualifications Written in any order Does not include basic responsibilities and tasks. Note: You should be careful not to repeat any bullet points that you used in the Qualifications Summary. I’m A Student: Should I Write a Qualifications Summary? This will be controversial, but we say go for writing skills help it — especially if you’re a very productive and active student. If you’re a student, what are the facets that you can show to a potential employer? Critical/relevant coursework and your GPA Greek life and easy essay club activities Student government Internship experience Volunteer experience Major academic accomplishments Awards and honors received. Generally speaking, resume experts will insist that only professionals with years of experience under their belts should write a Qualifications Summary.

I disagree for the following reasons: No matter who you are, and what your age is, there are aspects of how should be written, your experience and easy topics for history skill sets that qualify you over other candidates. Writing! If that were not true, everyone would easily find employment. Therefore, you should display your qualifications prominently. Easy Essay Topics! The general format of a Qualifications Summary is writing skills help objectively superior to a Career Objective, because it saves the hiring manager time and effort. There’s no point in easy topics for history, handicapping yourself just because you’re not an law coursework help experienced professional. To be fair, there is a good reason that students are not encouraged to write a Qualifications Summary, which I’ll cover in the next section. When Should You NOT Write a Qualifications Summary? You should avoid writing one if you are lacking in skills, experience, and activity. That is the easy for history, primary reason that students are discouraged from contract help writing a them – because it’s naturally going to easy for history, look weak and fragile compared to a seasoned professional. If you fall into the category of dissertations, unskilled, uneducated, and not active, you need not worry.

There are other strategies that you can use to solidify your resume and convey your employability. Easy Essay Topics For History! You can read them here. If you’re unclear about how to go about essay pragmatism writing your Qualifications Summary, please leave a comment in the section below. Topics For History! We also encourage you to how should a persuasive essay be written, try Resume Genius’ Online Resume Software, which will help you write a resume in minutes, hassle free. If you want to topics for history, write your own resume, consider downloading one of Resume Genius’ free and professional resume templates, and filling in the information yourself. How Should Be Written! If you need guidance, find a specific resume sample from your industry, and take inspiration from easy essay its bullet points and formatting. Sterling College: Many more QS examples for writing you to use. how would I write a QS for a line worker at a power company?

I have no experience working in easy for history, that industry! HELP #128577; Since you don’t have any experience working at a power company you’re going to want to focus on including easily transferrable skills in your QS. As we highlight in the guide above, some key attributes you can include that span all industries include authority, creativity, management, efficiency, communication and recognitions. So, try to highlight skills you’ve developed at your current or previous job such as managing people, projects or budgets.

Mentioning efficiency and essay indian independence recognition in the fields of safety will definitely be valuable in a power company as well. Let us know if you have any more questions, we’re glad to help! This article was very helpful for my most recent resume update which now includes a Summary of Qualifications. Thanks! We are really happy to hear that as well. Best luck with your career. Easy Essay Topics For History! Just drop us a note if there is writing anything else regarding your resume and cover letter. I have no idea what to easy, right in my QS. I’m applying for my first job ever as a phlebotomist. Essay Be Written! I never worked before or did any volunteering.

Should i just not write a QS line?? Yes, you may just want to start with a “Profile” or “Career Objective.” You can read our article about how to write a Career Objective here: That will allow you to topics for history, write some of your credentials (such as your degree / very relevant skills and abilities) and make a good initial impression. Hope you get the job! This is Very helpful!! I have never had a job in anything ever. So I will concentrate on law coursework help my profile and easy for history Career Objectives. Glad we could help! Good luck on a persuasive be written the job hunt! I have worked on essay for history several types of jobs that different from the one I am applying for.

Should I write a qualification summary in my resume? If you have other relevant job experiences then you shouldn’t waste space on bipolar research papers your resume with none-relevant experiences. That said, if you have over 10 years of essay for history, experience and the skills from your other jobs are transferable then yes, you could include a qualifications summary at the top of contract help, your resume. I am applying for graduate programs in easy essay for history, US.I have a work experience of of nearly 1.5 years.I am not able to frame my qualification summary due to judicial pragmatism, inadequate work experience.How do I go about it? I have had good acads in high school and under-grad. If you feel that your work experience is easy essay topics for history inadequate to write a qualification summary, we suggest that you take a look at our career objective writing guide. ( In most cases, a career objective is more suitable for research papers candidates with little work experience. We hope this helps! Good luck with grad school! I am a Registered Nurse finishing my Masters of Nursing and will graduate as a Family Nurse Practitioner. What format is best since I have experience as a nurse as well as 780 hrs of clinical experience as a Family Nurse Practitioner student? ALso, how do you recommend me write my clinical experience/locations etc.?

The best format for easy essay topics for history you to use is a Reverse Chronological Style resume. In your case the order and kinds of sections to include, would be the dissertations, following: 1. Contact Information. 2. Career Summary or Career Objective. 3. Education Certification (We usually put this after your professional experience, but since you are still in school and about to graduate, you would want to put this at the forefront of your resume)

4. Clinical Experience or Clinical Trials or Clinical Rotations (You can just include the easy topics for history, Clinic/Hospital/Institution you did your Clinical Trials, Dates, as well as location. If you have notable achievements, then include them as well) 5. Food Dissertations! Professional Experience (Include all of your experiences as a nurse. Easy Essay For History! Include your Job Title, Organization, Dates, and Location. Include your most Notable Achievements as well) ** If you are seeking a position as a Family Nurse Practitioner then have the Clinical Experience above the how should essay be written, Professional Experience section. But if you are thinking of working as a General Nurse again, then put your Professional Experience before your Clinical Experience Section.

I hope this helps, and please don’t hesitate to essay for history, contact us again with further questions. How Should A Persuasive! Please visit for more detail information. Hi, I have been a stay at home mom for quite some years due to essay for history, my husband job. I am now ready to go out into the job market and not sure how to write a resume. I had previous work experience and is also a final year student in college.

Please help. I am trying to get a job in on posner pragmatism, healthcare administration and I am redoing my summary of qualifications and I have no clue how to write that I received many letters of essay topics, recommendation and food security that I am computer savvy. Please help by essay giving a written sample. thanks. Saying you are computer savvy is not enough. Point out your expertise with a specific piece of dissertations, software that is easy for history relevant to the job instead.

Although you don’t have professional experience, you can still mention your personal experience in your qualifications summary. Your bullet points should include any accomplishments or impressive responsibilities you had during your personal or volunteer experience. Make sure to word each bullet point in a way that sounds professional and less like it was a hobby. Good luck on the job hunt! Are there writing services that will take my resume and job duties and create a summary of qualifications for ne? You could use a professional resume writer, but that can get expensive.

If you follow the guidelines and examples above, you should be able to write a convincing qualifications summary. Best of luck! I’ve only essay, had one part time job outside of college, so far.(I was active in college though) Although I worked more hours than an average part time employee(the store had no manager), I have no stats or data to back up any claims on my resume because the owner will not share this info with me and easy topics I no longer have access to it. Essay On Posner Pragmatism! Should I just write a career objective instead? Yes, we recommend you go with a career objective.

Good luck! I have been at my job for easy topics over 14 years. I have worked for 2 other places before this, but not for a long period of time. Writing Skills! I’m not currently happy at my job and I’m looking to essay, try something different but I’m not sure as to what that is. I just need a job before I leave this one. Should I use a reverse chronological or functional resume. It depends on if the law coursework help, job you are applying for is in a completely new industry.

If it is, you may want to consider a functional format. Check out our resume formatting guide for more info: I am returning to the job market after a very long break (17 years) during which I have been a full-time mom to five children. I have homeschooled them, so I have no volunteering activities at essay for history the public schools. Contract! I worked briefly (one year) after completing my MBA studies(before I became a mom), at a start-up cellular communications company, which was later purchased by easy topics for history T-Mobile, so I have really no work references because the company no longer exists. Security! But I have a degree in Industrial Engineering, an MBA, and easy topics I am currently pursuing a Master in Information Technology Management (with all As so far) at my local university in Boca Raton, Florida. Contract Law Coursework Help! I have spotted some career opportunities that I would like to for history, apply to in the area of skills help, business analytics, business intelligence, UX. I frankly do not know how to write my resume in a way that my lack of work experience, and the very long gap of unemployment do not put me at a great disadvantage when applying for easy for history career opportunities. I will greatly appreciate your assistance.

Thank you! People looking for ways to cover up their work gaps often find a functional resume format helpful. Check out our guide: Thank you very much for on posner judicial pragmatism your prompt response! The resume sample of Office Assistant does not have dates labeled on the work history. Do you suggest leaving out dates if there are gaps in employment or include temp jobs lasting a few months? When else would we want to leave out employment date ranges? Thank you. The Office Assistant resume above uses a functional format because the applicant has a few work gaps. Therefore, they highlight their relevant skills over their past experience. Good luck on the job hunt!

The difference is that the qualifications sections includes a range of information including achievements, awards, and skills. If you have several relevant skills (with 8 years experience you probably do), then you should definitely consider adding a skills section to your resume. The Summary of Qualifications is meant to focus on essay topics for history your relevant skills rather than your job titles. Share How to Write a Qualifications Summary Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and essay on posner pragmatism PDF.

Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Play the One-Minute Game That’ll Show You How to essay for history, Improve Your Resume. Think you can judge the quality of a resume within 6 seconds? The answer may surprise you. Put your skills to the test, and essay judicial pragmatism learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy!

3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to easy, Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your. Would You Rather Work for essay about independence a Man or a Woman?

Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs. What are the differences between the major online resume builders? Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to essay topics for history, introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.

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2015 09 wp () ( ¹ 9/2015) , (123022, . , 2- , 15) . - ¸ . : ; ; ; ; . AMIRBEKOV Kasumbek Ilyasov, LLD., Head, Division of Problems of Organization of Prosecutorial Activities, Research Institute, Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation. Easy For History. On the Issue of on posner judicial, Substitution of Other Public Bodies for Prosecutorial Authorities. The article considers a problem of exclusion of facts of easy essay topics, substitution of research, other public bodies from prosecutorial and supervisory practice and offers a specific model of essay topics for history, its solution. Keywords : prosecutorial supervision; implementation of laws; check-up; substitution; a coordinating status of the public prosecution service. , 2 , (690091, . , . , 51) - - , . A Persuasive Essay Be Written. , - , - . , , - , . : ; ; - ; . BESSCHASTNY Sergey Alexeyevich, PhD (Law), Public Prosecutor of the Primorye Territory, 2nd Class State Counsellor of Justice. Easy For History. MALYUKOV Viktor Alexandrovich, Head, Department for Supervision over Criminal Proceedings and Operative and Search Activities, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Primorye Territory, Senior Counsellor of Justice. Appealing against Unlawful Judicial Orders Granting Permission to Operative and Search Bodies to security dissertations Conduct Operative and Search Activities in Relation to Citizens. The article considered the problems arising in case of appeals filed by supervisory public prosecutors against judicial orders granting permission to topics for history conduct operative and search activities limiting the constitutional rights of citizens. Keywords : powers of a public prosecutor; appeal; operative and search activities; constitutional rights of essay about indian, citizens. : 1. .., .., .. - (). – .: , 2009. Easy. 2. . , - // . – 2012. – ¹ 1. 3. .., .. - // . – 2010. – ¹ 4. (664011, . , . , 5) . , () , () . ¸ . : ; 84 ; ; . VASILYEVA Marina Albertovna, Senior Public Prosecutor, Division of Supervision over Implementation of Legislation in the Social Sphere, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Irkutsk Region. Writing Help. Termination of Labour Contract with Tried Academic Staff.

The article considers the questions of the termination of labour contract with teaching employee who have (had) a criminal record and criminal prosecution. Working labour legislation changes proposal are formed in recognition of prosecutor and judicial practice. Keywords : termination of labour contract; the 84 paragraph of the Labor Code of Russian Federation; teaching employee who have (had) a criminal record; labour contract formation rules breaking. (675005, . , . , 37) . . : ; ; ; . DEGTYARENKO Anna Anatolyevna, Public Prosecutor, Division for Participation of essay, Public Prosecutors in Civil and Arbitration Proceedings, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Amur Region. The Prosecutorial Authorities are on Guard of the Minors' Rights.

The article focuses on the practice of prosecutorial supervision over protection of the minors' rights. Keywords : public prosecutor; supervision; kindergarten; court. , (420111, . , . ¸, 14) () , . , , . : ; ; ; ; . ZHAROV Alexander Vladimirovich, Deputy Head, Division for Participation of Public Prosecutors in Civil and Arbitration Proceedings, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of writing, Tatarstan. Suspension (Prohibition) of Activities Creating Danger of Infliction of Damage. The article considers the issues of exercise of powers by public prosecutors to easy essay topics for history instigate cases in courts on suspension of activities creating danger to inflict damage and how should a persuasive, proper formulation of claims. Keywords : public prosecutor; claim; infliction of damage; to execute and order; to suspend activities. ¸ ( ? . , . ¸ . : ; ; ; . Public Prosecutor of the Kalachevsky District, Volgograd Region. Does the Work of essay topics, Natural Persons Constitute an Object of Prosecutorial Supervision? The article is devoted to the problems of public prosecution after physical persons activities. Judicial Pragmatism. Types and limits of public prosecution analyzing in that publication and some certain suggestions forming for making alteration Federal Law About the office of public prosecutor of Russian Federation. Keywords : prosecutor; public prosecutions; physical person; legal responsibility. : . // . – 2014. – ¹ 2. , ( . . : ; ; ; . ZARETSKY Alexey Gennadyevich, Public Prosecutor, Division for Supervision over Implementation of Federal Legislation, Department of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District, Counselor of Justice.

Supervision over Execution of Legislation in essay topics for history, the Course of Implementation of State Purpose-Oriented Programs by Public and Local Government Authorities. The article covered topical issues of be written, prosecutorial supervision over easy topics for history execution of legislation in the course of implementation of state purpose-oriented programs by public and local government authorities. Keywords : purpose-oriented programs; budget funds; federal property; state procurements. , , (630005, ., . , 80) . . . : ; ; ; . ZEMEROV Nikolay Nikolayevich, PhD (Law), Deputy Public Prosecutor of the City of essay pragmatism, Novosibirsk, Counselor of Justice. The Interaction of the essay, Public Prosecution Service with Local Government in the Course of Supervision over Legality of Statutory Acts. The article describes the practice of interaction of the Public Prosecutor's Office of contract law coursework, Novosibirsk city with local government authorities.

Keywords : the easy, Public Prosecution Service; public authorities; local government; interaction. , - () , (. -, ., 44) (664011, . , . , 5) . . ¸, , . , . , , . 45 . : ; ; ¸; ; ; . PhD (Law), Associate Professor, Department of Prosecutorial Supervision and Participation of Public Prosecutors in Consideration of Criminal, Civil and Arbitral Cases in Courts, St. Petersburg Institute of Law (Branch), Academy of the how should a persuasive essay be written, Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation. Head, Division for Participation of Public Prosecutors in Civil Proceedings, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Irkutsk Region. Social Support of War Veterans and the Role of the Public Prosecution Service. This article considers the easy essay for history, issues of implementation of measures of social support for veterans of the Great Patriotic War. Special attention is paid to the problems of ensuring the rights of indian, this category of citizens for housing which arise both due to the imperfection of the legal regulation and by reason of non-fulfillment of the law by the regional and municipal authorities.

Highlights by officials of the violation, due to incorrect application of the law. The article highlights major violations committed by the officials due to incorrect application of the law. Attention is drawn to ensuring the active position of prosecutors to protect the rights of veterans including prosecutor's appeal to the court in accordance with article 45 of the Civil Procedural Code. Keywords : veterans of the Great Patriotic War; measures of social support; the right for housing; protection of rights; prosecutor; statement of claim. : 1. . // . – 2014. – ¹ 11. 2. Essay. 6 2012 . . URL: 3. . Dissertations. . , ¸ 2014 . 2015 . URL: 4. .. , ¸ 293- . URL: // , 1 , ( , . . . Essay. . , . Essay. : ; ; ; ; ; - . PhD (Law), Senior Public Prosecutor, Division for Participation of Public Prosecutors in Civil and Arbitration Proceedings, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Sakhalin Region, 1st Class Lawyer. KISLENKO Sergey Leonidovich, PhD (Law), Associate Professor, Department of Criminalistics, Saratov State Academy of Law. Efficient Interaction of easy essay, a Public Prosecutor with Other Parties to Criminal Proceedings in the Course of Upholding Charges by the State. The article is devoted to selected issues of effective interaction of attorney with other participants of criminal procedure in essay about independence day, maintenance of public prosecution. The organizational and tactical basis of the interaction is analyzed.

The practical recommendations aimed at improving the quality of public prosecution are provided. Keywords : Public prosecution; criminal procedure; the prosecution; the interaction; forensic tactics; operatively-search activity. : 1. .. : . – . … . . . – ., 2004. 2. .. // . – ., 1968. 3. .. – : . . . Essay Topics. . . Law Coursework. . – , 2002. 4. . // . – 2011. – ¹ 3. 5. . : // . Essay Topics. – 2003. – ¹ 124.

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Keywords : Terrorism; terrorist organization; Islamic State; Criminal Code of the Russian Federation. Law Coursework. : 1. .. // . II (31 – 1 2007 .). – .: , 2007. 2. .. : // . – 2014. – ¹ 12. 3. .. // . – 2014. – ¹ 2. Easy Essay Topics. 4. Richard Barrett. Foreign Fighters in contract, Syria [ ]. – : -in-Syria.pdf. , . Topics For History. , , ( . , ¸ , . . : ; - ; ; . KUROVSKAYA Lyudmila Nikolayevna, PhD (Law), Head, Department, Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation, TIMOSHENKO Andrey Anatolyevich, PhD (Law), Assoc. Prof., Professor, Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation. Systemic Problems of Organization of Non-Governmental Judicial Expert Activities.

In this paper, based on on posner judicial the generalization of memos prosecutors of subjects of the Russian Federation, held by the General Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation described the challenges in the process of proving the use of the results of non-governmental expert studies. The authors note the need to establish a system of state licensing of easy topics, such activities and certification experts. Keywords : Expert non-governmental forensic activities; a fair trial; procedural activity. : 1. .. - // . – 2014. – ¹ 6. 2. Contract Law Coursework. .. (- ) // . – 2014. – ¹ 4 (1). 3. Easy Essay. .. Help. : . . . . . Essay For History. . – ., 2003. , , (367003, . , . , 1) . Food. . : . MAGOMEDOV Magomed Abdulkadirovich, PhD (Law), Public Prosecutor of the City of Makhachkala. Interaction in the Fight against Crime. The article analyzes the problems of the interaction of the investigative and law enforcement agencies in combating crime.

Keywords : Interaction investigative and law enforcement agencies in combating crime. , , . ( . Essay Topics. . : ; ; ; ; ; . Senior Public Prosecutor, Division for Organization of Interaction with Government Authorities, Civil Institutions, Legal Support and writing skills help, Awareness, Legal Department, Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation. MANAKOVA Snezhana Galiaskarovna, Assistant Deputy, State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. Improvement of Legislation in the Sphere of Medical Products. The article deals with the problems of perfection in legislation in the sphere of pharmacenticals turnover.

Keywords : perfection in legislation in reference to the sphere of pharmacenticals turnover; healthcare; international laws; monitoring; prosecutor office; legality. Easy. , , 2 ( - . , - . : ; ; - ¸; . Writing Skills. SAFRONSKY Georgy Emilevich, PhD Candidate, Academy of the Prosecutor General's Office of the Russian Federation, 2nd Class Lawyer. Tactical and Criminalistic Aspects of Provision of Prosecution Evidence by a Public Prosecutor in Judicial Inquiry into Drug Trafficking. The article considers the subject-matter and content of provision of prosecution evidence by a public prosecutor in the course of judicial inquiry, analyzes the link between procedural and easy for history, tactical and bipolar, criminalistic aspects of these activities. Keywords : to appear for prosecution; to provide evidence; tactical and criminalistic maneuvers; to detect crime. : 1. .. ( ): . – .: -, 2004. 2. : / . .. . For History. – .: , 2012. , , - () (180004, . , . , 54) . , , . : ; ; ; ; . STEPANOVA Olga Nikolayevna, Senior Assistant to Public Prosecutor of the Pskov Region for Supervision over Implementation of Legislation on Prevention of Offences, Counselor of Justice, PhD Candidate, St.

Petersburg Institute of Law (Branch), Academy of the Prosecutor Generals' Office of the Russian Federation. About Indian Independence Day. Prevention of Alcoholism and Violations of Legislation on Alcohol Trafficking. The publication is dedicated to the problems of the prevention of alcoholism and to the organization of prosecutor`s supervision over the implementation of the legislation on prevention of essay topics for history, offenses in this sphere, ways of increase of its efficiency in the conditions of separation of actions of subjects of prevention of offenses at all stages of the criminal process and the execution of punishment. Keywords : Public prosecutor's supervision; prevention of offenses; alcoholism; judicial narcological examination; compulsory treatment for alcoholism. , . , - - , ( . Essay Indian Independence Day. , . . : , ; ; . TYUTYUNIK Roman Nikolayevich, Deputy Public Prosecutor, Tyumen Region, Senior Counselor of Justice. NOVOPASHIN Ruslan Rafailovich, Chief, First Division, Department for Supervision over Criminal Proceedings and Operative and Search Activities, Public Prosecutor's Office of the Tyumen Region, Counselor of easy for history, Justice. Transmitting a Report on how should a persuasive be written Crime Based on essay for history Territorial Jurisdiction as a Means to dissertations Cover-Up a Crime. In the article deals with the problem of crime concealment of registration, problem of not making timely measures to solve the crime, when reports of crime transferred to the investigative jurisdiction of the territorial. At the article describes experience of solving this problem in practice. Keywords : prosecutorial supervision; concealed crimes; identification; violations of law. Essay Topics. , ( . , 2 . . , (. 2 . Help. 143, . 2 . 216 ). . : ; ; ; ; . Public Prosecutor of the City of Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Senior Counsellor of Justice. Assistant to Public Prosecutor, Kirov District of the City of Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, 2nd Class Lawyer.

Termination of Criminal Cases by Reason of Conciliation of Parties into Deaths in easy for history, Industrial Accidents is Unlawful. Disagreement of authors with the termination of criminal cases behind reconciliation of the parties on which the death of the victim was caused by unintentional actions of the guilty is expressed in article (ch.2 Art. 143, ch.2 Art. 216 of the criminal code of Russian Federation). The attention of the reader is paid to category of criminal cases about industrial accidents. Keywords : protection violation of the rules works; industrial accidents; the termination of criminal case behind reconciliation of the parties; death of the victim; court. : 1. .., .. // . – 2007. – ¹ 6. 2. .. Security. ? // . – 2007. – ¹ 2. 3. , 14- . / . .. . – .: - , 2014. 4. Essay Topics. .. // . – 2001. – ¹ 2. . .. , , ( . Contract Law Coursework Help. . 162 , , , , . Easy Topics For History. : ; ; ; , ; . LLD., Prof., Professor, Faculty of Law, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University. The Issues of Classification of Robbery. The author considers the issues of classification of actions under Article 162 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation connected with understanding an element of assault and its association with violence, real danger to use force, threat of violence, moment of termination of robbery etc.

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erotic essay Sex and essay, Sexuality in writing skills, Islam. by Muslim Women's League. Even though it comprises only part of our identities, the sexuality of women represents so much more; such that women's sexuality has been viewed as something to be controlled, hidden, or mastered, most often by men. Through the ages, sexuality has an impact on essay for history, one's identity, self-esteem, relationships with others, societal mores, legal codes and so on. If sexual behavior simply existed to essay indian allow for easy essay topics for history, procreation, so much controversy and fascination would have no reason to essay on posner exist. Unfortunately, in topics, many societies and for many years women have been principally defined by their roles as sexual beings whose chief purpose is to satisfy men's sexual needs; this perception contributed to maintaining women in positions of inferiority and often subservience to men.

Even today, women are singled out as sex objects, either as victims of rape or willing participants in industries such as advertising or pornography, that exploit women's sexuality. The purpose of this chapter is to explore important issues of writing help sexuality from an Islamic point of view in an effort to expose demeaning cultural habits which have no basis in Islam, and to offer alternative understandings of these issues based on the primary sources of Qur'an and Hadith. The view of sexuality as taboo and shameful is by no means unique to any particular religious or ethnic group. Easy Topics For History! The Victorian era in England and help, the US(late 19th century) was characterized by such a strong inhibition of sexuality that was subsequently blamed for psychological problems seen in women by psychiatrists such as Sigmund Freud. Breaking free from the oppressiveness of that era was an essay important goal for women through most of the 20th century since the prevailing attitudes were not confined to sexual issues as women were denied many other essential human rights. Independence! Laila Ahmed addresses some of the misogynistic conditions and beliefs that preceded Islam in the Mediterranean area, heavily influenced by Jewish and Christian thinking at easy essay that time(6th and 7th centuries). On Posner Pragmatism! She points out the church's attitude on abortion and easy, contraception . formed part of a broader negative ethos concerning the body and sexuality -- a sense of on posner judicial these as sinful and easy topics for history, shameful and of sexuality as legitimate only for procreation. women were evidently perceived as innately more implicated in security dissertations, physicality and easy essay topics, sexuality than men. (Women and papers, Gender in Islam, p.35) Unfortunately, a similar view of women has been adopted by some Muslims and may actually be rooted in the cultural values which existed when Islam was introduced.

Human sexual development goes through several well-defined stages. Throughout growth, opportunities exist to teach children about their bodies, to inculcate values and attitudes, and most importantly to foster self-esteem. The success or failure (as determined by a woman's overall understanding and value of herself as well as her ability to maintain a satisfying relationship) can be determined by prevailing attitudes of the family and surrounding culture. Sexual development occurs throughout the life-cycle, beginning in infancy and childhood. The healthy progression from one stage of development to the next is dependent upon fulfillment of basic requirements at each stage. For example, an infant must develop trust that the topics caregiver will consistently respond to her cries before she can safely venture into the world and food dissertations, test the budding independence of toddlerhood. The ultimate achievement is the easy development of an intact, secure adult with a high sense of self-esteem and self-worth.

If a girl is constantly being told that she is naughty, shameful, stupid or ugly, she will come to believe it and obviously have low self-esteem which will interfere with relationships, school, work and so on. This illustration in how should, general terms introduces the argument that cultural habits which teach girls excessive shame breed guilt and reinforce a negative self-image contributing to low self-esteem and even dysfunctional sexual lives. This stage of development has been referred to as the latent stage in Freudian terms. It was felt that between early childhood and puberty children had no interest in their or others sexuality; they are essentially dormant in this regard until hormonal changes signal the onset of topics puberty. However, this argument has been challenged by other experts in the field. Regardless of psychological theories, certain facts must be considered about security children at this age. They are developing mentally and as such are often extremely curious about themselves, others, animals and so on. This is a good time to reinforce concepts of easy topics cleanliness, privacy and on posner pragmatism, self-respect and to begin to teach them about sexuality and reproduction in an age appropriate manner. For History! Some girls will start menstruating as early as age nine and should be prepared ahead of time by frank and open discussions with their parents. For many girls, the most significant thing to happen during this time is the onset of bipolar research papers menstruation. If a girl has not been prepared for this event, the sight of the essay for history first few drops of blood can be terribly frightening.

The signs that a girl is essay judicial pragmatism entering this stage of development include breast development, growth of hair under the arms and in essay topics for history, the pubic area, increase in research papers, height and finally onset of menses. Topics! At this time, cultural and familial attitudes about menstruation are critical in impacting a girl's acceptance or rejection of contract help this milestone in her life. Because of the rapid rate of change and accompanying sense of awkwardness, adolescents are often insecure and preoccupied with appearances, with a strong desire to be accepted by easy, their peers. This stage is characterized by dissertations, a heightened interest in and awareness of members of essay topics for history the opposite a persuasive, sex. In the United States and in for history, many other countries, young people begin to develop relationships during the law coursework teenage years. Easy Essay Topics For History! Over half of the students graduating from high school have been sexually active.

Many communities are working hard to essay indian independence teach abstinence before marriage but they are working against difficult odds especially when dating is viewed as normal, age-appropriate behavior. Yet, a primary task at this stage is to achieve a healthy, intimate relationship, which, for essay for history, Muslims, can only exist in the context of marriage. Once women become sexually active, they then must deal with issues related to pregnancy, such as attitudes toward child-bearing, timing and spacing of children, and contraception. Contract! Ideally, decisions are made within a mutually supportive monogamous relationship. Also, during this time, sexual satisfaction as well as sexual dysfunction or incompatibility become important issues as part of an overall relationship and can contribute to its well being or be a source of tension and stress. Historically, older women and men were considered asexual as aging and sexuality seemed incompatible.

Especially today, as women and men live well into their eighties, sexuality is still an topics for history important part of many people's lives. While some may experience a decreased sex drive, others do not notice any change at all. Early in life, children become aware of their sexuality even to the point that infants can experience sexual pleasure (see Your Baby and Child, P. Leach, p. 212). Contract! Infants develop awareness of the essay topics for history function and form of on posner judicial pragmatism all body parts as they grow. To a child, the easy topics penis or vagina is just another part of the body, like arms and legs. The focus on help, the genitals is particularly evident during the toilet training years. If a child is taught that her genitals are dirty and essay, shameful , but she wants to explore them just the same, naturally she will feel ashamed and naughty if she does so. Therefore, early on contract, she sees part of herself as negative. Topics! Most child development experts encourage parents to security dissertations remain neutral about a child's interest in her genitals to topics for history avoid preoccupation with that body part and to enhance the development of a positive sexual identity. As the essay child grows, it becomes important to teach her about privacy and appropriate behavior when around others.

Oftentimes, parents fear that by not discouraging their children from touching themselves, they are encouraging them to explore sexuality at an early age. Easy For History! But teaching children to security respect and understand their bodies will more positively impact their self image compared to emphasizing the topics sense of shame ('ayb) that many children are taught. Writing Skills Help! Such a sense of shame can be taken to extremes; for example, a mother refuses to apply necessary medication to her three year old daughter's vagina because to touch her there is 'ayb. Other girls are afraid to cleanse their genitals properly because to touch themselves is 'ayb. The concept of shame or disgust regarding one's body has no basis in Islam. During adolescence, sexuality becomes of interest to easy young people as their bodies experience hormonal upheavals which result in physical and essay about indian independence day, emotional changes.

Again, a girl's experience through childhood will influence her passage through this difficult time. If she is taught that the essay topics onset of menstruation is a curse, then her experience and coping mechanisms will be affected negatively. A positive attitude will enable a young woman to view it as a milestone, not a hindrance. Unfortunately, much folklore and negative cultural beliefs abound regarding a woman's menses. Indeed, for some women menstruation is a physically difficult, unwelcome disruption every month. But it is a simple biological process that can be managed like any other physical condition, and needn't impair a woman's ability to indian independence day function. Several hadith exist regarding menstruation. The only easy essay topics for history, Qur'anic reference is found in law coursework, Surah 2, verse 222 where Muslims are told to avoid sexual intercourse during a woman's menses: And they will ask thee about (woman's) monthly courses. Say, 'It is a vulnerable condition. Keep, therefore, aloof from women during their monthly courses, and easy topics for history, do not draw near unto them until they are cleansed; and when they are cleansed, go in unto them as God has bidden you to do.' In a hadith found in about independence day, Muslim (No.

592, also reported in Sunan Abu Dawud, No, 258), a discussion occurs whereby the Prophet emphasizes that the easy for history Islamic view of menstruation differs significantly from the Jewish attitude during his time, which strongly restricted women from several arenas while they were menstruating. In this hadith he says, Associate with them in the houses and do everything except sexual intercourse. Aisha and the other wives of the Prophet were instrumental in pointing out indian his attitude of tolerance; for example, Maimuna recalled an occasion when she was sitting near him while he was praying. She happened to be menstruating and during his prayers he knelt on her garment but did not displace it, meaning that being in the presence of a menstruating woman had no impact on his prayers ( Mishkat ul Masabih, No. 550; for other hadith along similar lines see Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 212-213, 267-273; Muslim, Nos. 269, 577-588 and easy, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 293-300) Also, the Prophet commanded menstruating women and those observing purdah to participate in Eid festivities.

They sat behind those who prayed but joined in takbir ( Muslim, Nos. 1932-34; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 321). Exemptions from Rituals. Today, as in the time of the skills help Prophet, women do not pray or fast while on their menses. The Qur'an does not address this practice at all; several hadith exist which expressly forbid women to topics for history pray while on law coursework help, their period. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos.

271-287, Bukhari, Vol.1., No.327). Several traditions show that menstruating women were not supposed to perform tawaf (circumambulation) around the Kaaba during Hajj while they were menstruating (Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 302,321,325; al-Muwatta, 20.16) The menses were viewed as a temporary illness such that days not fasted had to be made up as any ill person would do after Ramadan. The Qur'an states that those who are ill or on a journey can desist from fasting and make the days up later (2:184). There are no hadith which expressly forbid women from fasting while menstruating, but based on the text from the following, one concludes that menstruating women did not fast: Aisha is reported to have said that during menstruation in the time of the Prophet, the women were commanded to complete the fast (abandoned during menses) but were not commanded to complete the (abandoned) prayer (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 262-3, Muslim, Nos.

660-662). Women who have prolonged menses because of an underlying medical problem can resume prayers , fasting, and essay topics, intercourse after a certain number of days (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 274-306, Bukhari, Vol. 1, Nos. 303,306,322,324). In view of the verse mentioned above which admonishes against sexual intercourse with a menstruating woman in order to avoid causing her harm, the exemptions from the research above-mentioned rituals could be viewed as an extension of God's consideration of women. Perhaps abstention from prayer and fasting during one's menses is easy topics for history a divine acknowledgement of women's increased difficulty during that period.

God gave them permission not to pray or fast as a sign of essay about independence mercy, just as He allows travelers to easy topics shorten their prayers to essay on posner ease their burden. Many Muslims believe that menstruating women are not allowed to enter the mosque or touch the Qur'an. Easy Essay Topics For History! This relates to the view of the menstruating woman as unclean. Since she cannot be purified with ablution until after her menses stop, she is not in the proper state to bipolar enter a mosque or recite Qur'an. Conflicting hadith exist regarding these habits.

When looking at essay the whole body of hadith regarding the subject of menstruation, it appears that many of the injunctions were made because of the physical problems associated with active bleeding. Women at bipolar that time did not have access to modern amenities which protect a woman and her garments from the blood flow. Essay! One hadith points out that one of the Prophet's wives (Um Salamah, who was having irregular bleeding) needed a dish underneath her to catch the menstrual blood while she was observing I'tikaf in the mosque during Ramadan (Bukhari No. 306, Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 2470, Muslim, No. 2470).

Therefore, practically speaking , women might have been restricted in their activities if they did not have the means to deal with a heavy period, for example. Today, women have so many options so that there are rarely fears of such difficulties. In addition, the Prophet once asked Aisha to fetch his mat which was in the mosque. She said, But I am menstruating to papers which he replied Your menstruation is easy essay for history not in your hand. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 261) However, another hadith exists which states that menstruating women should not enter the mosque: The Prophet is reported to indian have said, I do not make the essay topics mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for a person who is junub. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 232) The act of not touching the Qur'an while menstruating is based on skills, the hadith that the Prophet wrote a letter in which he said that no one should touch the Qur'an but one who is pure. (Mishkat-ul-Masabih, No. 465;). Easy Essay Topics For History! Also, in about indian day, Surah 56, verses 77-79 we find: That this indeed is a Qur'an most honorable, in a Book well-guarded, which none shall touch but those who are clean (tahir).

In Mishkat-ul Masabih a hadith from Tirmidhi states that the Prophet said that the menstruating woman and one who is junub should not recite anything from the Qur'an (No. 461). Easy Topics For History! In general, since, in skills, either of these states, women or men are not yet physically purified (tahir) they cannot touch or formally recite the Qur'an until that state comes to an end. By performing ghusl (complete ablution) after the menses are over, one achieves the prerequisite physical state which allows for the resumption of prayers, fasting, reciting Qur'an and sexual relations. Easy Essay Topics! This does not imply impurity of spirit nor does it necessarily have to mean that a menstruating woman is unclean or dirty. The Prophet was known to perform ghusl after intercourse before reciting Qur'an, and he also would recite Qur'an while resting his head in judicial pragmatism, Aisha's lap and she happened to be menstruating. (Mishkat, No.

460, Muslim, Nos. 260, 591) It is easy for history possible to understand why Muslims might view menses as a negative aspect of the female identity. Essay Judicial! A well known and oft-quoted hadith which leads to the conclusion that menstruating women neither prayed nor fasted is found in Bukhari with several versions: The Prophet is reported to have said, Isn't it true that a woman does not pray and does not fast on menstruating? And that is the defect in her religion (Vol. 3, No. 172, see also Vol. 1, No.

301). The conclusion usually derived from this hadith is that women can never achieve the easy for history same level of faith or spirituality as men because they cannot fulfill their religious duties all the time. The weakness in this argument and essay pragmatism, therefore in the hadith is that it contradicts the undisputed image expressed in essay topics for history, the Qur'an of women and men as equal in terms of their duties and expectations as Muslims, servants of God. To say that one's faith is determined only by the extent to which she can carry out the rituals negates all of the other aspects of faithfulness and observance that cannot be quantified. God rewards or punishes according to deeds and intentions; how, then, can something that is biologically determined, not chosen or willed by the individual, serve as a measure of faith? Would God punish women for something that He created? Because this hadith is found in food security dissertations, Bukhari, it is rarely questioned or reinterpreted and unfortunately reinforces a negative view of women in Islam.

The large volume of hadith regarding menstruation reflects the easy for history need for practical guidance on the part of the Muslim community at the time of the Prophet. After reviewing all of the texts, one can't help but feel the burden of menstruation for the Muslim woman. Regardless of the deficiency hadith and in on posner pragmatism, view of modern advances, Muslim women today can view menstruation as a simple fact of life that has no negative bearing on her value as a human being. Modern medicine has enabled us to manipulate the menstrual cycle in a myriad of easy essay topics for history ways so that women can continue to carry out their activities without being disabled once a month. Indeed, many women take advantage of medical technology to avoid menstruating during Hajj which, for many, is truly a once in a lifetime event not to be missed because of bad timing. Virginity and the Hymen: The Double Standard. Throughout childhood and adolescence, girls are sometimes prohibited by their parents from engaging in indian, any activities that might interfere with the integrity of the hymen which is a small circular membrane at the opening of the vagina which allows the easy essay passage of essay day menstrual flow. The opening is very narrow and is torn when penetration occurs (as in sexual intercourse). This is easy essay topics for history occasionally accompanied by bleeding.

Such blood loss has been required in some cultures to independence day prove that the essay topics woman is a virgin at skills help marriage so a blood stained cloth would be given to the groom's family on the wedding night to verify the easy essay for history bride's pure state. If a woman did not bleed, the repercussions could be severe. So it became vitally important that the hymen remain intact as a sign of virginity with the family's honor at stake. While many of the cultural traditions involving proof of skills help a woman's virginity are less prevalent than in the past, one can still find a persistent concern about the easy essay for history hymen as a marker for virginity today throughout many parts of the Muslim world. (It should be noted that the concern about the hymen is not limited only to Muslims.) As a result, any activity that might cause tearing of the hymen would be forbidden, such as bicycle riding, horseback riding, gymnastics, etc. Unfortunately, the prohibitions against these activities are rarely accompanied by an explanation (most likely due to shyness on the part of the parents); thus, the young girl learns that because she is a girl she cannot participate in activities enjoyed by other children. Again, such an attitude promotes a negative self-image. These attitudes are culturally entrenched and not based on Islam. While virginity of both men and women is emphasized in Islam, there is no text in Qur'an or Hadith which specifically addresses the intactness of any part of a woman's anatomy as a marker for virginity. As will be discussed in detail later, the Islamic position on sexual behavior is contract help explicit. Both men and women are required to be chaste and to easy essay seek fulfilling relationships in marriage. Consequently, pre- and extra-marital relations are prohibited (Qur'an, 17:32, 24:26, 25:68; Bukhari, Vol.

8, Nos. 798-802). Of course, then, there is research papers no debate that Muslims, male and female, must be virgins before they enter into their first marriage. Each individual is responsible and accountable to God for maintaining a state of purity prior to matrimony. Why should a woman have to easy topics for history prove that she is a virgin with physical evidence, when the contract law coursework man is taken on his word? Naturally, a woman who marries for the second or third time cannot give the same proof, meaning the status of the hymen is truly irrelevant for easy essay for history, determining sexual purity. The hymen exists as a remnant of embryological development which serves no purpose physiologically speaking (K. L. Moore, The Developing Human).

If it tears because a girl goes bike riding or uses a tampon or even has a pelvic exam by a physician as part of an evaluation of a medical condition, must it then follow that she is no longer a virgin? The restriction against vaginal penetration applies to premarital sexual behavior with a member of the opposite sex. The prohibition against premarital sex exists because of multiple negative social, psychological and physical consequences that do not apply if the hymen is torn by food security, an act that does not involve sexual intercourse. An unfortunate consequence of focusing on the shamefulness of sexuality is the essay inability of many women to enjoy a fulfilling sexual life once married. If a woman is taught from childhood that her genitals are unclean, untouchable, and basically an area off limits, and if inadequate discussion takes place to prepare her for her first sexual experience, then naturally she would be horrified to imagine the penetration of security dissertations that area by another person such as her husband. And if the first encounter is painful, the stage is set for inhibition and fear so that a fulfilling sexual relationship is practically impossible. Problems that ensue include the essay for history inability to consummate a marriage, vaginismus (spasm of the vaginal muscles which causes pain and prevents penile penetration), dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and the emotional and psychological consequences for the individuals involved in the relationship.

Also, the strong sense of fear and shame often prevents adequate medical evaluation during pelvic examinations because some women are unable to sufficiently relax even if they are married and food security dissertations, have already borne children. While our religion stresses the importance of mutual sexual satisfaction between marriage partners, negative cultural factors can prevent such an outcome. By educating children and young adults properly about sexuality, and by eliminating the features or habits which contribute to a negative self-image, and by essay for history, focusing on the positive language found regarding these issues in Islamic literature women and men will be able to enjoy a fulfilling sexual relationship in marriage that is each person's right. Sexuality in contract help, Qur'an and Hadith. The references to sexuality found in Qur'an and hadith will now be discussed. Topics! In the essay be written following verse, men and women are referred to as the essay for history garments of one another, implying a sense of balance and mutual nurturance from one to the other. It is lawful for contract, you to go in unto your wives during the easy topics night preceding the (day's) fast: they are as a garment for you, and you are as a garment for them. Law Coursework! God is aware that you would have deprived yourselves of this right, and easy essay topics, so He has turned unto you in His mercy and removed this hardship from you. Now, then, you may lie with them skin to skin, and essay pragmatism, avail yourselves to that which God has ordained for you.(2:187) Also, by reviewing this and the verses below one appreciates the fact that sexual relations are sanctioned by God and topics, are viewed as part of the spiritual relationship that exists between a husband and wife. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits intercourse during a woman's period (2:222) to avoid causing her discomfort.

In verse 223 of the same Surah, the Qur'an says: Your wives are your tilth; go, then, unto your tilth as you may desire, but first provide something for essay about indian day, your souls, and easy for history, remain conscious of God, and know that you are destined to meet Him. And give glad tidings unto those who believe. Based on these verses and some hadith, Muslim couples are encouraged to enjoy sexual relations in any manner the two prefer. How Should A Persuasive Essay! The only prohibitions involve avoiding intercourse while a woman is menstruating, and avoiding anal penetration (Muslim, No.3365); this explains the text in the verse mentioned above since it was revealed when one of the Sahaba was concerned about having sexual intercourse from behind. He was worried that he committed a sin.

So the easy topics Prophet said that any position was lawful as long as anal penetration did not occur. Therefore, if the couple is mutually agreeable, no other restrictions apply. Other verses that address sexuality focus on the unlawfulness of extra-marital sexual relationships which will be discussed later. Sexual Rights of the Wife. Several hadith also address the issue of sexual satisfaction with reference to security dissertations the wife's rights in this matter. The Prophet advised Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As (who spent all day fasting and all night in prayer) to fast sometimes and not at other times; to pray at night and to easy essay topics sleep at night. Your body has a right over you, your eyes have a right over you and your wife has a right over contract help you. (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 127) The wife's rights include a right to companionship from her husband and fulfillment of her sexual needs. A woman's satisfaction is particularly referred to essay for history in the interpretation of the hadiths which discuss penile withdrawal as a method of contraception. One stipulation is that the woman must consent because such a practice could interfere with her sexual fulfillment to which she is contract law coursework entitled.

Also, if she desires to bear children, coitus interruptus practiced by her husband would violate that right as well. This viewpoint is based on a hadith transmitted by Umar ibn-al-Khattab who said that the for history Prophet forbade the essay on posner judicial pragmatism practice of coitus interruptus with a woman except with her permission This reference is found in Sex and Society in Islam, by B. F. Musallam who also points out that this hadith was considered weak by some Medieval jurists (see also al-Muwatta, 29.34, No. 100). Nevertheless, the position regarding the woman's right to orgasm was developed over time by several Muslim jurists during the same period (Busallam, Chapter 2 and footnotes). Also, one undisputed justification for essay topics, divorce on behalf of the wife is her sexual dissatisfaction. The most explicit discussions of sexual relations with respect to fulfilling the wife's needs are found in the Book on the Etiquette of Marriage, part of Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali's larger work, Revival of the Religious Sciences (Ihya Ulum al-Din), written in the eleventh century. In spite of some of his comments that are generally disparaging of women, he argues forcefully regarding the wife's right to sexual fulfillment. He quotes the about independence day Prophet as saying, Let none of you come upon his wife like an animal, let there be an emissary between them. When asked what is the easy topics for history emissary, he replied, The kiss and sweet words. In another hadith, the Prophet points out bipolar that one of the deficiencies of easy topics for history a man is that he should approach his wife and contract, have sexual contact with her before exchanging words and caresses, consequently, he sleeps with her and fulfills his needs (i.e. orgasm) before she fulfills hers. Al-Ghazali further elaborates on the importance of a woman achieving orgasm by stating, Congruence in attaining a climax is more gratifying to her because the man is not preoccupied with his own pleasure, but rather with hers.

Rights of the Husband. The sexual rights of the husband are also elucidated in the traditions, but the language is essay topics for history such that it appears that his rights supersede those of his wife. For example, in Bukhari, AbuHuraira reports that the Prophet said, If a man invites his wife to sleep with him and she refuses, then the angels send their curses on her till morning. (Vol. 7, No. Contract Law Coursework Help! 121-2; in Muslim, the text reads that God is displeased with her until the husband is pleased with her Nos. 3366-68). In Riyadh-us-Salaheen, a hadith attributed to Tirmidhi and Nisai states that the Prophet said, When a man sends for his wife for the satisfaction of his need, she should go to him even if she may be occupied in baking bread. (No. Essay For History! 284) Similarly, Muslim women are advised not to on posner judicial pragmatism fast without the permission of their husbands since fasting would interfere with sexual relations (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 2452-3; Muslim, Nos.

3366-68; Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 120). Clearly, Islamic literature stresses the importance of the sexual relationship between a husband and wife, but the above traditions seem to show that the husband's right to have sex is for history more important than the wife's right of refusal if she is not willing for whatever reason. The only time she can refuse intercourse, then, is during menstruation. The verse (2:222) commands Muslims to avoid sex during that time because it may be associated with discomfort on essay about independence, the part of the woman. Essay Topics! A logical conclusion would be that sexual relations are better avoided for any circumstances (physical or otherwise) that would lead to discomfort. A common view of food sex is that the stronger sexual urges of men (compared to essay for history women) can be controlled only to a certain extent; according to some, this justifies the practice of polygamy even though the contract help Qur'an makes no mention of sexual desires in the verses on polygamy (4:3-5). Also, the same argument is made to justify forcing women to have sex against their will, as they are forbidden to refuse to have sexual relations. Since the husband's urges are so strong, and to easy prevent him from acting out on them illicitly, a wife's duty therefore is to submit in order to essay indian day preserve the marriage.

Yet, human beings are endowed with self control not seen in topics, any other species, such that we do not act on indian independence day, every instinctual impulse because of some uncontrollable force. This is what distinguishes humankind since God gave us the ability to easy essay for history think and make choices. Therefore, there is no justification for forcing women to essay about indian independence have sex against their will, even in marriage. Easy! One does not find any traditions that show the pragmatism Prophet as an essay topics for history aggressive or coercive husband. Similarly, behavior involving coercion and force goes against the philosophy of mutual satisfaction outlined in the Qur'an (see verses above) and against the hadith which states that the best among Muslims are those who are best towards their wives (Riyadh-us-Salaheen, No. 278). Also, the Prophet expressed his strong disapproval of how should essay be written those who physically beat their wives and then had sexual relations that night (Bukhari, Vol.

7, No. 132, Vol.9, 81-82; see also Riyadh us-Salaheen, No. 274). The example of the Prophet clearly reveals that he and his wives enjoyed physical affection not necessarily related to intercourse thus reflecting an attitude of loving behavior in easy, a variety of circumstances. Based on the hadith transmitted by his wives (particularly regarding physical intimacy while they were menstruating), this behavior included kissing, caressing, embracing and bathing together. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Nos. 267-273, 2376-2379; Muslim, Nos. 577-586, 629)

Husbands and security dissertations, wives should strive to satisfy one another's sexual needs as much as possible. This can be achieved by honest, open discussions; care, kindness and a desire to please one another. Viewing sexual intimacy as an important part of the relationship will enable a couple to achieve mutual satisfaction that enhances the easy for history overall success of the pragmatism marriage. Clearly, coercion and lack of consideration for one's spouses feelings will result in tension that can have negative effects on the rest of the essay topics relationship. Essay About! Unfortunately, if a Muslim woman is easy essay topics raised to abhor and food, fear any matters related to sex, then in most instances of sexual contact she would be a passive and perhaps unwilling participant, and definitely not one who derives pleasure from essay topics, sex. Also, the general view of sex as a shameful and dirty act contributes to inhibitions of both men and women, preventing them from enjoying an how should a persuasive essay be written act sanctioned by God. The following hadith highlights the importance of essay privacy in sexual relationships: the Prophet is reported to have said, The most wicked among the people in the sight of God on how should essay, the Day of Judgement is the man who goes to his wife and she comes to him, and essay topics for history, then he divulges her secret. (Muslim, Nos. 3369-70). Consequently, Muslims would be very unlikely to discuss matters of their sexual lives outside of the bipolar papers home.

By keeping sexual issues private, the couple ensures mutual respect and topics for history, avoids the chances of violating trust by divulging personal tastes and practices to others. However, this attitude would also prevent couples from seeking necessary help, thus diminishing opportunities for alleviating any problems related to food security sexual dysfunction. Consultations with professionals, such as physicians, would not violate the code of privacy, and easy topics for history, could help the individual or couple in matters that significantly impact the marriage. Sex Outside of Marraige. As mentioned earlier, the Qur'an specifically prohibits sexual acts outside of marriage (zina). Interestingly, the text does not go into detail to explain why such behavior is sinful. Skills! The verses which mention illicit sexual relations do so while admonishing Muslims to easy essay topics avoid other grave sinful deeds such as murder and essay, stealing (Qur'an 25:68, 60:12). Muslims acknowledge and believe in Divine wisdom which is understood, to some extent, by the application of easy essay common sense and an exploration of the ramifications of fornication and adultery which include but are not limited to unwanted pregnancy, transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, negative emotional and on posner judicial pragmatism, psychological consequences, and physical intimacy without emotional commitment.

In addition to easy essay topics Qur'an, numerous hadith exist which point out security dissertations that zina is easy topics for history considered a major sin (Bukhari, Vol.7, No. 148; Vol. 8, Nos. How Should Essay! 798-802). The issue of extramarital sexual relations takes on even more profound importance because laws exist in Islamic jurisprudence which outline the punishment (hadd) for this behavior which is considered a sex crime. Clearly, the threat of for history punishment authorized by God serves as a very effective deterrent for illicit sexual behavior which results in negative social consequences beyond those experienced by indian day, the couple in easy essay, question. Even though the text is clear regarding the unlawfulness of zina, the following references point out how difficult it is to bipolar research papers accuse someone of such a crime. According to the Qur'an, those who accuse another of zina are required to produce four eyewitnesses of the act of genital penetration (meaning the act of intercourse would practically have to be committed in public view). According to hadith, other incriminating evidence include confession and pregnancy (Bukhari, Vol. 8, No. Topics! 816; Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4518; Muslim, No. 4194). While the be written seriousness of the crime is not in question, the Prophet himself demonstrated reluctance in reacting to accusations and even confessions without giving individuals the opportunity to avoid punishment and repent to God, with the hopes of avoiding punishment in the hereafter as well. In addition, the topics for history Prophet himself advised the believers not to make public their misbehaviors. When a man came to confess that he had been with a woman and did everything except sexual intercourse, Omar ibn al Khattab said, Allah has concealed your fault; it would have been better if you had concealed it yourself. The Prophet then quoted the verse, And be constant in praying at the beginning and the end of the day. Essay About Indian Independence! for, verily, good deeds drive away evil deeds: this is a reminder to all who bear (God) in mind. (11:114). Easy Essay Topics! In addition, the Qur'an elsewhere clearly stresses the importance of sincerely repenting as God is ever merciful (4:15-16). Several hadith refer to an instance in which the Prophet tried to give a man the a persuasive opportunity to easy essay for history avoid punishment. Maiz ibn Malik came to the Prophet insisting on confessing his sin of fornication with a slavegirl. The Prophet responded by turning away from him, then insisted that the couple must have just looked at about each other, or only embraced or kissed; but Maiz persisted with his confession of actual intercourse. The Prophet gave him ample opportunity to conceal his sin, and repent privately with the hopes of receiving God's forgiveness.

Yet, Maiz also knew that punishment in this life would replace the possible punishment awaiting in the Hereafter. So upon acknowledgement and confession of fornication, the essay Prophet ordered the punishment. (Bukhari, Vol. Essay About Indian Independence Day! 8, Nos. 806, 810, 812-14; Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4413). A similar story involves a pregnant woman who also wanted to confess and receive punishment. Again, the Prophet first told her to Go back to topics for history her tribe, but she returned again wishing to confess. The Prophet told her to go back until the judicial pragmatism child was born.

She returned again with the infant and he told her to suckle him until you wean him. She returned when the boy was weaned, again confessing fully, resulting in easy essay for history, the prescribed punishment. (Sunan Abu Dawud, No. 4428). For a couple (or individual) convicted of zina, the punishment would be harsh. According to the Qur'an , 100 lashes for security dissertations, each (24:2). In several hadith collections, the topics punishment of stoning to death is described for those guilty of adultery. This divergence is significant because stoning resulted in security, death while flogging did not.. The Qur'an does not distinguish between fornication and adultery but uses one word to describe both, zina. Belief in the Qur'an as the final word would argue that the use of easy topics for history stoning to death instead of flogging is inappropriate; indeed a hadith in food security, Bukhari states that a transmitter of one of the stoning hadiths did not know if stoning was practiced before or after the revelation of the above Qur'anic verse (Vol. .8, No. 804).

Interestingly, both Bukhari and Muslim report a hadith transmitted by topics for history, Ibn Abbas who narrated that Umar ibn al-Khattab feared that in future times Muslims would not use stoning as punishment because it is not mentioned in essay on posner judicial pragmatism, the Qur'an. Topics! But he spoke to confirm the obligation of bipolar papers its use as punishment for proven cases of adultery. (Bukhari, Vol.8, No. 816; Muslim, No. 4194). All of these issues dealing with punishment must be reviewed by modern Islamic jurists to develop laws (in those countries where Islamic law is applied) that incorporate the Islamic principles of justice, due process and compassion.

In countries where Muslims live as minorities (where Islamic law does not prevail), these punishments cannot be carried out by zealous individuals or communities who may feel that they are required to easy carry out God's law in spite of the prevailing legal system. Yet, the system of Islamic jurisprudence must guarantee basic rights of bipolar papers individuals accused of serious crimes: these rights cannot possibly be upheld without a court system with checks and balances to ensure enforcement of the law while respecting the essay topics for history rights of individuals. The main point is that, while the punishment for zina is severe and extreme, the requirements for proof of guilt are so strict that the chances of one actually being convicted and then punished are very small. Thus the individual Muslim who commits such acts in law coursework help, private, without fear of retribution should pay heed to easy essay the following verses: Verily, God's acceptance of repentance relates only to those who do evil out of ignorance and then repent before their time runs out. And it is how should a persuasive essay they unto whom God will turn again in His mercy - for God is all-knowing, wise; whereas repentance shall not be accepted from those who do evil deeds until their dying hour and essay for history, then say, Behold I now repent; nor from those who die as deniers of truth; it is these for whom We have readied grievous suffering.(4:17-18) While it may seem obvious to some, the definition of contract law coursework help zina is not without controversy. Again, using the hadith mentioned above(Bukhari, Vol. 8, No.

806, etc.), the essay for history Prophet did not consider Maiz ibn Malek of a crime until he confessed of writing help actual sexual intercourse involving penile penetration. This does not mean that other behaviors such as kissing, heavy petting, oral sex are not prohibited but that the requirements needed to for history justify a harsh punishment are strict. Obviously, many couples can engage in contract law coursework help, all of easy essay topics these activities without being exposed to witnesses and thus avoid punishment in this life. But they still must answer to God who, in no uncertain terms, admonishes against any sexual contact outside of marriage. False Accusations and how should, Honor. If a husband accuses his wife of easy essay topics adultery by swearing four times and she denies any wrongdoing under oath, then she is vindicated (Qur'an 24:6-9).

According to Muhammad Asad (footnote 10, Surah 24) the same applies if a woman accuses her husband. Essay Judicial Pragmatism! If the accusation is essay topics found to be false the punishment of the skills help accuser is severe: And as for those who accuse chaste women (of adultery), and then are unable to produce four witnesses (in support of thier accusation), flog them with eighty s stripes; an ever after refuse to accept from easy essay topics, them any testimony- since it is they, they that are truly depraved!- excepting only those who afterwards repent and made amends for, behold, God is much-forgiving, a dispenser of grace. And as for those who accuse their own wives, but have no witnesses except themselves, let each of these (accusers) call God four times to law coursework witness that he is indeed telling the truth, and the fifth time, that God's curse be upon him if he is telling a lie. (As for the wife, all) chastisement shall be averted from her by her calling God four times to essay for history witness that he is indeed telling a lie, and the fifth (time), that God's curse be upon her if she is telling the truth . (24:4-8) These verses were revealed in response to accusations against Aisha, the Prophet's wife, who was left behind the caravan when she went looking for a lost necklace. A young soldier happened upon her and bipolar research, escorted her to for history the camp where they arrived the following day. Rumors about sexual misconduct spread, causing great upheaval and emotional distress in the household of the Prophet.

The above verses point out that a woman's word to swear to essay her innocence is sufficient to both preserve her reputation and result in punishment of her accusers. The following verse admonishes the community for not questioning the rumors and giving Aisha, the accused, the benefit of the doubt: Why do not the believing men and easy essay topics for history, women, whenever such (a rumor) is heard, think the best of on posner judicial pragmatism one another and say, 'This is an obvious falsehood'. and essay, were it not for God's favor upon you, and His grace in this world and in the life to come, awesome suffering would indeed have afflicted you in result of all (the calumny) in which you indulge when you take it up with your tongues, uttering with your mouths something of which you have no knowledge, and pragmatism, deeming it a light matter whereas in the sight of God it is an awful thing. Verily, as for those who like (to hear)foul slander spread against essay topics (any of) those who have attained to faith - grievous suffering awaits them in this world and in security dissertations, the life to come: for God knows (the full truth), whereas you know (it) not (24:12-19). Slander is essay topics for history considered a grave offense since it taints the reputation of individuals and disrupts relationships The verses, while referring to Aisha's particular case, universally applied, serve to protect women from any unfair accusations about about independence day their chastity. Unfortunately in many communities throughout the Muslim world the, honor of the entire family is caught up in and determined by easy essay, the reputation of the skills female members, who can be accused of sexual misconduct, even if it is only suspected. As is clear from the above verses, singling out women for punishment based only on accusations or assumptions has no basis in Islam. Even if a woman is accused of fornication, and she denies the for history accusation, no punishment is carried out (Sunan Abu Dawud, No.

4451). Thus, even the suggestion of misbehavior (usually acts other than intercourse) cannot possibly serve as evidence of wrongdoing to Islamically justify retribution (such as honor killings) on the part of the writing skills help woman's family. The sin of false accusations and the focus on absolving the one who is falsely accused has become problematic regarding the punishment of rape. If a woman accuses a man of raping her and he denies that he did, she is basically confessing to illicit sexual contact and therefore punishable. Easy For History! This is even more problematic if the woman has no other evidence besides her testimony. This is the current state of affairs in Pakistan where rape victims are punished for the crime committed against them. According to how should a persuasive essay Imam Malik, if a man is convicted of rape, he receives the easy essay topics for history punishment as mentioned for zina and also must pay a mahr (bride-price) to security the victim (al-Muwatta, 36.16).

Imam Malik also states that if an unmarried woman is pregnant and claims to have been raped, unless there is physical evidence, she is presumed to be guilty of fornication and therefore punished (al-Muwatta, 41.4). Again, based on earlier interpretations, the essay topics woman is made to suffer for a crime committed by another because the focus is erroneously on the sexual act and not on rape as an act of violence. Rather than viewing the act of sex as the issue requiring jurisdiction, the food security dissertations judges should view rape as an act of violence perpetrated against topics an unwilling victim who cannot be considered guilty of a sex crime. Along the lines of sexual behavior arises the issue of homosexuality about which the Islamic position is clear. Based on numerous verses in the Qur'an which refer to Prophet Lot and the sins committed by his community, one concludes that homosexual relations are prohibited. (7:80-84, 11:77-83, 15:57-77, 26:160-175, 27:54-58, 29:28-35)) Again, the Qur'an does not go into great detail to explain why; and again Muslims first accept God's wisdom and then apply reason to food security dissertations come to an understanding. The most basic argument is topics that homosexual behavior is ultimately detrimental to the survival of thehuman race. Also, it is contrary to the Islamic position of the importance of the bond between husbands and wives which is a goal for which Muslims are encouraged to strive. (based on a well known hadith that marriage is half of one's religion.) Like zina, punishment has been described for those who are found to engage in homosexual acts. The Qur'an is somewhat vague on the issue of punishment. The only verse which alludes to this behavior again calls for four witnesses to confirm the how should essay immoral conduct (fahishah) between two women or two men; if they are found guilty, they are to be punished, but if they repent they are to be left alone (4:15-16).

The type of punishment is not defined. The hadith are more specific. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Ibn Abbas reported that the Prophet said if anyone is found doing as Lot's people did, to kill the one who does it (sodomy) and to whom it is essay done (No. 4447). Essay On Posner Judicial Pragmatism! In the footnote to this hadith it is pointed out that the jurists differed in opinion regarding how the punishment would be carried out. Basically, homosexual acts are considered illicit and if verified by witnesses or confession, then the individuals would be punished like those who commit zina. What occurs in private is between individuals who are ultimately accountable to God. Naturally, sexual feelings can arise for topics for history, people who are not yet married.

An oft quoted hadith advises fasting to help quell the sexual appetite (Bukhari, Vol. 3, No. 129). For some this may not really help. But feelings of frustration do not justify acting them out with someone outside of the marital relationship. Therefore, one could argue for the benefit of masturbation which would relieve the frustration and prevent illicit sexual contact (see Musallam, p.33 and Qaradawi, pp. 170-1). According to Al-Qaradawi in The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, the majority of scholars consider masturbation haram (forbidden). But, he does point out that the Hanbali jurists permit masturbation for those afraid of food dissertations committing fornication or adultery or for those without the means to marry.

While the value of family and easy essay topics for history, raising children is undisputed among most Muslims, it is well known that contraception is permitted and can be practiced for a variety of reasons at the discretion of the couple. This is consistent with the view that the purpose of sexual behavior between husband and wife is not limited to procreation. The Prophet did not prohibit contraception (the withdrawal method or coitus interruptus practiced at the time) and did not mention any stipulations in any of the hadith except one mentioned earlier which refers to the importance of obtaining the wife's consent before practicing withdrawal. Similarly, use of female controlled methods, such as the birth control pill, would require the husband's consent in consideration of food security dissertations his desires for bearing children. (Bukhari, Vol. 7, Nos. 135-6; Muslim, Nos. 3371-88; al-Muwatta, 29.34) While withdrawal was the method practiced during the Prophet's time, by analogy, contraception by the means available today is easy essay topics for history also permitted. In almost every hadith that discusses withdrawal ('azl) the Prophet is reported to have said that even if it is practiced, if God intends a child to be born she/he will be born. Judicial! Although the methods used today for contraception are very effective, not a single one provides 100% assurance that pregnancy will not occur; so, as always, God's will prevails when He so ordains a matter such as conception.

Some Muslims argue that sterilization of essay for history men or women is not allowed as a method of contraception because it alters the human body. They use the hadith which admonish against altering one's features for cosmetic reasons (Y. Al-Qaradawi, The Lawful and Prohibited in Islam, pp. 88-9). Surgery done for beautification is clearly not the same as that done for contraception so the connection is flawed at best, and does not offer a convincing argument against sterilization. Like the other monotheistic religions, Islam prohibits the taking of the life of bipolar research another human being without just cause (i.e. in self-defense, see 5:32) Therefore the question arises, at what point in gestation does the fetus become a human, such that to essay remove it would be described as murder. The debate in modern Western society centers around the issue of choice. Since the pregnancy is part of the woman's body, she has the right to make decisions regarding the outcome. On the other hand, the fetus is a potential human being who has rights of about indian day her/his own, one of them being the right to life.

By the easy topics early third trimester, when an infant born can survive outside of the womb, to terminate a pregnancy is considered illegal. Prior to that stage of gestation, the fetus definitely cannot survive, therefore, it is not yet considered a human being . Others believe that the fetus's status as a human begins at conception. In spite of the positions of the major jurists, many Muslims today ( and about, some earlier jurists) believe that abortion is unlawful under any circumstances unless the woman's life is endangered by the pregnancy. Modern technology (not available to early jurists) enables the easy for history physician to see the beating heart of a 21 day old embryo; whether the embryo qualifies as a person is really only known by how should essay, God. Many feel that life and essay for history, the human spirit are present at conception meaning pregnancy termination at security dissertations any stage would involve the unlawful taking of a life ( see Islamic Perspectives in Obstetrics and Gynecology, by Dr. Hassan Hathout, pp. 61-78 ). While some modern day scholars also feel that the topics for history fetus' right to life prevails even in cases of on posner pragmatism incest or rape, others consider those situations exceptional and think abortion is allowed to preserve the emotional and psychological well-being of the essay topics woman. Female Genital Mutilation. Since female genital mutilation (FGM , known also as female circumcision). is a custom among some Muslims, the Islamic position must be made clear. Law Coursework! This practice which involves varying degrees of mutilation (from removing the clitoris to removing all labia and sewing the easy essay topics for history vagina to such an extent that only a small opening exists to allow passage of menstrual blood) presumably is performed to limit the sexual activity of women . Contract! By eliminating their ability to experience orgasm , they will be less likely to misbehave before or during marriage.

This practice pre-dated Islam and is currently a custom in a few Muslim countries, particularly in Africa. Only one hadith exists which specifically addresses FGM. In Sunan Abu Dawud, Um Atiya said that the Prophet told a woman who performed circumcision in Medina to not cut severely as that is better for easy topics, a woman and about independence day, more desirable for essay for history, a husband (No. 5251). According to Abu Dawud, this is a weak hadith (mursal).

In the footnote of this hadith, the translator, Ahmad Hasan, points out that all of the major scholars maintained that FGM was recommended (but to what degree was not specified). As mentioned throughout this chapter, focusing on sexuality in a positive manner can be a difficult task for Muslims. How Should A Persuasive! Cultural views of women in general, fear of essay topics committing and being punished for sin, and the use of sex as a means of domination have all contributed to the silence and repression that prevent people from being comfortable with their sexuality as individuals and in relationships. Through education and understanding, a more positive approach can lead to a better outcome. Papers! Teaching children to topics for history accept their bodies and sexuality contributes to developing strong self-esteem which is a major determinant of future sexual activity. Young people, particularly women, with low self-esteem are more likely to engage in sexual behavior at a young age. Fostering self-esteem occurs mainly within the writing help family unit and also in schools and society at large. Informing children and young adults about the changes that occur as they grow and topics for history, then teaching them about developing healthy relationships with others is possible through formalized educational settings (especially if the essay on posner parents feel too uncomfortable discussing sexuality.) Also, a willingness on the part of adults to answer questions openly and to discuss difficult issues such as homosexualty or sexually transmitted diseases will enable young adults to approach their parents and educators and therefore be less likely to obtain inaccurate information from their peers or the media. The Prophet was well-known for his frankness in discussing all issues, including those related to sex and sexual development.

In one hadith, he is asked by a woman if, when a woman has an orgasm while asleep (during dreaming), does she have to perform complete ablution (ghusl) prior to for history doing her prayers. The Prophet answered that she does because such an experience is akin to the nocturnal emissions of men which require ghusl. (Muslim, Nos. 607-613; Bukhari, Vol.1, No. 280) This is a well known hadith which shows that the early Muslims felt no inhibition about addressing the Prophet about essay on posner judicial pragmatism sensitive issues such as female orgasm (see also Muslim, No. 649). Easy Essay For History! Muslims today must follow the example of the Prophet to use wisdom and writing, beautiful preaching to talk to topics for history one another and their children about all matters. Teaching about sexuality from an Islamic perspective is necessary for Muslim young people who are growing up in a society full of tremendous pressures. Regarding menstruation, it is important to how should essay be written teach our daughters that this is a special part of development that signals the onset of easy topics for history adulthood and possible future child-bearing. A supportive attitude by parents is law coursework essential as girls struggle to deal with a change that may leave them feeling uncomfortable and easy essay for history, sometimes embarrassed. Pre-adolescents are usually preoccupied with the opinions of about indian day their peers.

So, a Muslim girl who isn't praying or fasting because it is that time of the month naturally feels exposed and maybe even isolated. Again, this points to the importance of teaching respect to all children to minimize the potential for hurt feelings and shame. Also, discussing this in appropriate sex education courses for young Muslims enables them to be educated and easy for history, informed so that mature attitudes will be engendered among boys and girls. One could argue that the strong language found in the Qur'an and Hadith against unlawful sex contributes to a negative attitude regarding sex in how should essay, general. Indeed, fear of retribution is often used to discourage young adults from engaging in premarital sexual behavior, thus contributing to inhibition, guilt and easy essay topics, repression that interfere with healthy sexuality in marriage. Muslims must be willing to discuss these issues openly with their children to point out the wisdom of postponing sexual behavior until marriage and to focus on essay pragmatism, all of the positive aspects that a healthy sexual relationship contributes to essay for history that union.

Rules without explanation only stimulate a young person's curiosity and interest in risky behavior that is essay be written glorified by the media and easy essay, often practiced by one's peers. Also, when instilled with a strong sense of self esteem and writing skills help, identity, young people are better equipped to deal with the pressures they face particularly during adolescence when many of their friends are experimenting sexually.